Schönburg (noble family)
Schönburg (also Schumburg; Czech: ze Šumburka or as the word "Schönburger": "Šumburkové") is the name of an old Saxon - Thuringian noble noble family who also temporarily settled in Bohemia and owned the Schönburg lordships , partly as imperial directors, partly as a Saxon fiefdom. The family belongs to the historical high nobility .
The family, first mentioned in 1130 with Ulricus de Schunenberg (Sconenberg) on the Schönburg an der Saale, owned an imperial area in the area of Geringswalde around 1182 , which they ceded to Electoral Saxony in 1590 .
Already in the last quarter of the 12th century, the Lords of Schönburg shifted their dominance from the Saale to the area around the Zwickauer Mulde and, presumably, changed to the Reich Ministry under Hermann I (1212-1224 / 25 occupied) . Like other noble-free and ministerial families, they were able to establish sovereignty in the realm of Pleißen , mainly through clearing . Around 1170 they founded Glauchau Castle . The reliable line of trunks begins with Hermannus de Sconeburg, who appeared in a document from 1212 to 1224. In 1233 Hermann II founded the Benedictine convent Geringswalde , which served as the family's burial place until the Reformation.
For centuries, the Lords of Schönburg determined history in southwest Saxony . Their possessions, the Schönburg lordships , included: Glauchau (owned since 1256), Lichtenstein (since 1286), Waldenburg (since 1378) and the county of Hartenstein (since 1406). While they Hartenstein from the Electorate of Saxony as Empire after feud got that Schönburger carried their three early Reichslehen Glauchau, Lichtenstein and Waldenburg the Czech kings of the House Luxembourg , which also featured the German Emperor, as Reich After fief in order to protect them from the Electorate of Saxony influence. In addition, in the 16th century there were the Saxon feudal lords of Penig and Wechselburg (since 1543) and Rochsburg (since 1548), which fell to the Schönburgers in exchange for the lords of Lohmen , Wehlen and Hohnstein . The entire goods had at times a circumference of 16 square miles with 14 cities and 61,000 inhabitants. The largest part was thus Reichsafterlehen , the rest of the property was Electoral Saxon fiefdom.
As early as the late Middle Ages, the Schönburg rulers were divided up variously (among others between the Glauchauer, from around 1300 the Crimmitschauer and the Bohemian Pürsteiner line). In contrast, the fraternal divisions of 1524 and 1556 only provided for a division of use, while the enfeoffments were always made in full and the joint government in Glauchau was adhered to. From then on, the family split into the main lines Glauchau (until 1610), Waldenburg (later also referred to as the Upper - from 1790 princely - line and divided into the branches Waldenburg and Hartenstein) and Penig (who inherited Glauchau in 1610), the latter also as the Lower (Graefliche ) Line known. The branches remained connected as the "entire house", which was regulated in more detail in family contracts of 1556 and 1566. The government of the entire house changed annually between the three lines. Since no primogeniture order was issued, further branches were temporarily formed in the early modern period.
The Lords of Schönburg belonged to the imperial estates of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation , and to the estates of the Saxon electors and the kings of Bohemia . The imperial estate was exercised by the Counts of Schönburg as members of the Wetterauischen Counts College .
Under Ernst I (1480–1489) and Ernst II († 1534), both urbanism and mining were promoted; the mining towns of Hohenstein , Scheibenberg and Oberwiesenthal are their founding. After the death of Ernst II. In 1534, the guardianship government introduced the Reformation in the Schoenburg dominions from 1542 . Since the county of Hartenstein, in contrast to the other rulers, was an Electoral Saxon Reichsafter fief, the Reformation was introduced there as early as 1539/40 and thus three years earlier than in the then Bohemian Reich afterfeiters Glauchau, Lichtenstein and Waldenburg. Georg II. Herr von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1558–1611) and Wolfgang II. Herr von Schönburg-Penig (1532–1581) signed the concord formula of 1577 and the concord book of 1580. The property of the monastery of Geringswalde , which was abolished during the Reformation , where 1566 –1568 a Schönburgische Landesschule existed, passed to Electoral Saxony in 1590.
Since the 17th century there has been a growing burden of debt, inheritance divisions and tensions within the family. The result was multiple attacks by the Electorate of Saxony on the Schoenburg rulers, including 1617 after Otto Wilhelm's murder by his brother Wolf Ernst (1582–1622) at Hinterglauchau Castle. Under Georg Ernst (1601–1664), peasant riots began in 1652 with refusals of compulsory labor , which flared up again and again until 1684. Christian Ernst (1655–1718) founded the city of Ernstthal in 1679/80 . On August 7, 1700, Emperor Leopold I raised the entire Schönburg house to the rank of imperial count with the salutation high and well-born .
The Lords and Counts of Schönburg, as one of only a few Saxon gentlemen's families, managed to maintain a special constitutional position compared to the Electorate of Saxony and thus a limited sovereignty with their own state structures until the 18th century . In a recession with the Saxon Elector on May 4, 1740, after lengthy negotiations with the Minister Heinrich Graf von Brühl , they waived most of the autonomy rights resulting from the imperial immediacy. In the decades that followed, the Schönburg dominions were gradually integrated into the electoral state. Glauchau , Lichtenstein / Sa. , Waldenburg (Saxony) , Hartenstein and Stein gradually became part of the Saxon state as Schönburg recess lords after the 1740 recession , while Remse , Penig , Rochsburg and Wechselburg have always been fiefdoms and offices of the Electorate of Saxony. In 1768 the entire Schönburg family tried to reverse the process. A conflict arose which led to military action as part of the War of the Bavarian Succession ("Glauchau War"); However, in the Peace of Teschen in 1779, Electoral Saxony obtained from Maria Theresa as the Bohemian queen the lordship rights over the Schoenburg recession rule and thus finally prevailed as the sole sovereign.
Otto Karl Friedrich Graf von Schönburg was raised to the rank of prince by Emperor Leopold II on the day of his coronation, October 9, 1790 . Since Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803, the members of the so-called sex "were lords ", so families with formerly sovereign ruler violence that had largely lost its sovereign rights, however, the still reigning houses par remained. In 1818, the House of Schönburg applied to the German Federal Assembly to determine its rights to be exercised with the German Confederation , in particular with regard to voting rights. In 1828, however, the Federal Assembly only granted the personal and family rights of the imperial families mediated in 1806 . Since 1831, the entire house had two seats in the First Chamber of the Estates Assembly of the Kingdom of Saxony . After the transition of the Kingdom of Saxony to a constitutional monarchy with the constitution of September 4, 1831, an explanatory process was concluded between the Saxon government and the House of Schönburg, which modified the recess of 1740 and was placed under the protection of the German Confederation in 1836. Although he established a limited life of its own for the Schönburg rulers, he accelerated the process of integration into the Saxon state. During the revolution of 1848 , Waldenburg Castle was looted and burned down.
