Calendar overview 1318
|Go-Daigo becomes 96th Tennō of Japan .|
|1318 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||766/767 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7th house - Chicome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 6th Feuerstein - Chicuace Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1861/62 (southern Buddhism); 1860/61 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||680/681 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||717/718 (turn of the year 4th / 5th March)|
|Jewish calendar||5078/79 (August 27-28)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1628/29 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1629/30 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1374/75|
Politics and world events
- March 29 : Go-Daigo becomes Emperor of Japan after the abdication of Hanazono 96 . With this the Kamakura period ends and the Muromachi period begins.
- November 22nd : Grand Duke Mikhail Yaroslavich of Tver , who joined the Horde on September 6th , is executed on the orders of Uzbek Khan after cruel torture . His Moscow competitor Yuri I. Daniilowitsch , who has pursued his punishment with partially falsified accusations, becomes the new Grand Duke of Vladimir .
- Nikola Orsini , Count Palatine of Kephalonia since the previous year , appears at the court of Arta , where he murders his maternal uncle Thomas Komnenos Dukas Angelos and usurps control in the despotate of Epirus . To what extent Nikola prepared this bold step politically is unknown. The Epirotian nobility accepted the new ruler without hesitation. To further consolidate his position, Nikola Anna married Palaiologina, the abandoned widow of his predecessor. On the occasion of his marriage, Nikola converts to the Orthodox Church, which greatly strengthens his reputation among the Greek clergy and people.
Holy Roman Empire
- September 22nd : After the death of his father Albrecht II, Otto becomes Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg , Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and Prince of Göttingen .
- Duke Leopold I of Habsburg unsuccessfully besieges the city of Solothurn supported by Bern . After this defeat against the Old Confederation , the Habsburgs were forced to grant the Waldstätten a tentative ten-month armistice during the Morgarten War .
- April 1st : Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland , captures Berwick from the English. The castle only fell after a three-month siege.
- August 9th : The Treaty of Leake aims to resolve political tensions between King Edward II of England and his powerful cousin Thomas of Lancaster .
- October 14th : The Irish-Scottish Army is defeated by English troops at the Battle of Faughart . The Irish high king Edward Bruce is killed.
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Braunshardt , Calberlah , Feuerthalen , Ittigen , Mastrils , Schwaderloch , Wil AG , Wolfschlugen and Százhalombatta
- February 28 : By means of a papal bull , Pope John XXII. out of territory of the Archdiocese of Narbonne , the Diocese of Alet . Barthélemy becomes the first bishop . The abbey church of Sainte-Marie becomes a cathedral .
- After the death of Wulfing von Stubenberg on March 14th, Ulrich von Schlüsselberg and Lonrad von Giech were elected Bishop of Bamberg in a double election. The two competitors go to Pope John XXII. to Avignon, where the election is planned. On the way there, Konrad von Giech dies unexpectedly. But Ulrich waived his rights for unexplained reasons when the investigation into the Avignon election was delayed.
- March 31 : Heinrich III. Von Daun is unanimously elected by the Worms Cathedral Chapter to succeed Emmerich von Schöneck, who had recently died, as Worms Bishop. The Archbishop of Mainz , Peter von Aspelt, confirms the decision on June 5th .
- Since 1315 there has been a great perennial famine in all of Northern Europe, some of which lasted until 1322 .
nature and environment
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Albrecht II , Duke of Mecklenburg († 1379 )
- Baha-ud-Din Naqschband , founder of a Muslim Sufi order († 1389 )
- Giovanni de Dondi , Italian scholar and university professor († 1389 )
- Jean III de Melun , French nobleman († 1382 )
- John de Beaumont , English nobleman († 1342 )
- Margarete Maultasch , Countess of Tyrol and Gorizia († 1369 )
- Yusuf I , Emir of Granada († 1354 )
Born around 1318
- James Audley , English military († 1369 )
- Margaret de Percy , English nobleman († 1375 )
- Eleanor of Lancaster , lady-in-waiting to Philippa, Queen of England († 1372 )
- Urban VI. , Pope († 1389 )
First half of the year
- January 17th : Erwin von Steinbach , German builder of the High Gothic (* around 1244 )
- January 27 : Konrad I. Zobel , abbot of the Benedictine monastery in Münsterschwarzach
- January 23 or February 10 : Emmerich von Schöneck , Bishop of Worms
- after January 26th: Gilbert Middleton , English knight and rebel
- February 14 : Heinrich I , Margrave of Brandenburg (* 1256 )
- February 14th : Margaret of France , Queen of England (* around 1282 )
- February 16 : Waldemar Magnusson , Swedish Prince and Duke of Finland (* around 1285 )
- March 14 : Wulfing von Stubenberg , Bishop of Lavant and Prince-Bishop of Bamberg (* 1259 )
- May 10 : Richard de Clare , Anglo-Irish nobleman (* around 1285 )
- June 13 : Elisabeth von Bussnang , abbess in the Säckingen monastery
- June 23 : Gilles I. Aycelin de Montaigut , Archbishop of Narbonne and Rouen
Second half of the year
- July 13th : Heinrich II. Von Woldenberg , Bishop of Hildesheim
- July 26 : Nicholas I , founder of the Duchy of Opava (* around 1255 )
- August 14 : Giacomo Colonna , cardinal of the Catholic Church (* around 1250 )
- August 19 : Gerhard von Bevar , Bishop of Constance (* before 1280)
- August 24 : Richard Newport , English clergyman
- August: Sophia of Landsberg , Duchess of Glogau and abbess of the monastery Weissenfels (* 1258 / 59 )
- September 22nd : Albrecht II, the fat , Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel-Göttingen (* 1268 )
- September 29 : Imagina von Limburg , wife of King Adolf von Nassau, Queen of Germany (* around 1255 )
- October 14th : Edward Bruce , High King of Ireland and brother of the Scottish King Robert I (* 1275 )
- November 1st : Uguccione della Faggiola , Italian condottiere (* around 1250 )
- November 4 : Raschīd ad-Dīn , Persian vizier and writer (* 1247 )
- November 22nd : Mikhail Yaroslavich , Grand Duke of Tver and Vladimir from the Rurikids family (* 1271 )
- November 25th : Philip of Ibelin , Seneschal of Cyprus (* around 1255 )
- November 29th : Heinrich von Meißen ("Frauenlob"), German minstrel (* 1260 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu Hammu I. Musa , Sultan of the Abdalwadids in Algeria
- Abdiso bar Brika , Armenian writer and Nestorian bishop (* before 1291)
- Egino II , Count of Freiburg
- Heinrich , Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg (* 1300 )
- John II Dukas , ruler of Thessaly and Central Greece (* around 1295 )
- Llywelyn Bren , Welsh nobleman and rebel
- Erik Magnusson , Swedish duke and son of Magnus Ladulås (* 1282 )
- Otto IV. Count of Weimar-Orlamünde
- Thomas Komnenos Dukas Angelos , Despot of Epiros (* around 1288 )