|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Management Community :||Waldenburg|
|Height :||254 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||25.06 km 2|
|Residents:||4058 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||162 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||08396|
|Area code :||037608|
|License plate :||Z, GC, HOT, WDA|
|Community key :||14 5 24 290|
|City structure:||Core city; 6 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Bernd Pohlers (Free Voters)|
|Location of the city of Waldenburg in the district of Zwickau|
Neighboring communities are Callenberg , the cities of Glauchau and Limbach-Oberfrohna , Oberwiera and Remse in the district of Zwickau and Göpfersdorf and Nobitz in the Thuringian district of Altenburger Land .
The Zwickauer Mulde flows through Waldenburg .
It consists of the districts of Dürrenuhlsdorf , Franconia , Niederwinkel , Schlagwitz , Schwaben , Oberwinkel and Waldenburg (Upper Town and Middle Town with Altwaldenburg , Eichlaide ) and Old Town Waldenburg (Lower Town ) with the district of Grünfeld and the Naundorf settlement.
|District||Population (June 30, 2015)||Area in km²|
In the period from 1165 to 1172 was of Hugo von Wartha and Rudolph fire the Waldburg on behalf of Emperor I. Friedrich built (Barbarossa). Around 1199 Hugo von Wartha first called himself Hugo von Waldenburg (cf. Waldenburg (noble family) ). According to the unpublished city chronicle by Fritz Resch, the city of Waldenburg is said to have been founded in 1254. However, there is no scientific evidence for this. King Ludwig of Bavaria first mentioned Waldenburg in 1336. The neighboring town of Altwaldenburg was first mentioned in 1290 and the old town of Waldenburg in 1317. In 1378, as a result of the legacy between Johannes I. von Waldenburg and Friedrich von Schönburg- Hassenstein ( - Hasištejn ), the Schönburgers became masters of the castle, the city and the rule of Waldenburg .
In 1388, the Waldenburg potters were the first in Germany to be awarded a guild letter. In 1425 the city burned down to two houses. In 1430 the city was burned down and sacked by the Hussites . In 1473 a town house was bought to be used as a town hall. The first town hall was built between 1528 and 1531. In 1576, 200 people died from the plague . In 1633 another 389 people died of the plague. Today's town hall was built in 1731 and the first hosiery factory was built in 1777. Between 1780 and 1795 the Green Field Park was laid out by Otto Carl-Friedrich von Schönburg. Trik's weaving mill was first mentioned in 1784 . In the years 1823 and 1824 the Luther Church in old town Waldenburg was built according to the design by Albert Geutebrück .
In 1843 Prince Otto Victor I. von Schönburg opened a hospital called "Carolinenstift" in memory of his daughter Marie Caroline. The Waldenburger Museum, a natural history museum, was built between 1844 and 1847. In 1848 the castle was destroyed by fire. In 1855 the castle was rebuilt. From 1909 to 1912 the castle was rebuilt in its present form. In 1927 the Waldenburg summer pool was built. The upper town Waldenburg belonged to respect the basic rule the city council Waldenburg and relating to the management until the 19th century to the beautiful burg rule Waldenburg . On May 10, 1875, the "Waldenburg" station on the Glauchau – Wurzen (Muldentalbahn) line south of the old town of Waldenburg was opened. Pottery , for which Waldenburg is famous, was an important line of business in the town . After an administrative reform was carried out in the area of the Schönburg recession in 1878, the upper town of Waldenburg came to the newly established Saxon governorate of Glauchau in 1880 . On July 1, 1928 the old town Waldenburg was incorporated with Grünfeld to Waldenburg. Altwaldenburg with Eichlaide followed on April 1, 1934. On April 13, 1945 in Waldenburg ended a death march for 500 men and 2500 women from the central warehouse in Altenburg of the Buchenwald concentration camp , occupied as American troops Waldenburg. In 1945 the Schönburgers were expropriated without compensation due to the land reform . The Waldburger Castle was founded in 1947 as a tuberculosis - decorated or lung sanatorium that existed 1998.
As a result of the second district reform in the GDR , the city of Waldenburg became part of Glauchau district in the Chemnitz district in 1952 (renamed the Karl-Marx-Stadt district in 1953 ). In 1973 a community association with surrounding communities was formed. When the municipality of Ebersbach was incorporated into the municipality of Reinholdshain on January 1, 1974, the previous district of Oberwinkel was reclassified to Waldenburg. A plaque set into the outer wall of the parish church shows the following text: “In gratitude. The peaceful revolution in Waldenburg began in this church in autumn 1989 ”. From 1990 the town of Waldenburg belonged to the Saxon district of Glauchau, which was added to the district of Chemnitzer Land in 1994 and in 2008 to the district of Zwickau. On July 1, 1992, Niederwinkel was incorporated into Waldenburg. With the incorporation of the municipality of Dürrenuhlsdorf into Waldenburg on January 1, 1999, the four districts of Dürrenuhlsdorf, Swabia , Franconia and Schlagwitz became districts of the city of Waldenburg. When rail traffic on the Muldentalbahn was discontinued, the “Waldenburg (Sachs)” station went out of service on August 15, 2002.
