Rosé wines are very light-colored wines made from red grapes , like white wine made to be. The berries must not lie on the mash or only for a few hours . Depending on the intensity of the contact with the berry skins, the rosé wine is colored differently; the color spectrum ranges from salmon to cherry red. Cheap rosé wines from outside the EU can also be mixed from white and red wines. In Germany, the market share has risen from two to eight percent in recent years.
Not approved for the production of rosé wine law are in the German language as according to gray (in the French-speaking gris designated) varieties like Pinot Gris , Gewurztraminer and Grenache Gris provide that only slightly reddish even when fully ripe berries.
The taste of rosé wines is reminiscent of light red wines. Since the wine is drunk cool - like white wine - it is particularly popular in summer.
There are several methods of making a rosé wine:
- The blue grapes without crushing pressed , pressed and then as White wine shelled fermented . This provides white autumns or very light rosé wines.
- The blue grapes are only pressed on the mash after two to three days, which results in rosé wines with a distinctly red color.
- After 12 to 48 hours, approx. 10 to 15% of the must is removed from the fermentation tank for red wine without pressing and then vinified as rosé wine. This so-called saignée method has the side effect that the remaining red wine has a higher concentration due to the larger proportion of skins.
- White wine is mixed with 10 to 20% red wine. This process is generally used for the production of sparkling rosé wines (also for rosé champagne ), but is otherwise not permitted.
- Red wine is strong beauty of tannins freed and treatment with activated carbon brightened.
Rosé wine made according to the Saignée method is thus a by-product of red winemaking. Other winemakers use the yield of young vineyards for their rosé wines, which produce less concentrated but more fruity wines. This is why many French appellations for red wines also include rosé wines. Examples are the Côtes du Rhône , Côtes de Provence , Rosé d'Anjou and Bordeaux Clairet . A high-quality rosé wine from France, for example, is the Tavel , which can also be bottle- aged for a few years .
In June 2009, after violent protests by winegrowing associations , the EU Commission withdrew a legislative proposal that would have allowed winemakers to produce rosé wine by simply blending red and white wine. This process is permitted outside the EU and is used to produce the simplest rosé wines. The release of this procedure would have been in line with the wine market reform of 2007, the aim of which was to free European producers from disadvantages. The rosé winemakers in the south of France in particular feared a deterioration in the image of their products. Other winegrowing associations joined their resistance.
In Austria , wine made according to this process is called equal- pressed. In Styria , a rosé wine is produced from the Blauer Wildbacher variety , which is known as Schilcher . In German-speaking Switzerland , rosé is generally spoken of, including sweet print . A rosé wine made from Pinot noir (Spätburgunder) is called Œil de Perdrix in the cantons of Neuchâtel , Geneva and Wallis . In Italy , rosé wine is called Rosato , in Spain and Portugal Rosado .
Weißherbst is a similar type of wine in Germany . According to German wine law, in contrast to other rosé wines, the Weißherbst must be made 100% from the same red grape variety and from the same location. Otherwise a blending proportion of up to 15 or 25% including the sweet reserve is not harmful to the name. Example: A Rüdesheimer Burgweg Pinot Noir Rosé may contain 15% Blauer Portugieser .
In some wine-growing areas , white grape varieties are also permitted to a certain extent for red wine. Examples of this are Châteauneuf-du-Pape and Côte-Rôtie in the French Rhone Valley and the Italian Chianti . In these cases, however, it is neither a rosé wine nor a rotling.
- The rosé can stay as it is. In: FAZ No. 131, June 9, 2009, p. 13