Calendar overview 1327
|Edward II is murdered by the English barons.||
Edward III. becomes the
new King of England .
|1327 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||775/776 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||3rd rabbit - Jei Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 2nd house - Ome Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1870/71 (southern Buddhism); 1869/70 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||689/690 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||727/728 (turn of the year 16/17 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5087/88 (September 16-17)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1637/38 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1638/39 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1383/84|
Politics and world events
Papacy and Holy Roman Empire
- January: Ludwig IV begins his Italian expedition and stays there until 1330 . The request for help from imperial-minded forces in imperial Italy against the Guelphs is emphasized as a motive in contemporary Italian sources .
- April 3rd : Pope John XXII, who resides in Avignon . Ludwig withdraws the inherited dignity as Duke of Bavaria . In the papal correspondence, the Wittelsbacher is only disparagingly referred to as Ludovicus Bavarus ("Ludwig the Bavarian") and thus denied him any rank and any dignity.
- May 31 :. Ludwig IV is in Milan for the King of Italy crowned.
- Summer (?): The general minister of the Franciscans , Michael of Cesena , and Bonagratia of Bergamo are summoned to Avignon and imprisoned here in the inquisition cellar of the papal castle.
- October 23 : John XXII. declares five theses of the Defensor Pacis (of Marsilius of Padua ) to be heretical , the defense of which is punished with excommunication and declares Ludwig IV to be a heretic .
- August 15 : The uprising of the Tver population against the Tatar garrison is bloodily suppressed by the Mongolian Golden Horde under Uzbek Khan . The rival Muscovites under Ivan Kalita join the retaliatory action of the Tatars . Alexander Michailowitsch flees to Pleskau , which at the time was under Lithuanian influence. - As a result, Moscow leans closely to the Tatars, while the Principality of Tver seeks an ally in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania .
- January: King Edward II of England renounces his throne while in captivity in Berkeley, Gloucestershire . A few days later, his son Edward III. crowned King of England . The fourteen year old is under the tutelage of his mother Isabelle de France and her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March .
- From mid-July, an English army tries to join the Weardale Campaign with a Scottish army that has invaded northern England. Although the armies face each other on the Wear for several days , there is no battle. Finally, on the night of August 8th, the Scots secretly left their positions at night and returned to Scotland, the English army reached Durham again on August 9th .
- September 21 :. Edward II is in prison the castle of Berkeley (Gloucestershire) probably murdered. The circumstances of his death remain unclear, officially he dies of natural causes.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- August 13th : As part of the extension of the city walls of Siena , the foundation for the city gate Porta Romana is laid.
science and technology
- April 6 : The Italian poet Petrarca claims to meet the married Laura and writes 317 sonnets in the following years .
- January 24th : Meister Eckhart has an appeal read out before the examining magistrates. Johannes von Dambach is present as a witness .
- February 13 : Following a sermon, Eckhart makes a public statement in Latin (protestatio), which he has Konrad von Halberstadt the Elder translate into German.
- April 3 : John XXII. Condemned as a heretic in the bull Licet iuxta doctrinam Marsilius of Padua .
- Autumn / Winter: A theologians' commission in Avignon gives an opinion on Eckhart's criticized sentences, which are reduced to 28 and finally found in a modified form and sequence in the bull In agro dominico of 1329 .
- Berthold von Moosburg is a reading master in the Dominican monastery in Regensburg.
- around 1327: Durandus de San Porciano brings his Lectura (from 1303 to 1307) of the set of sentences of Petrus Lombardus into the final third version.
- 13 / February 14 : The fire of Munich destroyed within two days two-thirds of the city , around 30 people are killed.
Date of birth saved
- October 2 : Baldus de Ubaldis , Italian lawyer († 1400 )
- November 30th : Andreas , Hungarian prince († 1345 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Juan de la Cerda , Lord of El Puerto de Santa María and Gibraleón and Vogt of Seville († 1357 )
- Friedrich III. , Margrave of Baden († 1353 )
- Heinrich , Lord of Joinville and Count of Vaudémont († 1365 )
- Tādsch ad-Dīn as-Subkī , Islamic legal scholar († 1370 )
- Władysław , Duke of Kujawy († 1388 )
First half of the year
- January 29th : Adolf von der Pfalz , Count of the Palatinate (* 1300 )
- February 3 : Henry the Meek , Duke of Austria (* 1299 )
- February 27 : William Latimer , English nobleman, military man and administrator (* around 1276 )
- April 9 : Walter Stewart , Guardian of Scotland (* around 1296 )
- April 10 : Friedrich I , Count of Veldenz
- May 28 : Robert Baldock , English clergyman
- May 30th : Jens Grand , Danish church politician (* around 1260 )
Second half of the year
- July 4th : Stefano Visconti , third son of Matteo I. Visconti, lord of Milan (* 1288 )
- August 16 : Vital du Four , French theologian, philosopher and alchemist (* around 1260 )
- August 27th : Thomas Cobham , English diplomat and clergyman (* around 1265 )
- September 1st : Foulques de Villaret , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- September 14 : Gebhard III. von Graisbach , Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt
- September 21 : Edward II , King of England (* 1284 )
- September 26th : Cecco d'Ascoli , Italian poet, doctor, astronomer, astrologer and free thinker (* 1269 )
- September 30 : Dino del Garbo , Italian doctor and university professor (* around 1280 )
- October 21 : Guido Tarlati , Italian bishop
- October 24th : Ascher ben Jechiel , German Talmudist (* around 1250 )
- October 27 : Elizabeth de Burgh , Queen of Scotland and second wife of Robert the Bruce (* around 1284 )
- October 28th : Teresa d'Entença , Countess of Urgell
- November 2 : James II , King of Aragon and Sicily (* 1267 )
- November 16 : Walter Reynolds , English clergyman
- November: Amir Tschupan , Prince of the Ilkhan
- December 4th : Beatrix von Holte , abbess of the Essen monastery (* around 1250 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Anna von Munzingen , German Dominican and prioress in the Adelhausen Monastery
- Elisabeth von Orlamünde , Margravine of Meißen (* around 1265 )
- Heideke von Erffa , Archbishop of Magdeburg
- Gunzelin VI. , Count of Schwerin
- Künga Lodrö Gyeltshen Pel Sangpo , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1299 )
- Johannes Palaiologos-Komnenos , Prince of Byzantium (* around 1292)
- Tolomeo da Lucca , theologian, author of ecclesiastical pamphlets and bishop (* 1236 )