|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||117 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||26.14 km 2|
|Residents:||33,894 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1297 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||01445|
|Area code :||0351|
|License plate :||MEI, GRH, RG, RIE|
|Community key :||14 6 27 210|
|LOCODE :||DE RBL|
|City structure:||10 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Bert Wendsche ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Radebeul in the district of Meißen|
Radebeul is a large district town in the Free State of Saxony . It is the most populous and densely populated city in the district of Meißen and, along with Pirna , Freital and Meißen, is one of the largest medium-sized centers in the Dresden metropolitan area . With around 34,000 inhabitants on an area of 26 square kilometers, Radebeul has the fourth largest population density of all Saxon municipalities, after Leipzig , Dresden and Heidenau .
The wine, villa and garden city with its eight historic village centers and two villa quarters is located along the old Postchaussee between the former royal seat of Dresden and the former bishopric in Meißen and between the Elbe in the south and the vineyards in the north. These vineyards form the Lößnitz large wine-growing area in the landscape of the same name.
Radebeul is also called the Saxon Nice because of its charming location, going back to a saying by the Saxon King Johann around 1860. Today's Radebeul area, the Lößnitz region , which borders the Saxon capital in the north-west of Dresden, was not only in the past centuries, but is still one of the most popular residential areas in the Dresden region today.
Radebeul is located downstream from Dresden in the Lößnitz, a landscape on the right bank of the Elbe valley . The Elbe forms the southwestern border between Radebeul and the Dresden town of Cossebaude . Radebeul, as the middle center in the agglomeration area, forms the south-eastern edge of the district of Meißen and borders there on the Saxon state capital Dresden , which forms the upper center . In the north-east and north, Radebeul is bounded by Moritzburg and in the west and north-west by the city of Coswig . The district town of Meißen is located further downstream from Coswig .
The city, which is mostly located in the Elbe valley, is divided into the Elbe, the low and middle terrace and the steep ascent of the Elbe slope, part of the Lusatian fault and the plateau that belongs to the Lusatian plate . The lowest point in the Elbaue is and the highest on the Wahnsdorfer Kuppe at . There is a triangulation pillar of the Saxon land surveying in the 19th century .
The urban area is cut up by several notch valleys, from which the Lößnitzgrund and the Lößnitzbach permanently carry water. The other valleys, the Leimgrund , the Fiedlergrund , the Kroatengrund and the Rietzschkegrund are formed by so-called lost water , which seeps away after reaching the water-permeable sandy soil of the Elbe terraces and returns to the groundwater.
In Radebeul there are the former Lößnitzgrund quarries; Ravensberg (near the Oberlößnitz children's home), quarry at Himmelsbusch , quarry in Rieselgrund.
Due to the climatic conditions on the northern slope of the Elbe Valley, fine fruit and wine can be grown in Radebeul. The annual average temperature is 9.2 ° C. Since Radebeul in the Elbe Valley has the mildest climate in Saxony after Dresden city center (10.4 ° C), it is also called Saxon Nice , based on a saying by the Saxon King Johann around 1860.
The urban area on the plateau on which Wahnsdorf is located with the weather station is climatically separated from the location in the Elbe Valley. The climate diagram of the former Wahnsdorf weather station on the 246 m high Wahnsdorfer Kuppe shows the average temperatures and precipitation there for the period 1961–1990. The warmest months are July and August with an average of 18.1 and 17.8 ° C and the coldest January and February with an average of −1.2 and −0.7 ° C. The mean annual precipitation is 648 millimeters, slightly below the German average of 800 millimeters. Most of the precipitation falls in July with an average of 109 millimeters, the lowest in February with an average of 36 millimeters. The annual mean temperature is 8.6 ° C below that in the Elbe Valley. The average annual sunshine duration is 1634 hours, slightly above the German average of 1541 hours, the sun shines the longest in July with 217 hours and least in December with 51 hours.
Expansion of the urban area
Radebeul is almost four kilometers wide, seven kilometers long and covers an area of 2614 hectares (26.14 km² [as of 2015], population density: around 1300 inhabitants per km²). Of this, residential construction area and relevant building land are together 678 hectares, commercial and industrial areas as well as relevant building land are together 151 hectares. Mixed areas, traffic areas and special areas together make up 186 hectares. The remaining 1600 hectares form the green lung of Radebeul. A good fifth of the city's area, 586 hectares, make up the Lößnitz landscape protection area , plus the areas of the Elbe Valley landscape protection area between Dresden and Meißen with valleys on the left Elbe and the Spaar Mountains on Radebeuler Flur . Parts of the landscape protection area in turn form the 115 hectare fauna-flora-habitat area Lößnitzgrund and Lößnitz slopes . About 85 hectares are vineyards, of which 30 hectares are steep slopes of over 30% to over 100% (max. 47 degrees).
The district sizes from 1900 listed in the table below result in a total area of 2,502 hectares for the Lößnitz localities with an added population of 26,220 inhabitants (population density: 1048 inhabitants per km²). In 1939 the Radebeul city area was 2,564 hectares with 37,856 inhabitants (population density: 1,476 inhabitants per km²).
Today's Meißner Straße as a planned connecting road (Postchaussee) between Dresden and Meißen runs above the possible flood areas along the Elbe. Like the railway line just below it, it divides today's Radebeul urban area or the region of the former communities of origin into the area below and above the road. The areas below or in the lower Elbaue were used more for agriculture and were later also used for the settlement of industry. The areas above or on the Elbe terraces, including the steep slopes of the Elbe slope, were more likely to be used for wine-growing and were mainly used to settle the population after the phylloxera disaster .
Radebeul consists of the two city centers Radebeul-Ost (city of Radebeul before 1935 with Alt-Radebeul (below and above Meißner Straße) ) and Radebeul-West (city of Kötzschenbroda before 1935 (below) , Kötzschenbroda Oberort : above on the plateau) and from the following other districts: Serkowitz (to Radebeul, below ), Oberlößnitz (to Radebeul, above ), Wahnsdorf (to Radebeul, above on the plateau), Fürstenhain (to Kötzschenbroda, below ), Naundorf (to Kötzschenbroda , Village center below , vineyards above ), Zitzschewig (to Kötzschenbroda, above ), Niederlößnitz (to Kötzschenbroda, above ), Lindenau (to Kötzschenbroda, above on the plateau).
|Population 1900||Area 1900 (ha)||United with
|Type of settlement|
|Mad village||1350||718||238||1934||east||Street green village|
|1935||west||Street green village|
contained in Kötzschenbroda |
(285 on February 2, 1876)
|contained in Kötzschenbroda||1876||1935||west||Street village|
|Naundorf||1144||1,866||428||1923||1935||west||Street green village|
The Lößnitz was settled late after archaeological finds. The first traces of settlement can be found in the Radebeuler and Niederlößnitz area from the period of the Cord Ceramics (late Neolithic , around 2200 BC - 2000 BC). In Serkowitz a cremation grave field from the Early Bronze Age (2000 BC - 1600 BC) was found.
Urn fields from the Middle Bronze Age ( Lusatian culture , 1600 BC - 1300 BC) and from the Late Bronze Age (1300 BC - 800 BC) can also be found in the Serkowitz area as well as in Weinböhla and Coswig . archaeological remains can be found in Kötzschenbroda and Naundorf. Further finds from this period indicate a fairly dense settlement below the heather sand terraces on the flood-free hilltops.
Finds of Germanic colonization from the migration period are rare; In 1998, in the course of a construction site near the Radebeul-Weintraube train station, the remains of Germanic racing fire ovens were found, which were probably "not in complete wilderness". West Slavic Sorbs came to the region around the year 600 . Other sites of discovery testify to a relatively dense Slavic settlement, of which the grave field cut near Kötzschenbroda in 1925 shows early Christian influences.
These emerged because Meißen Castle was built in 929 as part of the Franconian expansion to the east . Franconian and Saxon colonists were settled, free farmers took over Slavic settlements or cleared new settlement areas. There is evidence that this happened under the aegis of the Burgraves of Dohna .
Radebeul was first mentioned in a document in 1349. The name of today's district Naundorf was found in a document as early as 1144. This was followed in 1226 Kötzschenbroda, 1287 Lindenau, 1315 Serkowitz, 1350 Wahnsdorf, 1366 Zitzschewig and 1533 Fürstenhain. In 1271 the Kötzschberg wine mountains were mentioned (today Niederlößnitz) and in 1286 there is the first written mention of the Lezenitzberg (today Hoflößnitz or Oberlößnitz).
