Castile and León , Spain
coat of arms
|Spanish name :||Salamanca|
|Leonese name :||Salamanca|
|Autonomous Community :||Castile and León|
|Official languages :||Spanish , Leonese|
|Area :||12,350 km²|
|Residents :||330.119 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Population density :||26.73 inhabitants / km²|
|ISO 3166-2 :||ES-SA|
|Location of the province of Salamanca|
The province of Salamanca is a Spanish province in the Leonese part of the autonomous region of Castile and León . The capital is Salamanca . In the north it borders on the provinces of Zamora and Valladolid , in the south on Cáceres , in the east on Ávila and in the west on Portugal .
The province of Salamanca has 330,119 inhabitants (2019), of which 44% live in the capital Salamanca. The province has 362 municipalities, more than half of which are villages with less than 300 inhabitants.
The Salamanca region, inhabited by the Vettone people in antiquity , belonged to the province of Lusitania during Roman rule , then to the Visigoth Empire and, from the 8th century, to the emirate or caliphate of Córdoba . From the 9th to the 11th centuries, the entire region was part of the belt of devastation between Córdoba and León before it fell to Castile along with León. When Castile-León was divided up in 1157, the region fell to the re-established Kingdom of León, but Salamanca became the target of the annexation desires of Portugal, which occupied Salamanca from 1162–1165. After a first failed attempt in 1179, Portugal occupied at least the border town of Ciudad Rodrigo in 1199–1200 . In 1230 Salamanca and León fell again or finally to Castile, apart from a renewed brief Portuguese occupation of Ciudad Rodrigos in 1296.
Population development of the province
(As of January 1, 2019)
|Santa Marta de Tormes||14,805|
|Peñaranda de Bracamonte||6,260|
|Carbajosa de la Sagrada||7.116|
|Villares de la Reina||6.351|
|Alba de Tormes||5,186|
- Diputación de Salamanca - Provincial Administration (Spanish)
- Tourism in Salamanca (Spanish / English / Portuguese)
- Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).