Pirna district

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Basic data (as of 1990)
Existing period: 1952-1990
District : Dresden
Administrative headquarters : Pirna
Area : 520.97 km²
Residents: 106,876 (Oct 3, 1990)
Population density: 205 inhabitants per km²
Basic territorial key : 1213
Circle structure: 6 cities,? Communities
Address of the district administration: Pirna
Location of the district in the GDR
Kreis Rügen Kreis Bad Doberan Kreis Greifswald Greifswald Kreis Grevesmühlen Kreis Grimmen Kreis Ribnitz-Damgarten Kreis Rostock-Land Rostock Kreis Stralsund-Land Stralsund Kreis Wismar-Land Wismar Kreis Wolgast Kreis Güstrow Kreis Bützow Kreis Gadebusch Kreis Hagenow Kreis Ludwigslust Kreis Lübz Kreis Parchim Kreis Perleberg Kreis Schwerin-Land Schwerin Kreis Sternberg Kreis Anklam Kreis Altentreptow Kreis Demmin Kreis Malchin Kreis Neubrandenburg-Land Neubrandenburg Kreis Neustrelitz Kreis Pasewalk Kreis Prenzlau Kreis Röbel/Müritz Kreis Strasburg Kreis Templin Kreis Teterow Kreis Ueckermünde Kreis Waren Kreis Belzig Kreis Brandenburg-Land Brandenburg an der Havel Kreis Gransee Kreis Jüterbog Kreis Königs Wusterhausen Kreis Kyritz Kreis Luckenwalde Kreis Nauen Kreis Neuruppin Kreis Oranienburg Kreis Potsdam-Land Potsdam Kreis Pritzwalk Kreis Rathenow Kreis Wittstock Kreis Zossen Kreis Angermünde Kreis Bad Freienwalde Kreis Beeskow Kreis Bernau Kreis Eberswalde Kreis Eisenhüttenstadt-Land Eisenhüttenstadt Frankfurt (Oder) Kreis Fürstenwalde Schwedt/Oder Kreis Seelow Kreis Strausberg Kreis Bad Liebenwerda Kreis Calau Kreis Cottbus-Land Cottbus Kreis Finsterwalde Kreis Forst Kreis Guben Kreis Herzberg Kreis Hoyerswerda Kreis Jessen Kreis Luckau Kreis Lübben Kreis Senftenberg Kreis Spremberg Kreis Weißwasser Kreis Burg Kreis Gardelegen Kreis Genthin Kreis Halberstadt Kreis Haldensleben Kreis Havelberg Kreis Klötze Magdeburg Kreis Oschersleben Kreis Osterburg Kreis Salzwedel Kreis Schönebeck Kreis Staßfurt Kreis Stendal Kreis Wanzleben Kreis Wernigerode Kreis Wolmirstedt Kreis Zerbst Kreis Artern Kreis Aschersleben Kreis Bernburg Kreis Bitterfeld Dessau Kreis Eisleben Kreis Gräfenhainichen Halle (Saale) Kreis Hettstedt Kreis Hohenmölsen Kreis Köthen Kreis Merseburg Kreis Naumburg Kreis Nebra Kreis Quedlinburg Kreis Querfurt Kreis Roßlau Saalkreis Kreis Sangerhausen Kreis Weißenfels Kreis Wittenberg Kreis Zeitz Kreis Altenburg Kreis Borna Kreis Delitzsch Kreis Döbeln Kreis Eilenburg Kreis Geithain Kreis Grimma Kreis Leipzig-Land Leipzig Kreis Oschatz Kreis Schmölln Kreis Torgau Kreis Wurzen Kreis Bautzen Kreis Bischofswerda Kreis Dippoldiswalde Kreis Dresden-Land Dresden Kreis Freital Kreis Görlitz-Land Görlitz Kreis Großenhain Kreis Kamenz Kreis Löbau Kreis Meißen Kreis Niesky Kreis Pirna Kreis Riesa Kreis Sebnitz Kreis Zittau Kreis Annaberg Kreis Aue Kreis Auerbach Kreis Brand-Erbisdorf Kreis Flöha Kreis Freiberg Kreis Glauchau Kreis Hainichen Kreis Hohenstein-Ernstthal Kreis Karl-Marx-Stadt-Land Karl-Marx-Stadt Kreis Klingenthal Kreis Marienberg Kreis Oelsnitz Kreis Plauen-Land Plauen Kreis Reichenbach Kreis Rochlitz Kreis Schwarzenberg Kreis Stollberg Kreis Werdau Kreis Zschopau Kreis Zwickau-Land Zwickau Kreis Eisenberg Kreis Gera-Land Gera Kreis Greiz Kreis Jena-Land Jena Kreis Lobenstein Kreis Pößneck Kreis Rudolstadt Kreis Saalfeld Kreis Schleiz Kreis Stadtroda Kreis Zeulenroda Kreis Apolda Kreis Arnstadt Kreis Eisenach Kreis Erfurt-Land Erfurt Kreis Gotha Kreis Heiligenstadt Kreis Langensalza Kreis Mühlhausen Kreis Nordhausen Kreis Sömmerda Kreis Sondershausen Kreis Weimar-Land Weimar Kreis Worbis Kreis Bad Salzungen Kreis Hildburghausen Kreis Ilmenau Kreis Meiningen Kreis Neuhaus am Rennweg Kreis Schmalkalden Kreis Sonneberg Kreis Suhl-Land Suhl Ost-Berlin Volksrepublik Polen Tschechoslowakei Berlin (West) Deutschland Dänemarkmap
About this picture