The German Courts Constitution Act of 1877 completely repealed patrimonial courts for Germany. On December 1, 1878, on the basis of a further recession, the Saxon government took over full judicial and administrative sovereignty over the Schoenburg rule. After that, the princes and counts of Schönburg were no longer bearers of state sovereignty, except for their special status as noblemen and members of the First Chamber. However, they kept their extensive estates with castles, commercial enterprises and art assets. The Hartenstein and Fordglauchau lines converted to Catholicism in the 19th century, while the Waldenburg line remained Protestant. The house of Schönburg shaped culture and economy in parts of south-west Saxony and northern Bohemia for many centuries. Article 51 of the Constitution of the Free State of Saxony of November 1, 1920 read: “The special rights under public law of the Schönburg and Solms -Wildenfels houses are abolished.” In the course of the land reform of September 1945, the family was expropriated and expelled without compensation. After German reunification , a branch of the Hartenstein line returned to the Schönburger Land and acquired Stein Castle in Hartenstein and the Old Castle in Penig .
The areas once ruled by the House of Schönburg were lined up like a crescent moon in an elongated north-south semicircle on both sides of the Zwickau Mulde . They formed a "corridor" between the Saxon cities of Zwickau and Chemnitz . From north to south: the rulers of Wechselburg and Penig (both today in the district of Central Saxony ), then in today's district of Zwickau (whose coat of arms combines the Schönburg with that of the Pleißenland ) the areas known as the Schönburg recession : Schönburg- Waldenburg , Schönburg- Glauchau , Schönburg- Lichtenstein , to the east of it the mountain villages of Hohenstein-Ernstthal founded by the family , then the Stein rule and the Hartenstein county , the southernmost part of which (the Crottendorf department in today's Ore Mountains district , with the silver mines of Oberwiesenthal and Scheibenberg also built by the Schönburgers) ) Was sold to Kursachsen in 1559.
The Schönburg house came into the possession of the Glauchau area around 1170 . From there, they were the direct imperial dominions Glauchau (since 1256) and Lichtenstein (since 1286) and obtained as a result of a testamentary agreement with the Forest burgers 1378 located at a ford on the river Mulde Waldenburg , including town and surrounding area. By lending these areas to the Bohemian king, which formally existed until 1779, state sovereignty was guaranteed vis-à-vis the Electorate of Saxony . In 1406, the county of Hartenstein , which was also directly imperial (but without the rule of Wildenfels ), was pledged to the House of Schönburg by the Meissnian burgrave Heinrich I von Hartenstein , but as early as 1439 as an electoral fief. In 1524, the "Entire House" Schönburg with the seat of government Glauchau was set up in order to prevent the fall of the Schönburg rule in the event of future partitions and to ensure uniform representation to the outside world. After the secularization of the possession of the 1143 founded, direct imperial went monastery Remse , located between Waldenburg and Glauchau, by purchase in 1543 in the possession of the Lords of Schönburg over.
In 1681 the rule of Glauchau was divided into the partial dominions of Fordglauchau and Hinterglauchau . From 1683 to 1763 Fordglauchau was again divided into a Penigschen and a Wechselburger portion. With the death of Otto Ludwig von Schönburg in 1701 and the inheritance contract of his four sons entitled to inheritance, the Stein rule was formed in 1702 from part of the Hartenstein county.
Your distinctive buildings in these areas are Castle Ford- and Hinterglauchau , Castle Hartenstein , Castle Waldenburg , Castle Stein in Hartenstein and Castle Lichtenstein as well as Rochsburg, which was rebuilt in 1549 .
In Bohemia, the Schönburg family owned, among other things, the possessions of Šumburk (Neuschönburg, early 15th century), Eidlitz , Hagensdorf , Hassenstein , Měděnec , Kaaden , Pürstein , Schatzlar and Trautenau (late 15th / early 16th century). From 1437 to 1567 the estate of Hoyerswerda was also owned by the Schönburgers.
In the 16th century, the entire house was divided into an upper line (a count since 1700 and a princely one since 1790) and a lower line (a count since 1700). To this day, the princely line exists in the branches Schönburg-Waldenburg and Schönburg-Hartenstein and the counts as the Schönburg-Glauchau line .
The Upper Lusatian noble family von der Kosel was a bastard line going back to the unnamed sons of Wenzel von Schönburg auf Hoyerswerda († 1523), Wanke and Georg, which was named after the manor Cosel .
The progenitor of the upper line is Hugo, Mr. von Schönburg zu Glauchau and Waldenburg (1529–1585). In 1700 the entire house was raised to the rank of imperial count. Count Otto Karl Friedrich (1758–1800) was raised to the rank of imperial prince on October 9, 1790 , the head of the line carried the title of prince, those born after the title of prince or princess with the salutation Highness . In 1813 there was a division of property between two sons:
1st branch: Schönburg-Waldenburg
Prince Otto Viktor (1785–1859) founded the Schönburg-Waldenburg branch with headquarters at Waldenburg Castle and Lichtenstein Castle and shares in Hartenstein and Stein. From the 19th century onwards, the Waldenburger Ast owned a number of landlords in other Central German areas: from 1839 Droyßig Castle (in the Burgenland district), Guteborn Castle (Silesian Upper Lusatia), Gauernitz Castle (Meißen district), and from 1852 Belgershain Castle (Leipzig district) ), from 1856 Hermsdorf Castle (Bautzen district) and Pomßen Castle (Leipzig district) from the end of the 19th century . Furthermore, the Upper Franconian Schwarzenbach Castle (on the Saale) with the Förbau manor . After the House of Wettin, the princes of Schönburg-Waldenburg were considered to be the largest Saxon landowners with 8,640 hectares of agriculture and forestry. In the 19th century they owned the Palais Vitzthum-Schönburg in the royal seat of Dresden .
The Waldenburg main branch on Waldenburg , Lichtenstein , Belgershain and Pomßen went out with Prince Günther in 1960. Otto Victor's second son Hugo (1822-1897) founded the secondary branch Droyssig , which went out with his grandson Hugo (1910-1942) in the male line. His third son Georg (1828–1900) was resident in Hermsdorf , his sons Hermann (1865–1943) in Hermsdorf, Grünberg and Schneeberg and Ulrich Georg (1869–1939) in Guteborn (Silesian Upper Lusatia); the latter branch still exists, today's line head is Ulrich Fürst von Schönburg-Waldenburg (* 1940). Otto Victor's youngest son Karl Ernst (1836–1915) donated the Gauernitz branch (near Meißen), with a neighboring seat at Schwarzenbach Castle (on the Saale) ; (illegitimate) descendants of this branch still live in Tahiti .
Schneeberg Castle (Slovenia)
2nd branch: Schönburg-Hartenstein
Friedrich Alfred (1786–1840), younger brother of Prince Otto Viktor von Schönburg-Waldenburg, was raised to Prince von Schönburg-Hartenstein; after he died childless, his younger brother Heinrich Eduard (1787–1872), who lived in Austria, inherited the title and the ownership shares in Hartenstein and Stein. He founded the Schönburg-Hartenstein branch , a Catholic since 1822. In 1835 he acquired the Červená Lhota (Roth-Lhotta) castle in southern Bohemia , which remained in the family until 1945. His son, Prince Alexander (1826–1896), and his son Alois (1858–1944) were important Austrian statesmen and generals and from 1838 for a short time also in the Hohenwang (Styria) rule , further on the Achensee and from 1843 in the Moravian Gundrum resident. Vienna's residence was the Schönburg Palace since 1841 . Around 1870–1880 they briefly owned Enzesfeld Castle in Enzesfeld-Lindabrunn in Lower Austria.