Naundorf (Waldenburg) settlement
Today's Naundorf settlement is on the "old street" that leads steeply up the mountain from "Altstadt Waldenburg" (lower town) in the direction of Callenberg .
At a slightly different location, for example where today's bypass road bypasses today's Naundorf settlement less steeply in the direction of Callenberg, the village of Naundorf, consisting of farmsteads , was located on Callenberger Berg in the Middle Ages . It was laid out in the middle of the 13th century. By the end of the 15th century, many residents had moved to "Altstadt Waldenburg". The soil here was probably not productive. Ultimately, this original village fell into desolation. Thus, the medieval Naundorf is a desert or part of it.
The first church in Waldenburg was built in the 13th century. In 1542 the Reformation prevailed in Waldenburg.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church is represented by the St. Bartholomäus parish and the Luther parish (both in sister church relationship; Evangelical Lutheran church district Glauchau-Rochlitz, Muldental region), the Catholic church with the St. Martin parish (in the community of responsibility Glauchau, Meerane, Waldenburg and Hohenstein-Ernstthal in the Deanery of Zwickau , Diocese of Dresden-Meißen ), the Seventh-day Adventists with the Adventist community of Waldenburg (in the Berlin-Central German Association) and the Pentecostal movement with the Evangelical Christian community of Waldenburg.
|Old town Waldenburg||July 1, 1928|
|Altwaldenburg||April 1, 1934|
|Dürrenuhlsdorf||January 1, 1999|
|Eichlaide||before 1880||Incorporation to Altwaldenburg|
|Francs||July 1, 1950||Incorporation to Dürrenuhlsdorf|
|Grünfeld||before 1880||Incorporation to the old town of Waldenburg|
|Naundorf settlement||?||relatively new settlement, in place of an earlier desert|
|Low angle||July 1, 1992|
|Incorporation to Ebersbach,
reclassification to Waldenburg
|Punch joke||July 1, 1950||Incorporation to Dürrenuhlsdorf|
|Swabia||1st July 1969||Incorporation to Dürrenuhlsdorf|
(from 1998 as of December 31st)
Since the city council election on May 26, 2019 , the 15 city council seats have been distributed among the individual groups as follows:
Bernd Pohlers (Free Voters) is Mayor of the city of Waldenburg.
City partnerships exist with
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In from silver and red split shield into mistook colors walled wide thoughtful tower , then two black knobs , centered a large window on both sides, a pointed thoughtful bay with black knob."|
|Justification for the coat of arms: "Waldenburg was a Schönburg town [...] It shows a walled tower with bay windows. The basic colors red and white are based on the colors of the Schönburger. The seals in use since the 15th century serve as the pictorial basis . The town charter of 1594 mentioned a small and a large seal. The preserved seals show three towers - as a reduced representation of the city wall and as a symbol for the entire city. In 1901 the Saxon Ministry of the Interior granted permission to use this city coat of arms. "|
Culture and sights
With around 1000 m² of playable space and ample 1100 seats, the Waldenburg open-air theater is one of the largest and most idyllic stages in Germany. It is located in the heart of the old English park, the Grünstelder Park in Waldenburg.
The most famous sight of Waldenburg is the local museum and natural history cabinet u. a. with a unique preparation of a human fetus with extensive malformations, which was published as "Hühnermensch von Taucha" (1735).
Model railway world
The model railway museum shows about 300 models of historical and modern model railway construction in a "journey through time" and provides information about the history of the railway.
Particularly noteworthy are the Jazz Meeting, the Shafran Festival, the Fürstlich Schönburgische Kapelle as well as numerous concerts planned by the ARTIS CAUSA e. V. In addition, the European Gymnasium Waldenburg has its own chamber choir.
- Parish Church of St. Bartholomew , a late Gothic building with two naves from the 15th century
- Waldenburg Castle in the classical style , former residence of the Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg
A specialty of Waldenburg is the Green Field Park with the bathhouse and the former hotel "Glänzelmühle". Weddings have been held in the bathhouse since 1999.
A memorial in the city park is dedicated to all victims of fascism , while there is no concrete commemoration for the prisoners of the death march.
