Franz Hanfstaengl came from a long-established farming family from Baiernrain near Tölz and, on the recommendation of the village school teacher, entered the drawing class at the holiday school in Munich run by Hermann Josef Mitterer in 1816 . He was trained in lithography , had contact with Alois Senefelder and studied 1819-25 at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich.
From 1825 to 1833 he created a lithographic collection of portraits of important personalities in Bavaria (“Corpus Imaginum”).
As a portrait lithographer for the Munich society, Hanfstaengl, known as "Graf Litho" , soon enjoyed great popularity. In 1833 he founded his own lithographic institute in Munich, which he managed until 1868 and to which he attached an art print shop in 1853. 1835–52 Hanfstaengl produced around 200 lithographic reproductions of masterpieces from the Dresden Picture Gallery and published them in a portfolio. Hanfstaengl moved to Dresden for this purpose.
Franz Hanfstaengl learned how to use a camera through the photographer Alois Locher . In 1852, he and his brother-in-law Moritz Eduard Lotze (1809–90) opened an "aristical photographic studio". He later became a court photographer and created portraits of famous people, including a of King Ludwig II of Bavaria , Otto von Bismarcks and Empress Elisabeth of Austria .
He influenced his brother-in-law, the Austrian doctor, inventor and politician Norbert Pfretzschner senior in developing a photographic dry plate in 1866. He was the father of the businessman Edgar Hanfstaengl and the grandfather of the politician Ernst Hanfstaengl .
Franz Hanfstaengl was married to Franziska Wegmaier (1811–61).
"Franz Hanfstaengl" art publisher
The establishment he founded in 1833 continued under his name as an art publisher after his death until 1980. From 1868 onwards, Franz Hanfstaengl's son Edgar, who worked commercially and overseas, professionalized this business . In his novella Gladius Dei , published in 1902, the writer Thomas Mann ironically ironized its mass duplication of art by describing it and its "reproduction industry" as "Blüthenzweig art dealership".
Franz Hanfstaengl had left the lithographic studio that remained in Dresden to his brothers Johann (called Hanns) (1820–1885) and Max (1817–1875). Hanns was also a lithographer and probably moved to Dresden at the end of the 1830s. From 1860 a photographic studio was also shown. From March 1864 it was called "Hanns Hanfstaengl". From October 1, 1868, the photographer Carl August Teich (1837–1887) was the owner. Teich, who later became a court photographer, traded under the name "Hanns Hanfstaengl successor CA Teich" or "Teich-Hanfstaengl".
Kunstverlag Hanfstaengl's successor
The art publishing house and commission house "Hanfstaengl's Nachsteiger" founded by Hanns Hanfstaengl in June 1867 in Berlin was sold to Eduard Müller in December 1872.
- Medal with a letter on the occasion of the exhibition in Brussels in 1856.
- Medal for good taste for portrait photographs, reproductions and enlargements on the occasion of the 1873 World Exhibition in Vienna ( Department of Photography).
The tomb of Hanfstaengl is on the old southern cemetery in Munich (burial ground 2 - Row 7 - 37th) .
- Helmut Heß: Hanfstaengl, Franz Seraph . In: General Artist Lexicon . The visual artists of all times and peoples (AKL). Volume 69, de Gruyter, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-598-23036-3 , p. 93 f.
- Helmut Heß: The art publisher Franz Hanfstaengl and the early photographic art reproduction. The work of art and its image. Akademischer Verlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-932965-35-3 .
- Heinz Gebhardt: Franz Hanfstaengl - From lithography to photography. Beck, Munich 1984, ISBN 3-406-09586-0 , table of contents (PDF) .
- Egon Hanfstaengl: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966, ISBN 3-428-00188-5 , p. 614 f. ( ). In:
- Friedrich Pecht : Hanfstaengel, Franz . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 10, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1879, p. 512.
- Christian Diener / Graham Fulton-Smith (ed.): Franz Hanfstaengl. Contemporary album. Photos 1853 to 1863. , with an introduction by Helmut Gernsheim, Wilhelm Heyne Verlag, Munich, 1975, ISBN 9783453520189 and ISBN 3-453-52018-1
- Fritz von Ostini : On the hundredth birthday of Franz Hanfstaengl . In: The art of our time , XIV vol., 1st HB, Franz Hanfstaengl, Munich 1904, pp. 71–74 http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Ddiekunstunsererz151mnuoft~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D71~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- Literature by and about Franz Hanfstaengl in the catalog of the German National Library
- Helmut Heß: Art Publishing House Franz Hanfstaengl. In: Historical Lexicon of Bavaria. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, June 28, 2006, accessed on January 14, 2019 .
- Author: Rudolf Schmidt: German bookseller. German book printer. Volume 2. Berlin / Eberswalde 1903, pp. 369-371 at Zeno.org .
- First entry "Franz Hanfstaengl" in the address book of Dresden 1836, last entry 1845; Entry 1843 “royal. Lithographer and Councilor ”.
- Helmut Heß: Kunstverlag Franz Hanfstaengl , article from August 18, 2010 in the online lexicon Historisches Lexikon Bayerns , accessed on January 1, 2012
- According to the entries in the Dresden address books
- The Advances of Industry in Kingdom Stuff . The photograph. In: General Illustrated Industry and Art Newspaper . Leipzig and Vienna 1875, p. 321 http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D6aUvaTuBP6sC~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3DPA321~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- Hermann Schulz (Ed.): General address book for the German book trade , the antiquarian, colportage, art, map and music trade as well as related branches of business, Volume 35, Otto August Schulz, Leipzig undated, p. 110 –111, http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DfEJaAAAAcAAJ~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3DPA110~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- Wilhelm Horn: Photographisches Journal , 7th volume, pp. 33–34.
- Dr. E. Hornig (Ed.): Photographische Correspondenz , 10th year, Vienna, 1873, p. 83
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Hanfstaengl, Franz Seraph; Hemp stalk, Franz|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter, lithographer and photographer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 1, 1804|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Baiernrain near Bad Tölz|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 18, 1877|
|Place of death||Munich|