Historical vineyard landscape in Radebeul
The historical vineyard landscape Radebeul is a monument protection area according to § 21 of the Saxon Monument Protection Act . It is part of the Saxon town of Radebeul and is therefore in the Elbe landscape of Lößnitz . The cultural landscape stretching along the steep slopes of Radebeul is largely covered by the large-scale viticulture in Radebeuler Lößnitz and the Lößnitz conservation area .
The statutes for the historical vineyard landscape in Radebeul were formally established on July 27, 2001.
The vineyard landscape begins at the eastern city limits. The narrow strip of landscape consists of about 70 to 80 meters of altitude of the steep ascent of the Lausitz Fault , above which the plateau belonging to the Lausitzer Platte lies, while below the uppermost Elbe sand terrace extends.
The upper and the Niederlößnitz following, the Statute area extends in a westerly direction until the Croat reason intersected in north-south direction by the Lößnitzgrund and Leimgrund . The two parts to the east and west of the Lößnitzgrund correspond to the Radebeuler Goldener Wagen and Radebeuler Steinrück vineyards . At Kroatengrund or the Oberen Johannisbergstraße / Kottenleite located there, the monument protection area turns in a north-westerly direction and extends to the western edge of the city. There in the districts of Naundorf and Zitzschewig lies the Radebeuler Johannisberg vineyard .
The northern boundary of the monument landscape runs above the slope edge along existing or at least former vineyards. In many places, the southern boundary follows the historic upper mountain lanes, which are now formed by the Augustusweg and Bennostraße in Oberlößnitz, the Obere Bergstraße , Altfriedstein and Am Jacobstein in Niederlößnitz and the Mittlere Bergstraße in Zitzschewig; The areas of the former Bischoffsberg still extend below the Mittlere Bergstrasse, while the area on the Kynastweg extends northward from the Mittlere Bergstrasse.
Mission statement and demarcation
The preamble to the statutes describes the mission statement:
“The area of the Lößnitz vineyard slopes, as a section of an old cultural landscape in the Elbe Valley, is of great importance in terms of settlement history. Wine growing gave the landscape its unmistakable character with the establishment of cultivation areas and the erection of functional and representative buildings and significantly influenced the development of the city of Radebeul. The aim and task of the statutes is to preserve the character of the landscape, to protect the architectural values and to maintain the viticultural tradition. "
The reasons for the protection set out in § 1 of the statutes show that there is a public interest in the “preservation of the landscape images as well as the images of streets, squares and towns [...] for landscape design, urban planning, historical and artistic reasons”. The spatial scope is defined in an overview map attached as Annex 1 on a scale of 1: 10,000, the relevant area delimitations of which are graphically represented in two plans in Annex 2 on a scale of 1: 5,000. All three cards are part of the statutes.
Subject of protection
According to the official statutes, the following subject matter is subject to protection:
- "A) the traditional appearance of the Lößnitz slopes as a traditional wine-growing landscape with vineyards and cultivation areas on terraces sloping to the south, vineyard and terrace walls in dry construction with natural stone - mainly syenite - as well as all traditional staircases on the slope"
- "B) the unity of structure and landscape within the hillside area with its historical castle complexes, pleasure houses, auxiliary and functional buildings associated with viticulture such as vineyard houses, pavilions, press houses, barrel and storage cellars as well as the typical winegrowers' houses as individual residential houses or as complete structures of the building -, yard and garden in the area between the edge of the slope and the foot of the slope "
- "C) the loosened building structure of the historic villa districts, predominantly from the second half of the 19th century as representative, artistically designed residences of the affluent bourgeoisie, in their respective proportions of built-up to undeveloped land area (solitaires with smaller outbuildings in artistic and garden-architecturally designed Garden and park areas) "
- “D) the traditional ridge and eaves heights of a predominantly two-storey development in diverse, but traditional roof shapes as well as the spacing areas to neighboring buildings in their proportionality to the typical existing surrounding development. The valley side of the building forms the yardstick for the ridge and eaves heights, with the upper edge of the grown area being regarded as the base. "
- "E) the traditional appearance of the streets, paths and squares opening up the area in their existing width and profile, including their traditional surface design and planting typical of the area, often with the character of an avenue"
- "F) the street-facing property enclosures of the development in their traditional character according to their time of origin and their artistic demands as well as their landscape-related design"
- “G) the parks and gardens of the single house development with front, side, house and courtyard gardens including their diverse equipment and landscape elements such as z. B. arbors and pavilions, terraces, pergolas, water basins, fountains, open staircases, winter gardens, retaining and console walls, decorative elements, sculptures and plants "
- "H) the visual relationships that are decisive for the appearance of the historical wine-growing landscape and that shape it within and out of the monument protection area (see entries in the site plan for the statute area):" [then there are four sub-items with locations, visual relationships and references to associated photo material]
The eight-page justification is broken down as follows:
- Purpose of the articles of association
- Brief description of the area
- Settlement history
- Development history of the viticultural landscape
- Protected goods and necessity of the statutes
- Statutes “Historical Radebeul Vineyard Landscape” (PDF, 37 kB).
- Spatial area of application of the monument protection area: Overview 1: 25,000 (PDF, 2.21 MB).
- Registration 09303247.
- "Historical vineyard landscape Radebeul" ´, accessed on March 23, 2013.
- Bylaws “Historical Radebeul Vineyard Landscape ” (PDF, 37KB), accessed on March 23, 2013.