World Exhibition Paris 1867
|World Exhibition 1867
Exposition universelle d'Art et d'industrie
Exhibition Palace of the World's Fair on Champ de Mars
|Exhibition space||66.8 ha|
|new hits||Hydraulic elevator ,
reinforced concrete , gas engine , aniline paints
|Number of visitors||9,238,967|
|Place of issue|
|terrain||Champ de Mars|
|opening||April 1, 1867|
|closure||November 3, 1867|
The 1867 World's Fair (Exposition universelle d'Art et d'industrie) took place in Paris from April 1, 1867 to November 3, 1867 on the Field of Mars ( Champ de Mars ). 32 countries with a total of 52,200 exhibitors took part. The exhibition area was 66.8 hectares . A hydraulic elevator and reinforced concrete were presented as innovations .
In 1864 Napoléon III decided . this second world exhibition of his regime . While the first took place during the Crimean War , the exhibition of 1867 was the final highlight of the second empire . Gioachino Rossini wrote a "Hymn to Napoleon III and his brave people" as the official exhibition hymn.
The engineer Jean-Baptiste Krantz (1817–1899) led from 1865 together with the architect Léopold Hardy (1829–1894) the construction of the huge oval exhibition building on the Marsfeld, 26,000 workers were involved. Around a hundred smaller pavilions with the buildings of the participating nations were grouped around the giant building measuring 490 m by 380 m: including a minaret , a Tunisian coffee house, a Chinese tea house , a Dutch dairy and wooden Russian farmhouses.
The design of the recreation park with grottos , cascades and greenhouses was the responsibility of Jean-Charles Alphand and Jean-Pierre Barillet-Deschamps (1824–1873). Gustave Eiffel designed the machine hall ( Galerie des machines ).
During the world exhibition, the Parisian family business Léon & Lévy received the concession to produce stereoscopic images of the world exhibition - their work was awarded the Great Gold Medal of the (French) Emperor. However, Pierre Petit had been appointed official photographer.
The French colonies and areas of influence Morocco , Tunisia and Algeria were presented in their exotic charm in the central exhibition palace, the light metal aluminum caused a sensation, but a larger amount of the element indium from the same main group was also shown for the first time. The Egyptologist Auguste Mariette showed his research results in the "Egyptian Park", Elisha Graves Otis , Charles and Norton Otis presented their groundbreaking safety elevator. The flying piston engine by Nikolaus Otto and Eugen Langen won a gold medal.
The world exhibition was visited by ten million onlookers, including numerous celebrities such as Hans Christian Andersen , Mark Twain and Jules Verne as well as regents such as the Russian Tsar , the Bavarian King Ludwig II and the Egyptian viceroy Ismail Pascha .
On the occasion of this world exhibition, the first Bateaux mouche sailed the Seine.
- François Ducuing: L'Exposition universelle de 1867 illustrée: publication internationale autorisée par la Commission impériale . Vol 1. Bureaux d'Abonnements, Paris 1867, archive.org .
- François Ducuing: L'Exposition universelle de 1867 illustrée: publication internationale autorisée par la Commission impériale . Vol 2. Bureaux d'Abonnements, Paris 1867, archive.org .
- Online literature on the world exhibition
- François Ducuing (Ed.): Exposition universelle de 1867 illustrée . (Two volumes). Sn, Paris 1867, OBV .
- Robert Bordaz: Le livre des expositions universelles 1851–1989. L'Exposition des Expositions Universelles inaugurée en juin 1983 . Union centrale des arts decoratifs, Paris 1983, ISBN 2-901422-26-8 .
- Monika Meyer-Künzel: Urban development of the world exhibitions and Olympic Games: urban development of the event locations . Dissertation Technical University Carolo-Wilhelmina, Braunschweig 1998, p. 45–46 , urn : nbn: de: gbv: 084-120444 .
- Erik Mattie: World's Fair . Belser, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-7630-2358-5 .
- Hermann Alexander von Berlepsch: To Paris! In: The Gazebo . Issue 14 and 16, 1867 ( full text [ Wikisource ]).
- Michael Klapp: Paris World Exhibition Letters . In: The Gazebo . Issue 24, 27, 32, 36, 1867 ( full text [ Wikisource ]).
- Biography Jean-Joseph Étienne Lenoir (1822–1900) . (PDF, 88 kB) In: Revue de la Société d'Entraide des Membres de la Légion d'Honneur , No. 107, May 1990, pp. 16-18 (French), accessed on July 18, 2013
- World Exhibition 1867. Bureau International des Expositions(English).
- Paul-Antoine Briat, Alexandre de Metz (owner): Léon et Levy (with a different title in Lévy , text according to choice in German, English or - more detailed - in French), last accessed on December 26, 2013
- Ulrich Schwarz-Schampera, Peter M. Herzig: Indium: Geology, mineralogy, and economics . Springer, Berlin / New York 2002, ISBN 3-540-43135-7 .
- Revue de la Société d'Entraide des Membres de la Légion d'Honneur, No. 107