The spelling of 1349 as Radebůl ( Old Sorbian for place of Radobyl ) was later represented on the old seal by a wheel and an ax . The wheel is still part of the city's coat of arms today.
The first document about a Radebeul building, the Kötzschenbroda church, is dated to 1273 . In 1935 she got the name Friedenskirche, since on August 27th July. / 6th September 1645 greg. The armistice of Kötzschenbroda was signed in the rectory of the church . He ended the Thirty Years War in Saxony. The construction of the train station in Kötzschenbroda in 1872 and the railway connection made the place much more attractive. In 1879 the local savings bank started work after two and a half years of establishment. The small community of Radebeul (see Alt-Radebeul ) and its surrounding area grew very rapidly at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. In 1905 the neighboring town of Serkowitz was incorporated and, with effect from April 1, 1924, Radebeul was raised to the rank of town . In 1934 the neighboring communities of Wahnsdorf and Oberlößnitz were incorporated. A similar development took place west of Radebeul in the 1920s. So in 1920 Kötzschenbroda incorporated the municipality of Lindenau. With the incorporation of Naundorf , Zitzschewig and Niederlößnitz in 1923, Kötzschenbroda became a large community and on May 5, 1924 it was also elevated to a town. Both cities belonged to the administrative authority of Dresden.
Radebeul and Kötzschenbroda were merged on January 1, 1935 to form the district-free city of Radebeul. Due to the new German municipal code on January 30, 1935 , Radebeul was declared an urban district on April 1, 1935 (at that time already around 35,000 inhabitants) and subordinated to the Dresden-Bautzen district team (renamed Dresden-Bautzen administrative district from January 1, 1939).
During the Second World War , there was hardly any destruction in the urban area. The worst hit was 31 residents of Ahornstrasse, whose death from buildings destroyed by explosive bombs is indicated by a bronze plaque on Ahornstrasse 2/4. On May 7th and 8th 1945 Radebeul was occupied by the Soviet army almost without a fight, but the Niederwarthaer Bridge was blown up by German troops on May 8th. In the weeks that followed, and until 1947, the Soviet military administration confiscated numerous larger buildings and villas for their purposes; the residents were sometimes forced to move to another place until January 1950, leaving the furniture behind.
The city's district freedom ended in 1947 when it came back to the Dresden district .
In 1949 a home combine "Free Greece" was founded in Radebeul. In it, Greek children received school and vocational training. More than 1,000 children were evacuated from Greece to the GDR after the defeat of the communists in the Greek civil war of 1946–1949.
The following year, 1950, drew national opera Saxony Radebeul, from it emerged Saxony Theater . On July 11, 1958, with the founding of the LPG Lößnitzaue, the collectivization of agriculture, which lasted until 1960, began . On May 2, 1959, the public observatory Adolph Diesterweg was inaugurated, and in 1960 the puppet theater collection moved to the Hohenhaus in Radebeul . The public observatory received a new planetarium on October 3, 1969 . In 1984 the new swimming pool was inaugurated. On February 9, 1985, as part of the Karl May renaissance in the GDR, the exhibition Karl May - Life and Work in the Villa Shatterhand and on September 26, 1987 the permanent exhibition On Viticulture in the Radebeul area in Hoflößnitz opened.
In 1992, Kötzschenbroda was declared a redevelopment area and the first Karl May Festival was held in the same year . The first village and school festival took place in Naundorf in 1994 to mark the 850th anniversary of the first mention. In 1995, when the Dresden district was dissolved, Radebeul became part of the Meißen district and was declared a major district town with effect from March 1, 1995 . Also this year celebrations were held to mark the 350th anniversary of the Kötzschenbroda armistice . In 1997 the first Radebeul building owner's prize was awarded, in 1998 the Hoflößnitz Winery Museum Foundation was set up and the Radebeul Art Prize was awarded for the first time on September 13th . In 1999 the historical vineyard landscape of the Lößnitz was placed under monument protection.
In 2010 the city of Radebeul celebrated its city anniversary "75 years of Radebeul", referring to the unification of the two municipalities of Kötzschenbroda and Radebeul , which were individually named cities in 1924 , not to the acquisition of city charter in 1924.
The later revoked election of the writer Jörg Bernig as head of the Radebeul cultural office in May 2020 caused fierce national controversy, which could only be countered by a special election by the city council in June 2020, which then "with a large majority" was the former candidate for the full-time administration designated cultural office specialist, elected future head of the cultural office.
The Friedenskirche (Evangelical-Lutheran) in Kötzschenbroda stands on the site of the oldest church building in Lößnitz. The building, which was built in the 12th century and was first mentioned in 1273, was destroyed by the Hussites in 1429 . In 1477 a late Gothic new building was started, which could be consecrated in 1510. The first pastor known by name of the Kötzschenbrodaer Sprengels, which in addition to Kötzschenbroda also included the villages of Naundorf, Zitzschewig and Lindenau as well as Coswig and Kötitz in the west , was Johannes Bolian in 1296. In the east was the branch church of Kaditz , to whose districts the villages Radebeul, Serkowitz, Trachau and Pieschen belonged. The Kaditz branch church was looked after from Kötzschenbroda until it was secularized. The churches belonged to the Archdeaconate of Nisan .
In 1537 the last Catholic priest left the Lößnitz, and in 1539 Duke Heinrich the Pious introduced the Reformation and with it the Protestant faith . The first evangelical pastor in Kötzschenbroda was Veit Hammer (Vitus Malleus). In addition to Kötzschenbroda, his parish also included Fürstenhain, Naundorf, Zitzschewig and Lindenau. In 1558 the church was badly damaged in the village fire and almost completely destroyed by Swedish troops in 1637. After the armistice of Kötzschenbroda in 1645 in the parish hall, the church was rebuilt by the long-time pastor Augustin Prescher until 1656.
The Catholics who remained in Lößnitz belonged in future to the parish of the Dresden Court Church , later to the St. Josefs parish in Dresden- Pieschen . In 1834, according to a survey in the Lößnitz area, there were still nine inhabitants. In addition, a resident of the Reformed faith was registered in Niederlößnitz in 1834.
After the newly founded Niederlößnitz was added to Parochie Kötzschenbroda in 1839, the local council decided in 1882 to fully adapt the church to the rapidly growing conditions and to largely rebuild it. In 1935 the Kötzschenbrodaer church was named Friedenskirche.
Also in 1839 the newly founded Oberlößnitz was added to the parish of Kaditz. In 1854, with the newly built Oberlößnitz School, a prayer room was set up, in which church services were held more and more frequently in the years that followed. This is how the desire for a separate parish, which was formed in 1890, arose in the eastern Lößnitz communities. In 1892 the new Evangelical Lutheran Church in Radebeul was inaugurated. In 1934 it was named Luther Church .
The Catholic-Apostolic Congregation in Dresden, officially recognized in 1871 , had around 60 congregation members in the Lößnitz in 1898. Because of this, a separate prayer room was built in Niederlößnitz in 1899/1900 on what was then Friedrich-August-Straße . From 1905 the former Catholic-Apostolic Bishop of Görlitz, from 1897 Bishop of Halle an der Saale, Paul von Gersdorf, spent his old age in Niederlößnitz.
According to plans from 1897 to build a separate cemetery with a chapel for the villages of Naundorf and Zitzschewig, a chapel was built between 1905 and 1908, which is also used for regular church services and belongs to the parish in Kötzschenbroda. In 1927 the current names Johannesfriedhof and Johanneskapelle were given.
In 1925, according to the survey, 145 Reformed, 1053 Catholics, 48 Jews and 1924 “Others” lived among the mainly Protestant population of the Loessnitz.
In 1926 Kötzschenbroda was again given a Roman Catholic pastoral office; the first pastor Josef Just was previously chaplain at the Dresden court church, he also looked after Coswig, Moritzburg and Radeburg. In 1927 a provisional St. Joseph Chapel was consecrated in Heinrichstraße. In the same year, the community received a villa in Borstrasse as a Catholic parish office , on the ground floor of which the Christ the King Chapel was set up and consecrated in 1928. In 2000/2001, according to plans by Behnisch & Partner, today's modern church of the Christ-König- Congregation was built on the property . Friedewald also belongs to the parish today .