The Pirna district was a district in the Dresden district of the GDR . His area is now in the Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains district . The seat of the district administration was in Pirna .



Located in the south of the Dresden district, the Pirna district comprised most of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains . The district borders on the ČSSR to the south . In the northwest it reached the city limits of Dresden .

Neighboring areas

The Pirna district bordered clockwise in the west, beginning with the districts of Dippoldiswalde , Freital , Dresden , Dresden-Land and Sebnitz . In the south it bordered on Czechoslovakia .

Natural space

The Elbe flowed through the district from southeast to northwest. The Elbe Sandstone Mountains , also known as " Saxon Switzerland ", an attractive hiking and recreation area stretched on both sides of the river to the town of Pirna . The highest point was the Zschirnstein in the south with 561 m. The extensive plateaus at heights between 300 and 600  m above sea level. M. (often arable land and pastures) were covered by wooded valleys of rivers draining north, e.g. B. Müglitz and Seidewitz , broken. One of the highest full forms is the Oelsener Höhe landmark (644 m). The Gottleuba reservoir, which is important for the production of drinking water in Pirnas, was also located in the Pirna district.

On numerous nature trails, such as the " Flößersteig " in the Kirnitzschtal and the tree nature trail at the Königstein Fortress , the special features of the flora and fauna were pointed out. The most famous excursion destinations were the Lichtenhain waterfall and the Kuhstallhöhle (a 11 m high and 17 m wide rock gate) in the Kirnitzschtal as well as the Schrammsteine east of Bad Schandau and the Bastei , which towered over the Elbe by 200 m near the health resort Rathen. In the west, the Gottleuba valley formed the border with the Lower Eastern Ore Mountains, which stood out from Saxon Switzerland with its comparatively gentle mountain forms and extensive agricultural areas . To the west and south of Bad Gottleuba, retention basins were created in the valleys of numerous mountain streams . You should provide flood protection during the often heavy rains. At Dohna and Heidenau, the Lower Eastern Ore Mountains fell to form the Dresden Elbe valley. At Pirna the Elbe emerged from the Elbe Sandstone Mountains into the wide, densely populated valley landscape.

