Wine-growing area is a legally protected term that is used synonymously with wine-growing area or wine-growing area in official parlance - sometimes even within the same legal provisions (also popularly: wine area ). The terms designate a geographical region in which wine with the specific name of a certain wine-growing area may be grown. What is decisive is the unmistakable addition ... area , e.g. B. at regional winegrowers' cooperative .
As a rule, wine-growing regions have grown historically, have developed certain regional traditions and peculiarities of viticulture , vine processing , winemaking or marketing over numerous generations and produce wines of a comparable type.
The northern Portuguese wine region Alto Douro was first legally defined in 1756 . Since then, it has become standard to clearly define wine regions through wine law.
Wine-growing regions regulate and monitor quality and location descriptions within their limits and award wines. Due to different topographical, climatic and geological conditions and agricultural traditions, specific grape varieties have been cultivated and refined in many individual wine-growing areas over the years . As a rule, own wine styles have developed from this.
Viticulture in Germany
Vineyards (2012): 102,340 hectares
For details see viticulture in Germany # growing regions
Viticulture in Liechtenstein
Vineyards (2013): 14 hectares
Viticulture in Luxembourg
Vineyards (2005): 1300 hectares
Viticulture in Austria
Vineyards (2019 harvest): 48,721 hectares
The area is divided into three regions with 17 areas:
Wine country region
- Burgenland: Eisenberg, Leithaberg, Mittelburgenland, Neusiedlersee and Rosalia
- Lower Austria: Carnuntum , Kamptal , Kremstal, Thermenregion , Traisental, Wachau , Wagram and Weinviertel
- Vienna: Vienna
Südsteiermark, Vulkanland Steiermark and Weststeiermark
Carinthia, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg
Viticulture in Switzerland
Vineyards (2000): 15,000 hectares
Bündner Herrschaft , Three Lakes Region ( Lake Biel , Lake Neuchâtel , Lake Murten ), Vaud , Geneva , Valais , Ticino , Aargau , Lucerne , Schaffhausen , Zurich
Rest of Europe
Viticulture in Albania
Vineyards (2009): 9,800 hectares
Viticulture in Belgium
Vineyards (2005): 300 hectares
Viticulture in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Vineyards (2013): 3,500 hectares
Viticulture in Bulgaria
Vineyards (2002): 108,000 hectares
Viticulture in France
Vineyards (2000): 917,000 hectares
Margaux , Pauillac , Saint-Julien , Saint-Estèphe , Listrac , Moulis , Fronsac , Pomerol , Saint-Émilion , Graves , Pessac-Léognan , Sauternes , Barsac , Entre deux mers
Chablis , Côte de Nuits , Côte de Beaune , Côte Chalonnaise , Mâconnais , Beaujolais
Armagnac , Béarn , Bergerac , Buzet , Brulhois , Cahors , Côtes de Duras , Cotes de Gascogne , Côtes de Saint-Mont , Fronton AOC , Côtes du Marmandais , Floc de Gascogne , Gaillac , Irouléguy , Jurançon , Lavilledieu , Madiran , Marcillac , Tursan , Entraygues et Fel , Estaing
Côtes du Rhône , Côte du Rhône Villages , Châteauneuf-du-Pape , Condrieu , Cornas , Costières de Nîmes , Côte-Rôtie , Crozes-Hermitage , Gigondas , Hermitage , Lirac , Luberon , Saint-Joseph , Tavel , Vacqueyras
Arbois , Château-Chalon , Côtes du Jura , Crémant du Jura , L'Étoile
Banyuls , Blanquette de Limoux , Cabardès , Collioure , Corbières , Côtes du Roussillon , Fitou , Maury , Minervois , Rivesaltes
Anjou , Bonnezeaux , Bourgueil , Cheverny , Chinon , Sancerre , Saumur , Savennières , Muscadet
Aix-en-Provence , Bandol , Bellet , Cassis , Côtes de Provence
Viticulture in Georgia
Vineyards (2005): 60,000 hectares
Viticulture in Greece
Vineyards (2000): 129,000 hectares
Aminteon, Goumenissa, Naoussa, Cotes de Meliton, Anchialos, Rapsani, Zitsa, Mantinia, Nemea, Patras , Robola of Kefallonia, Archanes , Daphnes, Peza, Sitia, Paros, Rhodes , Santorini, Kantza, Samos , Limnos
Viticulture in Ireland
Vineyards: a few hectares mainly around Cork
Viticulture in Italy
Vineyards (2012): 233,168 hectares
Aosta Valley , Piedmont , Liguria , Lombardy , Trentino , South Tyrol , Friuli-Venezia Giulia , Veneto , Emilia-Romagna , Marche , Tuscany (Chianti) , Umbria , Latium , Abruzzo , Molise, Apulia , Campania, Calabria , Basilicata, Sicily , Sardinia
Viticulture in Croatia
Vineyards (2000): approx. 60,000 hectares
Croatia is a very rich wine region due to its diverse landscapes. Basically, the continental-Pannonian wine-growing region Slavonia , higher areas in Croatia, such as the Hrvatsko Zagorje , and the Mediterranean part of the Adriatic coast (especially Dalmatia , Istria and the islands) can be described as wine regions in Croatia .