After 1945, a New Apostolic church life arose in Radebeul , as the corresponding institutions in Dresden had been destroyed and numerous resettlers were added on site. The first services were held from 1947 in the club room of the Goldener Anker inn . In 1949 the congregation received its own prayer room, in 1950 it became independent. The present church was built in 1955 and consecrated in 1956. In 2001 the congregation had around 280 members.
Development of the population
The community of origin Radebeul was a small village with 71 inhabitants around 1550, while all other communities of origin (Oberlößnitz and Niederlößnitz were not yet founded) were much larger. Naundorf was more than four times as large with 312 inhabitants and Kötzschenbroda almost nine times as large with 630 inhabitants.
However, Radebeul had a much higher population growth with a rate that remained constant until around 1870. The communities of origin together had around 1541 inhabitants in 1550 and a lower rate of growth until around 1750, from then on the growth rate was similar to that of Radebeul.
From 1871 there was a real population explosion on the entire Lößnitzflur. With 6583 inhabitants, Radebeul overtook Kötzschenbroda with 6089 inhabitants, although five years earlier Radebeul had over 1000 inhabitants fewer than Kötzschenbroda. However, if you include the Niederlößnitz , which has been spun off from the Kötzschenbrodaer Flur and which has grown strongly due to the development according to the villa colony concept, with its 4,338 inhabitants to Kötzschenbroda, it would have come to almost 10,500 inhabitants.
In 1900 the population growth decreased again, from 1905 the incorporation began. Serkowitz came to Radebeul in 1905, making it the largest town with 10,568 inhabitants. In 1920 Lindenau was incorporated and in 1923 Kötzschenbroda doubled its population by adding three more neighboring communities; in 1925 it had 17,425 inhabitants compared to Radebeul's 12,428. In 1924 both received city rights . In addition, there were only Oberlößnitz with 2186 and Wahnsdorf with 923 inhabitants as independent rural communities. In 1933 they had a total of 3309 inhabitants, both were incorporated into Radebeul in 1934, which means that (as of 1933) it has a total of 16,258 inhabitants. At that time, Kötzschenbroda had 18,909 inhabitants.
In 1935 both cities were united; the 35,167 inhabitants (1933) had grown to 44,293 by 1950. From then on, the population decreased to its low point in 1993 with 30,339 inhabitants, which was a decrease of a third compared to 1950.
The population has been increasing again since 1993, at the end of 2013 the population of Radebeul was over 33,390 inhabitants, higher than in 1988 before the fall of the Wall, but lower than when the two cities were united in 1935. The proportion of foreigners is around two percent. The population growth is the result of the positive difference between people moving to Radebeul and a currently slightly negative balance between the deceased and the live born. In all three variants of the regionalized population forecast for the Free State of Saxony by 2025 , the population of Radebeul will grow and, according to the forecast, could reach between 34,000 and 34,400 inhabitants in 2025. Contrary to original expectations, this value was already achieved at the beginning of 2016. Like all other cities in the Dresden metropolitan area, Radebeul has experienced accelerated population growth since 2012.
On July 31, 2011, Radebeul became the most populous city (33,732 inhabitants) in the district of Meißen, as Riesa decreased to 33,698 inhabitants at the same time. This trend continues and Radebeul is by far the largest city in the district of Meißen . (As of 2015)
- Development of the population since 1550 in detail
Original municipality of Radebeul with the respective incorporations
|Residents||71||239||390||470||647||2,783||6,583||11,402||11,497||12,428||12,949||about 16,300||around 35,200|
Addition of all 10 communities of origin ( Lößnitz localities )
City of Radebeul after the unification of Radebeul and Kötzschenbroda in 1935 (corrected population according to the 2011 census)
Results and impact of the 2011 census
The previous population information on May 9, 2011 based on the updates was 33,708 inhabitants. As a result of the 2011 census, this number was corrected to 33,202 inhabitants, a decrease of 1.5%. This is the smallest difference compared to the neighboring cities. And in comparison to the district of Meißen (−2.1%), the state of Saxony (−2.0%) and Germany (−1.8%), the lower decline in the numbers ensures that Radebeul has become larger in relation to the surrounding area. This means that the resetting of the population does not have any negative effects on the city's financial allocations.
With these results, Radebeul remained the most populous city in the district, as Riesa recorded a decrease in its population to 32,539, which means a difference to the original figure of −3.8%.
The mayor since 2001 is Bert Wendsche , who is independent from the party and who also heads the finance, education and social affairs division . On June 7, 2015, he was re-elected Mayor for another seven years with 73.7% of the valid votes cast (2008: 98.3%, 2001: 59.4%). Wendsche is supported by two mayors as deputy mayors, Jörg Müller (since 2001) as first mayor with the urban development division and Winfried Lehmann (since 2016) as second mayor with the law and organization division .
The official bulletin of the city is the Radebeul gazette ().
At the end of 2019, the city had a debt level of 22.55 million euros; At the beginning of 2013 this was a good 38.3 million, as the city had assumed the liabilities of the municipal sports facility operation (based on 55.3 million euros in loan debts in 2002). The year-end value corresponds to a per capita debt per inhabitant of 663 euros; Since 2017, the per capita debt has been below the rate of 850 euros / inhabitant set by the Saxon Ministry of the Interior. The average interest rate for all Radebeuler loans is currently 0.75%.
In the Radebeul Official Journal 05/2019, the 2017 annual financial statements of the city of Radebeul were published according to the double- entry system . For the assets of the citizens of the city of Radebeul, the annual financial statements of the city of Radebeul and the annual financial statements of the so-called City Group including all subsidiaries to be consolidated were shown as the annual result and as a consolidated balance sheet (statement of assets). As in the previous year, the results of the city and the City Group were positive. The city's equity in the balance sheet total was 50.4%, in the city group it was 39.8%. The value of the total assets of the citizens (schools, roads, infrastructure, etc.) could be increased, the necessary credits were reduced. The annual result of the Stadt concern showed a surplus of around 11.2 million euros with income of around 130.7 million euros; Depreciation generated and the surplus were used to repay debt and as equity capital for investments. The 2017 balance sheet total of the Stadt Group was 361.6 million euros, which resulted in around 10,649 euros apportioned to the citizens.
The city council of Radebeul as the second body of the city after the South German council constitution next to the mayor consists of 34 councilors (27 men and 7 women) who were elected in the last local election in May 2019 (voter turnout: 70.9% [2014: 53.4%]):
|Party / list||Share of votes in 2019||Seats 2019||(Share of votes 2014)||(Seats 2014)|
|Citizens' Forum / The Greens||19.4%||7th||15.2%||5|
Wahnsdorf local council
In the district of Wahnsdorf there is a local council made up of seven councilors (6 men and 1 woman) (voter turnout: 75.1% [2014: 65.7%]):
|Party / list||Share of votes in 2019||Seats 2019||Party / list||(Share of votes 2014)||(Seats 2014)|
|Citizen List||100.0%||7th||Citizen List Wahnsdorf||75.3%||6th|
Member of the Saxon State Parliament (MdL) of constituency 40 (Meißen 4) has been Matthias Rößler since 2004 , re-elected with 29.4% in the 2019 state elections. On September 29, 2009, Roessler was elected President of the Saxon State Parliament.
As a result of the Saxon district reform of 2008 , the constituencies were redesigned. Since the federal election in 2009 , Radebeul has been part of the newly formed federal constituency of Meißen (2013: constituency 155), which includes the district of Meißen . Directly elected member of the German Bundestag (MdB) is Thomas de Maizière with 34.1% of the first votes in the 2017 election (re-elected, 2013: 53.6%). Susann Rüthrich (SPD) also entered the 19th Bundestag in 2017 as a member of the SPD's state list. Their citizens' offices are located in Meißen, Dresden and Pirna.
coat of arms
Blazon : Divided by silver over red; above a green bunch of grapes with leaves, below a six-spoke silver wheel.
Meaning: The grape has long appeared in various forms in the community seals of the original communities, for example in the community seal of Kötzschenbroda, but also of Serkowitz and Zitzschewig. It points to the viticulture that has been practiced in the Loessnitz for centuries. The wheel is a folk etymological interpretation for the city name of Radebeul, it appears in the old community seal above a hatchet.
For marketing reasons, the city often uses a logo instead of the official coat of arms. This includes the “Radebeul - City to Enjoy” brand.
