Major district town of Radebeul
|Area :||1.46 km²|
|Incorporation :||April 1, 1934|
|Postal code :||01445|
|Area code :||0351|
Location of the district within Radebeul
Oberlößnitz , an independent rural community until 1934, is today a district and a district of Radebeul in the district of Meißen in Saxony . The name Lößnitz is derived from Lěsnica , the Slavic word for "forest stream". The Sorbs who originally lived here probably named this area after the Lößnitzbach , which was much richer in water at the time , which flowed out of the mountain gorge (Lößnitzgrund), then branched into many small tributaries before being regulated and finally flowed into the Elbe at Serkowitz . The Lößnitzgrund separates the Oberlößnitz in the east from the Niederlößnitz in the west. Today the Oberlößnitz is mainly characterized by the viticulture of the single vineyard Radebeuler Goldener Wagen as well as the villa-like development .
The district had in 1900 a size of 146 hectares.
Vessels and jewelry with an age of around 5,000 years are the first evidence of settlement in this area. A demonstrable settlement of the Loessnitz took place around the year 600 after the withdrawal of the Germanic peoples in the course of the migration of peoples , when western Slavs from the Wends tribal group settled here. This is attested by burial sites as well as Sorbian expressions, landscape, place and field names (e.g. Lößnitz, Serkowitz , Zitzschewig ), which have survived to this day.
From the 10th to the 12th century, the landlords, margraves and bishops, German farmers from Main and Rhine Franconia , Thuringia and Lower Saxony settled here, with the previous Sorbian inhabitants being absorbed into the new German settlers. The margraves and bishops promoted viticulture, which is why the farmers cleared many slopes and created wine terraces.
From the end of the 16th to the beginning of the 19th century, a number of mansions were built that served the vineyard owners as summer residences. The population grew steadily during these years and with the establishment of the communal association of vineyard owners of Oberlößnitz (= Weinbergsverein Oberlößnitz) on November 16, 1831, a community-like structure was created for the first time. With the new rural community order of 1838 this peculiar situation was over and the Oberlößnitz had to exercise all rights and duties of a real community with its establishment on August 6th, 1839 in the rooms of the inn Walthers Weinberg . On the neighboring property, the Ermelhaus , there is a Saxon boundary stone .
On April 1, 1934, the Oberlößnitz, together with the neighboring Wahnsdorf , was incorporated into Radebeul.
Since 2005, the internationally oriented Saxon Mt. Everest Staircase Marathon has been taking place on the Spitzhausstreppe , an extreme sports event which the German Ultramarathon Association calls the heaviest and largest extreme staircase race in the world.
|Residents||about 600||609||688||1,181||1,871||1,975||2,186||approx. 2,300|
See also: History of viticulture in the Loessnitz
According to legend, Bishop Benno (1010–1107) brought wine to the area in 1066 when he became Bishop of Meißen. It is unclear whether the Sorbs did not bring the vine from the Caucasus to the region as early as the 5th or 6th century .
For the first time was viticulture in today Loessnitz in 1271 in a document on the supply of 12 tuns wine (1 loads of wine corresponds to approximately 808 liters) to the convent Sitzenroda mentioned, Dietrich of Zlauschwitz from the north of Angers of Kötzschenbroda lying corridor of Kötzschberg wine mountains delivered. The first written mention of the term Lößnitz itself can be found in 1286 in a deed of the Meißner bishop ( Withego von Furra ), when he rejected the Lezenitzberg vineyard above Haus Reinhardtsberg from the Dresden Maternihospital.
In 1840 the winegrowers' festival of the Saxon Wine Society takes place in Oberlößnitz for the first time. Setbacks were caused by phylloxera , which was first discovered in Oberlößnitz on August 19, 1887, and viticulture became less and less important. At the beginning of the 20th century there was a renewal of phylloxera-resistant vines on many slopes.
Characteristic for the district is the landscape protection area , which, with its drained vineyard walls , was placed under the protection of regional monuments in 1999 as the historical Radebeul vineyard landscape . This stretches from Oberlößnitz in the east via Niederlößnitz and Naundorf to Zitzschewig.
As historic preservation entirety of which is found in Oberlößnitz Hoflößnitz including the vineyard area to the left ( Golden car ) and right of Spitzhaus stairs and to the east up to Bismarck Tower and Spitzhaus . The property of the Bilz sanatorium up to the Mäuseturm in the east, including the former park area up to the edge of the slope near Wahnsdorf in the north, forms another such extensive entity . The Steinbach estate up to Weinbergstraße in the north is considered a smaller whole .
The totality of the Hoflößnitz including the vineyards counts just like the Steinbach estate as a work of landscape and garden design . These include the gardens of the neighboring house Sorgenfrei , the Villa Sommer in the neighboring Augustusweg 44 and the Villa Sonnenhof in Eduard-Bilz-Straße 46. Further to the east, this includes the Jägerberg estate up to just below the one on the edge of the slope Blechburg (already on Wahnsdorfer Flur) and including the later separated property of the Meyer-Villa . As a work of landscape and garden design include the country-Kurt Albrecht in Augustusweg 82 and the Lindenhof in the Maxim Gorky street 18. Further to the west the gardens of lying Villa and Villa Anna hissing in the Bennostraße 27a / 29, of House Leonhardt in Bennostraße 7 as well as the country house of Christian Gottlieb Ziller , the father of the Ziller brothers , who grew up in that house.
