|Height :||166 m|
|Incorporation :||March 1, 1994|
|Postal code :||01809|
|Area code :||035027|
View of the village and Weesenstein Castle , 1834
Weesenstein is a central part of the municipality of Müglitztal in the Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains district . The place is 14 km as the crow flies southeast of Dresden city center . He is famous for the Weesenstein Castle of the same name .
In terms of its settlement form, Weesenstein is an estate settlement with rows of houses. The place is located in the approx. 30 meter deep Kerbsohlental , on the left bank of the Müglitz , which flows north. The castle is located on a rock spur that protrudes from the east into the valley and forms the characteristic loop of the river. The place is accessed by the state road 178 and the Müglitztalbahn .
Weesenstein was first mentioned in 1318 as Weysinberg and was then written as Hus . In 1436 Wesenstein / Weißenstein is known as castrum and is under the care of Dohna , later to the office of Pirna .
The manor was at the Weesenstein manor, which is documented between 1551 and 1858.
From 1856 Weesenstein was part of the Pirna court office, from 1875 of the Pirna administration . In 1952 Weesenstein came to the new Pirna district in the GDR and on March 1, 1994 became part of the Müglitztal community, which was founded together with Burkhardswalde , Maxen and Mühlbach . Since August 1, 1994, Müglitztal and Weesenstein have belonged to the Saxon Switzerland district , and since 2008 it has been part of the Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains district.
Weesenstein was first parish in Dohna. However, the castle chapel has existed since around 1500. The parish Burkhardswalde-Weesenstein existed from 1840 to 2001 and was subordinate to Dohna. The castle chapel became the parish church for the village of Weesenstein in 1870 and has been a branch church of Burkhardswalde since 1917.
Weesenstein was shaped by agriculture and handicraft. The Weesenstein shoe factory was known in GDR times.
Weesenstein was devastated by the flood in the Eastern Ore Mountains in 1927 and the August flood in 2002 , and several houses were completely destroyed. In a dramatic rescue operation, residents trapped by the flood had to be rescued by helicopter.
see also: History of Weesenstein
Due to the strategically favorable location, a castle was built on a rock spur above the trade route to Bohemia ( Kulmer Steig ) running in the Müglitz valley . From around 1500 a castle was built from the Weesenstein manor. In 1875 the castle was exemtes property, so it was not subject to the Weesenstein community.
The castle has a baroque garden south of the castle in the valley area.
Development of the population
Born in Weesenstein
- Hermann Sauppe (1809–1893), classical philologist, pedagogue and epigraphist.
- Hans Schulz-Blochwitz (1888–1967), church councilor, cathedral capitular, genealogist and heraldist
Connected to the village of Weesenstein
- Walter Timmling (1897–1948), painter, art historian and poet, lived in Weesenstein from 1946 to 1948.
- Hermann Klemm (1904–1983), Protestant pastor, resistance fighter, was pastor in Weesenstein and Burkhardswalde from 1929–1947
- Artur Kunz (1916–2018), entrepreneur, is buried in Weesenstein
- Roland Adolph (1946–1997), Protestant pastor, spent his childhood in Weesenstein
Connected to Weesenstein Castle
- the burgraves of Dohna , first documented mention as Donin property in 1318 (possession until the burgraviate was lost in 1402):
- Jeschke von Dohna , owner of the Weesenstein castle from 1394 to 1402 (inheritance).
- the noble family von Bünau
- the Saxon ruling house Wettin :
- Johann Groh (1575–1627), organist at Weesenstein.
- Andreas Hammerschmidt (1611 / 12–1675), composer and organist.
- Johann George Schmidt (1707–1774), late baroque builder; Builder of the New Church
- Friedrich Gottlob Born (1743–1807), philosopher; Clergyman from 1802
- Rolf Hoppe (1930–2018), actor on Weesenstein
- anonymous: legendary Müglitztal. Old and new stories from Zinnwald to Heidenau. Maxen 2003, ISBN 3-9808477-1-3
- Einhart Grotegut, Lutz Henning: Weesenstein: 700 years of castle history . Verlag der Kunst, Dresden 1995, ISBN 3-364-00317-3 .
- Lutz Hennig: Damage area Müglitztal. Weesenstein and the floods of the last 100 years. Weesenstein 2003
- Alfred Meiche : Historical-topographical description of the Pirna administration. Verlag Buchdruckerei der Wilhelm und Bertha v. Baensch Foundation, Dresden 1927
- Kamil Taylan : Weesenstein - the flood and the sinking of a village , series of reports: Das Rote Quadrat , 2002
- Richard Steche : Weesenstein. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 1. Booklet: Official Authority Pirna . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1882, p. 93.
- Weesenstein in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony