World Exhibition Paris 1878
|World Exhibition Paris 1878
Exposition Universelle de Paris de 1878
Palais du Champ de Mars and the head of the Statue of Liberty
|Exhibition space||77 ha|
|Number of visitors||16,156,626|
|countries||36 countries + 12 colonies|
|Place of issue|
|terrain||Champ de Mars Coordinates: 48 ° 51 ′ 44 " N , 2 ° 17 ′ 17.7" E|
|opening||May 1, 1878|
|closure||October 31, 1878|
The 1878 World's Fair in Paris ( fr: Exposition universelle de 1878) took place between May 1, 1878 and October 31, 1878 on the Champ de Mars (Field of Mars) and the Chaillot hill.
The 77 hectare exhibition area was set up in just 19 months for the national and international exhibition of France, which had quickly regained its strength after the defeat of 1870/71. The number of visitors was 16 million. A total of 52,835 exhibitors took part. The German Reich was not represented at the show, but Austria-Hungary was. As innovations were u. a. an ice machine and electric light are presented.
The architect Gabriel Davioud and the engineer Jules Bourdais built the Palais du Trocadéro on the occasion of this world exhibition , which had to give way to the Palais de Chaillot in 1937 . A part of the sculptural decoration of the Trocadéro can be found today at the Musée d'Orsay , the famous concert organ became the organ of the Auditorium Maurice Ravel . The festive receptions for the World's Fair took place in the large concert hall of the Trocadéro.
The huge rectangular exhibition palace on the Marsfeld (Palais de l'Exposition or Palais de fer) showed the exhibits of the participating nations on an area of 420,000 m². The attractions of the exhibition included a large aquarium , a mighty tethered balloon and the head of the Statue of Liberty by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi .
The Spring Grove Cemetery embodied a notable attraction because of its modern landscape design by Adolph Strauch and was the only one of its kind to be invited to participate in the preparations for the exhibition.
Antoni Gaudí had - just finished his architecture studies - designed a showcase for the glove manufacturer Esteban Comella for this exhibition, which aroused the interest of the industrialist Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi.
The national pavilion of Norway and Sweden was rebuilt after the world exhibition in the city of Courbevoie and now serves as the Musée Roybet Fould . Also in Courbevoie is the Pavillon des Indes villa , which was created using components from the British India pavilion .
Captive balloon in the Tuileries Garden
Pavilion of Spain in the Palais du Trocadéro with pictures by Francisco de Goya
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