Montreuil (Pas-de-Calais)

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Montreuil coat of arms
Montreuil (France)
region Hauts-de-France
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Montreuil
Canton Berck
Community association Deux Baies en Montreuillois
Coordinates 50 ° 28 ′  N , 1 ° 46 ′  E Coordinates: 50 ° 28 ′  N , 1 ° 46 ′  E
height 2–43 m
surface 2.85 km 2
Residents 2,014 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 707 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 62170
INSEE code

Rue Pierre Ledent main street

Montreuil (officially), or Montreuil-sur-Mer (not officially) ( Dutch Monsterole ) is a municipality with 2014 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the Pas-de-Calais in the region of Hauts-de-France in France .

Montreuil belongs to the canton of Berck and the arrondissement of Montreuil . The place is 40 meters above the valley on a mountain cone around which the Canche flows .


Montreuil was first mentioned in 898 in the Annales de Saint-Bertin et de Saint-Vaast . The name means small monastery ( monasterolium ). It is known that some time later, after 913, the monks of the Landévennec Monastery (now Finistère ) found refuge here after their abbey was destroyed by the Vikings . In 980 Montreuil was added to the crown estate.

At the intersection of two axes, a country road and the Canche River, the place was important from an early age. It was fortified as early as the end of the 9th century, and until 1204 it was the only Capetian seaport . In 1188, King Philip II granted city rights and had the city wall reinforced at the beginning of the 13th century. In 1567 the construction of the citadel began.

Towards the end of the Middle Ages, the silting up of the Canche led to the decline of the city and the export of cloths declined. For two centuries Montreuil only played a minor role before it regained importance in the defense against the Habsburgs .

A few kilometers south of Écuires was the Bois Jean airfield during the Second World War , on which German Bf 109E fighters from staff and II. Group of Jagdgeschwader 26 also lay for a few days in June 1940, shortly before the armistice .


In the 13th century, Philip II had a castle built on the site to protect the port of Montreuil at the mouth of the Canche. Several towers of this castle still exist in the northern wall of the citadel. After the city was sacked by Charles V's troops in 1537, Charles IX commanded the city . the construction of one of the kingdom's first fortified citadels. Around 1670 Vauban improved the facility, which was continuously strengthened until the 19th century.

The citadel has been a listed building since 1926, and due to the bat populations that live there, it is now also a nature reserve. It can be visited and offers beautiful views over the Canche valley.

Town twinning

Born in Montreuil

  • Bertha von Holland (around 1055-1094), through her marriage to the French King Philip I from 1071 or 1072 to 1092 Queen of France
  • Denis Lambin (1520–1572), humanist, philologist and scholar
  • Adrian Le Roy (around 1520–1598), French lutenist, music publisher and composer
  • Jean-Claude Andruet (* 1940), rally driver


Web links

Commons : Montreuil  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Présentation et historique de Montreuil-sur-Mer (French) on the city administration's website, accessed on October 19, 2014
  2. Sign in the citadel gatehouse