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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The south gate of Angkor Thom
The Chinese envoy Zhou Daguan arrives at Angkor Thom .
1296 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 744/745 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1288/89
Buddhist calendar 1839/40 (southern Buddhism); 1838/39 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the fire monkey丙申 ( at the beginning of the year wood sheep 乙未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 658/659 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 674/675
Islamic calendar 695/696 (turn of the year 29/30 October)
Jewish calendar 5056/57 (August 29/30)
Coptic calendar 1012/13
Malayalam calendar 471/472
Seleucid era Babylon: 1606/07 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1607/08 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1334
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1352/53 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

England / Scotland

  • March 30th: During a penal campaign against Scotland , ruled by John Balliol , the English King Edward I conquered the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed with his army . During and shortly after the siege of Berwick there is a two-day massacre of the population.
  • In retaliation, the Scots invade Northumberland on April 8th - for their part now pillaging villages and monasteries - and make the area unsafe to the south of Hexham . The troops make their way home near the strong fortress of Dunbar . Its owner, Patrick, 8th Earl of March, is a supporter of Edward, but his wife Marjory Comyn sticks to the Scottish side and allows her compatriots access to the fortress in the absence of their husband.
  • April 27th: In the battle of Dunbar in the first battle of the Scottish Wars of Independence, the troops largely wipe out the English troops under John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey , and the Scottish army of John Balliol . Dunbar is handed over to the English king, and numerous Scottish leaders, including Andrew de Moray , are captured and detained in the Tower of London .
  • July 2nd: John Balliol, who has managed to escape for the time being, gives up and abdicates as King of Scotland on July 8th. He too is brought to London as a prisoner. The Stone of Scone is also transported to London in the train .
  • September: John de Warenne is appointed guardian of the kingdom and country of Scotland by Edward .

Holy Roman Empire / Poland / Hungary


First documentary mentions


science and technology

  • The oldest known European sea ​​book , the Compasso de Navegare , is completed.

Culture and society

  • In August, the Chinese envoy Zhou Daguan arrives in Angkor Thom . He stayed until July 1297 and then wrote his report on the customs and traditions of the Khmer , the most important written record of the Khmer culture in Angkor in what is now Cambodia .
  • Arnolfo di Cambio becomes master builder of the Romanesque-Gothic building Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence , the eight-sided dome of which was completed in 1436.
  • One of the oldest mentions of the Carnival can be found in the Speyer Chronicle of the town clerk Christoph Lehmann from 1612, who reports from old files: In 1296, the mischief of the Carnival started a little early / in it a number of burgers in a pub with the Clerisey Gesind carried away the worst / afterwards the matter arduously attached to the ruler / and begged the punishment of the wicked. (Clerisey Gesind means the servants of the bishop and the cathedral chapter , i.e. the clergy , in the cathedral immunity )



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1296


Date of death secured

  • February 8: Przemysł II , Senior Duke and King of Poland (* 1257)
  • February 22nd: Heinrich V , Duke of Jauer, Liegnitz and Breslau (* around 1248)
Celestine V on a fresco by Niccolò di Tommaso (around 1370)
  • May 19: Pietro da Morrone, Italian hermit, founder of the Cölestine order, under the name of Celestine V Pope, saint of the Catholic Church (* 1209)
  • August 8: Hugo von Brienne , Count of Brienne and Lecce (* around 1240)
  • September 28 or 29: Adolf V , Regent of the County of Berg

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1296  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files