Today's head is Johannes Fürst von Schönburg-Hartenstein (* 1951), his eldest son is Aloys (* 1982). The younger brother, Alfred Prince von Schönburg-Hartenstein (* 1953), has been President of the Association of German Aristocratic Associations since 2008 and has been the owner of Stein Castle in Hartenstein since 1996 through repurchase ; In 2014 he also acquired the old castle in Penig .
preserved outer bailey of Hartenstein Castle
Rothlhotta Castle , South Bohemia
Schönburg Palace , Vienna
Counts line Schönburg-Glauchau
The lower line was founded by Wolf II, lord of Schönburg zu Glauchau and Waldenburg (1532–1581), who had been lord of Penig , Wechselburg and Rochsburg since 1566 . The sons of Wolf III. (1556–1612) founded the branches Penig-Rochsburg and Wechselburg. As the oldest line in the general sex who Glauchauer, 1610 extinct, the rule fell Glauchau to the lower line, the Penig-Roch Burger branch Forderglauchau took over, which in the 18th century in Penig-Forderglauchau and Rochsburg (announced in 1900 again united), while the Wechselburg branch owned Hinterglauchau, also as a summer residence from 1805 Castle Gusow (Mark) and from 1858 also Schloss Netzschkau in Vogtland. In 1878, King Albert of Saxony awarded all members of the Count's line the title " Exalted ".
With the death of the childless Count Richard Clemens von Schönburg-Hinterglauchau (1829–1900), the entire property of the count's line was reunited, in the hands of the Fordglauchau branch, which had been Catholic since 1869. Under Joachim von Schönburg-Glauchau (1873–1943) and his son Carl Graf von Schönburg-Glauchau (1899–1945), the Glauchau double castle was largely left to the city for use as a museum; the Peniger castles were used as courtrooms until they were sold in 1889. Official and administrative headquarters used and the Rochsburg as a museum and youth hostel. The place of residence was Wechselburg Castle . Joachim Graf von Schönburg-Glauchau (1929–1998) was expelled with his mother and siblings in 1945 and expropriated without compensation. His younger son, the journalist and writer Alexander Graf von Schönburg-Glauchau (* 1969) is the current line manager of the Glauchau Schönburgs.
Old Penig Castle
Joint possessions and titles, division contracts and house contracts
Already in the Middle Ages, the Schönburgers had shared ownership, for example, of the rule Glauchau (central administrative seat) and Geringswalde (house monastery of the Schönburgers and probably their first castle in the Mulden valley). Therefore, it came about during the Schoenburg Fratricidal War (1347–1355) that the Schoenburgers of Hassenstein Castle in 1349 in an inheritance dispute between the Glauchau brothers Hermann VIII († 1356) and Friedrich XI. († 1389) for the inheritance of her brother Dietrich II, who had entered the Teutonic Order. Soldiers marched to Glauchau.
Joint ownership and the titles attached to it were also determined in the case of later divisions of inheritance or contracts of division. All persons involved in the notarization were allowed to call themselves, for example, "Herr zu Glauchau and Waldenburg" if the lords of Glauchau and Waldenburg were stipulated as joint property in a division agreement, but also if they did not own a share of this rule. Friedrich XI. von Schönburg calls himself for the first time in 1378 "Lord of Glauchau and Waldenburg" . Such division contracts and other house contracts have been handed down for the years 1431 ( Pürstein line ), 1446 (Glauchau jointly owned), 1524, 1556 (division contract, Hartenstein and Geringswalde joint property), 1582 (division of the lordships of Hartenstein, Lichtenstein and Waldenburg), 1639 (Division of the rule of Hartenstein into Hartenstein and Stein), 1681 (division of the rule of Glauchau into Fordglauchau and Hinterglauchau), 1683 (division of the rule of Fordglauchau into Peniger and Wechselburger part), 1701/1702 (division of the Waldenburg line into the branches Waldenburg, Lichtenstein , Hartenstein and Stein), 1707.
- 1446 Partition Agreement:
- Veit II von Schönburg receives the lords of Lichtenstein and Hartenstein
- Friedrich XX. von Schönburg receives Waldenburg.
- In 1556 the Schönburg lines were created through a partition contract:
- Penig (-W Wechselburg-Rochsburg) under Wolf II von Schönburg.
- Waldenburg (-Lichtenstein) under Hugo II of Schönburg.
- Glauchau (-Remse) under Georg I von Schönburg
- In 1556 a general government in Schönburg was set up that sat in Glauchau.
- 1582 Contract of inheritance of the sons of Hugo I von Schönburg:
- Georg II receives the rule of Waldenburg.
- Vitus III. the rule of Lichtenstein.
- Hugo II the rule of Hartenstein.
- House contracts are drawn up in 1604 and 1632.
- In 1610 the Schönburg-Glauchau line with Augustus von Schönburg expires.
- In 1740, after the recession, a new general government was formed with the Electorate of Saxony.
- In 1786 the Primogeniture Ordinance for the Waldenburg Line (s) is issued by Otto Carl Friedrich.
- Likewise, in 1786, the Schönburg-Hartenstein line with Friedrich Albert expires on December 18. Otto Carl Friedrich von Schönburg-Waldenburg now unites all rulers of the Waldenburg line (s) including Hartenstein in his hand.
- 1791 Attempt to establish a Waldenburg government for the Schönburg-Waldenburg line .
- 1811–1813 recesses were made about the legacy of Otto Carl Friedrich von Schönburg-Waldenburg among his sons.
- 1813 Movement of office boundaries between the dominions of Lichtenstein, Stein and Hartenstein.
- 1834 Primogeniture regulations of the princely house of Schönburg-Waldenburg .
- 1836 Dissolution of the general government and foundation of the replacing general chancellery in Castle Fordglauchau after the explanatory process of 1835 with Kursachsen.
- 1845 to 1861 joint administration of the goods of the princely line Schönburg-Waldenburg . 1861 The joint administration of the Waldenburg line (s) for Heinrich Eduard von Schönburg is canceled.
- 1854 Primogeniture regulations of the Princely House of Schönburg-Waldenburg .
- 1860 Primogeniture regulations of the Counts' House of Schönburg-Fordglauchau .
- 1860 Distribution of inheritance between Heinrich Eduard and Friedrich von Schönburg.
- 1861 Family contract for participation in community household affairs.
- 1864 Primogeniture regulations of the Counts' House of Schönburg-Hinterglauchau-Rochsburg .
- 1878 Abolition of the entire Glauchau constituency in Schönburg.
- 1883 Agreement between the members of the House of Schönburg on the division of financial compensation through the Electorate of Saxony (abolition of the Schönburg jurisdiction).
- 1900 Merger of the rulers Hinter- and Fordglauchau, after the extinction of the line Schönburg-Hinterglauchau in the male line. The Fordglauchau line is renamed Schönburg-Glauchau .
coat of arms
The family coat of arms is divided diagonally right three times by red and silver. On the helmet is a flight that is labeled like the shield. The helmet cover is red-silver.
Occasionally there are also three red diagonal bars, especially with alliance coats of arms, where the coat of arms symbols were traditionally shown "facing each other".
The first known depiction of the Schönburger coat of arms can be found on the foundation deed of the Benedictine convent Geringswalde , the Schönburg house monastery , dated January 2, 1233. This is also the first documented mention of the Schönburgers from Muldenland . The coat of arms has not survived from the earlier Schönburgers who were wealthy near Naumburg and Merseburg.
On the gate wings of Fordglauchau Castle (east gate) and in the ballroom (Blue Hall) of Waldenburg Castle , Schoenburg coats of arms can be seen, which are underlaid with the imperial eagle (as in other ruling count or princely houses or also in free imperial cities ) as a sign of imperial immediacy .
Since Emperor Leopold II appointed the Waldenburg line to the imperial princes in 1790, the entire Schönburg family has been allowed to crown its coat of arms with a princess hat decorated with Hermelin, and the great family coat of arms, as with all houses of the high nobility, is surrounded by a coat of arms .
The Schoenburg coat of arms was added to the coats of arms of the cities of Glauchau and Lichtenstein as well as the district of Zwickau:
In the last battle that Charlemagne fought against the Saxon Duke Wittekind, he was harassed. Most of his companions had already fallen, and he alone withstood the onslaught of the enemy. Suddenly a piece of rock thrown with a strong hand hit his shield. The shield shattered and Karl only had his sword for defense. Then one of his fallen companions rose and handed him his shield. No sooner had he covered himself with it than help approached and the battle could be won. He was able to find his savior alive and recognized him as a Schönburg. Until then, he only had a simple silver shield with no gem. Karl touched the bleeding wound with the ring, middle and index finger of his right hand and stroked the silver-colored shield twice, so that it was adorned with two red stripes. He said: "Schonburg, from now on this will be your symbol, your blood the coat of arms of your house."
There are also other versions of the Schönburg coat of arms saga.
Coats of arms of older lines
According to a booklet from 1981, the much older "Eastern-Thuringian" line, with its first traditional representative Ulrich von Schönburg: "Ulricus de Schunenburg" (first mentioned in 1130, last mentioned in 1166 or died), used a completely different coat of arms. They had a lying St. Andrew's cross in their shield. The line mentioned was the one on the Schönburg near Naumburg . They are also said to have owned in the diocese of Merseburg until it was sold in 1394. (This cannot refer to the Schoenburg- Crimmitschau line from Pleißenland , which died out around 1413 on the male side. This also had the well-known Schoenburg coat of arms "alternately striped diagonally in red and white", as the coat of arms of the city of Crimmitschau proves) Other books, however, claim the coat of arms of the Thuringian Schönburger is not known, so it is unknown.
Schoenburg state flag
Several watercolors created around 1867 by the Dresden landscape painter Wilhelm Gebhardt (1827–1893), in his portfolio Die Schoenburgschen Schloesser , show red and white waving flags on various palaces of the house, e.g. B. on the castles Fordglauchau, Hinterglauchau and Waldenburg. Either a central horizontal (halved) divided flag is shown, one half of which (usually the upper half) is white and the other half red, or a horizontal flag is shown in three equally high stripes (i.e. three-part). This then has two red horizontal bars (above and below) and one white horizontal (central) “bar”. A black and white reproduction of such old representations is on the cover of the booklet Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel (2005). The flags shown here are also highlighted in text: “ In Saxony's colors, simple and pure, a red-and-white banner is looped in, light is blowing from Schönburg's wreath of castles and the like. is reflected in the hollow shine! ".
The Glauchau city flag, which is still common today, was evidently derived from the flag, which is horizontally divided into two halves (white / red), by adding the Glauchau city coat of arms in the middle.
- Hermann II of Schönburg, founder of the Benedictine convent Geringswalde (1233)
- Friedrich von Schönburg († 1312), Burgrave of Kaaden
- Adelheid von Dohna († June 15, 1342/52), b. von Schönburg-Glauchau, castle countess, wife of Otto (Heide)
- Johann von Schönburg († 1555), Bishop of Gurk (1552–1555)
- Heinrich Ernst von Schönburg-Rochsburg (1760–1825), farmer and sheep farmer
- Albert von Schönburg-Hinterglauchau (1761–1841), member of the first chamber of the Estates Assembly of the Kingdom of Saxony
- Ludwig von Schönburg-Hinterglauchau (1762–1842), Bavarian major general
- Otto Victor I. von Schönburg (1785–1859), Prince von Schönburg and member of the Saxon state parliament
- Heinrich von Schönburg-Hinterglauchau (1794–1881), member of the first chamber of the Estates Assembly of the Kingdom of Saxony
- Otto Friedrich von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1819–1893), member of the Saxon state parliament and since 1859 3rd Prince of Schönburg
- Hugo zu Schönburg-Waldenburg (1822–1897), Prussian general of the infantry, Fideikommissherr at Droyßig Castle
- Alexander von Schönburg-Hartenstein (1826–1896), since 1879 1st Vice-President of the manor of the Austrian Imperial Council
- Georg von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1828–1900), Saxon cavalry general and adjutant general
- Alois Prince von Schönburg-Hartenstein (1858–1944), Austrian Colonel General and Defense Minister
- Hermann von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1865–1943), German diplomat, Fideikommissherr and manor owner
- Joachim von Schönburg-Glauchau (1873–1943), lawyer, member of the Saxon state parliament
- Otto Victor II of Schönburg (1882–1914), Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg
- Sophie Princess of Albania (1885–1936), b. Princess of Schönburg-Waldenburg
- Günther von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1887–1960), Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg
- Carl Graf von Schönburg-Glauchau (1899–1945), heir to the castles in Glauchau
- Joachim Graf von Schönburg-Glauchau (1929–1998), hunting author and politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag (1990–1994)
- Alfred Prince von Schönburg-Hartenstein (* 1953), entrepreneur, president of the Association of German Nobility Associations, ambassador of the Order of Malta in Bratislava
- Gloria Princess von Thurn and Taxis (* 1960), b. Countess von Schönburg-Glauchau, entrepreneur
- Christoph Graf von Schönburg-Glauchau (* 1962), Federal Film Prize Winner 2005, sound designer in the Oscar-winning film The Lives of Others (2007)
- Alexander Graf von Schönburg-Glauchau (* 1969), German journalist and writer
Castles and Palaces
- Achensee , Tyrol, Austria, unclear whether a castle existed here
- Alberoda : Edelhof Alberoda , Ore Mountains, Saxony
- Belgershain Castle , Leipzig district
- in the Chomutov region (Komotau), North Bohemia / Egergraben, Czech Republic:
- Hagensdorf moated castle ( Ahníkov ), Czech Republic, devastated due to lignite mining
- Hasištejn Castle (Hassenstein Castle) in Místo , from the 12th century
- Dresden : former Palais Vitzthum-Schönburg , demolished in 1885
- Droyanzig Castle , Saxony-Anhalt
- Enzesfeld Castle , Enzesfeld-Lindabrunn , Lower Austria
- Gauernitz Castle , Meißen district
- Geringswalde , Central Saxony district, the former Geringswalde castle with several outer castles, moats and small remains of a cellar wall
- Geithain , district of Leipzig, manor and castle (on the Kirchberg of the Nikolaikirche )
- in Glauchau , Zwickau district, West Saxony:
- Fordglauchau Castle (1527–1534), the first early Renaissance building in Central Germany
- Hinterglauchau Castle , former Glauchau Castle, late Gothic / Renaissance / historicism
- Widow's Palace next to Castle Fordglauchau
- Grünberg , Bautzen district, Saxony, abandoned castle
- Gusow Castle , Märkisch-Oderland district, Brandenburg
- Guteborn Castle , Oberspreewald-Lausitz district, Brandenburg, blown up in 1948, the round chapel and stables preserved
- in Hartenstein , valley of the Zwickauer Mulde, Saxon Ore Mountains, district of Zwickau, Saxony:
- Hartenstein Castle , former castle, core castle / historic castle, ruin since 1945 (used by an association), outer castle preserved and inhabited
- Stein Castle , consisting of an upper castle (around 1200) and a lower castle (around 1500)
- Hermsdorf Castle , Bautzen district, Saxony
- Hohnstein Castle , Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains District, Saxony
- Hoyerswerda Castle , Bautzen district, Saxony, former moated castle (13th century)
- Kadaň Castle , Northern Bohemia / Egergraben, Czech Republic, initially demolished after construction without royal permission, later a new royal castle was built
- in region Klášterec nad Ohří (Klösterle an der Eger), North Bohemia / Egergraben, Czech Republic:
- Ruin Nový Šumburk (Neuschönburg), today falsely known as Schönburg (Šumburk), core castle with outer bailey, residential tower ruins in the core castle, castle gate of the outer bailey and deep ditch, (late) Gothic complex, as well as the knightly manor house "Alt-Schönburg" (ruin) at the foot of the castle hill
- probably completely lost older Schönburg (Šumburk), unknown location (?) near Klösterle / Eger
- Lestkov / Rašovice: ruins of Funkštejn / Funkstein castle east of Lestkov (Leskau) and southeast of Rašovice (Roschwitz) on a ridge, minimal remains (ground monument)
- Ruins of Egerberk Castle (also Egerberg) above the village of Lestkov (Leskau) belonging to Klösterle, Gothic palace ruins and enclosing walls
- Perštejn (Pürstein) west of Klösterle: ruins of Perštejn Castle (Pürstein Castle), from the 13th century, remains of walls, parts of the palace, keep. Brunnersdorf Castle was an accessory .