Radebeul maintains several city partnerships. The oldest partnership has been with St. Ingbert in Saarland since 1988. The town twinning with Auboué in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department was canceled by the French in March 1990 without giving any reason. It existed since 1961. Since 1998 there has been a twinning with Sierra Vista in Arizona , USA . As part of the town twinning with Sierra Vista, friendly relations have also existed since 2000 with the Mexican city of Cananea on the other side of the border . The third and most recent partnership was concluded in 2004 with the city of Obukhiv (Обухів; Kiev Oblast ) in Ukraine .
A city friendship has existed with Ostfildern since 1990 .
Culture and sights
Radebeul is on the Saxon Wine Route . It is known for the steep slopes that characterize both Niederlößnitz and Oberlößnitz with their dry vineyard walls. These are not only designated as a landscape protection area, but have also been protected as a historical monument protection area Radebeul historical vineyards since 1999 . The wine grown here is summarized as the Lößnitz site . This consists of the individual layers Goldener Wagen , Steinrücke and Johannisberg . The most famous wineries include the municipal Hoflößnitz winery (with a wine museum) and the Saxon state winery Schloss Wackerbarth . The first evidence of Radebeul viticulture can be found as early as 1271. Many winegrowers' houses, sometimes from the Baroque period, partly from the reddish syenite rock that is common here , partly also in half-timbered houses, bear witness to this long time . The many dry vineyard walls are also made of this syenite. The Radebeul vineyards are traversed by five wine hiking trails ( Historic Forest Route , Route Oberlößnitz , Route Niederlößnitz , Route Wackerbarth , Route Zitzschewig ), each of which branches off from the Saxon Wine Trail .
The strawberry has been cultivated as a secondary culture since the Middle Ages. In addition to the wild strawberry , the heat and frost-resistant, cherry-sized Loessnitz vineyard strawberry , which was one of the precocious varieties, was bred, especially in the 19th century . From 1855, Leipzig was also supplied by rail from Kötzschenbroda, and the strawberry exchange operated by around 50 traders took place every day to secure the quantities . Leipzig, Chemnitz and even Berlin were also supplied from Alt-Radebeul. In the period after the phylloxera disaster, an average of 30 tons of strawberries were harvested in Kötzschenbroda from the 1880s onwards, in the peak year 1907 it was 70 tons.
Buildings and sights
On the edge of the slope, from below to see well in the valley, there are a number of significant Radebeuler buildings: so in the West above Wackerbarth of Jacob Stein and behind the public observatory Adolph Diesterweg that offers regular public astronomical observations and astronomical lectures. The Astroclub Radebeul , located in the buildings of the observatory, is responsible for another sight: the asteroid 149884 Radebeul (2005 RD9) discovered by its member Martin Fiedler . Further to the east are the Berghaus Neufriedstein (popularly also called Mätressenschlösschen), the also white water tower and the Friedensburg . Farther to the east are the Bismarck Tower and the Spitzhaus , with the Spitzhaus stairs between them leading down to the Hoflößnitz municipal winery.
While a museum has been set up in Karl Mays' former residence (Radebeul-Ost), the Hohenhaus (Radebeul-West), where Gerhart Hauptmann and Carl Hauptmann found their wives, is part of the Hauptmann Association, but is privately owned. In the house that housed the Dresden Puppet Theater Collection until the 1990s, cultural events are held at regular intervals. When the Berlin architect Otto March 1890/1891 for the chemist Carl Kolbe , general director of the chemical factory v. Heyden , designed Villa Kolbe , a neo-renaissance building in the style of a renaissance castle, is "one of the most elaborate and architecturally high-quality villas in Radebeul and its wider area."
The urban development from the original communities can be seen particularly well today from the surviving village angels of Altkötzschenbroda and Naundorf . The Anger von Altkötzschenbroda was renovated into an event mile while preserving the monuments, while the Anger von Naundorf has retained its original purpose as a residential area.
One of the technical sights is the loessnitz dachshund from the Radebeul-Ost train station , a narrow-gauge railway that opened in 1884 via Moritzburg to Radeburg . Historic paddle steamers of the White Fleet operate on the Elbe between Dresden and Diesbar . Another attraction is the Undosa wave machine (the wave empire) in Bilzbad , the oldest wave machine of its type. It was installed in 1912 and is still in operation today. In addition, there are numerous listed buildings of small architecture in Radebeul .
In Radebeul there is a large garden railway ( An der Jägermühle 3 ), where, due to its location between Lößnitzbach and the Lößnitzgrundbahn, there are occasional encounters between the narrow-gauge railway and the 5-inch garden railway.
In Radebeul there are around 1270 monument addresses under monument protection . Due to the unusually high number of monuments for a place of this size, the Radebeul city administration had its own department of monument protection, which is normally only intended for urban districts and districts and is only approved for district towns in exceptional cases. In Saxony, in addition to Radebeul, this only applied in Freiberg and Pirna .
As of July 1, 2012, however, Radebeul is “sacrificing monument protection” in order to be able to pull out all “registers for the state theaters of Saxony ”. Responsibility for monument protection was transferred to the district of Meißen in Grossenhain . In return, the District Office should “think about setting up a consultation room in the job center on Dresdner Straße [in Radebeul].” With this, “Radebeul [the] monument archive […] that has been compiled over decades […] is losing a real treasure trove of knowledge "As well as the" professional competence and [the] commitment of the employees for their city. "The" purely economic reasons [...] "and the majority decision of the city council were explained by the mayor in such a way that the" ever increasing burdens [...] of the lower monument protection authority without proper financial compensation as well as the regular financial participation of the city in the state theaters enforced by the state ”together with the backlog of processing of the tax certificates“ inherited ”from the former regional council for the depreciation of monuments forced to make this decision.
The most important monument in the churchyard of the Friedenskirche in Kötzschenbroda is the sandstone sculpture Chronos and the Mourners, or Chronos and Wailing Woman (probably from the 18th century), which was restored in 2005 . In addition, the list of objects of the association for monument preservation and new building includes well over 200 objects of art in public space (many of them monuments, steles, sculptures or memorial stones). Below is the tomb of Karl and Klara May .
On July 26, 2005 in Radebeul in front of the Wettin House , at the beginning of Moritzburger Straße, five stumbling blocks were laid in memory of fellow citizens who were deported to Auschwitz and Theresienstadt and murdered there as part of the project of the same name .
Theater and cinema
In 1950 the State Opera of Saxony moved from Dresden- Gittersee to Radebeul, from which the State Theaters of Saxony emerged. The parent company is in Radebeul, other venues are the Rathen rock stage and the Dresden Zwinger . Opera, operetta, musical, drama, ballet or symphony concerts are performed. The Landesbühne plays a leading role in the Karl May Festival .
From 2006, the palace cinema was located in Radebeul-West station . The cinema had nine seats and was included in the Guinness Book of Records as the smallest cinema in the world . Mainly cult and independent films were shown . The cinema was rented out to private individuals, associations, kindergartens, schools or companies.
The theater group Heiterer Blick was founded in Radebeul in 1946. In the history of the amateur theater group , there have been splits and reintegrations of other Saxon theater groups. In the seventies the most productive phase was reached as the youth theater Planeta (today KBA ) under the direction of Klaus Kunick (born 1933; died 6th August 2007) with at times over a hundred members and four productions per year. It was played in the clubhouse Heiterer Blick and on numerous guest appearances. Since the 1990s it has been played in a much smaller cast. In recent years the most important appearances have been at the Hanau International Theater Days , at the 60th anniversary of the association (2006) and at the International Touring Theater Festival in Altkötzschenbroda . The association is a member of the State Association of Amateur Theaters of Saxony . Well-known members of the theater were / are Rolf Ludwig , Klaus Kunick, Friedemann A. Nawroth and Ruth Kelker.
The Radebeul Christian amateur traveling theater KERIJAtheater appears all over Saxony, mainly in Christian communities.
Cabaret has been back in the KGB (Kabarett-Gewölbe-Bürgergarten) in Altkötzschenbroda since September 24, 2004.
Radebeul has its own hymn, the Lößnitzlied , the music and words of which are from Herbert Schweiniger.
Historically, there were numerous choral societies in Lößnitz, some of which still exist today. The oldest still active choir is the Radebeul men's choir "Liederkranz" from 1844, which received the Zelter badge in 1997 from the then Federal President Roman Herzog . For almost 85 years, until the mid-1950s, there was an independent city symphony orchestra with the Lößnitz Chapel . The State Theaters of Saxony have been performing at their house in Radebeul since around that time .
Musically active is in the music school of the district of Meißen , in the music house Radebeul (east), with the choir community Radebeul-Lindenau 1895 e. V., the men's choir Radebeul e. V. and the Lößnitzchor e. V. Radebeul and in the churches.
