List of the Burgraves of Dohna

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Coat of arms of the Burgraves of Dohna in the seal of 1286. The coat of arms of the Burgraves initially consisted of two stag antlers placed on top of each other in a cross .

The Dohna Castle is the first time in connection with the dispute between King Heinrich III. (1039-1056) and Duke Břetislav of Bohemia in 1040 attested. It was probably owned by Margrave Ekkehard II of Meissen (1038-1046) as an imperial fief. The burgraves of Dohna , first proven in 1113, were active as royal officials and sovereigns in the burgraviate , owned the coin rack from the 12th century and, with the Dohna Schöppenstuhl, judicial power in feudal and inheritance matters and were also feudal lords of numerous vassals . They were entitled to the third court penny. After the defeat in the Dohna feud from 1385 to 1402, they lost influence and property to the Wettins .

The Burgraviate of Dohna, with the city of Dohna as its dominant center, was located between the Margraviate of Meissen and the Kingdom of Bohemia . The coat of arms of the burgraves shows two crossed stag poles .

The burgraves until the loss of the burgrave

The list contains the imperial burgraves of Dohna, the ruling burgraves with their brothers until the loss of the burgrave in 1402. (The sons of the brothers of the ruling burgraves are not included.)

The burgraves of the Grafensteiner line and other branches are not included here. The historical personalities of the noble family , which was largely ramified after the conquest of the burgraviate in 1402 and the arrival of the imperial fief, are contained in the article Dohna (noble family) .

List (incomplete)

verifiable burgraves from to Life dates Married to Remarks seal
Erkembert Tested in 1113 From the von Tegkwitz family ?

Attested as Erkembertus prefectus de castro Donin . Erkembert is the only proven burgrave up to the ancestral castle of the Donins in 1156.

Heinrich I. Testified in 1156 1180 * before 1127 or 1143

† after 1171, before 1181

Heinrich von Rothowa (Heinrich von Rötha) is first attested in 1156 as Heinricus castellanus de Donin . He is the progenitor of the Burgraves of Dohna. Dohna Castle was given to him by the emperor as a hereditary imperial fief.

The Dohna family held the imperial fief for around 250 years until the Burgraviate of Dohna was lost.

His descendants, who inherited the dignity of the burgrave, chose their name from their ancestral seat Dohna (Donin, Donyn).

Henry II 1180 1225 † (1225) Son of Heinrich I.

1206 Legal dispute with the Bishop of Meißen , which is decided by Margrave Dietrich . (First mention of Dresden in 1206)

First verifiable coinage ( Donin's bracteates )

Otto I. 1225 1239 † (1239) Hildegundis Son of Heinrich II. Seal of Burgrave Otto I von Dohna, 1235.jpg
Henry III. 1239 1256 † (1273) Son of Otto I.

Founder of the Grafenstein line, has to give up the burgraviate in 1256

Otto II. 1256 1287 † (1287) Christine von Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Son of Heinrich III. Seal of Burgrave Otto II von Dohna, 1286.jpg
Otto III. 1287 1321 Gertrudis, Countess of Meißen , daughter of Burgrave Meinher III. (Marriage around 1275) Son of Otto II.

The Dresden Regional Court, which was lost in 1256, receives back

Seal of Burgrave Otto III.  von Dohna, 1287.jpg
Otto Heyde I. 1321 1336 † 1336 Adelheid von Schönburg , † 1342, buried in Meißen Cathedral Son of Otto III. Seal of Burgrave Otto Heyde I von Dohna, 1321.jpg
Otto Juvenis † 1352 Jutta von Hakeborn Son of Otto III. Seal of Burgrave Otto Juvenis von Dohna, 1312.jpg
Otto Liebedich † 1357 N. of Waldenburg Son of Otto III. Seal of Burgrave Otto Liebedich von Dohna, 1345.jpg
Viko Adelheid von Waldenburg Son of Otto Heyde I.

Deed from 1335 (Posse)

Seal of Burgrave Viko von Dohna, 1335.jpg
Friedrich 1336 1347 † (1347) Son of Otto Heyde I. Seal of Burgrave Friedrich von Dohna, 1341.jpg
Otto Heyde II. (1336) 1347. 1385 † 1385 Adeldeid of Riesenburg Son of Otto Heyde I.

After years of joint reign with brother Friedrich, sole burgrave after 1347. After his death, the burgraviate is divided into three parts.

Seal of Burgrave Otto Heyde II. Von Dohna, 1349.jpg
Otto Heyde III. 1385 1402 † 1415 Son of Otto Heyde II.

With his brother Jan got the two parts from the crown of Bohemia. 1402 Conquest of the burgraviate by the margrave of Meissen, Wilhelm the One-Eyed . Went to Prague after conquering Dohna .

Seal of Burgrave Otto Heyde III.  von Dohna, 1401.jpg
Jeschke I. † (1403) Katharina von Weyda Son of Otto Heyde II.

Shared with his brother Mul (Otto Mul) the part originating from Meissen. Was executed. His descendants stayed in Bohemia after Dohna's repurchase from the emperor was unsuccessful.

Seal of Burgrave Jeschke von Dohna, 1401 (3) .jpg
Otto Mul † 1401 Son of Otto Heyde II.

Was shot in a battle near the Hammergut Fichte near Gottleuba .

Seal of Burgrave Otto Mul von Dohna, 1391.jpg
Friedrich I. † 1426 Son of Otto Heyde II.

From the Order of the Cross Bearers, † in the Battle of Aussig

Jan † 1402 Son of Otto Heyde II.

Was stabbed to death in an equestrian battle near Burkhardswalde .

Seal of Burgrave Jan von Dohna, 1401.jpg
Seal of the Countess Gertrud von Dohna , b. Castle Countess of Meißen from the document from 1300. Combination of the helmet decorations : on the right the Dohna deer antlers, on the left the Castle Countess Meißen umbrella board with peacock feather decoration, seen from the side.
Dohnaic bracteate around 1200. The minting authority is Heinrich II. Or maybe even Heinrich I. - Seated burgrave, in the right a shield with stag sticks above it, in the left an eagle or a falcon. From numismatic fragments relating to Saxon history by KFW Erbstein. Dresden, 1821

The government and life dates from Heinrich II onwards mostly correspond to the genealogical overview of Otto Posse and are almost identical to the family tree in the Dohna Local History Museum and the more recent literature. The reigns are often derived from the documents in which the burgraves are mentioned. The seals in the list of burgraves of the family castle Dohna are from Tables 4, 5 and 6 with the date of the respective document (Otto Posse).

Burial place

The burial place of the burgraves of Dohna was in the former Cistercian monastery Altzella . The burgraves had built a chapel here. The location of the Dohna burial chapel is unknown. Presumably it was on the south side of the monastery church.

Burgrave Otto Heyde III. was brought to cell (Altzella monastery) for burial after he died in Prague in 1415.

See also


  • Otto Posse (ed.): The seals of the nobility of the Wettin region up to the year 1500 . On behalf of the Royal Saxon State Government, III. Volume, Dresden 1908. Therein p. 13: Dohna, Burgraves of, ancestral seat Dohna with generalogical overview and inscription of the seals of the Burgraves of Dohna from Otto I. each with information on the document and the date. ( Digitized version )
  • Lothar Graf zu Dohna:  Dohna. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1959, ISBN 3-428-00185-0 , pp. 43-46 ( digitized version ).
  • Christine Klecker: How Dohna was lost. Museum Schloss Weesenstein, 1991. In it p. 35 Family table of the local history museum Dohna
  • Max Winkler and Hermann Raußendorf: The burgrave town of Dohna . In: Messages from the Saxon Homeland Security Association . Volume 25, items 1-4, Dresden 1936 ( data set of the German National Library ).
  • Christian Bartsch. History of the old castle and Städgens Dohna. Dresden / Leipzig 1735 ( digitized version )
  • Eckhart Leisering: Acta sunt hec Dresdene - the first mention of Dresden in the document dated March 31, 1206 , Saxon State Archives, Mitteldeutscher Verlag (mdv), Halle / Saale and Dresden 2005, ISBN 978-3-89812-320-4 . Explanations on Dohna Castle, Dohna and Henricum burcgravium de Donin pp. 5/11/20 / 25–34 / 33 / 49–50.

Web links

  • Digital historical directory of Saxony - Dohna . Therein: 1113 Erkembertus prefectus de castro Donin , 1144 Heinricus praefectus , 1156 Heinricus castellanus de Donin
  • Digital historical directory of Saxony - Rötha . In it place name forms: 1127 Heinricus de Rotow , 1135 Rotwe , 1143 Rodewa - local nobility: 1127 manor (around the middle of the 12th century change of location as burgrave to Dohna)
  • acsearch: Dohna, Burgraviate Heinrich III. here around 1235–1242, bracteate. Deer antlers, inscription: HDGB (Henricus Dei Gratia Burggravius), heirloom, numismatic fragments, 9. – 11. Fragments, pp. 24–43, Tab. II, No. 4 Thieme - Schwinkowski - (cf. 1026, 1027) Berger - Coll. Bonhoff.

Individual evidence

  1. Cf. Annalista Saxo , ed. by Georg Waitz , in: MGH Scriptores (in folio) 6, Hannover 1844, pp. 542-777, here p. 684 line 41: Donin ( digitized ).
  2. Cf. mcsearch: Dohna, Burggrafschaft. Heinrich II. 1180-1225. Bracteate. 0.87 g. Burgrave sitting on a bench is holding a cross stick pierced at the crossing point on the left and a scepter with stag sticks on the right. On both sides next to the head and above the deer stalks a ball, on the edge a 6-petalled rosette. Schwinkowski -, Krug collection -, Bonhoff collection -, Etzoldshain collection -. (The line behind the catalog information should indicate that the bracteate does not appear there.)
  3. This is often confused with the third bridge pfennig , a term that only became common in Dresden from 1577: the third part of the bridge tariff or the third pfennig . This was the transit and escort duty for the road from Dresden to Koenigsbrück , which was levied and taken both in Dresden ( Dresdner Zoll ) and at the castle Koenigsbrück ( Koenigsbrücker Zoll ). This important connection between Dresden and the Via Regia had been owned by the city of Königsbrück from the earliest times and therefore belonged to its owners. For the first time demonstrates the two duties on 4 October 1426 after which this the Waldaw (Waldau) family belonged: from about 1405 a Hans von Waldaw (of the duties as the family held are had inherited Pertinenzstück), from the early 1420s then his son Georg (Jurge [n]) von Waldaw, who had already lost Königsbrück and the escort duties in 1426. Königsbrück passed to Hans von Polenz around 1426 , who sold it to Wentzsch von Donyn, his wife's brother, before his death in 1437, according to a royal document from 1441, which was only confirmed in 1452. Between 1437 and 1441 he exchanged Königsbrück for Grafenstein , which was then owned by Hlabatsch von Dohna. Wentzsch founded the Grafensteiner, Hlabatsch the Königsbrücker line of those of Dohna . According to a document dated August 4, 1448, Königsbrück and the two customs duties at Königsbrück and Dresden are in the possession of Hlabatsch von Dohna. As a result, these duties came into the possession of the von Dohna in the 1430s and have nothing to do with the Burgraves of Dohna, who perished in 1402.
  4. Whether Heinrich I is identical with the nobleman of the same name Heinricus (nobilis) de Rotov , who appears in a document in 1127 (evidenced in a document by Bishop Meingod of Merseburg and Abbot Erkenberts of Corvey ; Heinrich appears as a witness for Meingod; cf. Document book of the Hochstift Merseburg, part 1: 962–1357, ed. By Paul Fridolin Kehr , Halle: Otto Hendel, 1899 (historical sources of the province of Saxony and adjacent areas 36), no. 97 pp. 79–81, here p. 80 ) , or whether the latter is an ancestor of Heinrich is judged differently in research and is not certain. Cf. Art. Stadt Rötha , in: Art. Stadt Rötha in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony , here Section 8, entry on 1127 (with further references in Section 9); Karlheinz Blaschke , Dohna , in: Lexikon des Mittelalters, Vol. 3, Munich 1983, Col. 1166 (with further references) pleads against equation .
  5. Codex Diplomaticus Saxoniae Regiae II 1, pp. 70–72 No. 74. Online edition Therein: Legal dispute 1206 with Heinrich II.
  6. Cf. Matthias Donath : The grave monuments in the cathedral of Meißen . Leipziger Universitätsverlag, 2004, p. 235 ( limited preview in Google Book Search).
  7. Cf. Genealogical overview of the Burgraves of Dohna ( digitized version )
  8. Cf. Christine Klecker: How Dohna was lost. Museum Schloß Weesenstein, 1991. In it p. 35 Family table of the local history museum Dohna
  9. Cf. Otto Posse (ed.): The seals of the nobility of the Wettin region up to the year 1500 , 3rd volume, Dresden 1908, plates 4, 5 and 6 ( digitized )
  10. Cf. Eduard Beyer: Das Cistercienser-Stift and Kloster Alt-Cell in the Diocese of Meißen , Dresden 1855, here p. 268 f. with note 8 ( digitized in the Google book search).