- Kohren castle ruins , Leipzig district, Saxony, from the 10th century, complex with two mountain tombs
- Komořany na Moravě (German: Gundrum), former castle or manor, Drahaner Bergland, Moravia, Czech Republic
- Kladská / Auf der Glatzen, half-timbered hunting lodge near Marienbad
- Kraslice / Graslitz, former Graslitz castle on the Schlossberg, probably demolished
- Kriebstein Castle , Central Saxony district
- Hohenwang castle ruins in Langenwang , Styria, Austria, 12th century
Lichtenstein (Saxony) :
- Lichtenstein Castle , Saxon Western Ore Mountains, Zwickau district, conversion to a hotel since 2017
- Palais Lichtenstein, presumably used as apartments
- Lohmen , district of Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains, Saxony, Old Castle, Renaissance building and baroque "New Castle"
- Meerane , Zwickau district, Saxony, former Meerane castle (12th century), declined
- Castle ruins Návarov near Železný Brod , North Bohemia, Jizera Mountains, Czech Republic
- Netzschkau Castle , Saxon Vogtland, late Gothic building
- Castle-like Vorwerk Neudörfel (completely gone?), since 1923 district Neuschönburg in Mülsen- Ortmannsdorf, Ore Mountains, Saxony
- Oelsnitz , Manor Oelsnitz, partially preserved, Ore Mountains, Saxony
- Pomßen Castle , Pomßen , Leipzig district
Penig , valley of the Zwickauer Mulde, district of central Saxony:
- Old Penig Castle , former moated castle, Gothic / Renaissance
- New Penig Castle , classicist building
- Platkow in Brandenburg, former (?) Manor or castle
- formerly moated castle Ponitz , East Thuringia
- Pyšná , North Bohemia, Ore Mountains, Seeberg dominion with both castles / castle ruins Seeberg (Alt Seeberg) and Neuseeberg
- former (?) manor / Quolsdorf Castle , Quolsdorf b. Hähnichen , Upper Lusatia, Saxony
- Červená Lhota Castle (Rothlhotta), South Bohemia, Czech Republic, Renaissance moated castle
- Dominion Přísečnice (Preßnitz), Ore Mountains Ridge, Northern Bohemia, the Gothic moated castle was only built under the von Lobkowitz family
- Remse , district of Zwickau, Saxony, tower-like "Roter Stock" with extension, former monastery church and later "Remissa Castle"
- Rochsburg Castle , Zwickauer Mulde valley, Central Saxony district, late Gothic building with Renaissance renovations, Schönburg crypt
- former Schloss Rüßdorf, Bernsdorf (illustration on the oldest family tree of the Schönburgers) with manor, demolished in the 19th and 20th centuries . 20th century
- Sachsgrün Castle , Vogtland, Saxony
- Schlettau Castle , Erzgebirgskreis, Saxony, former moated castle, late Gothic / Renaissance
- Schneeberg moated castle , southern Slovenia
- Schönburg Castle , Saale Valley, Burgenlandkreis, Saxony-Anhalt (12th century), partly in ruins
Schwarzenbach an der Saale , Upper Franconia, District of Hof, Bavaria:
- Schwarzenbach Castle (formerly "Unterhof"), baroque building, currently used as a town hall,
- OT. Förbau , abandoned moated castle Förbau , former castle, renaissance castle, demolished before 1977 when a dam was built
- Schweinsburg Castle in Crimmitschau , Zwickau district, Saxony
- Hoheneck Castle in Stollberg / Erzgeb. , only foundations preserved
- Tempelhof : former manor
- Trutnov (Trautenau), Giant Mountains, Northeast Czech Republic, former castle, abandoned
- near Waldenburg , valley of the Zwickauer Mulde, district of Zwickau, Saxony:
- Waldenburg Castle (12th century), demolished, the lower part of the keep with its Staufer humpback blocks preserved
- Old Waldenburg Castle (rear and front renaissance castle), demolished in 1848 after a fire, remains are present, the portal of the rear castle has now been moved to Greenfield Park
- New Waldenburg Castle , historicist building
- Greenfield Park with parts of the "Greenfield Castle" (today a restaurant / hotel), tea house (new Grünefeld Castle) with tower (also called "Locomotive"), unused mausoleum, bath house and the like. a., at the park entrance the relocated portal of the demolished Waldenburg renaissance castle (rear castle)
- Waldheim, former castle, presumably in place of the castle with the castle church “St. Otto ”, within the Waldheim correctional facility
- in Wechselburg , valley of the Zwickauer Mulde, district of central Saxony, converted former monastery complex with:
- "Altes Schloss Wechselburg", Gothic / Renaissance
- “New Castle Wechselburg”, baroque castle
- Wehlen castle ruins (around 1200), Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains district, Saxony
- Wettin Castle , Saalekreis, Saxony-Anhalt, ancestral castle of the Wettin family, was briefly owned by the Schönburgers
- Schönburg Palace in Vienna, Austria
- Castle Žacléř (Schatzlar Castle), Giant Mountains, Northeast Czech Republic, former castle (12th century), Baroque chateau
- Ziegelheim : former manor, West Saxony
Glauchau in Saxony:
- Crypt in Schloss Hinterglauchau , currently no longer open to the public, 23 people from the Hinterglauchau line are buried here
- Crypt in the town church of St. Georgen near Castle Fordglauchau , not accessible, Hans Kaspar von Schönburg with his wife and children are buried here
- Geringswalde , former Benedictine convent Geringswalde, original burial place of the house Schönburg, since the secularization manor with later manor house, largely demolished after 1945
- Crypt in Lichtenstein Castle , 20 interred, several metal coffins, only accessible on special dates
- Crypt in Rochsburg Castle , several metal coffins, can be seen during a tour of the castle chapel
- Crypt in the village church in Rochsburg , buried several Schönburger here, u. a. Count August Ernst von Schönburg-Rochsburg (1666–1729)
- Crypt in Hermsdorf Castle , Ottendorf-Okrilla , Saxony
- Remse , crypt in the Romanesque village church of St. Georgen, three coffins, inaccessible
Waldenburg (Saxony) :
- in the Waldenburg upper town in the St. Bartholomäus church (end of the 15th century) is a crypt. Here, after his death on February 4, 1566, Hugo I, Lord of Waldenburg and Lichtenstein, ancestor of the Waldenburg line, was buried in the crypt. His epitaph from 1567 (by the Dresden sculptor Christoph Walther II) is now in the south aisle of the church. It is said to have been moved here from the chapel of the old Waldenburg Castle.