On December 1, 1928, 16 years after his death, the Karl May Museum in Radebeul was opened in Karl May's Villa Shatterhand on Karl-May-Straße . In addition to the exhibition “Karl May - Leben und Werk”, which opened in 1985, there is also the restored Mays study, his library and the reception room (the so-called Sascha Schneider room), as well as the Klara Mays study. All rooms are furnished in the same state as they were at the end of their lives. The Henrystutzen , the bear killer and the silver rifle are also on display along with a bust of Winnetou .
In the log house Villa Bärenfett , which is also on the premises, you can see a unique ethnographic Indian exhibition. The basic stock of the Indian collection still comes from Karl and Klara May. The most significant part of the approximately 850 museum objects from the life and culture of the North American Indians comes from the co-founder and long-time administrator of the museum, Patty Frank , who made his entire collection available.
The Saxon Wine Museum Hoflößnitz shows information about viticulture in the Lößnitz in the form of a permanent exhibition in the mountain and pleasure house . Everyday objects show the work of the winemakers from pruning in spring to harvesting in autumn. You can also find interesting facts about phylloxera. In Kavaliershaus place several times annually changing special for wine production, the visual arts and local history instead. The open space is dedicated to the local patron of viticulture, Agriculture Councilor Carl Pfeiffer .
The SSB Narrow Gauge Railway Museum in Radebeul is located in the old building of the historic goods floor at Radebeul Ost station. The building, which was declared a cultural monument, had been empty since the early 1990s and was supposed to be demolished in 1995. The careful renovation not only opened up the possibility of interesting further use, the renovation itself was also awarded the Radebeul Builder Prize in 2006. Before that, there are numerous locomotives and wagons as a permanent exhibition at Radebeul-Ost station.
The Stadtgalerie Radebeul am Anger von Altkötzschenbroda shows changing art exhibitions, whether contemporary painting, graphics, sculpture or photography as well as fine and applied arts from the past rich in artists in the Lößnitz. A local museum is located in the neighboring building with the Kötzschenbroda home parlor .
The Museum of Lies in the historic Gasthof Serkowitz is a collection of contemporary visual art, predominantly expressionist installations, from Dadaist arrangements of bizarre kitchen and handicraft items from the beginning of the 20th century to political reflections on the GDR past to religious-critical satiricals of Christian veneration of saints.
The GDR Museum Zeitreise as a museum permanent exhibition of everyday objects wanted to show not only interesting things from the GDR era in the former building of VEB Kraftwerkanlagenbau on Meißner Strasse from 2006 until the bankruptcy in 2016 , but above all "life behind the iron curtain you can touch" . From 2017 the exhibits will be shown in the Dresden skyscraper on Albertplatz .
From 1960 to 2004 the puppet theater collection of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden was in the Hohenhaus.
In 2007 there are 21 sports clubs which, among other things, use 2 sports stadiums (Lößnitzstadion, Weinbergstadion), the Krokofit sports and leisure center , tennis courts and boathouses on the Elbe . Since spring 2008 there has also been a skate park at the “White House” leisure complex. The Krokofit has a swimming pool that is used all year round, and in summer there are two outdoor pools, the Bilzbad and the Lößnitzbad .
Corresponding to the two large, traditional industrial companies, there are two sports clubs with a wide range of different sports: the printing machine manufacturer Koenig & Bauer AG - Werk Radebeul (formerly Dresdner Schnellpressen-Fabrik / Planeta / Polygraph Druckmaschinenwerk Planeta) is the play and sports club SSV Planeta Radebeul e. V. and to the pharmaceutical company AWD (Chemische Fabrik von Heyden / Chemische Werke Radebeul / Arzneimittelwerk Dresden) of BSV Chemie Radebeul e. V. , founded in 1931 as a sports association Chemische von Heyden . It offers a program from “A for Aikido to W for winter swimming” (quote from self-promotion).
Football is played in Radebeul BC 08 , founded in 1908 , which the football departments of Planeta and Chemie have joined to form a powerful Radebeul team. This achieved promotion to the Sachsenliga in 2009 with her coach, the former GDR record national player Dixie Dörner . The BSV Chemie Radebeul - tennis department is one of the most successful tennis clubs in the Dresden area with one eastern league and several upper league teams. The handball players from SSV Planeta and BSV Chemie joined forces on December 15, 2004 to form the Radebeul handball club . In Radebeuler Badminton Club since 1994 Andreas Benz as a player and coach, who among other things at this time Vice World Champion title won in mixed doubles at the seniors. In 2006 the successful young Radebeul players Daniel Benz , winner of the Silver Badminton Ball in 2005 and the son of Andreas Benz, and the Junior European Champion of 2005 Janet Köhler left Saxony to pursue their athletic careers further. Benz went to the Badminton High School in Frankfurt and now plays in the Bundesliga , he is also German university champion in men's doubles 2010/2011 . Meanwhile, Köhler went to the Olympic base in Mülheim an der Ruhr . In 2011 she became the first female speed badminton world champion .
Radebeul also has an association for rehabilitation and health sports, dog sports, mountain biking, a shooting club, a swimming club, a club for flag football and American football ( Suburbian Foxes ) and table tennis.
Every year, the Karl May festivities on the Ascension weekend with star ride and equestrian parade, PowWow of Indian guests, bluegrass and country concerts as well as Indian raids on the Santa Fe Express of the Loessnitz dachshund are very popular.
In addition to the Karl May Festival , the autumn and wine festival that takes place every year in Altkötzschenbroda is the second major festival weekend in Radebeul. The autumn and wine festival usually takes place on the last weekend in September and has been enriched since 1995 by an international traveling theater festival taking place at the same time . In 2007 there were 50,000 visitors at the wine festival / theater festival.
The Radebeul graphics market , which was founded in 1978 and takes place every autumn, is very popular. Many of the renowned artists and graphic designers present their work here.
Once a year the Spitzhaus staircase takes place over 397 steps. It has been run by the organizer since 2005 as the Saxon Mt. Everest stair marathon . In 2011 over 700 participants took part in the competition.
Another scenic run is the Lößnitzgrundlauf in Radebeul , which has been inviting people to start and finish at Bilzbad once a year since 2004.
Every year in November, the Association for Monument Preservation and New Buildings in Radebeul , together with the city administration , awards the Radebeul Builders' Prize , among others in the categories of monument renovation , old building renovation and new building (2006 as the tenth anniversary). Instead of the architect, as usual, the respective client is awarded for high-quality construction. This particular approach was included in 2005 as best practice in the second report on building culture by the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development.
The international day of the open monument , which takes place annually in September, is actively celebrated in Radebeul, as well as a Radebeul specialty, the day of the open view , which alternates annually in spring with the day of the open garden . In addition, around Pentecost there is the two- day open vineyard day , to which the Radebeul steep-slope winemakers in the three vineyards of the Radebeul major Lößnitz site invite. A good two months later, the Saxon day of the open winery along the Saxon Wine Route opens in Radebeul .
The city of Radebeul annually awards the art prize of the major district town of Radebeul to artists, ensembles or art sponsors who are of artistic importance for Radebeul. Every two years the radebeuler couragepreis e. V. on the anniversary of the armistice of Kötzschenbroda in the Friedenskirche the Radebeul Courage Prize .
Economy and Infrastructure
With a summer unemployment rate of 3.6% (as of the end of June 2019), the Radebeul office of the Employment Agency (responsible for Radebeul, Coswig, Radeburg and Moritzburg) had a favorable unemployment rate in Saxony; the city of Radebeul alone was 3.3%. The corresponding value in the district of Meißen was 5.1%. The previous year's figure for 2018 for the Radebeul office was 4.1%. The winter unemployment rate in Radebeul alone rose to 3.5% (as of the end of December 2019).
For the city of Radebeul itself, it has been below 5.0% since May 2016, which is statistically considered full employment . The city was thus the first Saxon medium- sized town or larger to achieve the goal of full employment. There is even a surplus of in-commuters , i. H. more employees commute to Radebeul to work than Radebeul drive outside to work.
The closest connection point Dresden-Neustadt to Autobahn 4 is three kilometers east of the city limits. On December 12, 2011, the new Niederwartha road bridge was opened , which connects the west of Radebeul directly with federal highway 6 (new state road 84) and facilitates access to Autobahn 4 via the Dresden-Altstadt junction . Meißner Straße, which connects Dresden with Meißen, is dedicated as State Road 82.