- annual "Witches Burn" in OT Schlagwitz in April
- annual rubber dinghy tours on the Zwickauer Mulde
- annual basil market in May
- annual pottery market in June
- annual "oak and street festival" in OT Schlagwitz in May
- annual oven festival in OT Franconia in September
- Performances by Freilicht Theater Waldenburg e. V.
- annual farmers market in September
- "Park Art" every year in September
- “Castle Christmas” every year on the 1st weekend in Advent around the Waldenburg Castle
- annual “Children and Summer Festival” on the open-air stage in Gruenfeld Park
Economy and Infrastructure
Waldenburg is part of the Central Saxony transport association . The Muldentalbahn , which had a train station here, has been shut down since 2002. The next train station is now Glauchau (Sachs), eight kilometers southwest of Waldenburg on the Dresden – Werdau railway line .
The traditional pottery, which brought Waldenburg export successes far beyond the borders of Germany in the Middle Ages , is still important in the city today. The six potteries Am Alten Ofen, Grünert, Lorenz and Körner as well as the ceramics workshop Peter Tauscher and Terra Mara keep the old handicraft on site. Other local companies are Walburga-Bettwaren and Bioservice-Waldenburg GmbH. The largest employer in the city is the sponsoring association Europäische Gymnasium Waldenburg e. V.
A cooperation agreement of this kind exists between the grammar school and the secondary school in Waldenburg, which is unique in Saxony. This ensures that the middle school students can use the extracurricular offerings of the high school as well as the high school students.
- Old Town School (Elementary School)
- European Gymnasium Waldenburg
- European High School Waldenburg
- Free youth art school Waldenburg
sons and daughters of the town
- Nikol List (1654–1699), robber captain
- Karl Heinrich Dzondi (1770–1835), medic
- Theodor Hell (1775–1856), writer, poet, translator and publicist
- Christian Wilhelm Niedner (1797–1865), church historian
- Julius Gerold (1808–1876), composer
- Ottokar Dörffel (1818–1906), lawyer, editor, mayor of Glauchau and Joinville (Brazil)
- Otto Friedrich von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1819–1893), member of the Saxon state parliament and since 1859 3rd Prince of Schönburg
- Hugo zu Schönburg-Waldenburg (1822-1897), General
- Alfred Rehder (1863–1949), German-American dendrologist
- Richard Perner (1876–1955), politician
- Axel Viehweger (* 1952), politician
Personalities who have worked on site
- Georg Melhorn (around 1513–1563) was the first superintendent in Waldenburg
- Lothar Streit (1823–1898), politician, spent his childhood in Waldenburg
- Johann Traugott Sterzel (1841–1914), paleontologist , studied at the Princely Schönburg Teachers' College from 1855–1860
- Karl May (1842–1912), writer, was a seminarist at the Princely Schönburg Teachers' College until 1860
- Wilhelm zu Wied and Sophie von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1885–1936) married in Waldenburg in 1906
- Otto Victor II von Schönburg (1882–1914) was the head of the Schönburg-Waldenburg line and since 1893 Prince of Schönburg
- Uwe Grüning (* 1942), writer and politician (CDU), MdL Saxony (1990–2004), Media Council Saxony (2004–2016), lived in Waldenburg from 1951–1960
- Gerhard Winter
- Bernhard Ried
- Franz Leuthold
- Fritz Resch (posthumously)
- Dietmar Sieber (posthumously)
- Irmgard Frank
- Alexander Bruno Hanschmann : Short chronicle of the city of Waldenburg and the Princely House of Schönburg-Waldenburg with news about Lössnitz, Remse, Lichtenstein, Hartenstein, Meerane, Glauchau, Crimmitschau. Kästner, Waldenburg 1880, OCLC 180468547 .
- Richard Steche : Waldenburg. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 13. Issue: Glauchau District Authority . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1890, p. 34.
- Bruno Alexander Hanschmann: Waldenburg and the Muldenthal. A guide through the city of Waldenburg and the surrounding area - a scenic-geographical-historical sketch. Waldenburg 1895, OCLC 315028107 ( digital.slub-dresden.de ).
- K. Fleck, Ralph Zenker and others: Waldenburg. On the history of the city and its sights: local history museum and natural history cabinet Waldenburg. Revised edition. Edited by the Waldenburg city administration. Waldenburg 1990 (47 pages).
- Ulrike Budig, Ralph Zenker (Red.): Between residence and potter's wheel. 750 years of Waldenburg. Edited by the city of Waldenburg. Noiseworks Verlag, [Chemnitz] 2004, ISBN 3-9806158-2-0 (184 pages; numerous illustrations, graphic representations, historical photos).
