|Residents||1,468,018 (Jan. 1, 2017)|
|Population density||220 inhabitants per km²|
President of the
Location of the department of Pas-de-Calais in the
region of Hauts-de-France
The Pas-de-Calais [ pɑdkalɛ ] is the French department with the atomic number 62. It is in the north of the country in the region Hauts-de-France and by the Straits Dover Straits (Straits of Calais; pas represents passage ) , which separates France from England . Its administrative seat is in Arras .
The department is bordered to the west and northwest on the English Channel and the Strait of Dover, running in a wedge shape in the interior and is bordered to the northeast by the department of North and the south by the department of Somme .
coat of arms
Description : The blue coat of arms with a golden border and three red balls is studded with golden lilies and a continuous red tournament collar on the head of the shield with three golden forts in each of the bibs.
Pas-de-Calais is one of 83 departments created on March 4, 1790, during the French Revolution, under the law of December 22, 1789. It was created by amalgamating the Artois and parts of Picardy (the Boulonnais and part of the Ponthieu ).
During World War II , Pas-de-Calais played a role in the Fortitude deception operation , in which the Allies wanted the Wehrmacht to believe that the 1st US Army Group from Great Britain would land in the department .
From 1960 to 2015 it was part of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region , which in 2016 became part of the Hauts-de-France region.
The inhabitants of the department are called Pas-de-Calaisiens .
The Pas-de-Calais department is one of the most populous and urban in all of France. Yet there is no big city : the agglomeration of Calais hardly exceeds 100,000 inhabitants, followed by Boulogne-sur-Mer and Arras ; As an agglomeration, Saint-Omer has more than 50,000 inhabitants.
The most densely populated part of the Pas-de-Calais is the brazier of Lens in the east of the department, which had its development in the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century. Here, too, you will not find large cities, but around larger towns ( Lens , Liévin , Béthune , Bruay-la-Buissière , Hénin-Beaumont ) a multitude of smaller towns that have grown together, which together form a large urban area that extends into the North to Douai department and Valenciennes continues. This agglomeration covers an area with 1.2 million people, half of them in the Pas-de-Calais. In contrast, the middle and south of the department are very rural, but also densely populated.
Up until the First World War , the coal industry led to an increased population growth (700,000 inhabitants around 1850, almost 1,000,000 in 1900). The war directly affected the department, which at the time was under German occupation and was one of the most important parts of the battlefield. However, population growth continued unabated after the end of the war until 1,200,000 inhabitants were reached. After the Great Depression in 1929, there was a decline, which was followed by World War II . After 1945 the population rose again over a period of 20 years, from 1,168,545 in 1946 to 1,397,159 in 1968. Since then the number has stagnated (1,441,568 in 1999); the average age remains low and the birth rate is well above the death rate, the net migration is strongly negative because of the decline in coal production and the related industries. Some places that lived exclusively from mining have lost around half of their inhabitants in the past 50 years.
The most populous municipalities in the Pas-de-Calais department are:
January 1, 2017
population / km²
- List of communes in the Pas-de-Calais department
- List of cantons in the Pas-de-Calais department
- List of associations of municipalities in the Pas-de-Calais department
In the absence of large cities, Pas-de-Calais did not have a university for a long time . This only changed in 1992 when the Université d'Artois and the Université du Littoral were realigned . The two universities are oriented across the boundaries of the department: one in Arras , Béthune , Douai , Lens and Liévin , the other in Boulogne-sur-Mer , Calais , Dunkerque and Saint-Omer .
The first round of the French presidential election took place on April 23, 2017 . The turnout in the Pas-de-Calais department was 78.5%. A total of 856,289 eligible voters cast their votes . Of the 833,267 valid votes received:
|286.152||Marine Le Pen|
Observation station: Boulogne, port, 73 meters above sea level
|maritime climate data||J||F.||M.||A.||M.||J||J||A.||S.||O||N||D.|
|mean maximum temperature||6th||6th||9||11||15th||17th||19th||19th||18th||15th||10||7th|
|mean low temperature||2||2||3||5||9||11||13||14th||12||10||6th||3|
|Number of very sunny days||1.5||2||2.5||2.5||2||2||2.5||3||2||3||1.5||1.5|
|Number of days with an overcast sky||19th||17th||15th||13||13||11||12||11||12||15th||18th||19th|
|Number of rainy days||11||9||9||8th||8th||7th||7th||9||10||10||13||12|
|Rainfall in mm||55||46||40||38||42||47||45||54||66||66||83||64|
|Water temperature near the coast||8th||6th||7th||8th||10||13||15th||17th||17th||15th||12||9|
Days per year with
- Rainfalls over 1 mm: 115
- Frost: 32
- first frost: November 22nd
- last frost: March 23rd
- Snow: 13
- Thunderstorm: 10
- Hail: 4
- Department of Pas-de-Calais (French)
- Prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais (French)
- Coats of arms of the municipalities in Pas-de-Calais (English)
- Results of the 1st ballot. Ministry of Interior of France, 23 April 2017, accessed 24 April 2017 (French).
- Climate data from: Jean-Noël Darde, Plages et côtes de France, Éditions Balland, Paris 1991