|Basic data (as of 1990)|
|Administrative headquarters :||Dresden|
|Area :||357 km²|
|Residents:||103,821 (Dec. 31, 1989)|
|Population density:||291 inhabitants per km²|
|License plate :||R, Y (1953-1990)|
|Basic territorial key :||1204|
|Circle structure:||46 municipalities|
|Location of the district in the GDR|
The Dresden-Land district was a district in the Dresden district of the GDR . From 1990 to 1995 it existed as the district of Dresden in the Free State of Saxony . Today his area is in the districts of Bautzen and Meißen as well as in the independent city of Dresden . The seat of the district administration was in Dresden.
In terms of nature, the Dresden region extends north of the Lusatian Fault. The western Lusatian hills and mountains are located on the highlands , but a small part of the (climatically favored) Dresden Elbe valley (around Radebeul) also belongs to the Dresden region. The Radebeul area is known for the distinctive Loessnitz slopes , where wine has been cultivated for a long time. The Moritzburg small peaks landscape , which is unique in Central Europe, is also remarkable . The north and east of the district is predominantly flat, undulating agricultural land at an altitude of around 200 m. The Moritzburg pond landscape stands out from this in the northwest , an extensive forest area with numerous artificially created fish ponds.
In the north, the district covers the southern edge of the Radeburg Heath. The region is mainly used for agriculture, it is characterized by open, wide highlands with individual moist valleys and field trees. But from the area around Pulsnitz - Großröhrsdorf - Arnsdorf , the forest areas increase and you notice the transition to the western foreland of the Lusatian mountains . The largest flowing water is the Große Röder .
A forerunner of this circle was the Amtshauptmannschaft Dresden formed at the beginning of the 19th century , from which the city of Dresden was spun off in 1874 and from then on existed as an exemte (district-free) city. In 1939, when the German municipal code came into force, the official administration was renamed to a district and the internal administrative structures were harmonized across the whole of Germany.
From 1945 to 1950, the Dresden city area was considerably enlarged at the expense of the old district area. With the district reform on July 25, 1952, the new districts Freital (33 communities) and Dresden-Land (52 communities) were created in the area of the old district (with 88 communities), with the area around Radeburg from the district of Großenhain in favor of Dresden-Land was detached. From then on, the Dresden-Land district formed a collar circle around the city of Dresden, bordered by Dresden's west, north and east. The Dresden-Land district thus covered 357 km² and had 112,900 inhabitants.
The communities of Kleinröhrsdorf and Leppersdorf finally moved from the Altkreis to the Bischofswerda district , while Steinbach came to the Meißen district . The last two municipalities mentioned came back to the Dresden district a year ago.
The new Dresden-Land district thus consisted of the following 54 municipalities when it was founded:
- the 52 municipalities of the old district of Dresden :
- Old Franconia, Arnsdorf b. Dresden, Bärnsdorf, Bärwalde, Berbisdorf, Borsberg, Boxdorf, Brabschütz, Cossebaude, Cunnersdorf b. Helfenberg, Friedewald, Gohlis, Gompitz, Gönnsdorf, Großdittmannsdorf, Großerkmannsdorf, Grünberg, Hermsdorf b. Dresden, Kleinerkmannsdorf, Kleinwolmsdorf, Langebrück, Leuteritz, Liegau-Augustusbad, Lomnitz, Malschendorf, Marsdorf, Medingen, Mobschatz, Moritzburg, Niederwartha, Oberwartha, Ockerwitz, Ottendorf-Okrilla, Pappritz, Radeberg, Radebeul, Radeburg, Reichenberg, Reitzendorf, Rockau, Schönborn, Schönfeld b. Dresden, Schullwitz, Seifersdorf b. Radeberg, Ullersdorf, Unkersdorf, Volkersdorf, Wachau, Wallroda, Weißig b. Dresden, Weixdorf and Zaschendorf.
- as well as 2 municipalities from the district of Pirna :
- Eschdorf and Fischbach.