- Mausoleum in Gruen Field Park , unused due to the presence of groundwater , commissioned by his wife for Otto Carl Friedrich von Schönburg-Waldenburg from 1820–1830
- Wechselburg , crypt in the Romanesque collegiate church of the former Benedictine monastery, to this day burial place of the Counts of Schönburg-Glauchau ( Joachim Count von Schönburg-Glauchau buried in 1998 ), not accessible
- Guteborn , cemetery: Ulrich Georg Prince von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1869–1939) and other family members
- Salzburg : Prince Günther von Schönburg-Waldenburg, who died in 1960, was buried next to his wife Herta (1890–1959) in the Salzburg municipal cemetery.
- Dresden , Trinitatisfriedhof, on March 26, 1864, Count Alban von Schönburg (1804–1864) was buried here and in 1880 his wife, née. Countess Amalie Christiane Marie von Jenison-Walworth, called Emilie or Emmy.
- Paris Cemetery Père Lachaise : Countess Anna Leopoldine Albertine Wilhelmine von Schönburg-Fordglauchau-Penig-Wechselburg (1775–1826), b. Countess von Wartensleben
- Antwerp , cathedral : Ernst I. von Schönburg-Glauchau (* around 1456 - † January 26, 1490)
- near Kladská / "Auf der Glatzen" near Marienbad, Prince Otto Sigismund von Schönburg-Waldenburg (April 8, 1866 Waldenburg - November 11, 1936 on the Glatzen) is here in the forest under Lydna (Glatzenberg) - probably without his wife Emilie Friederike (1876–1964), née Handschke - buried (source: information board in Kladská) ( ).
Special buildings and monuments
- Lookout tower "Schönburgwarte" in Schwarzenbach an der Saale (Upper Franconia, Bavaria): New construction from 1954 (apparently in the form of the preserved keep of the abandoned Waldenburg Castle ), original wooden tower built with the help of Prince Ernst von Schönburg-Waldenburg until 1884 on the Great Kornberg
- Greenfield Park (1780–1797) near Waldenburg (Saxony), important English landscape garden "Greenfield" of Count Otto Carl Friedrich von Schönburg-Waldenburg. Originally about 53 structures. Today still parts of the castle "Greenfield" (now restaurant) - or also called "Grünefeld" today - so-called "bath house", former artificial grotto (collapsed and then sealed), unused mausoleum, tea house with tower (also called "locomotive" because of its shape), temple "Hirschtränke" and at the park entrance the implemented portal of the demolished renaissance castle of Waldenburg (old rear castle). Park open to the public.
- Building of the natural history cabinet in Waldenburg (Saxony): in it as a "museum in a museum" a historical collection of curiosities from the 18th to 19th centuries, consisting of minerals, physical measuring devices, animal preparations (including malformations with several heads), butterflies, an Egyptian mummy with an ornament Wooden coffin, a chastity belt (probably forged in the 18th century), tusks of the arctic narwhal .
Portrait and court painter, lithographer of the house
(sorted by date of birth)
- Anton Graff (1736–1813), in Glauchau on the Fordglauchau line
- Johann Christian Klengel (1751–1824), worked for the princely line of Waldenburg
- Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun (1755-1842), active for the princely line of Schönburg-Hartenstein
- Christian Leberecht Vogel (1759–1816), court painter and drawing teacher for the princely line of Waldenburg
- Gottlieb Samuel Stamm (1763–1814), engraver, worked for Linie Waldenburg
- Johann Friedrich Wizani (1770–1838), painter and etcher, illustrations of Schönburg castles
- Jacob Wilhelm Christian Roux (1771–1830), worked for the Fordglauchau line
- Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein (1788–1868), active for the Hinterglauchau line
- Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Wegener (1812–1879)
- August Friedrich Pecht (1814–1903), active for the Fordglauchau-Penig-Wechselburg line in Wechselburg
- Hanns Hanfstaengel (1820–1885), lithographer
- Wilhelm Gebhardt (1827–1893), active in Glauchau, among others
- Moritz Müller (painter 1824-1894, Dresden) , active for the line Fordglauchau
- Paul Kießling (1836-1919), worked for the line for Fordglauchau
- Egon Josef Kossuth (1874–1949), active for the Schönburg-Glauchau line
- Adolph Johannes Fischer (1885–1936), active for the Schönburg-Hartenstein line
- Moritz Müller (1807–1865), known as Feuermüller, painter, works for the line Fordglauchau
Special exhibitions about the Schönburgers
From 1990 to 1991 the special exhibition The Schönburger, Economy, Politics, Culture took place in the Museum Schloss Hinterglauchau , for which the book of the same name was published in 1990. The book is divided into the following chapters: For guidance (foreword) / Empire, region and the Schönburg / Schönburg possessions at a glance / Coat of arms / Castles and palaces / Mining / Guilds and manufacture / Schönburg jurisdiction / The territory in times of war / Art (paintings, Furniture and everyday objects) / Church and art (ecclesiastical art, altars, carvings and figures, epithaphe, etc.) / musical life and music care.
From 1998 to 2001 the VW Foundation financed the project “The Saxon State Parliaments and the Schönburg Rulers”. As a result, the brochure Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel was published.
Families with similar names
- Schönberg (partly also Schomberg), an aristocratic family widespread in Saxony, which may have a common origin with the von Schönburg or also did ministerial service on the Schönburg an der Saale.
- from 1174 occupied episcopal Naumburg ministerials who called themselves "Schönburg" on / after the Schönburg an der Saale, where they performed their service (possibly identical to the sex discussed here or to those previously listed by Schönberg).