Radebeul, more precisely Serkowitz with its Weintraube line end point , inaugurated on July 19, 1838 , was one of the first places in Germany to have a rail connection. Today Radebeul has four train stations or stops ( Radebeul Ost , Radebeul-Kötzschenbroda , Radebeul-Weintraube and Radebeul-Zitzschewig ) on the Leipzig – Dresden railway line . An S-Bahn line of the Dresden S-Bahn via Coswig to Meißen serves all four stations, although there was no stop in Weintraube from 2010 to 2012 due to construction work. The Regional Express via Riesa to Leipzig, on the other hand, only stops in Radebeul Ost. There is also the Radebeul-Naundorf stop on the Berlin – Dresden railway line , which crosses the Elbe over the Niederwartha railway bridge.
Radebeul Ost station is the starting point of the narrow-gauge Lößnitzgrundbahn (also Lößnitzdackel , Radebeul – Moritzburg – Radeburg line), which still has the Weißes Roß stop at the intersection with tram line 4 of the Dresden public transport company and the Lößnitzgrund stop later . The Lößnitzgrundbahn is operated exclusively with steam locomotives. The tram was built in 1899 as a narrow-gauge tram line Lößnitzbahn (1000 mm) and in 1929/1930 it was switched to the Dresden tram gauge (1450 mm). It connects Radebeul with Dresden as well as with Coswig and Weinböhla.
The closest airport is Dresden Airport in the north-west of Dresden, easily accessible via the motorway. From there the airline Lufthansa Cityline flies , which in 2006 named a Bombardier CRJ900 aircraft after Radebeul (D-ACKH).
Several industrial companies are based in Radebeul, such as the printing machine manufacturer Koenig & Bauer AG - Radebeul plant (formerly Planeta) with around 2300 employees. The factory in the industrial area of Naundorf , which emerged from the Dresden Schnellpressen factory founded in 1898 (from 1938 Planeta , from 1948 VEB Polygraph Druckmaschinenwerk Planeta), is within Koenig & Bauer AG, the world's oldest printing machine manufacturer, complete for the production of all sheetfed offset Printing machines. With a turnover of 520 million euros, in 2001 the plant was the largest mechanical engineering company in eastern Germany.
In January 2000, the active ingredient synthesis plant of the AWD (formerly Arzneimittelwerk Dresden, Chemische Fabrik v. Heyden) in Radebeul with around 200 employees was dissolved from the company, sold directly to Degussa-Hüls and taken over by Hexal as an independent subsidiary HEXAL Syntech GmbH in 2004 . After Hexal was sold to Novartis, the independent Hexal Syntech remained with Jossa Arznei GmbH, a company owned by the former Hexal owners Andreas and Thomas Strüngmann . The company located in the Radebeul industrial area is now called arevipharm .
The rest of the AWD GmbH on Leipziger Strasse in Dresden (formerly Gehe) was renamed AWD.pharma GmbH & Co. KG in 2001 and was taken over by the Croatian pharmaceutical company Pliva in the same year with around 650 employees. Together with this, AWD.pharma has been part of the international generics manufacturer Barr Pharmaceuticals since 2006 . In 2006 the pharmaceutical production in the Dresden part of the company was sold to the Italian Menarini Group, whereupon the headquarters of the traditional pharmaceutical company AWD.pharma was relocated to Wasapark on Meißner Straße in Radebeul in 2007. Parts of the AWD research in Radebeul (former Biological Institute of Madaus) were transferred to the independent research companies elbion AG and MEDA Pharma.
A motorcycle shop for Harley-Davidson is located in the factory building on the corner of Meißner Strasse and Forststrasse, which was formerly part of the AWD . It belongs to the multi-brand dealer Thomas Exclusive Cars across the street, which sells the Rolls-Royce , Ferrari , Maserati , Bentley and Aston Martin car brands . As one of five licensed dealerships for Rolls-Royce, he is responsible for all of Eastern Germany including Berlin.
In 1902, the engineer Johannes Wilhelm Hofmann founded the first "factory for electrical equipment" in Europe in Kötzschenbroda to manufacture the patented rivet connectors he had invented for electrical overhead line wires. In 1912 the company exported to 26 countries around the world. One of the largest industrial companies in the region was established under the name Elektroarmaturenwerk JWH ; the products were exported worldwide in the 1920s.
In 1925 Hofmann took a share in Richard Bergner's RIBE Bayerische screw and spring factory in Schwabach, which was founded in 1911 . In 1927, on the occasion of the company's 25th anniversary, Hofmann was given honorary citizenship of the town of Kötzschenbroda for his services . In 1937 the plant supplied all of the high-voltage fittings required in Germany and 75% of all connection fittings required. In 1951/1952 Hofmann was ousted from the company's management and the company in Radebeul was expropriated. Hofmann moved to Nuremberg and granted RIBE the exclusive use of all of his patents and property rights. The GDR continued its expropriated company as a high-voltage fittings factory (HAW). In addition to overhead line fittings, catenary fittings were also produced for the Deutsche Reichsbahn and local transport companies in the GDR . In 1991 the company was taken over by Richard Bergner Elektroarmaturen and renamed the independently operating RIBE Elektroarmaturen Radebeul .
The Sächsische Staatsweingut GmbH Schloss Wackerbarth on the castle of the same name in Niederlößnitz presents itself today as an adventure winery . The product offerings range from white and red wines to sparkling wines in classic bottle fermentation and brandies. In addition, the company maintains the tradition of the Bussard sparkling wine cellar , which goes back to 1836, making it the second oldest sparkling wine cellar in Germany. In addition, the Lößnitz winery is also represented by the municipal Hoflößnitz winery and private wineries.
The eastern branch of the mobile operator Vodafone D2 , responsible for the southern part of eastern Germany, is also located in Radebeul.
Nudossi , the hazelnut-nougat spread from the manufacturer Vadossi, and teas from the Teehaus brand from Teehaus GmbH , the second largest production site of the global teapot group, also come from Radebeul .
In the course of Radebeul's industrial history there have been many other companies, some of them internationally successful. This is how the Saxon Precision Balance Factory Dresden was founded in 1920 , which moved to Radebeul in 1927. In 1935 it was named Rapido-Werke . Due to increasing export figures, it grew to 600 employees, but was dismantled after the end of the war. As VEB Wägetechnik Rapido , it merged in 1970 with the VEB Spezial , which emerged from the Radebeul company Maschinenfabrik Göhring & Hebenstreit , a wafer baking machine manufacturer, which was founded in 1898, and from 1982 also produced ATMs. In 1989 the company with 1,400 employees was part of the Nagema combine . In 1997 the company was taken over by Hebenstreit , a company established in the west by one of the founding sons , and renamed Hebenstreit-Rapido GmbH .
The Dresden machine tool factory C. Richard Auerbach relocated its metalworking shop from Dresden to Kötzschenbroda in 1885. Graters, slicers and poppy seed mills were made. Follow-up companies built electrical lighting systems, power plants and steam turbines. In 1991, a sole proprietorship from Radebeul founded the Tristan Köhler stainless steel plant as a successor company.
The Schaumaplast Saxony and the Schaumaplast insulating materials are the successor companies of 1885 by Bruno Bergmann (1843-1929) founded in Dresden Feinseifen- and perfume factory Bergmann & Co. also "Soap Bergmann" called, who moved in 1890 to Radebeul in the Bright Road. The purveyor of fine soaps with the Hobby Horse signet supplied its products, above all the Hobby Horse lily milk soap , not only to domestic customers, but also to foreign customers via its branches in Arnhem, Brussels, Tetschen, Warsaw and Zurich. After more than 200 employees in the 1920s, the company was expropriated in 1950 and converted into a more export-oriented VEB Hobby Horse in 1954 . In early 1958, the workforce decided to overflow the plan with $ 100,000 to donate the money to purchase a used merchant ship. This initiative became the GDR-wide Hobby Horse Movement , which was joined by around 1,600 other businesses and which made numerous cargo ship purchases possible around 1960. In 1965/1966 the company was gradually converted from soap production to the manufacture of insulation and packaging materials made of polystyrene and later incorporated into the Ottendorf-Okrilla press plant as part of the company . After its liquidation in 1991, the Radebeul company came to Schaumaplast GmbH in Reilingen .
Since 2003, in Naundorfer industrial area with the company unitedprint.com SE (print24) an online print shop established as new installation on the task of 2002 in Meissen flooded MDH Meissen printing house was established. Organized as a Europa-AG , the company now has branches in 22 countries and employs more than 500 people.