Due to changes in the area of the municipality, incorporations and reclassifications across district boundaries , the number of communities fell to 26 when the district was dissolved at the end of 1995:
- December 4, 1952 Leppersdorf was reclassified from the Bischofswerda district to the Dresden district
- December 4, 1952 Steinbach is reclassified from the Meißen district to the Dresden district
- January 1, 1965 Marsdorf is incorporated into Weixdorf
- July 1, 1965 Reitzendorf and Zaschendorf are incorporated into Schönfeld
- March 6, 1970 incorporation of Kleinerkmannsdorf into Großerkmannsdorf
- March 6, 1970 Leuteritz is incorporated into Cossebaude
- January 1st 1974 incorporation of Bärwalde into the city of Radeburg
- April 1st, 1974 Gohlis and Niederwartha are incorporated in Cossebaude
- April 1st 1974 incorporation of Kleinwolmsdorf in Arnsdorf b. Dresden
- April 1, 1974 Unkersdorf incorporated into Gompitz
- April 1st, 1993 incorporation of Ockerwitz in Gompitz
- January 1st, 1994 Boxdorf and Friedewald climatic health resort incorporated in Reichenberg
- January 1, 1994 incorporation of Grünberg b. Radeberg in Ottendorf-Okrilla
- January 1st, 1994 incorporation of Oberwartha into Cossebaude
- January 1, 1994 Leppersdorf and Seifersdorf b. Radeberg in Wachau b. Radeberg
- January 1, 1994 Borsberg, Cunnersdorf, Eschdorf, Gönnsdorf, Pappritz, Rockau, Schönfeld, Schullwitz and Weißig merged to form Schönfeld-Weißig
- March 1, 1994 Incorporation of Brabschütz in Mobschatz
- March 1, 1994 Incorporation of Malschendorf into Schönfeld-Weißig
- March 1, 1994 Merger of Bärnsdorf, Berbisdorf and the health resort Volkersdorf to Promnitztal
- April 1, 1995 incorporation of Liegau-Augustusbad into Radeberg
District of Dresden
|Basic data (as of 1995)|
|Administrative region :||Dresden|
|Administrative headquarters :||Dresden|
|Residents:||0 (Jan. 1, 1900)|
|License plate :||DD (1991-1995)|
|Circle key :||14 2 94|
|Circle structure:||26 municipalities|
|Location of the district of Dresden in Saxony|
On May 17, 1990, the Dresden-Land district was renamed the Dresden district. In the course of the Saxon district reform in 1994 , the district took legal action against the planned reorganization of the district area. However, the Saxon Higher Administrative Court rejected the lawsuit in 1995. On January 1, 1996, the district was dissolved and in parts (from west to east) the district of Meißen (until February 28, 1997 called the district of Meißen-Radebeul ), the district of Kamenz (until March 31, 1996 with the name District Westlausitz-Dresdner Land ), and assigned to the District of Saxon Switzerland . The latter part, the former community of Schönfeld-Weißig , was incorporated into the city of Dresden on January 1, 1999, as were some other communities in the former Dresden-Land district.
District court Dresden-Land
For each of the five Dresden city districts as well as the Dresden-Land district, a district court was responsible as the initial instance of ordinary jurisdiction. The Dresden District Court was superordinate to them.
In 1952, the Dresden-Land District Court took over the tasks of the Dresden , Freital , Kamenz and Meißen district courts . It existed until June 30, 1990, after which the Dresden-Mitte District Court, now the Dresden District Court , took over responsibility for all five city districts and the district and handed them over to the re-established Dresden District Court on December 31, 1992.
- Reinhard Geistlinger ( CDU ) (May 1990 – March 1991)
- Johannes Schramm (CDU) (May 1991 – September 1991)
- Heiner Janik ( CSU , DSU mandate holder ) (October 1991 – August 1995)
- Michael Koch (CDU) (September – December 1995)
Economy and Transport
The economic centers of the district are the industrial cities of Radebeul in the Dresden and Radeberg agglomeration , Radeburg is another industrial center in the district. The area around Radeburg is used more for agricultural purposes.
