Wine region

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wine-growing area is a legally protected term that is used synonymously with wine-growing area or wine-growing area in official parlance - sometimes even within the same legal provisions (also popularly: wine area ). The terms designate a geographical region in which wine with the specific name of a certain wine-growing area may be grown. What is decisive is the unmistakable addition ... area , e.g. B. at regional winegrowers' cooperative .

As a rule, wine-growing regions have grown historically, have developed certain regional traditions and peculiarities of viticulture , vine processing , winemaking or marketing over numerous generations and produce wines of a comparable type.

The northern Portuguese wine region Alto Douro was first legally defined in 1756 . Since then, it has become standard to clearly define wine regions through wine law.

Wine-growing regions regulate and monitor quality and location descriptions within their limits and award wines. Due to different topographical, climatic and geological conditions and agricultural traditions, specific grape varieties have been cultivated and refined in many individual wine-growing areas over the years . As a rule, own wine styles have developed from this.

DA-CH countries

Viticulture in Germany

Vineyards (2012): 102,340 hectares

For details see viticulture in Germany # growing regions

Viticulture in Liechtenstein

Vineyards (2013): 14 hectares

Viticulture in Luxembourg

Vineyards (2005): 1300 hectares

Viticulture in Austria

Vineyards (2019 harvest): 48,721 hectares

The area is divided into three regions with 17 areas:

Wine country region

  1. Burgenland: Eisenberg, Leithaberg, Mittelburgenland, Neusiedlersee and Rosalia
  2. Lower Austria: Carnuntum , Kamptal , Kremstal, Thermenregion , Traisental, Wachau , Wagram and Weinviertel
  3. Vienna: Vienna

Styrian region

Südsteiermark, Vulkanland Steiermark and Weststeiermark

Mountainous region

Carinthia, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg

Viticulture in Switzerland

Vineyards (2000): 15,000 hectares

Bündner Herrschaft , Three Lakes Region ( Lake Biel , Lake Neuchâtel , Lake Murten ), Vaud , Geneva , Valais , Ticino , Aargau , Lucerne , Schaffhausen , Zurich

Rest of Europe

Viticulture in Albania

Vineyards (2009): 9,800 hectares

Viticulture in Belgium

Vineyards (2005): 300 hectares

Viticulture in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Vineyards (2013): 3,500 hectares

Viticulture in Bulgaria

Vineyards (2002): 108,000 hectares

Viticulture in France

Vineyards (2000): 917,000 hectares

Viticulture in Georgia

Vineyards (2005): 60,000 hectares

Viticulture in Greece

Vineyards (2000): 129,000 hectares

Aminteon, Goumenissa, Naoussa, Cotes de Meliton, Anchialos, Rapsani, Zitsa, Mantinia, Nemea, Patras , Robola of Kefallonia, Archanes , Daphnes, Peza, Sitia, Paros, Rhodes , Santorini, Kantza, Samos , Limnos

Viticulture in Ireland

Vineyards: a few hectares mainly around Cork

Viticulture in Italy

Vineyards (2012): 233,168 hectares

Aosta Valley , Piedmont , Liguria , Lombardy , Trentino , South Tyrol , Friuli-Venezia Giulia , Veneto , Emilia-Romagna , Marche , Tuscany (Chianti) , Umbria , Latium , Abruzzo , Molise, Apulia , Campania, Calabria , Basilicata, Sicily , Sardinia

Viticulture in Croatia

Vineyards (2000): approx. 60,000 hectares

Croatia is a very rich wine region due to its diverse landscapes. Basically, the continental-Pannonian wine-growing region Slavonia , higher areas in Croatia, such as the Hrvatsko Zagorje , and the Mediterranean part of the Adriatic coast (especially Dalmatia , Istria and the islands) can be described as wine regions in Croatia .

Viticulture in North Macedonia

Vineyards (2008): 22,400 hectares

In North Macedonia, two-thirds of Yugoslavia's total wine production was produced in the 1980s . In today's Republic Northern Macedonia, is generated to 80% red focus is the wine region Povardski ( Vardar ).

