Franz Hanfstaengl

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Franz Hanfstaengl by Friedrich Dürck , 1838
Heinrich Ludwig von Erdmannsdorf (1776–1853), lithograph, around 1835
Franz Hanfstaengl, 1876/77
Grave of Franz Hanfstaengl in the old southern cemetery in Munich location

Franz Seraph Hanfstaengl (born March 1, 1804 in Baiernrain near Tölz , † April 18, 1877 in Munich ) was a German painter , lithographer and photographer .


Franz Hanfstaengl came from a long-established farming family from Baiernrain near Tölz and, on the recommendation of the village school teacher, entered the drawing class at the holiday school in Munich run by Hermann Josef Mitterer in 1816 . He was trained in lithography , had contact with Alois Senefelder and studied 1819-25 at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich.

From 1825 to 1833 he created a lithographic collection of portraits of important personalities in Bavaria (“Corpus Imaginum”).

As a portrait lithographer for the Munich society, Hanfstaengl, known as "Graf Litho" , soon enjoyed great popularity. In 1833 he founded his own lithographic institute in Munich, which he managed until 1868 and to which he attached an art print shop in 1853. 1835–52 Hanfstaengl produced around 200 lithographic reproductions of masterpieces from the Dresden Picture Gallery and published them in a portfolio. Hanfstaengl moved to Dresden for this purpose.

Franz Hanfstaengl learned how to use a camera through the photographer Alois Locher . In 1852, he and his brother-in-law Moritz Eduard Lotze (1809–90) opened an "aristical photographic studio". He later became a court photographer and created portraits of famous people, including a of King Ludwig II of Bavaria , Otto von Bismarcks and Empress Elisabeth of Austria .

He won a gold medal at the Paris World's Fair in 1855 for showing retouched photographs. Franz Hanfstaengl is therefore considered the inventor of negative retouching.

He influenced his brother-in-law, the Austrian doctor, inventor and politician Norbert Pfretzschner senior in developing a photographic dry plate in 1866. He was the father of the businessman Edgar Hanfstaengl and the grandfather of the politician Ernst Hanfstaengl .

Franz Hanfstaengl was married to Franziska Wegmaier (1811–61).

"Franz Hanfstaengl" art publisher

The establishment he founded in 1833 continued under his name as an art publisher after his death until 1980. From 1868 onwards, Franz Hanfstaengl's son Edgar, who worked commercially and overseas, professionalized this business . In his novella Gladius Dei , published in 1902, the writer Thomas Mann ironically ironized its mass duplication of art by describing it and its "reproduction industry" as "Blüthenzweig art dealership".

Hanns Hanfstaengl

Franz Hanfstaengl had left the lithographic studio that remained in Dresden to his brothers Johann (called Hanns) (1820–1885) and Max (1817–1875). Hanns was also a lithographer and probably moved to Dresden at the end of the 1830s. From 1860 a photographic studio was also shown. From March 1864 it was called "Hanns Hanfstaengl". From October 1, 1868, the photographer Carl August Teich (1837–1887) was the owner. Teich, who later became a court photographer, traded under the name "Hanns Hanfstaengl successor CA Teich" or "Teich-Hanfstaengl".

Kunstverlag Hanfstaengl's successor

The art publishing house and commission house "Hanfstaengl's Nachsteiger" founded by Hanns Hanfstaengl in June 1867 in Berlin was sold to Eduard Müller in December 1872.


  • Medal with a letter on the occasion of the exhibition in Brussels in 1856.
  • Medal for good taste for portrait photographs, reproductions and enlargements on the occasion of the 1873 World Exhibition in Vienna ( Department of Photography).


The tomb of Hanfstaengl is on the old southern cemetery in Munich (burial ground 2 - Row 7 - 37th) Location .


Web links

Commons : Franz Hanfstaengl  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. ^ First entry "Franz Hanfstaengl" in the address book of Dresden 1836, last entry 1845; Entry 1843 “royal. Lithographer and Councilor ”.
  2. Helmut Heß: Kunstverlag Franz Hanfstaengl , article from August 18, 2010 in the online lexicon Historisches Lexikon Bayerns , accessed on January 1, 2012
  3. ^ According to the entries in the Dresden address books
  4. The Advances of Industry in Kingdom Stuff . The photograph. In: General Illustrated Industry and Art Newspaper . Leipzig and Vienna 1875, p. 321 digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D6aUvaTuBP6sC~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3DPA321~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
  5. Hermann Schulz (Ed.): General address book for the German book trade , the antiquarian, colportage, art, map and music trade as well as related branches of business, Volume 35, Otto August Schulz, Leipzig undated, p. 110 –111, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DfEJaAAAAcAAJ~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3DPA110~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
  6. ^ Wilhelm Horn: Photographisches Journal , 7th volume, pp. 33–34.
  7. Dr. E. Hornig (Ed.): Photographische Correspondenz , 10th year, Vienna, 1873, p. 83