- Schönburg auf Wesel (also: Schönberg / Schomberg), Rhineland noble family
- Lords of Schönburg in Lower Bavaria
Notes on older literature about the house
Initially initiated in part by the Counts and Princes of Schönburg themselves, specialist books and book series / prints on the history of the Schönburgers, their lordships and residences, the Reformation in Schönburg or the desert and much more were published towards the end of the 19th century
On April 26, 1893, the Schönburg archive secretary Dr. Giefel and his colleague Theodor Schön (1855–1911) commissioned to write a story for the House of Schönburg . Between 1901 and 1910 Theodor Schön published eight volumes and a supplement to the document book of the House of Schönburg in Waldenburg / Saxony. This literature is also named as a history of the princely and ducal Gesa mm thauses Schoenburg. Document book of the Lords of Schönburg . Supplementary volume no. 108 is said not to have been published in bookshops. In 1911 Otto Ackermann published in Weida / Thuringia the philosophical dissertation "The Development of Agriculture on the Vorwerke of the Schönburg Lordship of Wechselburg and Penig from the 16th Century to the Present" (at the University of Leipzig).
Some publications appeared in Waldenburg under the influence of the royal court there and its regular "Waldenburg Round Table" (1921–1931 and 1936–1939). Other publications appeared in Glauchau or Meerane. To be mentioned here are:
- From Schönburgische Landen , at least 7 booklets, Meerane, no year
- Schönburg house calendar / writing calendar (with scientific articles), Waldenburg, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1913, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1927
- Schönburgische Geschichtsblätter , Waldenburg, 1894–1900 and 1913–1917
- Schönburgische Heimatbücher , Glauchau, at least 9 booklets, booklet 9 published in 1936
Other authors who published early specialist articles in the context of the Schönburg residences are Conrad Müller (1858–1935):
- Schönburg, history of the house up to the Reformation , Leipzig 1931 as well
- " Paul Fleming and the Schönburg House", Waldenburg 1939, in "Messages from the Schönburg-Waldenburg Family Association Schloss Waldenburg 6, (Ed .: Walter Schlesinger )
- "Foundation and history of the Geringswalde monastery " (about the Schönburg house monastery !), Waldenburg 1920, (unpublished manuscript from the estate edited by Ernst Eckardt ).
Reinhold Hofmann (publishing around 1900)
Ernst Eckardt (1819–1892), chronicler of the city of Glauchau:
- Chronicle of Glauchau (Glauchau 1882), which contains a history of the House of Schönburg as a chapter.
Fritz Resch (1879–1956) was the author of several articles in Die Heimat (supplement to the Glauchauer Zeitung) and Heimatwarte (supplement to the Glauchauer Tagesblatt) as well as in the Schönburgische Geschichtsbl Blätter . He also wrote the articles:
- Schönburg military system from the 13th to the 19th century (Glauchau 1935)
- "The history of the newspaper industry in Schönburg" (in the monthly "Die Heimat", Glauchau 1921)
- "Penal laws etc. in the 16th to 18th centuries in the Schönburg area", (in "Die Heimat", No. 10, Glauchau 1928)
- "Contributions to the history of private law in Schönburg in the 15th to 18th centuries", (in "Schönburgische Heimatbücher 3", Glauchau 1933)
- On the administration of justice in a Schönburg vassal village in the 16th and 17th centuries ", (in:" Schönburgische Geschichtsblätter 6 ", 1899/1900, p. 26ff)
- "100 years of unified Glauchau", (in: "Die Heimat", Glauchau 1931)
Ultimately, Walter Schlesinger , who was born in Glauchau, should be mentioned:
- The Schönburg lands up to the end of the Middle Ages (Dissertation Uni Leipzig 1934, published in Dresden 1935)
- The Schönburg office of Glauchau in the 16th century (Glauchau 1937) and
- The sovereignty of the Lords of Schönburg (Münster 1954)
The freshly graduated Walter Schlesinger was commissioned by Prince Günther von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1887–1960) to work out the monograph Die Landesherrschaft der Herren von Schönburg . This work was only partially completed.
- Schönburg . In: Brockhaus Bilder-Conversations-Lexikon . 1st edition. Volume 4, FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1837-1841, pp. 103-104 .
- Adolph Grützner: Monograph on the princely and countial house of Schönburg. Leipzig 1847. ( digitized version )
- Schönburg . In: Heinrich August Pierer , Julius Löbe (Hrsg.): Universal Lexicon of the Present and the Past . 4th edition. tape 15 . Altenburg 1862, p. 378 ( zeno.org ).
- Adolph Michaelis : The constitutional conditions of the princes and counts lords of Schönburg. Ferber, Giessen 1861.
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Schönburg, the princes, genealogy . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 31st part. Imperial and Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1876, pp. 144–146 ( digitized version ).
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Schönburg, coat of arms . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 31st part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1876, p. 147 ( digitized version ).
- Hermann Grote : Lords, Counts and Princes of Schönburg. In: Family Tables with Appendix, Calendarium medii aevi. Leipzig 1877, p. 252 f. (Reprint: ISBN 3-921695-59-7 ).
- Theodor Beautiful: history of the Princely and Count's Gesa mm thauses Schoenburg. Document book vol. 1–8, supplementary volume. Stuttgart / Waldenburg, 1901–1910 Digital copy from SLUB Dresden (accessed on August 11, 2017).
- Schönburg . In: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon . 6th edition. Volume 17, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1909, pp. 949–950 .
- Schönburg . In: Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon . 5th edition. Volume 2, F. A. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1911, p. 651 .
- Otto Posse : The ancestors of the Princely and Countess House of Schönburg. Dresden 1914.
- Konrad Müller: Schönburg. The history of the house up to the Reformation. or The history of the House of Schönburg up to the Reformation. Leipzig 1931.
- Walter Schlesinger : The Schönburgische Lande up to the end of the Middle Ages. Writings for local research 2, Dresden 1935.
- Walter Schlesinger: The sovereignty of the Lords of Schönburg. A study on the history of the state in Germany. Sources and studies on the constitutional history of the German Empire in the Middle Ages and Modern Times IX / 1, Böhlau, Münster / Cologne 1954.
- Matthias Frickert: The descendants of the 1st Prince of Schönburg. Klaus Adam, Glauchau 1992.
- Genealogical manual of the nobility , Adelslexikon Volume XIII, Volume 128 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 2002, ISSN 0435-2408
- Enno Bünz : Schönburg, gentlemen of. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , pp. 399-401 ( digitized version ).
- Bruno Alexander Hanschmann: Short chronicle of the city of Waldenburg and the Princely House of Schönburg-Waldenburg , Waldenburg 1880
- Hans Ernst Schmidt: The recession between Saxony and Schönburg , Leipzig 1910 (on the loss of the legal independence of the Schönburg rulers and their gradual integration into the Electorate of Saxony)
- Family list of the House of Schönburg
- Schoenburg dominions
- Countly Schönburg Castle Company
- List of Thuringian knight families
- Princes, Counts and Lords of Schönburg in the Saxon Biography , accessed on July 25, 2017
- Literature about Schönburg in the Saxon Bibliography
- Genealogy database of the princes and counts of Schönburg
- Coat of arms of the Lords of Schönburg in the register of arms, especially of German families , Augsburg, 1515–1650
- Lords of Schönburg-Waldenburg in the Wildenfels Castle Archives
- ^ Author collective, u. a. Helmut Bräuer, Robby Joachim Götze, Steffen Winkler and Wolf-Dieter Röber : The Schönburger, economy, politics, culture . Brochure for the special exhibition of the same name 1990–1991 in the Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1990, chap. Coat of arms p. 17
- ↑ Codex diplomaticus Saxoniae regiae I, 2, No. 83 ( p. 65, lines 26f. ) And Otto Dorbencker : Regesta histor. Thuring. 1, No. 1249, or 2, No. 166, 210 and 320
- ↑ See BSLK , p. 16 and p. 765.