The best-known brands are Radeberger beer , RAFENA television sets and radio relay technology from Radeberg, sparkling wine from the Schloss Wackerbarth state vineyard and the printing machine manufacturer Koenig & Bauer Planeta sheet offset in Radebeul.
The Robotron combine emerged from VEB Rafena Radeberg in 1969 - the most important resource that, after the fall of the Wall, together with the Dresden Microelectronics Center , led Infineon to settle on the city limits of Dresden and attracted other companies such as AMD , now Globalfoundries , and Qimonda .
The Dresden-Nord motorway triangle , where the A 13 motorway meets the A 4 , and Dresden Airport in the Klotzsche district on the northern city limits make the Dresden region a center of logistics for the European internal market and trade with Eastern Europe and Russia become. The leading companies here are the logistics companies Dachser and Schenker, which are active in Radeburg .
Moritzburg Castle is a tourist magnet . Further tourist attractions are the narrow-gauge railway Radebeul Ost – Radeburg , the Indian museum in Radebeul , which dates back to Karl May , and the stallion parade in Moritzburg. Radeburg is Saxony's carnival stronghold and the birthplace of the Berlin milieu painter Heinrich Zille . The former estate of the Wettins , the Hoflößnitz , is home to numerous cultural and historical institutions. Significant tourist routes through the Dresden region are the Elbe Cycle Route , the Saxon Wine Route and the Baltic Sea-Saale Reservoirs long-distance hiking route.
cities and communes
Population overview of all 46 municipalities in the district that came to the re-established state of Saxony in 1990.
|AGS||local community||Residents||Area (ha)||today's parish||district|
|3rd October 1990||December 31, 1990|
|14022020||Arnsdorf b. Dresden||4,242||4.221||1,838||Arnsdorf||Bautzen|
|14022130||Friedewald, climatic health resort||833||831||327||Moritzburg||Meissen|
|14022190||Grünberg b. Radeberg||467||471||490||Ottendorf-Okrilla||Bautzen|
|14022370||Radeberg , city||14,671||14,648||1,590||Radeberg||Bautzen|
|14022380||Radebeul , city||31.207||31,115||2,599||Radebeul||Meissen|
|14022390||Radeburg , city||5,052||5,020||2,371||Radeburg||Meissen|
|14022420||Schönborn b. Radeberg||426||363||516||Dresden||Dresden|
|14022450||Seifersdorf b. Radeberg||614||602||840||Wachau||Bautzen|
|14022470||Ullersdorf b. Radeberg||607||602||321||Radeberg||Bautzen|
|14022490||Volkersdorf, health resort||475||479||564||Radeburg||Meissen|
|14022500||Wachau b. Radeberg||1,323||1,325||1,283||Wachau||Bautzen|
|14022||District of Dresden||101 577||101 135||35 653||---||---|
Motor vehicles (except motorcycles) and trailers were about 1,974 three-letter by the end of 1990 distinctive characters with the letter pairs RE , RF , RG , RH , YB , YE , YF , YG , YH , YI , YK , YR and YZ began , assigned. The last number plate series used for motorcycles was YV 00-01 to YV 99-99 .
At the beginning of 1991, the district of Dresden received the distinctive symbol DD , as did the state capital Dresden . In the district only license plates with a subsequent letter were assigned (form DD – A 1234 ).
- Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
- Law on the self-administration of municipalities and districts in the GDR (municipal constitution) of May 17, 1990
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1996, 1997 and 1999
- Inventory 12955 District Court Dresden-Land. Saxon State Archives , accessed on November 26, 2014 .
- Saxony regional register
- Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate . 4th edition. German Flag Society V., Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 , pp. 302 f .
- Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate . 4th edition. German Flag Society V., Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 , pp. 502 .