Johann Friedrich Landsberger

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Johann Friedrich Landsberger (born June 25, 1649 in Dresden ; † March 14, 1711 ibid) was a German merchant and councilor. He is considered to be the founder of the first public sedan chair , from which today's taxi developed over the years .


Johann Friedrich Landsberger was born as the son of the Electoral Saxon court and merchant and inspector of the cloth and storage vaults, Paul Friedrich Landsberger (born December 2, 1615 in Dresden; † January 22, 1679 ibid) and his wife Anna Barbara Voigt (born December 1, 1615 in Dresden) Born 1628 in Dresden; † January 24, 1699), daughter of court jeweler Friedrich Heinrich Voigt (* unknown; † 1639). His father was the owner of the estates in Bleesern and Klitzschena near Bergwitz , as well as the Spitzhaus vineyard in Oberlößnitz . His grandfather was the merchant Friedrich Landsberger (* 1585 in Dresden; † 1630 there). His siblings were:

  • Johannen Dorothea Landsberger (* May 8, 1659 in Dresden; † January 24, 1723 in Leipzig), married to Hieronymus Jacob von Ive Ryssel (* March 20, 1649 in Leipzig ; † September 18, 1715 ibid), captain, master builder and founder the familiar society ;
  • Carl Heinrich Landsberger;
  • Johann Christian Landsberger, businessman and married to Johanna Susanna, daughter of the businessman Christian Fritzsche;
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Landsberger;
  • Gabriel Gottlieb Landsberger;
  • Christian Wilhelm Landsberger;
  • Rosina Sophia Landsberger (* 1652 in Dresden; † 1684), married to Daniel Heimbden;
  • Maria Euphrosine Landsberger (* 1664; † unknown), married to the bailiff Johann Wilhelm Barwasser (* October 1639 in Leipzig; † 1701);
  • Dorothe Eleonore Landsberger, married to the Legation Secretary Gottfried Eberbach.

Johann Friedrich Landsberger received his schooling from private tutors and from attending a high school; there he learned Latin and French, later also geometry and the art of sighting ( determining the contents of vessels, especially barrels ). When he became interested in the profession of a businessman, his father taught him commercial accounting and accepted him into his service.

In 1675 he traveled with the Saxon Privy Council, envoy, governor of the Margraviate of Upper Lusatia and director of the Privy Council College, Nicol Freiherrn von Gersdorff (1629–1702) to France for peace negotiations during the Northern War , which later ended with the Peace of Lund . A few years later he went to Holland before returning to his father's company in Saxony. After his father's death on January 22, 1679, he initially took over his father's business on behalf of his family and then bought it on March 13, 1687. At the same time he was from the Elector Johann Georg III. entrusted with the supply of his court. After his death, he also served as court and merchant to Elector Johann Georg IV and Augustus the Strong . From 1688 his brother Johann Christian Landsberger joined his trading business as a partner.

In 1701 Johann Friedrich Landsberger was elected councilor in the city council of Dresden. In 1702 he was a senator and council member and, together with Johann Sigismund Küffner , senior elder of the Dresden trade guild. At first he was appointed administrator of the alms office and the hospital, from 1705 he was appointed inspector and administrator of the orphanage.

In 1709 he opened the first public sedan chair with four chaises and eight porters; in 1710 there were already ten sedan chairs with twenty porters.

Johann Friedrich Landsberger married Johanna Magdalena on August 12, 1684 (June 13, 1660 in Dresden; † December 18, 1701 in the same place), daughter of the Saxon Chamber of Commerce secretary David Faber, who had already died at the time of marriage. The couple had ten children:

  • Johanna Charitas Landsberger,
  • Sophia Elisabeth Landsberger,
  • Christiane Euphrosine Landsberger, was married to Christian Vollhardt (* April 1679 in Bautzen , † November 15, 1758 in Zittau ), doctor of medicine and practicing physician in Zittau.
  • Johann Gottlieb Landsberger,
  • Rahel Sophie Landsberger (* ~ 1686 in Dresden; † October 23, 1769 ibid). After the death of her father, she married the Dresden councilor and later mayor Burkhard Leberecht Behrisch (1682–1750) in 1715 .
  • Friedrich August Landsberger,
  • Johanna Friederika Landsberger,
  • Rahel Hedwig Landsberger,
  • Sophie Henriette Landsberger,
  • Erdmuthe Sophie Landsberger.

Johanna Charitas, Sophia Elisabeth, Johann Gottlieb and Rahel Sophia Landsberger had already died at the funeral of their father in 1711.

After the death of his first wife, Johann Friedrich Landsberger married Dorothea Elisabeth on April 17, 1703 (* July 25, 1678 in Leipzig; † March 12, 1729 in Dresden), the third eldest daughter of the Leipzig merchant Christian Fritzsche. With her he fathered five more children:

  • a stillborn daughter,
  • Johann Friedrich Landsberger (d. J.) (approx. 1705 in Dresden; † September 22, 1781 ibid), later legal consultant,
  • Johanna Elisabeth Landsberger,
  • Christian Friedrich Landsberger, who also died in childhood.

His widow was still pregnant with a fifth child after his death.


In the 1930s, Landsberger Strasse in Dresden-Plaue was named in his honor.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Johann Friedrich Landsberger - City wiki Dresden. Retrieved January 25, 2018 .
  2. SLUB Dresden: The Christian heart that trusts in God and is preserved by God. Accessed July 1, 2018 (German).
  3. Bleesern stud farm. Retrieved July 2, 2018 .
  4. ^ The Baroque sedan chair - Barock in Dresden eV Accessed on July 2, 2018 .
  5. Carl Christian Schramm: Treatise of the Porte-Chaises or Trage-Länfften by humans or animals, in all four parts of the world, according to the Critic, Mechanic, History, the Law, as well as Cammer and Policey beings executed and explained with documents and coppers . in Verlag Christoph Weigels, Kunsthändlers, 1737 ( [accessed on July 2, 2018]).
  6. Street directory 2017, p. 105. State capital Dresden, 2017, accessed on July 1, 2018 .