Valencian Community

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Comunidad Valenciana  ( Spanish )
Comunitat Valenciana  [official name] ( Valencian )
Valencian Community
coat of arms
flag coat of arms
Kanarische Inseln Portugal Andorra Frankreich Vereinigtes Königreich Marokko Algerien Galicien Asturien Kantabrien Baskenland Navarra La Rioja Aragonien Kastilien und León Katalonien Madrid Kastilien-La Mancha Valencianische Gemeinschaft Balearische Inseln Extremadura Andalusien Murcia Kastilien und León Ceuta Melillamap
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Basic data
Country : SpainSpain Spain
Capital : Valencia
Area : 23,255  km²
Residents : 5,003,769  (January 1, 2019)
Population density : 215.2 inhabitants / km²
Expansion: North – South: approx. 330 km
West – East: approx. 101 km
ISO 3166-2 : ES-VC
Website :
Politics and administration
Official language : Spanish , Valencian
Autonomy since: July 10, 1982
President : Ximo Puig ( PSPV-PSOE )
Representation in the
Cortes Generales :
Congress : 33 seats
Senate : 5 seats
Structure : 3 provinces
34 comarcas

The Valencian Community , also Valencian Land (officially val. Comunitat Valenciana , Spanish Comunidad Valenciana ), is an autonomous community of Spain located on the Mediterranean coast . It borders on Catalonia in the north, Aragon and Castile-La Mancha in the west and Murcia in the south and includes the three provinces of València , Alacant and Castelló . The capital of the Autonomous Community is the city of València .

The territory of the autonomous community formed in 1982 is largely identical to that of the former Kingdom of Valencia , which belonged to the Aragonese Crown .


Most of the region belongs to the Valencian language area , a variety of Catalan . Valencian is the official language alongside Spanish . The population of the coastal landscape speaks Valencian and Spanish, especially in the rural areas mainly Valencian, while in the inland mountains and in the extreme south of the autonomous region only Spanish is spoken mostly.

Political structure

Comarcas in Valencia
The village of Chulilla, about 50 km west of Valencia
Logo for PR work
View from Cullera southeast towards Denia.

The Autonomous Community of Valencia comprises the three provinces of Alicante , Castellón and Valencia , which in turn can be divided into a total of 32 comarcas (districts) and the municipalities (cities).

The main institutions that govern and administer the Autonomous Region of Valencia , which together form the Generalitat Valenciana , the Administration, are as follows:

  • The autonomous parliament “ Corts Valencianes ” with the legislative functions
  • The government ("Consell") with the executive functions, with the Prime Minister ("President de la Generalitat Valenciana") at the head

Celebrations and holidays

Some cities celebrate the Moros i Cristians (Moors and Christians) fiestas , which commemorate the battles between the Muslim and Christian armies in the region in the Middle Ages, the Moors and Christians of Alcoy being the most famous. On St. Joseph's Day , March 19, the Falles are celebrated in many places , especially in the province of Valencia. Alicante is famous for the Fogueres de Sant Joan , celebrated in June . In March, the Magdalena is celebrated in Castellón ; in Elx the " Misteri d'Elx ". In the small town of Buñol (approx. 40 km from Valencia coming from Madrid), the world's largest tomato battle, Tomatina, takes place every year at the beginning of August .

The Day of the Autonomous Community of Valencia is celebrated on October 9th.

In addition to these holidays, there are nine Spanish-wide holidays and two local community holidays.


In comparison with the GDP of the EU, expressed in purchasing power standards, the Region of Valencia achieved an index of 80 (EU-27: 100) ( 2015 ). The country is heavily indebted and was the first Spanish region to apply for help from the Fondo de Liquidez Autonómica rescue fund . In 2017 the unemployment rate was 18.2%.

With a score of 0.875, Valencia ranks 11th among the 17 Spanish Autonomous Communities in the Human Development Index .

See also

Web links

Commons : Comunitat Valenciana  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
  2. Eurostat. Retrieved April 15, 2018 .
  3. Unemployment rate, by NUTS 2 regions. Retrieved November 5, 2018 .
  4. ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Retrieved August 12, 2018 .

Coordinates: 39 ° 25 ′  N , 0 ° 32 ′  W