World Exhibition Paris 1878

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
World Exhibition Paris 1878
Exposition Universelle de Paris de 1878
Palais du Champ de Mars and the head of the Statue of Liberty

Palais du Champ de Mars and the head of the Statue of Liberty

Exhibition space 77 ha
new hits Ice machine
electric light
Number of visitors 16,156,626
BIE recognition Yes
countries 36 countries + 12 colonies
Exhibitors 52,835 exhibitors
Place of issue
place Paris
terrain Champ de Mars Coordinates: 48 ° 51 ′ 44 "  N , 2 ° 17 ′ 17.7"  EWorld icon
opening May 1, 1878
closure October 31, 1878
Chronological order
predecessor Philadelphia 1876
successor Sydney 1879

The 1878 World's Fair in Paris ( fr: Exposition universelle de 1878) took place between May 1, 1878 and October 31, 1878 on the Champ de Mars (Field of Mars) and the Chaillot hill.

The 77 hectare exhibition area was set up in just 19 months for the national and international exhibition of France, which had quickly regained its strength after the defeat of 1870/71. The number of visitors was 16 million. A total of 52,835 exhibitors took part. The German Reich was not represented at the show, but Austria-Hungary was. As innovations were u. a. an ice machine and electric light are presented.


The architect Gabriel Davioud and the engineer Jules Bourdais built the Palais du Trocadéro on the occasion of this world exhibition , which had to give way to the Palais de Chaillot in 1937 . A part of the sculptural decoration of the Trocadéro can be found today at the Musée d'Orsay , the famous concert organ became the organ of the Auditorium Maurice Ravel . The festive receptions for the World's Fair took place in the large concert hall of the Trocadéro.


The huge rectangular exhibition palace on the Marsfeld (Palais de l'Exposition or Palais de fer) showed the exhibits of the participating nations on an area of ​​420,000 m². The attractions of the exhibition included a large aquarium , a mighty tethered balloon and the head of the Statue of Liberty by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi .

The Spring Grove Cemetery embodied a notable attraction because of its modern landscape design by Adolph Strauch and was the only one of its kind to be invited to participate in the preparations for the exhibition.

Antoni Gaudí had - just finished his architecture studies - designed a showcase for the glove manufacturer Esteban Comella for this exhibition, which aroused the interest of the industrialist Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi.

The national pavilion of Norway and Sweden was rebuilt after the world exhibition in the city of Courbevoie and now serves as the Musée Roybet Fould . Also in Courbevoie is the Pavillon des Indes villa , which was created using components from the British India pavilion .


  • Sylvain Ageorges : Sur les traces des Expositions universelles de Paris 1855-1937 . Editions Parigramme, Paris 2006, ISBN 2-84096-444-9 .
  • Beatrice de Andia, Myriam Bacha (ed.): Les Expositions universelles de 1855 à 1937. Action Artistique, Paris 2005, ISBN 2-913246-55-9 .
  • Frédéric Seitz: Le Trocadéro. Les metamorphoses d'une colline de Paris . Editions Belin, Paris 2005, ISBN 2-7011-3028-X .
  • Barbara Leisner: Aestheticization and Representation. The new park cemeteries at the end of the 19th century. In: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Friedhof und Denkmal, Museum for Sepulchral Culture: Space for the Dead. Braunschweig 2003, ISBN 3-87815-174-8 .
  • Gabriel de Broglie (Ed.): Mac Mahon . Perrin, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-262-01143-5 .
  • Winfried Kretschmer: History of the world exhibitions . Campus, 1999, ISBN 3-593-36273-2 .
  • Erik Mattie: World's Fair . Belser, 1998, ISBN 3-7630-2358-5 .
  • Anne Pingeot (Ed.): 1878. La première Exposition Universelle de la République. Réunion Musée nationaux, Paris 1988, ISBN 2-7118-0542-5 .
  • Edouard Charton: L'exposition universelle. In: Le Magasin pittoresque . Edition Best, Paris 1878.
  • Paris en poche (Guide Conty). Office des guides Conty, Paris 1878.
  • Friedrich Pecht : Art and the art industry at the Paris World Exhibition 1878 , Cotta, Stuttgart 1878
  • Adolphe Bitard (Ed.): Exposition de Paris 1878. In: Librairie illustrée , Vol. 4 (1878).
  • Exposition de Paris . In: World Fair (ed.): Journal hebdomadaire . Libraire Illustrée, Paris 1978 ( digitized version ).
  • Paul Beck: Administrative report on Austria's participation in the World Exhibition in Paris in 1878 . Ed .: K. k. Central Commission in Vienna for the 1878 World's Fair in Paris. K. k. Central Commission, Vienna 1879 ( ).
  • Carus Sterne: The tied balloon of the Paris World's Fair . In: The Gazebo . Issue 46, 1878, pp. 759-762 ( full text [ Wikisource ]).

Web links

Commons : Paris World Exhibition 1878  - Collection of images, videos and audio files