Pyrénées-Atlantiques department

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coat of arms of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in France
About this picture
region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
prefecture Pau
Sub-prefecture (s) Bayonne
Residents 677,309 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 89 inhabitants per km²
surface 7,642.83 km²
Arrondissements 3
Community associations 10
Cantons 27
Communities 546
President of the
Department Council
Jean-Jacques Lasserre
ISO-3166-2 code FR-64
Location des Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Location of the Pyrenees-Atlantiques in the
region Nouvelle-Aquitaine

The Pyrénées-Atlantiques department listen ? / I [ Pirene (z) atlɑtik ] ( Basque Pirinio Atlantikoak , to 1969 bass-Pyrénées ) which is French department with the ordinal number 64. It is located in the southwest of the land in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine and after the Pyrenees and the Atlantic Named ocean . Audio file / audio sample


The department is located in the south of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region on the border with Spain . It borders the Landes department to the north, the Gers department to the northeast and the Hautes-Pyrénées department to the east , both in the Occitania region , the Spanish Autonomous Community of Aragon to the south, the Spanish Autonomous Community of Navarre to the south-west and the West to the Bay of Biscay and the Spanish Basque Country and is itself the French Basque Country .

The department stretches in the south into the mountain range of the Pyrenees , the highest point is the Pic Palas at 2974 m on the border with the Hautes-Pyrénées and Aragon .

The most important rivers are the Gave d'Oloron and the Gave de Pau , both of which run as main watercourses from the Pyrenees in a north-westerly direction, merge shortly after the border with the Landes department to form the Gaves Réunis , rather this one on the border of the two departments in the Adour joins. The Adour forms the département border to Bayonne and finally flows into the Atlantic between Tarnos and Anglet . The extreme south of the department is protected as the Pyrenees National Park .

coat of arms

Description: In gevierten shield is in the field the golden one in red Navarrakette , blaugehörnte in gold two red field two bulls with blue bell on as colored collar, the third field is split into gold and blue and even shows a red lion , a long equal colored Holding staff in right paw and on the other hand a golden lily , in the lower right field in red a golden lion.


The department was formed during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790 from the historic provinces of Béarn , Labourd , Soule and the part of the Kingdom of Navarre ( Lower Navarre , French Basse-Navarre ) belonging to France . While the Béarn belongs to the historical language area of Gascon , the other three historical territories belong to the language area of Basque and form the French Basque Country . At that time the objection was raised that the merging of areas in which two completely different languages ​​are spoken into one department would not make sense. No further attention was paid to this, however, since only French should be used in an official capacity anyway.

The newly founded department was named Basses-Pyrénées . It was divided into six districts (French district ), the forerunners of the arrondissements . The districts were Mauléon, Oloron, Orthez, Pau, Saint-Palais and Ustaritz. The districts were in turn subdivided into cantons. At that time the department had about 310,000 (?) Inhabitants. The capital was initially Navarrenx , then Pau in 1790, Saint-Palais in 1795, and finally Pau in 1796 .

The arrondissements of Bayonne , Mauléon, Oloron , Orthez and Pau were established on February 17, 1800. On September 10, 1926, the arrondissements of Mauléon (to Bayonne and Oloron) and Orthez (to Oloron and Pau) were dissolved.

From 1960 to 2015 it belonged to the Aquitaine region , which in 2016 became part of the Nouvelle Aquitaine region.

On October 10, 1969, the department received its current name.

In the past decades, national Basque political groups have repeatedly called for the division of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and the creation of a separate department for the French Basque Country . Before the 1981 elections, the realization of this demand was even one of the election promises of the Socialist Party under François Mitterrand . After the elections, however, this promise was not carried out, since territorial restructuring according to ethnic criteria was seen as a threat to the unity of the republic.


The most populous communes in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department are:

city Population
Pau 77,130 Pau
Bayonne (Basque Baiona ) 51,228 Bayonne
Anglet (Basque Angelu ) 38,929
Biarritz (Basque Miarritze ) 25,404
Hendaye (Basque Hendaia ) 16,484
Saint-Jean-de-Luz (Basque Donibane Lohitzun ) 14.093
Billere 12,804 Pau
Lons 13,374
Oloron-Sainte-Marie 10,684 Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Orthez 10,449 Pau

Administrative division

The Pyrénées-Atlantiques department is divided into 3 arrondissements , 27 cantons and 546 communes :

Communes and arrondissements in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Bayonne 12 122 000000000296558.0000000000296,558 2,265.70 000000000000131.0000000000131 641
Oloron-Sainte-Marie 5 155 000000000072174.000000000072.174 2,828.15 000000000000026.000000000026th 642
Pau 13 269 000000000308577.0000000000308,577 2,548.98 000000000000121.0000000000121 643
Pyrénées-Atlantiques department 27 546 000000000677309.0000000000677,309 7,642.83 000000000000089.000000000089 64

See also:


The railway network originally had a length of 750 km. There were many different branch lines and trams. Nowadays only a few stretches are left of this extensive network.


The department has no meteorological station near the coast.

maritime climate data J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Water temperature near the coast 13 12 12 13 15th 19th 20th 21st 21st 18th 16 14th

Web links

Commons : Département Pyrénées-Atlantiques  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. Climate data from: Jean-Noël Darde: Plages et côtes de France. Éditions Balland, Paris 1991.

Coordinates: 43 ° 15 ′  N , 0 ° 43 ′  W