Several properties in Oberlößnitz are also listed in the monument preservation ancillary facilities . Not far from the Spitzhaus, this is the Birkenhof at Spitzhausstrasse 28, south of it is the Jordan House at Weinbergstrasse 26 and the gardens of the Meinhold tower house . Further to the east, this includes the Villa Oswald Haenel and on the opposite side of the street the Bennoschlösschen vineyards , the Villa Carl Hugo Haußhälters in Hauptstrasse 53 and the Breitig house .
Numerous winegrowers' houses or vineyard buildings can be found in Oberlößnitz, for example the oldest surviving manor house Bennoschlösschen in the Renaissance style and the house in the Dresden plaited style / early classicism , but also the house in the sun , the house Lorenz , the Retzschgut and the house Hermannsberg with the Cikkurat . The round house in Augustusweg falls out of the architectural framework . The former Oberlößnitz town hall is further south in the main street. The former Kurhaus Wettin is located at Haidebergstrasse 20 on the northeastern border with Boxdorf .
- Friedrich Eduard Bilz (1842–1922), naturopath
- Adolf Hohneck (1810–1879), landscape painter, lithographer and graphic artist
- Moritz Retzsch (1779–1857), painter and winemaker
Municipal councils and mayors, municipal councilors
In over 90 years, only six community boards / mayors have been active in Oberlößnitz. On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the service of Bruno Hörning, who had been the full-time councilor since 1904 and mayor since 1923, Hörningplatz was given its name in 1929 .
- 1839–1857: Johann Gottlieb Findeisen
- 1857–1875: Friedrich Wilhelm Jentsch
- 1875–1879: Gottlieb Fährmann
- 1879–1892: Friedrich Wilhelm Schönert
- 1892–1904: Friedrich Wilhelm Gläser
- 1904–1933: Bruno Hörning (1868–1935)
- Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 .
- Frank Andert: Rummaged in the archive. The Oberlößnitzer Weinbergsverein. In: Preview & Review ; Monthly magazine for Radebeul and the surrounding area. Radebeuler Monatshefte eV, December 2011, accessed on December 8, 2011 .
- Cornelius Gurlitt : Oberlössnitz. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 26. Booklet: The art monuments of Dresden's surroundings, Part 2: Amtshauptmannschaft Dresden-Neustadt . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1904, p. 135 ff.
- Markus Hansel; Thilo Hansel; Thomas Gerlach (epilogue): In the footsteps of the Ziller brothers in Radebeul . Architectural considerations. 1st edition. Notschriften Verlag, Radebeul 2008, ISBN 978-3-940200-22-8 .
- Volker Helas (arrangement): City of Radebeul . Ed .: State Office for Monument Preservation Saxony, Large District Town Radebeul (= Monument Topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Saxony ). SAX-Verlag, Beucha 2007, ISBN 978-3-86729-004-3 .
- Karl Julius Hofmann: The Meissen Netherlands in its natural beauties and peculiarities or Saxon Italy in the Meissen and Dresden areas with their localities. A folk book for nature and patriot friends presented topographically, historically and poetically . Louis Mosche, Meißen 1853. ( online version )
- Moritz Eduard Lilie: Chronicle of the Loessnitz localities Kötzschenbroda, Niederlößnitz, Radebeul, Oberlößnitz with Hoflößnitz, Serkowitz, Naundorf, Zitzschewig and Lindenau with special consideration of Coswig and the other neighboring towns . Niederlößnitz 1893 ( digitized version )
- Hofloessnitz . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 4th volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1817, pp. 128–130.
- Gustav Wilhelm Schubert : Chronicle and topography of the parish Kötzschenbroda, which encompasses the market towns of Kötzschenbroda and the little village of Fürstenhain, the villages of Nauendorf, Zitzschewig and Lindenau, together with historical general notes. In the main, etc.zusammengestellt due documentary news . Self-published by the author, Dresden (1864 and) 1865.
- Gustav Wilhelm Schubert: Viticulture in the, the market town of Kötzschenbroda together with the village of Fürstenhain, the Hof- and Niederlößnitz, Nauendorf, Zitzschewig and Lindenau, parish Kötzschenbroda by age, reputation and scope, along with historical notes about the Königl. Saxon. Viticulture in general, and especially about the vine culture in Meißnischen . Self-published by the author, Dresden 1865.
- Oberlößnitz in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Hoflößnitz in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- All photos and scans of Oberlößnitz at the Deutsche Fotothek
- Manfred Richter: Oberlößnitz community. In: Niederlößnitz from yesteryear. Retrieved December 29, 2010 .
- Location of the district at OpenStreetMap
- Oberlößnitz in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Frank Andert; Radebeuler Monatshefte eV Preview & Review. The Oberlößnitzer Weinbergverein, p. 12 , edition 12/11
- Norman Books: Saxon Mount Everest Stair Marathon: A Run of the Somewhat Extraordinary Kind ( Memento from January 26, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF), accessed on March 12, 2012.
- Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 , p. 262 .
- Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 , p. 214 .
- Justification in accordance with Section 21, Paragraph 3 of the Saxon Monument Protection Act on the statutes for the monument protection area "Historical Radebeul Vineyard Landscape"
- Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 , p. 264 .