Cultural space

In the district Pirna there are the Weesenstein castle , the castle Kuckuckstein in Liebstadt, the baroque garden and the Koenigstein fortress . With the health resorts of Stadt Wehlen, Rathen, Bad Schandau and Gohrisch in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains , an important tourist region in the GDR was located here.

From 1983 to 1990 numerous mayors of the Pirna district came together to form a “mayor's choir”, which sang with considerable quality and even appeared on GDR television in Gerd Ponesky's program “Alles singt”.

Economy and Transport

The location on the Elbe has been decisive for economic development for centuries. The river has been used for shipping since the 10th century. Important transshipment points were Königstein and Schandau. The Elbe has remained an important transport route to this day. The ships of the " White Fleet " were used for tourist traffic . Freight shipping had grown to a significant extent for transit traffic to Czechoslovakia. In the Elbe Valley, the road and rail routes ran from Dresden to Prague; Schmilka (district of Bad Schandau) was the border crossing to Czechoslovakia. The F 172 connected Dresden with Bad Schandau. On the rail side, the Müglitztalbahn from Heidenau to Altenberg (Erzgebirge) and the internationally important Dresden-Bodenbacher railway were used for passenger and freight traffic. The once important timber rafting company (especially in the Kirnitzschtal) was discontinued in the 1920s, and the previously numerous sandstone quarries have now almost all been closed. Tourism was of great economic importance. The towns of Pirna, Heidenau and Dohna formed the industrial center of the district on the edge of the “Upper Elbe Valley” conurbation. Important companies in the city of Pirna were the VEB Kunstseidenwerk "Siegfried Rädel", companies for the production of pulp, furniture, glass, building materials, vehicle electrics ( VEB Fahrzeugelektrik Pirna ) and flow machines ( aircraft construction / flow machine works ). Printing machines, machines for the cocoa and chocolate industry and electric motors were built in Heidenau, and paper and cardboard, tires ( Pneumant ), shoes and building materials were also produced here . In Dohna there were companies in the chemical industry, at Königstein the SDAG Wismut operated uranium mining. The Margon mineral fountain in Burkhardswalde is also known to this day .


The circle Pirna walked out of the renamed "County Pirna" on 1 January 1939, founded in 1874 Amtshauptmannschaft Pirna forth. With the district reform of the GDR on July 25, 1952 , the districts were formed and the districts were reorganized. The previous district of Pirna gave up about a third of its communities in the north, most of them to three newly created districts. The district was assigned to the newly formed district of Dresden , the seat of the district became Pirna. The following municipalities were given in detail:

Bühlau, Lauterbach, Schmiedefeld and Seligstadt.
Eschdorf and Fischbach.
Altendorf, Berthelsdorf, Cunnersdorf b. Hohnstein, Dittersbach, Dobra, Dürrröhrsdorf, Ehrenberg, Elbersdorf, Goßdorf, Heeselicht, Helmsdorf b. Pirna, Hinterhermsdorf, Hohburkersdorf, Hohnstein, Krumhermsdorf, Langburkersdorf, Langenwolmsdorf, Lichtenhain, Lohmen, Lohsdorf, Mittelndorf, Neudörfel, Neustadt, Ottendorf b.Sebnitz, Polenz, Porschendorf, Rathewalde, Rennersdorf, Rückersdorf, Rugiswalde, Saupolsdorf, Stolpennitz, Stolnitz , Ulbersdorf, Uttewalde, Waitzdorf, Wilschdorf and Zeschnig.

