Friedrich Pecht

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Friedrich Pecht, 1857

August Friedrich Pecht (born October 2, 1814 in Konstanz , † April 24, 1903 in Munich ) was a German history and portrait painter , lithographer and art writer .


Pecht comes from the marriage between the lithographer Andreas Pecht and his wife Susanna Gänsli. He received his first artistic lessons from his father and also trained as a lithographer. At the age of 19, Pecht became a student at the royal art academy in Munich in 1833 . There he soon joined Peter Hess , Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld and the sculptor Konrad Eberhard .

In 1833 Pecht became an assistant to Franz Hanfstaengl in Munich and went to Dresden with him in 1835 . However, through teaching at the academy, Pecht later switched from lithography to painting. After his initial success in portrait drawing, the painter Paul Delaroche took him in 1839 in Paris for two years in his studio. In the same year he was accepted into the Leipzig Freemason Lodge Minerva to the three palms .

Lithograph Club de Casino , 1849
"What? the Lightning!
That's Gustel from Blasewitz ! ”
In Wallenstein's camp ( Schiller Gallery );
Steel engraving by Conrad Geyer after Pecht, around 1859
Karl Moor from The Robbers ;
Engraving from Sichling to Pecht, Schiller Gallery

In 1841 Pecht returned to Munich and settled there as a freelance painter. Until 1844 he lived alternately there and in Constance. Pecht spent the years 1844 to 1847 in Leipzig and Dresden. Between 1835 and 1850 Pecht made the acquaintance of Gustav Freytag , Heinrich Heine , Heinrich Laube , Gottfried Semper , Richard Wagner and others. v. a.

In 1852 Pecht married Clothilde Clementine, a daughter of the Württemberg finance councilor Joseph von Vogel, in Ulm . He had a daughter with her.

Pecht spent the years 1851 to 1852 and again from 1853 to 1854 in Italy. On both trips he also spent a long time in Rome to study antiquity. When he returned to Germany in 1854, he settled in Munich for the rest of his life. There his z. Large-format oil paintings from the life of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller ; mostly as commissioned work by the Grand Duke of Baden Leopold . Pecht also created illustrations for German classics together with Arthur von Ramberg . a. Schiller Gallery , Goethe Gallery and Lessing Gallery . To the Shakespeare gallery , which u. a. was created by Max Adamo , Pecht wrote the texts and made his debut as a knowledgeable art writer.

During these years Pecht was also commissioned to redesign a hall of the Munich Maximilianeum with several monumental works . Pecht showed meritorious generals and statesmen from Bavarian history in twelve pictures. Together with his colleague Fritz Schwörer , whom he knew from his time at the academy, Pecht was commissioned by the city of Constance to decorate the great hall of the Constance Council building . Here, too, Pecht took up the history of the city and a. represents the election of Pope Martin V of 1417.

Title page Die Kunst für Alle , edited by Friedrich Pecht, 1891/92

From around 1854 Pecht worked almost exclusively as an editor for the art section of the Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitung in Munich. For them he then reported exclusively on the world exhibitions in Paris ( 1867 , 1868, 1889 ) and 1873 in Vienna.

His wife died in 1874, and from then on his daughter ran his household for him.

In 1885 Pecht was entrusted with the management of the magazine Die Kunst für Alle . In addition, Pecht published in various daily newspapers (including Süddeutsche Presse (Munich), Neue Presse (Vienna), Daily Rundschau (Berlin)) on all sorts of topics relating to art, well over 1500 articles. Basically, Pecht was a representative of the conservative direction; but from 1870/71 on the Franco-Prussian War , Pecht's articles became testimony to German national consciousness .


  • Schiller Gallery Characters from Schiller's works. Drawn by Friedrich Pecht and Arthur von Ramberg. Fifty sheets in steel engraving with explanatory texts by Friedrich Pecht.
  • Goethe Gallery. Characters from Goethe's works. Drawn by Friedrich Pecht and Arthur von Ramberg characters from Goethe's works.
  • In 1863 Pecht's drawing of Ignaz Heinrich von Wessenberg appeared in: Die Gartenlaube .
  • Lessing Gallery. Characters from Lessing's works.
  • Shakespeare Gallery. Characters and scenes from Shakespeare's dramas / with explanatory texts by Friedrich Pecht. Drawn by Max Adamo, Heinrich Hofmann, Hanns Makart, Friedrich Pecht, Fritz Schwoerer, August and Heinrich Spieß. 36 sheets in steel engraving by Georg Goldberg, Alfred Krauße, Tobias Bauer u. a.


  • Tropical fruits. Sketches by a painter. Weber, Leipzig, 1854
    1. Venice - Rome
    2. Naples - Florence
  • (Co-author): Historical-topographical-artistic travel guide for visitors to the lagoon city. Literary-artistic department of the Austrian Lloyd, Triest 1857, 2nd (1857) and 3rd edition (1862).
  • Six months in Rome. Leipzig, JJ Weber, 1859 (= Weber's Illustr. Travel Bibl. Series II, XVII).
  • Austrian Lloyd (literary and artistic department): Venice's art treasures. Trieste 1860.
  • Art and the art industry at the Vienna World Exhibition in 1873. Cotta, Stuttgart 1873.
  • Art and the art industry at the Paris World Exhibition in 1878. Cotta, Stuttgart 1878.
  • German artist of the 19th century. Studies and memories. Beck, Nördlingen 1877-84 (4 volumes).
  • History of Munich Art in the 19th Century. Publishing house for art and science, Munich 1888 ( digitized).
  • From my time. Life memories. Publishing House for Art and Science, Munich 1894.
  • Franz Winterhalter. In: Baden biographies. Heidelberg 1875, pp. 510-517 ( digitized version ).

Friedrich Pecht also wrote several articles for the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie , including the article on the landscape painter Ernst Fries .


Web links

Commons : Friedrich Pecht  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Friedrich Pecht  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Pecht, Arthur Freiherr von Ramberg: Schiller gallery: characters from Schiller's works. Drawn by Friedrich Pecht and Arthur von Ramberg… FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1859 ( ).
  2. ^ Friedrich Pecht: Goethe Gallery. Characters from Goethe's works. Fifty sheets in steel engraving. Drawn by Friedrich Pecht and Arthur von Ramberg… 2nd edition. FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1877 ( - first edition: 1864).
  3. ^ Friedrich Hofmann: The miter with the oak wreath . In: The Gazebo . Volume 3, 1863, pp. 37 ( full text [ Wikisource ]).
  4. ^ Friedrich Pecht: Lessing gallery. Characters from Lessing's works . FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1868 ( ).
  5. ^ Friedrich Pecht: Shakespeare gallery. Characters and scenes from Shakespeare's dramas… FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1876 ( ). - (English, Shakespeare scenes and characters. A series of illustrations designed by Adamo, Hofmann, Makart, Pecht, Schwoerer, and Spiess. ).
  6. ^ Friedrich Pecht:  Fries, Ernst . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1878, p. 72 f.