|Province (il) :||Çanakkale|
|Telephone code :||(+90) 286|
|Postal code :||17 680|
|License plate :||17th|
|Structure and administration (as of 2019)|
|Structure :||2 malls|
|Mayor :||Hakan Can Yılmaz ( CHP )|
|Residents :||3,023 (2018)|
|Population density :||82 inhabitants per km²|
|Kaymakam :||İbrahim Gültekİn|
Bozcaada (Greek Τένεδος Tenedos ) is an island in the northeast Aegean and in the Thracian Sea . Today the island is a district of the Turkish province Çanakkale . It is the third largest island in the country and about 37 km² in size.
In addition to the island of Bozcaada , the district of Bozcaada also includes the small archipelago Karayer Adaları with the islands of Tavşan, Yılan, Orak and Pırasa, eight to ten kilometers northeast.
Bozcaada was founded around 3000 BC. First settled.
In the legendary Trojan War described by Homer, the Greek warriors hid on the island of Tenedos after they had set up the wooden Trojan horse at the gates of Troy and apparently left the Troas in the direction of Greece. They waited for Tenedos until night to return secretly and conquer Troy.
The island fell in 146 BC. To the Roman Empire . Around the middle of the 13th century, the Byzantine Empire fought with the Republic of Venice and the Republic of Genoa for rule over the island; as a result it was depopulated for about a century.
Bozcaada was awarded together with Gökçeada after the Greco-Turkish War 1922/23 in the Treaty of Lausanne of Turkey and demilitarized. In the Treaty of Lausanne, Greece and Turkey agreed on a mutual exchange of population , one of the exceptions to this forced relocation concerned the Greeks Bozcaadas. Most of the Greeks then left the island, but mostly returned within a few years. But in the course of Turkey's “ ethnic cleansing policy ” in the 1950s, most of the Greek population was expelled again.
From ancient times to the early modern times, Tenedos was an important port at the southern entrance of the Dardanelles . In addition, since at least the 6th century BC Chr. Viticulture testified on the island. Today tourism is the most important industry on the island, alongside the generation of wind energy , fishing and the cultivation of poppies are important economic factors on the island.
The fortress in the island's port, which is believed to have served the Genoese, Venetians and Byzantines, is of unknown origin. In its current form, it was built under Mehmet II and renovated in 1703–1706, 1714–1726 and 1815 to a particular extent. The Greek Orthodox Church, built in 1867, stands on the foundations of a church that is said to have been built by the Venetians.
The wine festival, to which large parts of the Greek diaspora travel, takes place annually on July 26th.
- N. Arslan - N. Sevinç, “The Iron Age Tombs of Tenedos.” Istanbul Communications 53, 2003, pp. 223–250.
- N. Arslan, "Sheets of Gold from Tenedos." Istanbul Communications 53, 2003, pp. 251-263.
- Hakan Gürüney: From Tenedos to Bozcaada . Tale of a forgotten island. In: Tenedos Local History Research Center . No. 5 . Bozcaada 2012, ISBN 978-975-23-1036-0 .
- T. Takaoğlu - N. Sevinç, “The Early Bronze Age on Tenedos / Bozcaada.” Studia Troica 14, 2004, pp. 135-140.
- T. Takaoğlu, “Ethnoarchaeological survey of modern agrarian sites on Tenedos / Bozcaada”, Ethnoarchaeological Investigations in Rural Anatolia 2, 2004, pp. 90-105.
- Türkiye Nüfusu İl ilçe Mahalle Köy Nüfusları , accessed on June 1, 2019
-  , PDF file from the Ministry of the Interior 1.4 MB
- http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=50331 ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Rodanthi Tzanelli: The politics of 'forgetting' as poetics of belonging: between Greek self-narration and reappraisal (Michaniona, 2000/3) . In: Nations and Nationalism . tape 13 , no. 4 , 2000, pp. 675-694, p. 683 ( abstract ).