Viticulture in Israel

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Israeli wine

The Israeli Wine can be traced back to the biblical times.


The history of viticulture in Israel goes back to ancient times ; Even under Muslim rule, wine production did not come to a complete standstill. During the previous Byzantine rule , the region produced some very popular wines .

Since the 19th century

Since the end of the 19th century more and more wine has been produced again. Modern Israeli viticulture was significantly influenced by Baron Edmond James de Rothschild , the former co-owner of the famous Bordeaux vineyard Château Lafite-Rothschild .

Growing areas

In the modern state of Israel, wine is grown on an area of ​​5,000 hectares (as of 2000). Important cultivation areas are Bet Shemesh , the Carmel Mountains around the city of Zichron Ja'akow , the Golan Heights and the Negev Desert . Other wine-growing regions are Cremisan or Hebron .

Mainly the red varieties Pinot noir (Spätburgunder), Merlot , Cabernet Sauvignon and their own new variety Argaman are grown . The white varieties Chardonnay , Sauvignon Blanc and Emerald Riesling are also grown on a smaller scale . The vines are usually artificially watered.

Several hundred wineries are now producing wines, which are also exported in modest quantities. The export generates about 22 million dollars in foreign exchange income annually.

Due to a decision by the European Court of Justice , wines from the so-called occupied territories can no longer be designated as Made in Israel.


The largest wine producer in the country in 2012 was the Carmel wineries in Zichron Ja'akow , the second largest was the Barkan Wine Cellars in Mitzpe Ramon in the Negev desert (a subsidiary of the Tempo brewery ). Third was the Golan Heights Winery in Katzrin on the Golan Heights .

Jewish dietary law

Israel is the main supplier of kosher wine worldwide. Characteristics of kosher wine are, for example: The grapes are only harvested from the fourth year, the harvesting equipment is cleaned under the supervision of a rabbi and a small part of the wine has to be given away.


Individual evidence

  1. Wine Country Israel: "Reds" won an expert tasting In: , December 6, 2001, accessed on August 1, 2018.