- Waldenburg in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Dieter Krauße: Waldenburger Strasse. (No longer available online.) In: Hohenstein-ernstthal.de. City administration of Hohenstein-Ernstthal , archived from the original on March 7, 2017 (article about the history of Waldenburg Castle).
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- Population and area of the individual districts. In: waldenburg.de, accessed on February 4, 2018 (data from the residents' registration office).
- Handbook of Geography, p. 500 f.
- Altstadt Waldenburg in the book "Geography for all Stands", p. 899.
- Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 , p. 92 f.
- The Glauchau administrative authority in the municipal register 1900.
- Altstadt Waldenburg on gov.genealogy.net, accessed on September 10, 2019.
- Altwaldenburg on gov.genealogy.net, accessed on September 10, 2019.
- Ebersbach on gov.genealogy.net .
- low angle. In: gov.genealogy.net .
- Dürrenuhlsdorf. In: gov.genealogy.net .
- Klaus Fleck, Ralph Zenker and others: Waldenburg. On the history of the city and its sights: local history museum and natural history cabinet Waldenburg. Revised edition. Edited by the Waldenburg city administration. Waldenburg 1990, pp. 6, 19.
- An overview of the church districts. Church district Glauchau-Rochlitz. In: evlks.de, accessed on February 4, 2018.
- Ev.-Luth. St. Bartholomew Parish of Waldenburg. (No longer available online.) In: evlks.de. Archived from the original on March 7, 2017 ; accessed on September 7, 2019 .
- Ev.-Luth. Luther parish Waldenburg. (No longer available online.) In: evlks.de. Archived from the original on March 7, 2017 ; accessed on September 7, 2019 .
- Ev.-Luth. Church district Glauchau-Rochlitz. Muldental region. (No longer available online.) In: kircheniertel-glauchau-rochlitz.de. Ev.-Luth. Glauchau-Rochlitz church district, archived from the original on February 5, 2018 ; accessed on February 14, 2019 .
- Homepage. In: waldenburg.adventist.eu, accessed on March 6, 2017.
- Homepage. In: bmv.adventisten.de, accessed on September 7, 2019.
- Evangelical Christian Community Waldenburg. In: waldenburg.de, accessed on September 7, 2019.
- The Book of Saxony. Kommunal-Verlag Sachsen KG, Dresden 1943.
- Official municipality register for the German Reich based on the 1933 census (= German Reich [Hrsg.]: Statistics of the German Reich. Volume 450). Edited by the Reich Statistical Office . 3. Edition. Publishing house for social policy, economics and statistics GmbH, Berlin 1936, .
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony (Ed.): Territory changes. In: sachsen.de, accessed on March 3, 2017.
- municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states. Edited by the Federal Statistical Office. Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
- lists of the municipalities incorporated since May 1945 and evidence of the subdivision of the independent manor districts and state forest districts. Edited by the Ministry of the Interior of Saxony. [Dresden] 1952, OCLC 314156849 .
Albert Schiffner : Handbook of geography, statistics and topography of the Kingdom of Saxony. First delivery, containing the Zwickau directions district. Friedrich Fleischer, Leipzig 1839, pp. 496–507 ( preview in Google book search).
Data source from 1998: State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony.
- State Statistical Office of Saxony (ed.): Municipal Council Election 2019 - Overview of the results in the municipalities of the Zwickau district - Preliminary results. In: sachsen.de, accessed on September 17, 2019.
- State Statistical Office of Saxony (ed.): Results of the 2014 municipal council elections. In: sachsen.de, accessed on March 3, 2017.
- City Council. In: waldenburg.de, accessed on March 3, 2017.
- Eckart Roloff , Karin Henke-Wendt: A family of pharmacists, knowledgeable in collecting. (The museum with natural history cabinet Waldenburg). In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 1: Northern Germany. Verlag S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-7776-2510-2 , pp. 213-214.
ModelWorld Waldenburg. A model railway museum. In: waldenburg.de, accessed on December 31, 2019. -
Modellbahnwelt Waldenburg. In: zeitsprungland.de, accessed on December 31, 2019. -
Friederike Milbradt: Germany: Modellisenbahn-Anlagen (= series: Germany map ). In: ZEITmagazin . No. 1/2020, December 26, 2019, edited December 29, 2019, accessed December 31, 2019.
- Artis-causa.de, accessed on 15 March 2016th
- A special date is June 21, 11:00 p.m. on midsummer night .
- Media Council. (No longer available online.) In: slm-online.de. Archived from the original on May 1, 2016 ; accessed on February 14, 2019 : "The five-member SLM Media Council elected the new leadership for the next six-year term from among its members on December 1, 2010 at its constituent meeting."