The "old district" Pirna kept 72 of its 118 communities:

Bad Schandau, Bahra, Berggießhübel, Bielatal, Birkwitz, Bonnewitz, Borna, Burkhardswalde, Cotta b. Pirna, Cunnersdorf b. Königstein, Daube, Doberzeit, Dohma, Dohna, Dorf Wehlen, Ebenheit, Falkenhain, Friedrichswalde, Gersdorf, Goes, Gohrisch, Göppersdorf, Gorknitz, Gottleuba, Graupa, Großröhrsdorf, Heidenau, Hellendorf, hostels, Kleingießhübel, Kleinhennersdorf, Königitzstein, Köttewersdorf , Krietzschwitz, cribs, Langenhennersdorf, Leupoldishain, Liebethal, Liebstadt, Markersbach, Maxen, Meusegast, Mühlbach, Naundorf, Nenntmannsdorf, Niederseidewitz, Obervogelgesang, Oelsen, Ottendorf b. Pirna, Papstdorf, Pfaffendorf, Pirna, Porschdorf, Pratzschwitz, Prossen, Rathen, Rathmannsdorf, Reinhardtsdorf, Röhrsdorf, Rosenthal, Schmilka, Schmorsdorf, Schöna, Seitenhain, Stadt Wehlen, Struppen, Thürmsdorf, Waltersdorf / Sächs. Switzerland, Weesenstein and Weißig, Wünschendorf.

Supplemented by 5 communities from the Dippoldiswalde district :

Berthelsdorf, Börnersdorf, Breitenau, Döbra and Waltersdorf

The new district of Pirna was formed . The number of communities fell from 72 to 30 when the district was dissolved at the end of July 1994:

date TGS (1969) local community modification TGS (1969) receiving community
4th December 1952 stave Reclassification 1215xx Daube,
district of Sebnitz
Dober time Reclassification 1215xx Doberzeit,
Sebnitz district
1st January 1969 official introduction of the TGS
January 1, 1970 121329 Hellendorf Merger too 121376 Bahratal
121342 Markersbach
121334 Köttewitz Merger too 121334 Köttewitz cancer
121335 cancer
121347 Nentmannsdorf Merger too 121347 Nentmannsdorf-Niederseidewitz
121348 Niederseidewitz
April 1, 1970 121319 Friedrichswalde Merger too 121319 Friedrichswalde-Ottendorf
121351 Ottendorf
June 1, 1971 121301 Bahra Inclusion in 121338 Langenhennersdorf
121340 Liebethal Inclusion in 121354 Pirna
January 1, 1972 121307 Bonnewitz Inclusion in 121326 Graupa
121306 Bornersdorf Merger too 121306 Börnersdorf-Breitenau
121309 Breitenau
1st January 1973 121308 Borna Merger too 121308 Borna-Gersdorf
121320 Gersdorf
121317 Flatness Inclusion in 121369 Struppen
121364 Schmilka Inclusion in 121363 Bad Schandau
121365 Schmorsdorf Inclusion in 121343 Maxen
121330 Hostels Inclusion in 121341 Liebstadt
121367 Side grove
121374 Whitish Inclusion in 121370 Thürmsdorf
121331 Kleingießhübel Merger too 121360 Reinhardtsdorf-Schöna
121360 Reinhardtsdorf
121366 Nice
May 1st 1973 121303 Berthelsdorf Inclusion in 121341 Liebstadt
121305 Birkwitz Merger too 121305 Birkwitz-Pratzschwitz
121356 Pratzschwitz
1st January 1974 121318 Falcon Grove Inclusion in 121343 Maxen
April 1, 1974 121332 Kleinhennersdorf Inclusion in 121352 Papal Village
121336 Krietzschwitz Inclusion in 121354 Pirna
121349 Obervogelgesang
121371 Waltersdorf /
Sächs. Schw.
Inclusion in 121355 Porschdorf
July 1, 1990 121352 Kleinhennersdorf Outsourcing in 121332 Kleinhennersdorf

On May 17, 1990, the Pirna district was renamed the Pirna district in Saxony. It existed until October 2, 1990.


District Administrator

Until 1990 this function corresponded to the chairman of the council of the district .

Population data of cities and municipalities

Population overview of all 52 municipalities in the district that came to the re-established state of Saxony in 1990.