Viticulture in Malta

Vineyards: 1,000 hectares

Viticulture in Moldova

Vineyards (2003): 149,000 hectares

Moldova was one of the most important wine producers for the Soviet Union. Moldovan viticulture still has its customers mainly in the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Wine-growing areas are located in Bălți in the north, in Codru (central region), near Cahul in the south and in the Nistreana area in the southeast.

Viticulture in Poland

Vineyards (2011): 500 hectares

Wine-growing tradition since the Middle Ages, later concentrated around Zielona Góra (German: Grünberg / Lower Silesia); today, three growing areas (regions) are distinguished according to climatic conditions.

Viticulture in Portugal

Vineyards (2000): 261,000 hectares

Tavora-Varosa, Barraida, Dão, Alto Douro , Beira Interior, Ribatejo, Lourinha, Obidos, Alenquer, Torres Vedras, Arruda, Bucelas, Palmela, Sétubal, Alentejo , Lagos, Portimão , Lagoa, Tavira, Madeira , Pico ( Azores ) Collares

Viticulture in Romania

Vineyards : 239,000 hectares

Romania is the fifth largest wine producer in Europe. Important cultivation areas are in the Moldau (in Cotnari , Panciu and Odobeşti ), Wallachia (in Dealu Mare and Drăgăşani ); Transylvania (in Jidvei ); Dobruja (near Murfatlar ); Kreischgebiet ( Pâncota and Miniș )

Viticulture in Russia

Vineyards (2000): 70,000 hectares

Viticulture in Sweden

Vineyards : 25 hectares

Skåne , Gotland and Tynningö

Viticulture in Slovakia

Vineyards (2000): 28,300 hectares

Malokarpatská vinohradnícka oblasť (Kleinkarpatisches wine region), Južnoslovenská vinohradnícka oblasť (Südslowakisches wine region), Nitrianska vinohradnícka oblasť (Nitransky wine region), Stredoslovenská vinohradnícka oblasť (central Slovak wine region), Východoslovenská vinohradnícka oblasť (East Slovak wine region), Tokajská vinohradnícka oblasť (Tokay wine region in Slovakia)

Viticulture in Slovenia

Vineyards : 33,000 hectares, of which 26,000 hectares are in production

Viticulture tradition for over 1800 years, continuously since the 13th century. 40,000 winemakers, including approx. 300 noteworthy suppliers. Total annual yield approx. 1.1 million hectoliters. This corresponds approximately to that of Baden (Germany) or New Zealand. Three wine-growing regions divided into the wine-growing areas:

  • Podravje :
    Štajerska / Slovenian Styria, Prekmurje
  • Posavje :
    Bela krajina, Dolenjska, Bizeljsko-Sremič
  • Primorye :
    Brda, Vipava Valley, Kras, Slovenska Istra

Viticulture in Spain

Vineyards (2012): 1,018,000 hectares

Mainland: Andalusia, Aragón, Cataluña, Extremadura, Galicia, Castilla-La Mancha , Vinos de Madrid , Murcia, Navarra , Ribera del Duero (Castilla y León), El Bierzo (Castilla y León), Rioja , Utiel-Requena , Valdepeñas , Valencia , Yecla

Canaries : Abona, El Hierro, Lanzarote , La Palma, Tacoronte-Acentejo, Valle de Guimar, Valle de Orotava, Ycoden-Daute-Isora

Balearic Islands : Mallorca, Ibiza, Menorca, Formentera

Viticulture in the Czech Republic

Vineyards (2000): 14,000 hectares

Moravia : Brno , Bzenec , Mikulov , Mutěnice, Velké Pavlovice, Znojmo , Strážnice , Kyjov , Uherské Hradiště , Podluží, Valtice

Bohemia : Prague , Čáslav , Mělník , Roudnice nad Labem , Velké Žernoseky

Viticulture in Hungary

Vineyards (2000): 91,000 hectares

Tokaj-Hegyalja , Lake Balaton, Villány-Siklós, Sopron, Eger, Szekszárd, Kunság, Tolna, Mátra, Zala

Viticulture in Ukraine

Vineyards (2000): 125,000 hectares

Crimea , Bessarabia , Zakarpattia , Kherson

Viticulture in the UK

Vineyards (2000): 1,000 hectares


Viticulture in Argentina

Vineyards (2003): 211,000 hectares

Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja, San Juan, Mendoza, Valle De Uco, San Rafael, Rio Negro

Viticulture in Bolivia

Vineyards (2007): 5,000 hectares

The main wine-growing area is Tarija

Viticulture in Brazil

Vineyards (2000): 61,000 hectares

Viticulture in Chile

Vineyards (2004): 165,482 hectares

Viticulture in Canada

The main wine-growing regions of Canada are the Niagara Peninsula ( Ontario ), e.g. B. Niagara-on-the-Lake , Okanagan and Kelowna ( British Columbia ).

