Mühlbach (Müglitztal)

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community Müglitztal
Coordinates: 50 ° 54 ′ 50 ″  N , 13 ° 48 ′ 55 ″  E
Height : 208  (201-396)  m
Incorporation : March 1, 1994
Postal code : 01809
Area code : 035027
Mühlbach (Saxony)

Location of Mühlbach in Saxony

Mühlbach is a district of the municipality of Müglitztal in the district of Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains , Saxony . The district of Häselich also belongs to the district .

Geography and traffic

Mühlbach stop

Mühlbach is located in the south of the municipality of Müglitztal. It is located on the Müglitz in its deeply cut valley southeast of Dresden . The original village of Mühlbach only includes the part of the district located orographically to the left of the Müglitz. To the right of the Müglitz are Häselich and Neuburkhardswalde, which are also part of the Mühlbach district. In Mühlbach a stream coming from Maxen flows into the Müglitz. To the west of the village, the area for Finckenfang rises . Mühlbach is just north of the Karsdorf Fault , which, from a geological point of view, marks the edge of the Eastern Ore Mountains. The steep slopes around the district, including the Höllengrund, are forested. Parts of the plateaus serve agricultural purposes. Mühlbach is a forest hoof village . Mühlbach's Waldhufenflur without its current districts had an area of ​​about 125 hectares in 1842. In the west it extends to the so-called Drei Linden, the plateau north of the place already belongs to Maxen.

Neighboring Müglitztal districts are Burkhardswalde in the east and Maxen in the northwest. The closest places to the north are Schmorsdorf and Crotta . The Liebstädter districts of Biensdorf and Großröhrsdorf are located southeast of Mühlbach . Neighboring to the south and west are the Glashütte districts Schlottwitz and Hausdorf . The Müglitztalstraße running through Mühlbach provides a connection via Weesenstein and Dohna to Heidenau and via Glashütte and Bärenstein to the Czech border. The Mühlbacher Straße leads up to Maxen. The bus line 201 operated by the Dreßler travel service stops in Mühlbach. In addition, the Müglitztalbahn has a station in the town, more precisely in Häselich .


Mühlbach on a map from the 19th century

The place name is of German origin and means "settlement on a brook with a mill". The place was first mentioned in a document in 1408 as "Molbach". After that, several different spellings were in use, including "Mulbach" and "Muhlbach". To distinguish between three places of the same name in Saxony alone, the place was called in 1875 “Mühlbach b. Pirna ”.

The owners of the manor in neighboring Maxen exercised the manorial rule in the place from the 16th century ; Mühlbach has been a parish after Maxen for centuries. Administration was initially the responsibility of the Pirna Office and then in 1856 the Pirna Court Office. Because of its small size, Mühlbach belonged to the rural community of Maxen as a district until around 1860 . Only then did it gain independence on the basis of the rural community code of 1838 ; since then, the neighboring town of Häselich has also belonged to Mühlbach. In 1875 the community belonged to the Pirna Authority , and then to the Pirna District during the GDR . In 1936 it was enlarged by moving around the small settlement Neuburkhardswalde on today's Gartenstrasse , which had previously belonged to Burkhardswalde. Together with Maxen, Burkhardswalde and Weesenstein, Mühlbach rebuilt the community of Müglitztal in 1994.

Over the centuries, Mühlbach suffered extensive damage from war events and catastrophes. During the Thirty Years War it was almost completely burned down in 1639, and in 1759 the battle of Maxen took place nearby . Mühlbach was also badly affected by some flood events in the Müglitz, including 1927 and 2002 .

Population development

year Residents
1551 11 possessed men , 1 house owner , 26 residents
1764 1 man possessed , 9 gardeners, 7 cottagers
1834 109
1871 189
1890 273
1910 531
1925 460
1939 659
1946 770
1950 743
1964 686
1990 518

Web links

Commons : Mühlbach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Mühlbach in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony

References and footnotes

  1. ^ Ernst Eichler / Hans Walther : Historical book of place names of Saxony. Vol. 2, Berlin 2001. p. 61.
  2. Mühlbach (Müglitztal) in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  3. muehlbach-mueglitztal.de: Feuerlöschwesen zu Mühlbach  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 6.3 MB)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.muehlbach-mueglitztal.de  
  4. a b c d Mühlbach with Häselich
  5. a b c d e Mühlbach with Häselich and Neuburkshardswalde