The Ellerhold Group operates on the property diagonally opposite , a manufacturer of printed products for indoor advertising that was founded near Nuremberg in 1987, as well as large posters for outdoor advertising, for cardboard boxes, packaging and labels. This is also represented with numerous sales and production locations in numerous European countries.
The logistics service provider Hasse Transport has been based in Altlindenau since 1894 . The company is active in the areas of local and long-distance transport, container service, bulk material transport, sewer cleaning, civil engineering and demolition. The approximately 80 employees work from the two locations in Lindenau and Kötzschenbroda .
The television station MyTVplus has its origins in Radebeul and can be received in cable networks throughout Saxony.
There are a total of around 2,600 registered commercial companies.
The chemical factory v. Heyden in Radebeul was the first drug factory in the world to produce a drug substance, salicylic acid , on an industrial scale . It was built in 1874 by the chemist Friedrich von Heyden at Meißner Strasse 35. It developed into one of the most important chemical companies in Saxony and at the same time marked the beginning of Radebeul's industrialization . Many well-known and successful chemists worked there. After the expropriation in 1948, the company was incorporated into the VEB Arzneimittelwerk Dresden on January 1, 1961 .
From 1929 to 1945 the Madaus company had its headquarters in Radebeul. During this time echinacin , which stimulates the immune system, was introduced. On April 1, 1951, the head office of the Drugs Factory, expropriated and nationalized after the Second World War, was opened. Madaus & Co merged with the expropriated Dresden parent company of Gehe & Co. to form VEB Arzneimittelwerk Dresden.
With the integration of Chemische Werke Radebeul (former Chemische Fabrik von Heyden) in 1961 into the Dresden pharmaceuticals factory , one of the largest pharmaceutical manufacturers in the GDR was created with around 3,000 employees. In 1970 the company was promoted to a combine and in 1979 to the parent company of the newly founded VEB Pharmazeutisches Kombinat Germed . The Drugs Factory in Dresden was the center of drug research in the GDR, at the end of the 1980s it had 13 parts of the company with around 3,600 employees. By 1989, 27 original developments had been brought onto the market. In 1990 the Dresden pharmaceutical plant was converted into AWD GmbH and sold to ASTA Medica in 1991. In the years that followed, the Radebeul synthesis site (Meißner Strasse, formerly von Heyden) was retained, and AWD became the research and production site of ASTA Medica in Germany. At the same time, 10 of the 13 parts of the company were shut down, including the former Madaus plant in Radebeuler Gartenstrasse, and the number of employees fell to around 900 by the end of the 1990s. With the merger of Degussa-Hüls AG in 1999 and their concentration on Specialty Chemicals began separating ASTA Medica and splitting AWD into several successor companies.
In 1892 the naturopath Friedrich Eduard Bilz received approval to open the Bilz sanatorium , which the Wehrmacht seized during the Second World War and rededicated as a reserve hospital. After the war the building was used as a finance school and an institute for teacher training. Now it is used for residential purposes.
With the August Koebig machine factory in Radebeul, founded in 1890, there was another printing machine manufacturer in Radebeul, which after the Second World War became the most important supplier of the printing and paper processing industry in the GDR under the name VEB Ramasch . In 1968 it was taken over by VEB Polygraph Druckmaschinenwerk Planeta, also located in Radebeul (today Koenig & Bauer AG - Radebeul plant ).
The sparkling wine cellar Bussard was founded in 1836 as a factory for sparkling wines , the second oldest sparkling wine cellar in Germany. The company was later called the Niederlößnitzer Champagnerfabrik , before it became the Bussard sparkling wine cellar in 1897. From 1978 onwards, sparkling wine production was only operated on the grounds of Schloss Wackerbarth, as the tank fermentation process used there was more productive than bottle fermentation. Schloss Wackerbarth later acquired the rights to Bussard.
The former coffee substitute factory Otto E. Weber was an internationally recognized manufacturer of coffee spices and cube tea. The company founded in the 19th century was " Aryanized " in 1937 and expropriated in 1946 . In 1952 it was forcibly merged with the also expropriated parent company of today's Teekanne Group to form today's Teehaus GmbH .
The manufacture for sewing machine boats, which was founded by Gustav Schmidt in Dresden in 1868, relocated the company headquarters to Kötzschenbroda in 1897. At the beginning of the 20th century, this company was at times the largest industrial company in today's Radebeul. In 1918 there was a merger with a competing company from Dresden to form the sewing machine parts AG ( sewing machine brand GS ). In 1935 the Kötzschenbroda factory employed around 1,000 people, mainly for export. After compulsory administration, dismantling and a new start in 1946, the company concentrated entirely on parts for industrial sewing machines as Plant 2 of VEB Sewing Machine Parts Works Dresden ("Schiffchenfabrik"). In 1990 the company was shut down by the Treuhandanstalt.
In 1887, the Saupe & Busch metal poster factory and minting establishment was founded in the Radebeul factory district at Meißner Straße 1–15, and it continued to grow as a packaging manufacturer until the turn of the century. In 1907, after the bankruptcy of its owner Richard Busch, it was accepted by the newly founded Union-Werke . By 1913, the company had grown to become the second largest employer in the region with over 1,000 employees. Located between the Dresden city limits and today's motorway, the built-up area was around one hectare. The production program in the first half of the 20th century consisted of steel packaging ( packings ), signs and posters and billboards, among others, for 35 German breweries. After 1945 the corporation was expropriated, dismantled and then continued as a state-owned company Union-Emballagen- und Enaillierwerk until the mid-1950s. Most of the company buildings were already being used by third parties and some of them were demolished in 1990.
On June 2, 1896, the Radebeul casting and enamelling works were founded. The works emerged from the Gebler brothers, which had existed since 1876 . Around 1910 3000 tons of iron were processed. In 1951 there were 700 employees. The plant was shut down in 1970.
The waffle factory Haubold & Richter , founded in Radebeul in 1907 , produced waffles, gingerbread and rusks. She got her machines from the machine works Göhring & Hebenstreit . In 1993, the company, which had since been renamed Dauerbackwaren GmbH, was taken over by Bahlsen and shut down.
VEB Zerkleinerungsmaschinen ZERMA was the only GDR company that manufactured machines for shrinking plastic. The plant existed from its private foundation in the 1950s to bankruptcy in 1995. In the 1980s, 120 people were employed there.
The Radebeuler Schuhfabrik (Raschufa) developed into the largest manufacturer of fabric shoes in Germany in the 1930s. In 1925 she moved from Dresden-Gruna to Oberlößnitz in the Villa Moritz Hermann Schmidt and in 1933 from there to Gartenstrasse 70-72 in the Radebeul factory district. In 1958, the maximum output was 2.16 million pairs of shoes (“women's street shoes made from substitute materials”) per year. The factory existed from 1916 until its liquidation in 1993.
From 1924, after the Niederlößnitz local authority association joined the Niederlößnitz electricity company , Niederlößnitz was the seat of the Gröba electricity association , which instead of the administrative headquarters at the Gröba manor, built a new administrative building at Körnerweg 5 . After the Second World War, this became the seat of the Soviet headquarters and later of VEB Energiebau . The electricity association went on in the East Energy Combine .
The chemist Friedrich von Heyden , acquainted with Hermann Kolbe , discovered the antiseptic properties of salicylic acid (aspirin) and developed a process for the chemically pure production of the active ingredient. In 1874 he founded the chemical factory v. Heyden .
The chemist Richard Seifert (1861–1919) was already involved in the development of salicylic acid synthesis as assistant to Professor Rudolf Schmitt . Later resident in Radebeul and director of the chemical factory v. Heyden , he developed the recipe for Odol in 1891/1892 and left it to his friend, the Dresden entrepreneur Karl August Lingner , for marketing. His pioneering work earned him the nickname “chemist by the grace of God”.
The Radebeul chemist Richard Müller (1903–1999) worked in the chemical factory v. Heyden . During his research in 1941 he succeeded in the technical production of methylchlorosilanes, which are the starting materials for the manufacture of silicones . Since then he has been considered the father of silicones . In 1951 he received the GDR National Prize . Since the American chemist Eugene G. Rochow developed the same process independently of him , it is now called the Müller-Rochow synthesis .
In March 1950 the businessman Gerhard Meyer (1910–1971) patented a new process for the production of air-filled balls.
