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community Müglitztal
Coordinates: 50 ° 55 ′ 59 ″  N , 13 ° 51 ′ 41 ″  E
Height : 166 m
Incorporation : March 1, 1994
Postal code : 01809
Area code : 035027
View of the village and Weesenstein Castle, 1834
View of the village and Weesenstein Castle , 1834

Weesenstein is a central part of the municipality of Müglitztal in the Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains district . The place is 14 km as the crow flies southeast of Dresden city ​​center . He is famous for the Weesenstein Castle of the same name .


Weesenstein on the Oberreit map in 1821
Weesenstein stop of the Müglitztalbahn

In terms of its settlement form, Weesenstein is an estate settlement with rows of houses. The place is located in the approx. 30 meter deep Kerbsohlental , on the left bank of the Müglitz , which flows north. The castle is located on a rock spur that protrudes from the east into the valley and forms the characteristic loop of the river. The place is accessed by the state road 178 and the Müglitztalbahn .

The place is about 175 meters above sea level . The Feuersteinlinie runs here , the line of the furthest penetration of the northern inland glaciation in the course of Kreischa - Cottaer Spitzberg .


Falcon Grove Dohna Köttewitz
Neighboring communities Meusegast


Weesenstein was first mentioned in 1318 as Weysinberg and was then written as Hus . In 1436 Wesenstein / Weißenstein is known as castrum and is under the care of Dohna , later to the office of Pirna .

The manor was at the Weesenstein manor, which is documented between 1551 and 1858.

From 1856 Weesenstein was part of the Pirna court office, from 1875 of the Pirna administration . In 1952 Weesenstein came to the new Pirna district in the GDR and on March 1, 1994 became part of the Müglitztal community, which was founded together with Burkhardswalde , Maxen and Mühlbach . Since August 1, 1994, Müglitztal and Weesenstein have belonged to the Saxon Switzerland district , and since 2008 it has been part of the Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains district.

Weesenstein was first parish in Dohna. However, the castle chapel has existed since around 1500. The parish Burkhardswalde-Weesenstein existed from 1840 to 2001 and was subordinate to Dohna. The castle chapel became the parish church for the village of Weesenstein in 1870 and has been a branch church of Burkhardswalde since 1917.

Weesenstein was shaped by agriculture and handicraft. The Weesenstein shoe factory was known in GDR times.

Weesenstein was devastated by the flood in the Eastern Ore Mountains in 1927 and the August flood in 2002 , and several houses were completely destroyed. In a dramatic rescue operation, residents trapped by the flood had to be rescued by helicopter.

see also: History of Weesenstein

View of Weesenstein (April 2010)

Weesenstein Castle

Due to the strategically favorable location, a castle was built on a rock spur above the trade route to Bohemia ( Kulmer Steig ) running in the Müglitz valley . From around 1500 a castle was built from the Weesenstein manor. In 1875 the castle was exemtes property, so it was not subject to the Weesenstein community.

The castle has a baroque garden south of the castle in the valley area.

Development of the population

year Residents
1551 1 man possessed , 3 gardeners, 5 cottagers , 7 residents
1764 7 gardeners, 11 cottagers
1834 226
1871 325
1890 479
1910 402
year Residents
1925 461
1939 427
1946 499
1950 556
1964 441
1990 264


Born in Weesenstein

  • Hermann Sauppe (1809–1893), classical philologist, pedagogue and epigraphist.
  • Hans Schulz-Blochwitz (1888–1967), church councilor, cathedral capitular, genealogist and heraldist

Connected to the village of Weesenstein

  • Walter Timmling (1897–1948), painter, art historian and poet, lived in Weesenstein from 1946 to 1948.
  • Hermann Klemm (1904–1983), Protestant pastor, resistance fighter, was pastor in Weesenstein and Burkhardswalde from 1929–1947
  • Artur Kunz (1916–2018), entrepreneur, is buried in Weesenstein
  • Roland Adolph (1946–1997), Protestant pastor, spent his childhood in Weesenstein

Connected to Weesenstein Castle


  • anonymous: legendary Müglitztal. Old and new stories from Zinnwald to Heidenau. Maxen 2003, ISBN 3-9808477-1-3
  • Einhart Grotegut, Lutz Henning: Weesenstein: 700 years of castle history . Verlag der Kunst, Dresden 1995, ISBN 3-364-00317-3 .
  • Lutz Hennig: Damage area Müglitztal. Weesenstein and the floods of the last 100 years. Weesenstein 2003
  • Alfred Meiche : Historical-topographical description of the Pirna administration. Verlag Buchdruckerei der Wilhelm und Bertha v. Baensch Foundation, Dresden 1927
  • Kamil Taylan : Weesenstein - the flood and the sinking of a village , series of reports: Das Rote Quadrat , 2002
  • Richard Steche : Weesenstein. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 1. Booklet: Official Authority Pirna . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1882, p. 93.

Web links

Commons : Weesenstein  - collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Weesenstein in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony