Amadeus V (Savoy)
Amadeus V's first political act as Count of Savoy was to contain the ambitions of his brother Ludwig and those of his nephew Philip . For this he handed over significant parts of the Savoyard sphere of influence to their administration: Ludwig received the Vaud , Philip the Piedmontese cities Turin and Pinerolo as well as the plain between the rivers Po and Dora Riparia .
Amadeus V secured the territories of the Counts of Geneva by signing a treaty with the Bishop of Geneva on October 1, 1285, and having himself declared protector of Geneva. In the Treaty of Annemasse of 1287, the Count of Geneva and the Dauphin of Viennois recognized the sovereignty of Savoy. In 1301 Amadeus negotiated with Bishop Boniface of Challant of Sion to end the disputes with the Valais .
Amadeus openly supported the towns in western Switzerland that were resisting the Roman-German King Rudolf von Habsburg . He joined the King of France Philip IV and received the county of Maulévrier in Normandy in 1304 after a successful campaign in Flanders (→ Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle ) . Seventeen Knights Templar were interrogated in 1309 in his Paris city palace, the Hôtel du comte de Savoie on Porte Saint-Marcel (at the southern end of today's Rue Descartes ).
Since Savoy was part of the Roman-German Empire, after the death of King Albrecht I of Habsburg in 1308 , Amadeus approached the new king and later Emperor Henry VII of Luxembourg , with whom Amadeus was related by marriage. Amadeus sided with Henry against the policy of the French King Philip IV, who had Lyon occupied in 1310. Because of the power-political conditions, Savoy lost its influence on Lyon and gave up the expansion to the west towards France.
Amadeus V accompanied Emperor Henry VII to Italy (Rome move from October 1310 to August 1313, see also Emperor Heinrichs Romfahrt ) and in 1313 received the title of imperial count and rule over the fiefs of Asti and Ivrea .
The marriage with Sibylle von Baugé in 1272 resulted in five children:
- Eduard († 1329), he was the eldest son to succeed his father;
- Aymon (* 1273; † 1343), Count of Savoy (1329) in the succession of his brother Edward;
- Margarethe ⚭ 1296 Jean Marquis of Montferrat .
- Agnes ⚭ 1297 Wilhelm III. Count of Geneva
- Bonne ⚭ Hugo of Burgundy
After Sibylle's death, Amadeus V married Marie von Brabant in 1297. With her he had four daughters:
- Marie ⚭ 1309 at the age of 11 married to Hugo, Baron von Faucigny ( house La Tour-du-Pin )
- Katharina ⚭ 1315 Duke Leopold I of Austria
- Anna ⚭ 1325 Andronikos III. , Emperor of Byzantium
- Beatrice ⚭ 1328 Heinrich of Carinthia
- Marie José: The House of Savoy. From the origins to the red count. Pro Castellione Foundation, Niedergesteln 1994.
- Nicolas Carrier and Mathieu de la Corbière: Entre Genève et Mont-Blanc au XIV siècle , p. XV. Société d'histoire et d'archéologie de Genève, Geneva 2005.
- The Hôtel du comte de Savoie should not be confused with the city palace of Peter IV of Savoy , Archbishop of Lyon , where the commission of inquiry met and that was opposite the Convent of the Minor Brothers.
- name Katharina z. B. stated in Brigitte Hamann (Ed.): Die Habsburger . Ueberreuter, Vienna 1988, ISBN 3-8000-3247-3 , p. 233; Wrong form of name Elisabeth in Wurzbach: Habsburg, Elisabeth von Savoyen . No. 58. In: Biographical Lexicon. 6th part. Vienna 1860, p. 164 ( digitized version ).
Count of Savoy
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Amadeus the Great|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Count of Savoy|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1252|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 16, 1323|
|Place of death||Avignon|