The printing machine manufacturer Koenig & Bauer AG - Radebeul plant (formerly Planeta) now applies for around 60 to 100 patents per year. The former name Planeta is derived from the invention of the planetary gear, patented as early as 1902, as a device for moving the pressure foundation of high-speed letterpress presses. Further inventions and developments were, for example, the high-speed press with table inking unit (1922), the unit design for offset systems (1960s) or the longest sheet-fed offset press in the world with ten printing units (1986).
With the Sächsische Zeitung (SZ) and the Dresdner Neuesten Nachrichten (DNN), two daily newspapers with local and regional news are available in Radebeul . The monthly magazine Preview & Rückblick , published in Radebeul, belongs to the regional periodicals .
The Kötzschenbrodaer Zeitung was published between 1865 and 1941, and the Radebeuler Tageblatt between 1871 and 1943 . Both newspapers also served as official gazettes in their output area . Between 1949 and 1980 Radebeul was the editorial office of the Protestant weekly newspaper Der Sonntag .
Today Radebeul is the seat of the Notschriftenverlag. In addition, from 1947 Radebeul was the headquarters of the renowned Neumann Verlag , in which numerous works on nature, flora and fauna as well as the garden were published, and the headquarters of the Bilz Verlag , founded in 1888 , which was particularly responsible for the marketing of the Bilzbuch . Karl May Verlag took care of Karl May's literary estate .
Radebeul TV is a local TV station with news from Radebeul and the surrounding area, which can be received via a local cable network. The transmitter has been approved by the media council of the Saxon state center for private broadcasting and new media since August 19, 2013.
The history of the Elblandklinikum Radebeul goes back to the 19th century. In Niederlößnitz it was an association for healing and natural history founded in 1822 that opened the Niederlößnitz hospital in the so-called Stone House in 1849. The listed building is still part of the hospital today. It was extensively renovated a few years ago. In 2002 Radebeul merged with the Meißen District Hospital to form the Meißen-Radebeul Elbland Clinic. Both houses have been part of the Elblandkliniken municipal clinic group since 2008 . The Elblandklinikum Radebeul has 345 beds.
Day care centers
There are eight municipal day-care centers and 18 institutions run by ten independent providers, including the Mohrenhaus , which is a listed building and is operated by the German Child Protection Association.
As early as 1734 a water trough mounted on runners and in 1750 a hose syringe as a fire extinguisher were purchased in Kötzschenbroda. Due to the village fire ordinance introduced for Kursachsen in 1775, the other Radebeul communities of origin followed at the beginning of the 19th century. In 1864 the gymnast's fire brigade emerged from the gymnastics club in Kötzschenbroda as an aid team without equipment. In 1875 the first official volunteer fire brigade was founded there in a Lößnitz community, all other communities followed until the beginning of the 20th century, Lindenau and Zitzschewig, however, not until 1921. Today there are five volunteer fire services in Naundorf and Wahnsdorf, Lindenau and Radebeul-West Radebeul-Ost with a total of around 150 active members. The now closed station in Naundorf and the small station in Kötzschenbroda were merged into a rescue center that was moved into in 2008 as the Radebeul-West fire station. The fire station built together with the Technical Relief Organization on a conversion area (former tank farm of the Soviet armed forces) received the Radebeul Builder Award in 2008 in the new building category.
In 2012 the Radebeul volunteer fire brigade received a flag of honor. The acquisition costs amounted to around € 12,000, which could be financed with the help of over 100 donors. The flag consecration took place on November 8, 2012. The President of the State Parliament, Rößler, served as patron. The flag is currently being kept in a showcase in the town hall.
In addition, there is the Werkwehr of the former chemical factory v. Heyden (later Arzneimittelwerk Dresden), which was recognized as the official plant fire brigade in 1995. In the 2000s, Securitas Security Services also took over the fire brigade as Securitas Fire Control Radebeul in addition to plant security. Today it operates as the Arevipharma GmbH Radebeul plant fire department and is one of eleven members of the Saxony plant fire department.
technical aid organization
The Technical Relief Organization (THW) has a local branch in Radebeul, which is also housed in the Radebeul-West rescue center after its move.
There are six primary schools in Radebeul , one each in Niederlößnitz, Kötzschenbroda, Oberlößnitz and Naundorf, the primary school “F. Schiller ”as well as the Protestant elementary school , also in Kötzschenbroda. Afterwards the children can attend the secondary school in Radebeul-Mitte (in the Roseggerhaus) or the one in Kötzschenbroda or one of two grammar schools , the Luisenstift grammar school or the Lößnitz grammar school in the listed Steinbachhaus.
In addition to the Radebeul family center, there are three libraries , the city library in Radebeul-West and the one in Radebeul-Ost (also known as the “adventure library” in the Radebeul-Ost train station), as well as the library in the family center.
The Saxon State Ministry of Culture has a subordinate authority in Radebeul, the Saxon Educational Institute , formerly the Comenius Institute.
In 1962, the Ministry of Public Education in Radebeul founded the Central School for Foreign Citizens to prepare language skills for production engineering training , which was affiliated to the Herder Institute in Leipzig in 1968 .
The best known of the personalities representing the city of Radebeul is the writer Karl May , who lived in Radebeul for many years with his wife and universal heiress Klara . His villa now houses the Karl May Museum . The Mays were buried in the Radebeul-Ost cemetery. Their publisher Euchar Albrecht Schmid and his son Lothar Schmid were also associated with the Mays , who, in addition to this activity, became known in particular as the chess grandmaster and “chess referee of the century”.
Many artists lived and live in Radebeul, especially in the two Lößnitz towns of Ober- and Niederlößnitz, currently over 60 visual artists alone. These include numerous painters such as Paul Wilhelm , who was granted honorary citizenship of the city in 1956 , Karl May's friend Selmar Werner , Erhard Hippold (master student of Max Feldbauer ) or his wife Gussy Hippold-Ahnert (master student of Otto Dix ). The sculptor Burkhart Ebe , writers such as the playwright Gerhart Hauptmann and his brother Carl Hauptmann , who both met their wives Marie and Martha Thienemann in the Radebeuler Hohenhaus , and writers such as Wilhelmine Heimburg and the internationally known puppeteer Carl Schröder, should also be mentioned .
Other well-known personalities are the Saxon field marshal and secret cabinet minister August Christoph von Wackerbarth , but also his noble contemporaries such as Johann Georg von Rechenberg , Heino Heinrich von Flemming or Christoph Vitzthum von Eckstädt . The Lößnitz localities were shaped by personalities like Augustin Prescher , who was pastor in Kötzschenbroda for more than 50 years and during this time, as host of the armistice negotiations in Kötzschenbroda between Saxony and Sweden, helped to give the people some peace. His elector Johann Georg I also came to Prescher when he was staying at his Hoflößnitz , like August the Strong at other times , and then had to listen to appropriate sermons from time to time .
The natural scientist Friedrich Eduard Bilz , the transport scientist Harald Kurz and the former FDP Federal Minister Wolfgang Mischnick should also be mentioned . Several Saxon Prime Ministers lived in Radebeul, such as Wilhelm Buck , Alfred Fellisch , Wilhelm Bünger and Kurt Biedenkopf . Today, the actor Friedrich-Wilhelm Junge , the art historian Heinrich Magirius and the Protestant regional bishop, Jochen Bohl, live in the city .
One of the two focal points of industrial history, alongside the printing machine manufacturer Planeta , was the chemical factory v. Heyden (later AWD) with its founder Friedrich von Heyden and his chemists and successors such as Hermann Kolbe , Rudolf Schmitt , Richard Seifert and Richard Müller .
The founders of the family-run construction company “ Gebrüder Ziller ” , who came from the Ziller master builder family, have had a major impact on Radebeul's current appearance. As a thank you, the Moritz Ziller Memorial was erected in Lößnitzgrund in 1898 .
In the field of sport there are some who have been successful at world and European championships: for example canoeist Robert Nuck , rower Annegret Strauch and sledge ice hockey national player Frank Rennhack ; in addition there are vaulting athlete Erik Oese and athlete Angelika Handt married . Bald. The three-time GDR long jump champion Kristina Albertus should not be missing either. In addition to the previous ones, the short tracker Yvonne Kunze should also be mentioned as an Olympic medalist.
Radebeul is also the birthplace of a fictional person: the résumé of the publicist and writer Carl August von Schimmelthor , who was supposedly born there in 1766 , was published in the German Biographical Encyclopedia , without any sources being able to prove its existence.
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