Viticulture in Mexico

Viticulture in Uruguay

Vineyards : 10,000 hectares

Viticulture in the United States

Vineyards (2003): 415,000 hectares

See also: American Viticultural Area


Viticulture in Egypt

Vineyards : 57,000 hectares

Viticulture in Algeria

Vineyards : 69,000 hectares

Viticulture in Libya

Vineyards : 6,000 hectares

Viticulture in Madagascar

Vineyards (1997): 2,000 hectares

Viticulture in Morocco

Vineyards (2000): 50,000 hectares

Viticulture in Namibia

Vineyards (2014): more than 10.1 hectares

Viticulture in South Africa

Vineyards (2005): 136,000 hectares

Wine-growing regions

  • Western Cape, etc. a. with Stellenbosch District
  • Breede River Valley
  • Klein Karoo (or Little Karoo)
  • Boberg
  • Olifants River
  • Cape Agulhas

Viticulture in Tanzania

Vineyards (1997): 3,000 hectares

Viticulture in Tunisia

Vineyards (2000): 29,000 hectares

Australia and Oceania

Viticulture in Australia

Vineyards (2000): 140,000 hectares

Viticulture in French Polynesia

Vineyards (2010): 6 hectares

Viticulture in Indonesia

Vineyards (2018): 34.5 hectares

Note: Indonesia is also partly in Asia.

Viticulture in New Zealand

Vineyards (2004): 20,000 hectares


Viticulture in Afghanistan

Vineyards (1999): 51,800 hectares

For religious reasons, the cultivation of wine in Afghanistan is restricted to the cultivation of table grapes for consumption and for making raisins.

Viticulture in China

Vineyard area :

  • 1999: 240,000 hectares
  • 2007: 490,000 hectares

Viticulture in India

Closed at the end of the 19th century due to a vine disease, since more recently larger vineyards have been cultivated again.

Viticulture in Iraq

Vineyards : 45,000 hectares

This vineyard area is used almost exclusively for the production of raisins and table grapes.

Viticulture in Iran

Vineyards (2000): 270,000 hectares (thus number 6 worldwide in the ranking of vineyards per country)

For religious and legal reasons, the cultivation of wine in Iran is restricted to the cultivation of table grapes for direct consumption and for the production of raisins. However, Iranian grapes are sometimes exported in small quantities and processed into wine in other countries . Iran is especially famous for the Shiraz .

Viticulture in Israel

Vineyards (2000): 5,000 hectares

Bet Schemesch , Beit Jala , Hebron , Zichron Ja'akow , Mount Karmel , (Israeli occupied) Golan Heights and the like. a.

Viticulture in Lebanon

There are some wineries in the Bekaa Valley . The best known is the Château Musar of the Hochar family, which produces wines in the classic manner from grape varieties of the Bordelais and in some years achieves the quality of the famous Médoc wines .

Viticulture in Syria

Vineyards : 120,000 hectares

Viticulture in Turkey

Vineyards : 581,000 hectares


Web links

Wiktionary: wine-growing region  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. a b Jancis Robinson: The Oxford Wine Lexicon. Hallwag Verlag, Munich 2003, p. 27 f.
  2. Horst Dippel : The wine dictionary. 4th edition. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2000, p. 512.
  3. ^ Gaby Mörstedt, Kristian Uhlenbrock: Geographie Infothek . Klett Verlag, Leipzig. Published on the publisher's website ( Memento from November 5, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  4. Viticulture in figures 2014 . (PDF; Italian)
  5. ^ History. Vin de Tahiti. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  6. Making Wine in Bali. Had wines. Retrieved January 15, 2019.