Viticulture in North Macedonia
Vineyards (2008): 22,400 hectares
In North Macedonia, two-thirds of Yugoslavia's total wine production was produced in the 1980s . In today's Republic Northern Macedonia, is generated to 80% red focus is the wine region Povardski ( Vardar ).
Viticulture in Malta
Vineyards: 1,000 hectares
Viticulture in Moldova
Vineyards (2003): 149,000 hectares
Moldova was one of the most important wine producers for the Soviet Union. Moldovan viticulture still has its customers mainly in the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Wine-growing areas are located in Bălți in the north, in Codru (central region), near Cahul in the south and in the Nistreana area in the southeast.
Viticulture in Poland
Vineyards (2011): 500 hectares
Wine-growing tradition since the Middle Ages, later concentrated around Zielona Góra (German: Grünberg / Lower Silesia); today, three growing areas (regions) are distinguished according to climatic conditions.
Viticulture in Portugal
Vineyards (2000): 261,000 hectares
Tavora-Varosa, Barraida, Dão, Alto Douro , Beira Interior, Ribatejo, Lourinha, Obidos, Alenquer, Torres Vedras, Arruda, Bucelas, Palmela, Sétubal, Alentejo , Lagos, Portimão , Lagoa, Tavira, Madeira , Pico ( Azores ) Collares
Viticulture in Romania
Vineyards : 239,000 hectares
Romania is the fifth largest wine producer in Europe. Important cultivation areas are in the Moldau (in Cotnari , Panciu and Odobeşti ), Wallachia (in Dealu Mare and Drăgăşani ); Transylvania (in Jidvei ); Dobruja (near Murfatlar ); Kreischgebiet ( Pâncota and Miniș )
Viticulture in Russia
Vineyards (2000): 70,000 hectares
Viticulture in Sweden
Vineyards : 25 hectares
Viticulture in Slovakia
Vineyards (2000): 28,300 hectares
Malokarpatská vinohradnícka oblasť (Kleinkarpatisches wine region), Južnoslovenská vinohradnícka oblasť (Südslowakisches wine region), Nitrianska vinohradnícka oblasť (Nitransky wine region), Stredoslovenská vinohradnícka oblasť (central Slovak wine region), Východoslovenská vinohradnícka oblasť (East Slovak wine region), Tokajská vinohradnícka oblasť (Tokay wine region in Slovakia)
Viticulture in Slovenia
Vineyards : 33,000 hectares, of which 26,000 hectares are in production
Viticulture tradition for over 1800 years, continuously since the 13th century. 40,000 winemakers, including approx. 300 noteworthy suppliers. Total annual yield approx. 1.1 million hectoliters. This corresponds approximately to that of Baden (Germany) or New Zealand. Three wine-growing regions divided into the wine-growing areas:
Štajerska / Slovenian Styria, Prekmurje
Bela krajina, Dolenjska, Bizeljsko-Sremič
Brda, Vipava Valley, Kras, Slovenska Istra
Viticulture in Spain
Vineyards (2012): 1,018,000 hectares
Mainland: Andalusia, Aragón, Cataluña, Extremadura, Galicia, Castilla-La Mancha , Vinos de Madrid , Murcia, Navarra , Ribera del Duero (Castilla y León), El Bierzo (Castilla y León), Rioja , Utiel-Requena , Valdepeñas , Valencia , Yecla
Canaries : Abona, El Hierro, Lanzarote , La Palma, Tacoronte-Acentejo, Valle de Guimar, Valle de Orotava, Ycoden-Daute-Isora
Balearic Islands : Mallorca, Ibiza, Menorca, Formentera
Viticulture in the Czech Republic
Vineyards (2000): 14,000 hectares
Moravia : Brno , Bzenec , Mikulov , Mutěnice, Velké Pavlovice, Znojmo , Strážnice , Kyjov , Uherské Hradiště , Podluží, Valtice
Bohemia : Prague , Čáslav , Mělník , Roudnice nad Labem , Velké Žernoseky
Viticulture in Hungary
Vineyards (2000): 91,000 hectares
Tokaj-Hegyalja , Lake Balaton, Villány-Siklós, Sopron, Eger, Szekszárd, Kunság, Tolna, Mátra, Zala
Viticulture in Ukraine
Vineyards (2000): 125,000 hectares
Crimea , Bessarabia , Zakarpattia , Kherson
Viticulture in the UK
Vineyards (2000): 1,000 hectares
Viticulture in Argentina
Vineyards (2003): 211,000 hectares
Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja, San Juan, Mendoza, Valle De Uco, San Rafael, Rio Negro
Viticulture in Bolivia
Vineyards (2007): 5,000 hectares
The main wine-growing area is Tarija
Viticulture in Brazil
Vineyards (2000): 61,000 hectares
Viticulture in Chile
Vineyards (2004): 165,482 hectares
Viticulture in Canada
The main wine-growing regions of Canada are the Niagara Peninsula ( Ontario ), e.g. B. Niagara-on-the-Lake , Okanagan and Kelowna ( British Columbia ).
