Calendar overview 1323
|Kingdom of Sweden and Novgorod is defined for the first time in the Treaty of Nöteborg .|
|1323 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||771/772 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||12. Rabbit - Matlactli omome Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 11th house - Matlactli ozce Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1866/67 (southern Buddhism); 1865/66 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||685/686 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||722/ 723 /724 (Year 9-10 January. // 29/30. December)|
|Jewish calendar||5083/84 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1633/34 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1634/35 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1379/80|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- March 11th : The city of Rostock acquires the village of Warnemünde .
- May 21 : With the peace agreement between Heinrich II. Of Mecklenburg and Christoph II. Of Denmark , Heinrich receives the rule of Rostock as a hereditary fiefdom, which ceases to exist as an independent principality.
- October 18 : John XXII. opens a trial against Ludwig IV and threatens to ban him.
- The army sent by Ludwig the Bavarian was able to break through the siege of Milan. The soldiers of Naples withdraw.
- Ludwig wants to clarify the responsibility of the Pope through a general council . He married his son Ludwig to Margarete von Tirol , the heiress of Tyrol and Carinthia . He enfeoffed him with the Mark Brandenburg , which belonged to the Ascanians , who died out there in 1320 in the male line .
- Tyrol: the birth of the Tyrolean shooters . The state parliament stipulates that in an emergency, all men of military age must contribute to national defense.
- Bern enters into a temporary alliance with the original Swiss cantons.
- Under the leadership of Nikolaas Zannekin, a long-term uprising of the urban bourgeoisie and the peasants against the French-based nobility under Count Ludwig von Flanders, Nevers and Rethel begins in Flanders .
- June: Sardinia comes to Aragón - after Pope King James II gave Sardinia and Corsica a fief, Spanish troops land in Sardinia, drive out the Genoese and conquer the island.
Northern and Eastern Europe
- August 12 : The near Schlüsselburg closed Treaty of Nöteborg ends the years of war between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Novgorod Republic . Juri I. Daniilowitsch , Prince of Moscow , and the Swedish King Magnus Eriksson set the border between the two countries. German merchants brokered the peace that sealed the division of Karelia . The eastern border of Finland runs from the Rajajoki across the Karelian Isthmus to the Saimaa and over the lake area from Savo to the Gulf of Bothnia . The Shlisselburg Treaty is the first official peace treaty between Sweden and Russia (Novgorod).
- September 4th : The Chinese emperor Suddhipala from the Mongolian Yuan dynasty is murdered together with his first minister. Yesun Timur Khan is proclaimed his successor by the conspirators. He confirms this in their procedure until he has secured the most important cities and then switches them off.
- Persia ruled by the Mongol Ilkhan under Abu Sa'id and the Egyptian Mameluke Sultan Nasir Muhammad sign a peace treaty.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Blankenburg receives city rights .
- The Lithuanian capital Vilnius is first mentioned in letters written in Latin by Grand Duke Gediminas to the emperor, the pope, various orders of knights and trading cities of that time. In it he advertises merchants, scientists and craftsmen for “in civitate nostra regia, Vilna dicta” - as highly qualified guest workers and attracts with two churches, thus also religious freedom.
- Ederswiler , Eggiwil and Zunzgen are first mentioned in a document.
- July 18 : Pope John XXII. canonize the doctor of the church Thomas Aquinas .
- November 12th : In the Constitution Cum inter nonnullos , Pope John XXII condemns . the unanimous declaration of the Franciscan General Chapter of the previous year that it was sound Catholic doctrine, that Christ and the apostles had no property , as heretical and that whoever represents them is left to the Inquisition .
- A second earthquake (after that of 1303 ) shakes the lighthouse of Alexandria (one of the 7 wonders of the world ) and leads to its extensive destruction.
Date of birth saved
- February 9 : Margaret of Brabant , Countess of Flanders († 1380 )
- June 11 : Heinrich I , Count of Nassau-Beilstein († between 1378 and 1380)
- November 10 : Philippe Monsieur , Count of Auvergne and Boulogne († 1346 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Karl von Durazzo , Duke of Durazzo († 1348 )
- Robert de Namur , Dutch knight and nobleman († 1391 )
- Bernabò Visconti , city lord of Milan († 1385 )
Born around 1323
Date of death secured
- January 18 : Katharina von Habsburg , Duchess of Calabria (* 1295 )
- January 28th : Uilleam , Scottish nobleman
- March 3 : Andrew Harclay , English military man and rebel (* around 1270 )
- March 25 : Mary of Hungary , Queen of Naples (* 1257 )
- March 27th : Pierre d'Oron , Bishop of Lausanne
- April 8 : John Monmouth , Bishop of Llandaff
- April 12 : Rigaud de Asserio , Bishop of Winchester (* around 1290)
- April 19 : Eberhard III. von Breuberg , bailiff in the Wetterau (* around 1285 )
- June 11 : Béranger Frédol the Elder , Bishop of Béziers and Cardinal (* around 1250 )
- July 26th : Aymon de Châtillon , Bishop of Sion
- August 7th : Hervaeus Natalis , Master of the Dominican Order
- September 4th : Suddhipala , Mongolian Emperor of China (* 1303 )
- 16 October : Amadeus V. , Count of Savoy (* 1252 / 1253 )
- October 18 : John Gray , English nobleman
- November 16 : Friedrich I , Margrave of Meißen and Landgrave of Thuringia (* 1257 )
Exact date of death unknown
- before April 2: Philip Kyme , English nobleman
- before October 11th: Heinrich II. , Count of Sponheim (* around 1293 )
- November: Béranger Frédol the Younger , Bishop of Béziers and Cardinal
- after December 26: Bernhard II , Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg (* around 1260 )
- Segebodo Crispin , Mayor of Lübeck
- Conrad Feurer , Mayor of Heilbronn
- Georgi II Terter , Tsar of Bulgaria
- Guido Novello da Polenta , Northern Italian ruler and poem author
- Nikola Orsini , Count Palatine of Kephalonia and Prince of Epirus (* around 1295 )
- Nisshō , Japanese Buddhist monk (* 1221 )
- Marmaduke of Thwing, 1st Baron Thwing , English nobleman and military man
- Sophia of Dyhrn , German mistress and Duchess of Legnica (* 1255 / 1257 )