Haus Breitig , formerly also Groß-Breitig or Russen-Breitig , is a listed winegrower's house in the Oberlößnitz district of the Saxon city of Radebeul , at Maxim-Gorki-Straße 22 on the corner of Fritz-Schulze-Straße. It is one of the oldest surviving vineyard houses of a rural character and the only preserved pure half-timbered house in Radebeul. It is named after the Breitig family who owned it from 1897 to 1952.
The two-storey winegrower's house measuring 9 by 14 meters is the only building in Radebeul today that also has half-timbered buildings on the ground floor. Only the former oak base sill has been replaced by a double layer of sandstone. The building, originally erected as an arcade house, has a structurally simple half-timbered structure with head and foot struts in the corners of the upper floor. The compartments are braided with bricks and plastered.
The steep, high hipped roof today with drag dormers is a 6.70 meter high, double collar beam -Walmdach with stationary chair . The drag dormers were still bat dormers until 1983 , two in the bottom row and one in the middle above.
The ground floor with press room and two chambers was once the winegrower's apartment. The upper floor, which was formerly only accessible via the external arcade, the summer apartment of the winery owner, contains several rooms and a hall with a profiled but unpainted wooden beam ceiling. The half-timbering was whitewashed and repainted in an earthy color over it, set off by a red line, which was a typical design in the Renaissance.
Breitig House is a characteristic example of the simple Lößnitz winegrower's houses with a high hipped roof.
The house was built from about the middle of the 17th century onwards, the later upper floor was initially only accessible from the outside via an arcade . The press room and two chambers that served as a winegrower's apartment were on the ground floor. In 1735 the Renaissance building was redesigned with baroque elements.
Balthasar Zimmermann is 1627 on one of his cards from the first Saxon land survey as land owners the Electoral Schösser Johann Täucher on. The winegrower's house is marked on a map by Hans August Nienborg from 1714/15, the owner was Mrs. Secretary Wernerin . The house itself is described as “a tiled roof, black bars, white fields”. In 1786 the heirs took over the property of the late Johann Gottfried Allich as a joint fiefdom and sold it in 1791 to Johann Gottlieb Findeisen with a winegrower's house, wine press, shed and stables. In addition to cattle farming and agriculture, Findeisen also had viticulture; the vineyard was 37 5/8 pile piles (about 0.85 hectares). Another purchase agreement from 1805 mentions two storeys as well as wine country and a moving house, which was later separated as No. 21 in terms of land.
The city of Radebeul owned the building from 1972 to 1983; During this time the house fell into disrepair until it was ready for demolition. The following owner, himself a civil engineer and later professor for structural planning, saved the Breitig house by starting in 1983, in GDR times, to renovate the building with the help of the Radebeul Active for Monument Preservation. In the process, a western extension was also removed, which was popularly known as " Arschleder ". In 1984 there was the topping-out ceremony for the huge roof, which today is a special feature of this size for the Lößnitz . All exterior repairs were completed by 1989.
- Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 .
- Matthias Donath, Jörg Blobelt (photos): Saxon wine country . Historic wineries and vineyard houses in the Elbe Valley. 1st edition. Editorial and publishing company Elbland, Dresden 2010.
- Volker Helas (arrangement): City of Radebeul . Ed .: State Office for Monument Preservation Saxony, Large District Town Radebeul (= Monument Topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Saxony ). SAX-Verlag, Beucha 2007, ISBN 978-3-86729-004-3 .
- Georg Wulff; et al. (Red.): Winegrowers' houses in Radebeul . In: Association for Monument Preservation and New Building Radebeul (ed.): Contributions to the urban culture of the city of Radebeul . Radebeul 2003 ( online table of contents, there the link to Haus Breitig ).
- Large district town of Radebeul (ed.): Directory of the cultural monuments of the town of Radebeul . Radebeul May 24, 2012, p. 25 (Last list of monuments published by the city of Radebeul. The Lower Monument Protection Authority, which has been based in the Meißen district since 2012, has not yet published a list of monuments for Radebeul.).
- Dietrich Lohse: Addendum to the article »Dr. Gunther Meyer-Doberenz « . In: Radebeuler monthly books e. V. (Ed.): Preview & Review; Monthly magazine for Radebeul and the surrounding area . January 2015, p. 24–25 (with three photos from construction work in 1983).
- Barbara Bechter, Wiebke Fastenrath u. a. (Ed.): Handbook of German Art Monuments , Saxony I, Dresden District . Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-422-03043-3 , p. 730-739 .
- Volker Helas (arrangement): City of Radebeul . Ed .: State Office for Monument Preservation Saxony, Large District Town Radebeul (= Monument Topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Saxony ). SAX-Verlag, Beucha 2007, ISBN 978-3-86729-004-3 , p. 202 and attached map .
- Matthias Donath, Jörg Blobelt (photos): Sächsisches Weinland . Historic wineries and vineyard houses in the Elbe Valley. 1st edition. Redaktions- und Verlagsgesellschaft Elbland, Dresden 2010, p. 200 f .
- Liselotte Schlerger : Manorial country houses in the Lößnitz. In: Great monuments. Issue 505. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich, Berlin 1996, p. 19.