Viticulture in Mexico
- Baja California , e.g. B. Ensenada
Viticulture in Uruguay
Vineyards : 10,000 hectares
Viticulture in the United States
Vineyards (2003): 415,000 hectares
- Columbia Valley (Oregon and Washington)
- Walla Walla Valley (Oregon and Washington)
See also: American Viticultural Area
Viticulture in Egypt
Vineyards : 57,000 hectares
Viticulture in Algeria
Vineyards : 69,000 hectares
Viticulture in Libya
Vineyards : 6,000 hectares
Viticulture in Madagascar
Vineyards (1997): 2,000 hectares
Viticulture in Morocco
Vineyards (2000): 50,000 hectares
Viticulture in Namibia
Vineyards (2014): more than 10.1 hectares
- Neuras ( Neuras Winery )
- Omaruru ( crystal winery )
- Otavi (including Thonningii )
Viticulture in South Africa
Vineyards (2005): 136,000 hectares
- Western Cape, etc. a. with Stellenbosch District
- Breede River Valley
- Klein Karoo (or Little Karoo)
- Olifants River
- Cape Agulhas
Viticulture in Tanzania
Vineyards (1997): 3,000 hectares
Viticulture in Tunisia
Vineyards (2000): 29,000 hectares
Australia and Oceania
Viticulture in Australia
Vineyards (2000): 140,000 hectares
Viticulture in French Polynesia
Vineyards (2010): 6 hectares
Viticulture in Indonesia
Vineyards (2018): 34.5 hectares
Note: Indonesia is also partly in Asia.
Viticulture in New Zealand
Vineyards (2004): 20,000 hectares
Viticulture in Afghanistan
Vineyards (1999): 51,800 hectares
For religious reasons, the cultivation of wine in Afghanistan is restricted to the cultivation of table grapes for consumption and for making raisins.
Viticulture in China
Vineyard area :
- 1999: 240,000 hectares
- 2007: 490,000 hectares
Viticulture in India
Closed at the end of the 19th century due to a vine disease, since more recently larger vineyards have been cultivated again.
Viticulture in Iraq
Vineyards : 45,000 hectares
This vineyard area is used almost exclusively for the production of raisins and table grapes.
Viticulture in Iran
Vineyards (2000): 270,000 hectares (thus number 6 worldwide in the ranking of vineyards per country)
For religious and legal reasons, the cultivation of wine in Iran is restricted to the cultivation of table grapes for direct consumption and for the production of raisins. However, Iranian grapes are sometimes exported in small quantities and processed into wine in other countries . Iran is especially famous for the Shiraz .
Viticulture in Israel
Vineyards (2000): 5,000 hectares
Bet Schemesch , Beit Jala , Hebron , Zichron Ja'akow , Mount Karmel , (Israeli occupied) Golan Heights and the like. a.
Viticulture in Lebanon
There are some wineries in the Bekaa Valley . The best known is the Château Musar of the Hochar family, which produces wines in the classic manner from grape varieties of the Bordelais and in some years achieves the quality of the famous Médoc wines .
Viticulture in Syria
Vineyards : 120,000 hectares
Viticulture in Turkey
Vineyards : 581,000 hectares
- Hugh Johnson: The Great Wine Atlas. The wines and spirits in the world . 19th, completely revised and supplemented edition (with numerous location maps). Hallwag, Bern 1986, ISBN 3-444-10089-2 .
- Hugh Johnson: The New Wine Atlas. Countries, locations, qualities . 25th edition. Hallwag, Bern 1994, ISBN 3-444-10428-6 .
- Hugh Johnson: The great Johnson. The encyclopedia of wines . 13th edition. Hallwag, Bern 1999, ISBN 3-444-10590-8 .
- André Dominé: Wine . Könemann, Cologne 2000, ISBN 3-8290-2765-6 .
- Notice concerning the formation of wine-growing districts . Germany, 1904 ( Wikisource )
- ↑ a b Jancis Robinson: The Oxford Wine Lexicon. Hallwag Verlag, Munich 2003, p. 27 f.
- ↑ Horst Dippel : The wine dictionary. 4th edition. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2000, p. 512.
- ^ Gaby Mörstedt, Kristian Uhlenbrock: Geographie Infothek . Klett Verlag, Leipzig. Published on the publisher's website ( Memento from November 5, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Viticulture in figures 2014 . (PDF; Italian) federdoc.com
- ^ History. Vin de Tahiti. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
- ↑ Making Wine in Bali. Had wines. Retrieved January 15, 2019.