|Community association||Pays Basque|
|Coordinates||43 ° 11 ′ N , 1 ° 18 ′ W|
|surface||9.38 km 2|
|Residents||363 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||39 inhabitants / km 2|
Irouléguy is a French commune in the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine . The 9.38 km² municipality is part of the French Basque Country ; the Basque spelling of the name is Irulegi . Irouléguy has 363 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) and is located at an altitude of approx. 266 m , around 50 kilometers southeast of Bayonne .
Irouléguy wine region
Vineyards were created on the slopes of the 812 m high hill called Jara as early as the 3rd century . However, it was the monks from the Roncesvalles monastery who systematized viticulture in the 12th century and offered the product to pilgrims on their way to Santiago de Compostela .
The wine-growing region reached its preliminary peak in the 18th century , when the wines were exported from the port of Bayonne to Germany, England and the Netherlands. As in the 19th century , the phylloxera destroyed most of the vineyards, the land was due to the rural exodus not replanted again. The appellation was almost completely abandoned until the 1950s. In 1953 the first initiatives of a new beginning were started, which were rewarded on October 29, 1970 with the receipt of the status of an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC for short).
The wine-growing area lies at the foot of the Ibañeta Pass, which leads to Spain via Roncesvalles , spread over the slopes of Saint-Etienne-de Baïgorry, Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and Bidarray. The areas are protected from cold north winds. 65% of the 185 hectare area consists of terraced plants.
The grape varieties Tannat (Basque Bordeleza ), Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon (Basque Axeria ) are permitted for red and rosé wines . Courbu (Basque Xuri Zerratia ) and Gros Manseng (Basque Ixiriota Xuri ) may be used for white wines . A total of around 55,000 hectoliters of wine are produced.
The full-bodied, fragrant rosé wines should be enjoyed at a temperature of 10 - 12 ° C with a grill plate or fish. The red wines go with a roast, game dishes and a cheese platter at 16-18 ° C. The drinking temperature of the white wines is 8-10 ° C.