Department Var

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Coat of arms of the department of Var
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Var department in France
About this picture
region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur
prefecture Toulon
Sub-prefecture (s) Brignoles
Residents 1,058,740 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 177 inhabitants per km²
surface 5,972.46 km²
Arrondissements 3
Community associations 14th
Cantons 23
Communities 153
President of the
Department Council
Marc Giraud
ISO-3166-2 code FR-83
Location of the var
Location of the Var in the
region d'Azur Provence-Alpes-Cote

The Var [ vaʀ ] is the French department with the atomic number 83. It is in the southeast of the country in the region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur and is after the river Var named, which no longer belongs to the department, however, since 1859 .


The department bordering on the east is Alpes-Maritimes , the Bouches-du-Rhône on the west . The northern border is the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department , and the Vaucluse department in the northwest over a length of a few hundred meters . The south of the department is formed by the Mediterranean coast with the western Côte d'Azur .

coat of arms

Description: In gold, a fallen blue tip with a golden lily . A red three-legged tournament collar is close to the head of the shield.


The department was created in 1790 from parts of the former county of Provence and originally extended to the river Var of the same name , after which the department is named. The nine districts of the department were Barjols , Brignoles , Draguignan , Fréjus , Grasse , Hyères , Saint-Maximin , Saint-Paul-de-Vence , Toulon .

The Var river basin has not been part of the department since 1859. In that year Italy ceded the County of Nice to France, among other things , whereupon the Arrondissement Grasse ( Antibes , Cannes , Grasse ) with the River Var was separated from the Département Var in order to re-establish the Département Alpes-Maritimes together with the County of Nice . The seat of the prefecture changed several times: 1790 Toulon , 1793 Grasse, 1795 Brignoles , 1797 Draguignan . Since 1974, Toulon is again the seat of the prefecture of the department.


Population development

year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2016
Residents 469.557 555.926 626.093 708.331 815.449 898.441 985.099 1,055,821
Source: INSEE


Some of the bigger and better known places in the Var include:

Administrative division

Communes and arrondissements in the Var department
Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Brignoles 6th 67 000000000182227.0000000000182.227 2,518.28 000000000000072.000000000072 833
Draguignan 10 54 000000000305697.0000000000305,697 2,220.79 000000000000138.0000000000138 831
Toulon 13 32 000000000570816.0000000000570.816 1,233.39 000000000000463.0000000000463 832
Department Var 23 153 000000001058740.00000000001,058,740 5,972.46 000000000000177.0000000000177 83

See also:

Economy and Infrastructure


The main source of income, as in most of the departments on the Mediterranean coast, is tourism. The vineyards and wine cellars in Bandol , hikes in the Esterel , windsurfing and kite surfing on the Presqu'île de Giens as well as excursions to the islands of Porquerolles and Port-Cros are among the special attractions . The longest sandy beach in the region is the beach of Cavalaire-sur-Mer , the most famous is probably the Gulf of Saint-Tropez . In the Haute-Var, the north of the department, are the high-altitude Provencal villages of the Pays de Fayence ( Montauroux , Fayence , Callian , Seillans , Tourrettes , Saint-Paul-en-Forêt , Tanneron ) and the impressive nature of the Verdon Gorge and the Lac de Sainte-Croix .


In agricultural production, flowers, fruit, vegetables and wine are traditionally grown. About 800 km², that is 13% of the area, are used for agriculture. There are also around 10 km² in which horticulture is practiced. With an annual production of 500 million flowers, the Var department is the largest producer of cut flowers in France. Other important products are figs (80% of French production), olives (25% of French production) and honey . In the livestock sector, mainly sheep (50,000 animals) and goats (4,200 animals) are kept.

Almost half of the agricultural area is used for viticulture. The annual production is 150 million liters, with predominantly rosé wine being produced. A large part of the Côtes de Provence wine-growing region , which has had the status of an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) since 1977 , is located in the Var department. Embedded in the appellation is the Coteaux Varois en Provence wine-growing region , which has had its own AOC since 1993. The AOC Bandol in the southwest of the department has existed since 1941.


The local radio station France Bleu Provence broadcasts in the departments of Var and Bouches-du-Rhône.



The climate in the department is a distinctive, warm Mediterranean climate . Toulon is statistically the warmest and sunniest city in mainland France.

maritime climate data from Cap Camarat J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
mean maximum temperature 12 13 14th 16 20th 23 27 27 24 20th 16 13
mean low temperature 6th 6th 8th 10 13 16 19th 19th 17th 14th 10 8th
Number of very sunny days 6th 5 6th 5 6th 7th 14th 11 9 8th 6th 6th
Number of days with an overcast sky 10 10 10 7th 6th 4th 1 2 5 8th 9 9
Number of rainy days 7th 7th 7th 6th 5 3 1 2 4th 7th 8th 7th
Rainfall in mm 82 85 75 50 40 24 17th 28 70 100 100 82
Water temperature near the coast 13 13 13 14th 16 19th 22nd 23 23 21st 17th 15th

Days per year with

  • Rainfalls over 1 mm: 63
  • Frost: 3 (mid-January)
  • Snow: 1
  • Thunderstorm: 8
  • Hail: 1

As of 1991

On June 16, 2010, 350 liters of precipitation per square meter fell within a few hours at certain locations, as much as usual in several months. The heavy rains are called "épisodes cévenols" because this type of weather occurs frequently in the Cevennes . There was severe flooding around the city of Draguignan. The state of disaster was declared. In future, strict care should be taken to ensure that no more construction is carried out in floodplain areas.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Des élus de terrain. Les conseillers départementaux, accessed on March 31, 2017 (French).
  2. Bataille pour une prefecture. Institut national de l'audiovisuel, accessed on September 3, 2009 (French).
  3. Climate data from: Jean-Noël Darde, Plages et côtes de France, Éditions Balland, Paris 1991
  4. ↑ Measurement station: ( Cap Camarat , Ramatuelle ), 600 meters from the sea
  5. (dpa), FAZ, June 18, 2010, p. 6.
  6. Marion Solletty: Inondations dans le Var: les raisons de la crue. Le Monde , June 17, 2010.
  7. L'état de catastrophe naturelle décrétée mardi dans le Var. Le Monde, with Reuters, June 22, 2010.