Autonomous Community of Madrid

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comunidad de Madrid  ( Spanish )
Community of Madrid
coat of arms
flag coat of arms
Kanarische Inseln Portugal Andorra Frankreich Vereinigtes Königreich Marokko Algerien Galicien Asturien Kantabrien Baskenland Navarra La Rioja Aragonien Kastilien und León Katalonien Madrid Kastilien-La Mancha Valencianische Gemeinschaft Balearische Inseln Extremadura Andalusien Murcia Kastilien und León Ceuta Melillamap
About this picture
Basic data
Country : SpainSpain Spain
Capital : Madrid
Area : 8,028  km²
Residents : 6,663,394  (January 1, 2019)
Population density : 830 inhabitants / km²
ISO 3166-2 : ES-MD
Website :
Politics and administration
Autonomy since: March 1, 1983
Representation in the
Cortes Generales :
Congress : 34 seats
Senate : 6 seats
Structure : The autonomous community consists
of a single province .

The Autonomous Community of Madrid ( Comunidad de Madrid in Spanish ) is one of the 17 regions of Spain . It lies on the plateau of New Castile , immediately south of the Castilian Scheidegebirge . The autonomous community consists only of the province of the same name and includes the metropolitan area around the capital Madrid . It has an area of ​​8,027.69 km² and 6,663,394 inhabitants (as of 2019). The highest point in the Autonomous Community is the Peñalara . The Autonomous Community of Madrid has its own representation with the Asamblea de Madrid . This exercises the legislative power in the autonomous community.

The biggest sights, in addition to the capital, are the monastery residence of Philip II in El Escorial , the old university town of Alcalá de Henares and the palace and gardens of Aranjuez , all three of which are world heritage sites .

Biggest places

As of January 1, 2019

local community Residents
Madrid 3,266,126
Móstoles 209.184
Alcalá de Henares 195,649
Fuenlabrada 193,700
Leganés 189,861
Getafe 183.374
Alcorcón 170,514
Torrejon de Ardoz 131,376
Parla 130.124
Alcobendas 117.040
Coslada 81,661
Las Rozas de Madrid 95,814
Pozuelo de Alarcón 86,422
San Sebastian de los Reyes 89.276
Rivas-Vaciamadrid 88,150
Majadahonda 71,826
Valdemoro 75,983
Collado Villalba 63,679
Aranjuez 59,607
Arganda del Rey 55,389
Boadilla del Monte 54,570
Pinto 52,526
Colmenar Viejo 50,752
San Fernando de Henares 39,432
Tres Cantos 47,722

Population development of the province


In comparison with the GDP of the EU expressed in purchasing power standards, the Madrid region achieved an index of 123 (EU-27: 100) in 2015 ,. With a gross domestic product per capita of € 35,041 (2018), the Madrid region is the economically strongest in Spain. The service sector and public administration dominate. There are some important industrial companies. a. in the fields of pharmaceuticals and aircraft construction. Numerous domestic and international companies have their headquarters for Spain here. The unemployment rate is 9.99% (4th quarter 2019) and is thus well below the Spanish average. The Madrid airport "Adolfo Suarez" is the largest in Spain with almost 62 million passengers (2019). In heavily centralized Spain, Madrid is the focal point of the entire transport network for country roads, highways, railways and air traffic.

With a value of 0.922, Madrid ranks first among the 17 autonomous communities of Spain in the Human Development Index .

Web links

Commons : Community of Madrid  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
  2. Eurostat. Retrieved April 15, 2018 .
  3. INEbase / Economy / Economics accounts / Spanish Regional Accounts / Latest data. Retrieved April 15, 2020 .
  4. unemployment rate. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, accessed April 15, 2020 .
  5. Passengers at Spanish airports 2019. AENA (= operating companies of the airports in Spain), accessed on April 15, 2020 (Spanish).
  6. ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Retrieved August 12, 2018 .

Coordinates: 40 ° 31 ′  N , 3 ° 41 ′  W