Autonomous Community of Madrid
Comunidad de Madrid ( Spanish )
Community of Madrid
|Area :||8,028 km²|
|Residents :||6,663,394 (January 1, 2019)|
|Population density :||830 inhabitants / km²|
|ISO 3166-2 :||ES-MD|
|Politics and administration|
|Autonomy since:||March 1, 1983|
|Representation in the
Cortes Generales :
Congress : 34 seats
Senate : 6 seats
|Structure :||The autonomous community consists
of a single province .
The Autonomous Community of Madrid ( Comunidad de Madrid in Spanish ) is one of the 17 regions of Spain . It lies on the plateau of New Castile , immediately south of the Castilian Scheidegebirge . The autonomous community consists only of the province of the same name and includes the metropolitan area around the capital Madrid . It has an area of 8,027.69 km² and 6,663,394 inhabitants (as of 2019). The highest point in the Autonomous Community is the Peñalara . The Autonomous Community of Madrid has its own representation with the Asamblea de Madrid . This exercises the legislative power in the autonomous community.
The biggest sights, in addition to the capital, are the monastery residence of Philip II in El Escorial , the old university town of Alcalá de Henares and the palace and gardens of Aranjuez , all three of which are world heritage sites .
As of January 1, 2019
|Alcalá de Henares||195,649|
|Torrejon de Ardoz||131,376|
|Las Rozas de Madrid||95,814|
|Pozuelo de Alarcón||86,422|
|San Sebastian de los Reyes||89.276|
|Arganda del Rey||55,389|
|Boadilla del Monte||54,570|
|San Fernando de Henares||39,432|
Population development of the province
In comparison with the GDP of the EU expressed in purchasing power standards, the Madrid region achieved an index of 123 (EU-27: 100) in 2015 ,. With a gross domestic product per capita of € 35,041 (2018), the Madrid region is the economically strongest in Spain. The service sector and public administration dominate. There are some important industrial companies. a. in the fields of pharmaceuticals and aircraft construction. Numerous domestic and international companies have their headquarters for Spain here. The unemployment rate is 9.99% (4th quarter 2019) and is thus well below the Spanish average. The Madrid airport "Adolfo Suarez" is the largest in Spain with almost 62 million passengers (2019). In heavily centralized Spain, Madrid is the focal point of the entire transport network for country roads, highways, railways and air traffic.
With a value of 0.922, Madrid ranks first among the 17 autonomous communities of Spain in the Human Development Index .
- ↑ Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
- ↑ Eurostat. Retrieved April 15, 2018 .
- ↑ INEbase / Economy / Economics accounts / Spanish Regional Accounts / Latest data. Retrieved April 15, 2020 .
- ↑ unemployment rate. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, accessed April 15, 2020 .
- ↑ Passengers at Spanish airports 2019. AENA (= operating companies of the airports in Spain), accessed on April 15, 2020 (Spanish).
- ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Retrieved August 12, 2018 .
Coordinates: 40 ° 31 ′ N , 3 ° 41 ′ W