- ↑ Hermann Knothe : History of the Upper Lusatian Nobility and its Goods: vom XIII. until the end of the XVI. Century . Vol. 1. Leipzig 1879, pp. 311-312.
- ^ Author collective: Die Schönburger, Wirtschaft, Politik, Kultur. Brochure for the special exhibition of the same name 1990–1991 in the Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1990, chap. The territory in wartime, p. 69 ( Ernst-Günter Lattka ).
- ^ Matthias Donath: 100 Years of Waldenburg Castle 1912–2012. Zwickau 2012, ISBN 978-3-9811118-7-3 , p. 9
- ↑ K. Fleck, Ralph Zenker and others: Waldenburg. On the history of the city and its sights: local history museum and natural history cabinet Waldenburg. Revised edition. Edited by the Waldenburg city administration. Waldenburg 1990, p. 9.
- ↑ Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel , editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, pp. 10–42, in chronological order
- ↑ cf. in addition u. a. Müller, Konrad: Schönburg. The history of the house up to the Reformation, Leipzig 1931, pp. 66–74. as well as Götze, Robby Joachim: Glauchau in three centuries vol. 1, Glauchau 2001.
- ↑ Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel , editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, p. 7
- ↑ Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel , editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, p. 30
- ^ Matthias Donath: 100 Years of Waldenburg Castle 1912–2012. Zwickau 2012, ISBN 978-3-9811118-7-3 , p. 10 and Coat of arms illustration p. 11
- ↑ Viktor Karell : The coat of arms of the Schönburge , In: Burgen und Schlösser des Erzgebirge and Egertal. Vol. 1, Vinzenz Uhl Verlagbuchhandlung, Kaaden , 1935. P. 97
- ↑ Steffen Winkler: Das Wappenschild der Schönburger , In: Schriftenreihe special edition (legends and legendary stories from Glauchau and the surrounding area), Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau, 1981, pp. 8–9
- ↑ Steffen Winkler: Das Wappenschild der Schönburger , In: Schriftenreihe special issue (legends and legendary stories from Glauchau and the surrounding area), Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau, 1981, here p. 9
- ↑ Series of publications. Booklet 10. Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1994, cover illustration and description on p. 90.
- ^ Author collective: Die Schönburger, Wirtschaft, Politik, Kultur. Brochure for the special exhibition of the same name 1990–1991 in the museum and art collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1990, cover picture: Schloss Fordglauchau after Wilhelm Gebhardt around 1867, colored watercolor, flag at Schloss Hinterglauchau
- ↑ K. Fleck, Ralph Zenker and others: Waldenburg. On the history of the city and its sights: local history museum and natural history cabinet Waldenburg. Revised edition. Edited by the Waldenburg city administration. Waldenburg 1990, cover picture: Watercolor (castle) "Waldenburg" 1867 by Wilhelm Gebhardt
- ↑ Special edition series (on Georgius Agricola), Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1994, p. 45: Gouache by F. Wünschmann around 1840 (illustration of the Glauchau castles)
- ↑ Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel , editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, cover picture
- ↑ Robby Joachim Götze: On the funeral of Count August Ernst von Schönburg 1729 , In: Series of publications Heft 12, Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau, 2008, pp. 19-30
- ↑ various authors (including Ralf Zenker): Waldenburg, The history of the city - its sights, local history museum and natural history cabinet , Waldenburg city administration, 1990, p. 10 and 17th
- ↑ various authors (including Ralf Zenker): Waldenburg, The history of the city - its sights, local history museum and natural history cabinet , Waldenburg city administration, 1990, p. 20
- ↑ various authors (including Ralf Zenker): Waldenburg, The history of the city - its sights, local history museum and natural history cabinet , Waldenburg city administration, 1990, p. 14
- ↑ Robby Joachim Götze: Count Alban von Schönburg (1804–1864) in portraits of his time , in: Series of publications Heft 10, Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1994, p. 46: Burial on the Dresden Trinitatisfriedhof
- ↑ Robby Joachim Götze: Count Alban von Schönburg (1804–1864) in portraits of his time , in: Series of publications Heft 10, Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1994, p. 43
- ^ Author collective, u. a. Helmut Bräuer, Robby Joachim Götze, Steffen Winkler and Wolf-Dieter Röber: The Schönburger, economy, politics, culture . Brochure for the special exhibition of the same name 1990–1991 in the Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1990, chap. The Territory in Time of War, p. 71
- ^ Robby Joachim Götze: Count Alban von Schönburg (1804–1864) in portraits of his time . In: Series 10, Museum und Kunstsammlung Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1994, p. 27, p. 42–66, p. 90
- ^ Author collective, u. a. Helmut Bräuer, Robby Joachim Götze, Steffen Winkler and Wolf-Dieter Röber: The Schönburger, economy, politics, culture . Brochure for the special exhibition of the same name 1990–1991 in the Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1990, chap. Art, pp. 81–90 and p. 77, p. 79
- ↑ Series of publications Heft 11, Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1999, p. 31
- ↑ Between Count's Crown and Parade Helmet, On the 100th anniversary of the death of the last Count of Schönburg-Hinterglauchau (Richard Clemens von Schönburg-Hinterglauchau), flyer for the exhibition in Museum Schloss Hinterglauchau, March to October 2001
- ^ Exhibition in the Museum Schloss Hinterglauchau, north wing, 1st floor, information boards in the Classicism room and in the Historicism Salon, Glauchau, 2020
- ↑ Series of publications, issue 6, Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1986, p. 5
- ^ Author collective, u. a. Helmut Bräuer , Robby Joachim Götze, Steffen Winkler and Wolf-Dieter Röber : The Schönburger, economy, politics, culture . Contributions to the history of the Muldenland territory and the county of Hartenstein under the conditions of the Schönburg sovereignty. Brochure for the special exhibition of the same name from 1990–1991 in the museum and art collection of Schloss Hinterglauchau. Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1990, 116 pages (Chapter: To the escort / Reich, region and the Schönburg / Schönburg possessions at a glance / Coats of arms / Castles and palaces / Mining / Guild system and manufacture / Schönburg jurisdiction / The territory in times of war / Art / Church and art / musical life and music care)
- ↑ Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel , editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, foreword p. 5
- ↑ Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel , editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, entry 1901–1910 in a chronologically ordered list, p. 42
- ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau, publisher: Enno Bünz, Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, entry 1335 on p. 126
- ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau, editor: Enno Bünz, Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, source no. 60 on p. 104
- ↑ Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel , editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, entry 1921–1931 and 1936–1939 in a chronologically ordered list, p. 42 u. 43
- ↑ Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte, Eine Zeittafel , editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, entry 1894–1900 in a chronologically ordered list, p. 42
- ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau, publisher: Enno Bünz, Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, Müller, Conrad in the register p. 152
- ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau, editor: Enno Bünz, Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, source no. 7 on p. 184
- ↑ 
- ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau, publisher: Enno Bünz, Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, Eckardt, Ernst in the register p. 147
- ↑ 
- ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau, publisher: Enno Bünz, Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, "Schrifttum" p. 80
- ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau, editor: Enno Bünz, Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, "Literatur" pp. 30/97/125.
- ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau, editor: Enno Bünz, Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, table of contents and p. 11