AGS local community Residents Area (ha)
3rd October 1990 December 31, 1990
14044020 Berggießhübel , health resort, city 1 794 1,787 1 265
14044040 Bielatal 990 996 745
14044050 Birkwitz-Pratzschwitz 871 860 664
14044060 Börnersdorf-Breitenau 552 542 1 911
14044080 Borna - Gersdorf 749 752 1,080
14044100 Burkhardswalde 532 535 652
14044110 Cotta 767 766 1 230
14044120 Cunnersdorf near Koenigstein 569 569 1,694
14044130 Dobra 236 236 587
14044140 Dohma 635 638 465
14044150 Dohna , city 3 034 2,988 385
14044160 Village of Wehlen 701 702 778
14044190 Friedrichswalde-Ottendorf 600 596 907
14044210 Goeppersdorf 252 250 918
14044220 Goes 289 285 261
14044230 Gohrisch , health resort 828 816 451
14044240 Gorknitz 520 509 1,000
14044250 Bad Gottleuba , health resort, city 2 205 2 209 1 851
14044260 Graupa 2,734 2,743 982
14044270 Großröhrsdorf 338 333 1 147
14044280 Heidenau, city 20 315 19 980 1 107
14044320 Kleinhennersdorf 281 280 459
14044330 Koenigstein / Saxon. Schw., City 3 001 2,989 1 378
14044340 Köttewitz - cancer 417 417 318
14044370 Cribs 817 817 245
14044380 Langenhennersdorf 1 049 1 050 1 031
14044390 Leupoldishain 284 271 843
14044410 Liebstadt , city 879 869 1 556
14044430 Maxen 746 747 1 212
14044440 Meusegast 136 135 373
14044450 Mühlbach 518 516 197
14044460 Naundorf 375 369 348
14044470 Nentmannsdorf - Niederseidewitz 425 428 742
14044500 Oils 233 228 770
14044520 Papal Village 573 576 872
14044530 Pfaffendorf 340 333 470
14044540 Pirna , city 42 481 41 798 3 653
14044550 Porschdorf 910 901 932
14044570 Prossen 681 678 161
14044580 Rathen , health resort 572 573 358
14044590 Rathmannsdorf 1 284 1 286 437
14044600 Reinhardtsdorf-Schöna 1 919 1,899 3 175
14044610 Röhrsdorf 234 233 275
14044620 Rosenthal 965 944 3 901
14044630 Bad Schandau , city 3 397 3 387 3 339
14044680 City of Wehlen , city 1 210 1 201 303
14044690 Struppen 1 396 1 389 1 193
14044700 Thürmsdorf 588 582 526
14044720 Waltersdorf b. Liebstadt 163 161 451
14044730 Weesenstein 264 265 39
14044750 Wish village 333 332 412
14044760 Bahratal 894 891 2,047
14044000 Pirna district 106 876 105 637 52 097

License Plate

Motor vehicles (with the exception of motorcycles) and trailers were assigned three-letter distinctive signs starting with the letter pairs RT , RU and YT from around 1974 to the end of 1990 . The last number plate series used for motorcycles was YT 00-01 to YT 60-00 .

At the beginning of 1991 the district received the distinguishing mark PIR .


Postcodes 1960–1993: 8300–8349
Postcodes from 1993: 0179 * –0184 *

Individual evidence

  1. a b Diercke Lexicon Germany - German Democratic Republic and Berlin (East), p. 208 . Georg Westermann Verlag GmbH, Braunschweig 1986, ISBN 3-07-508861-7 .
  2. ^ Homeland GDR. Adventures. Considerations. Findings. Documents, including Gabriele Parakeninks: "The Mayor's Choir in the Pirna District", Ed. Horst Jäkel, GNN-Verlag Schkeuditz 2015, p. 200, ISBN 978-3-89819-416-7
  3. Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
  4. Law on the self-administration of municipalities and districts in the GDR (municipal constitution) of May 17, 1990
  5. Saxony regional register
  6. Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate . 4th edition. German Flag Society V., Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 , pp. 302 f .
  7. Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate . 4th edition. German Flag Society V., Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 , pp. 502 .