Calendar overview 1296
|Chinese envoy Zhou Daguan arrives at Angkor Thom .|
|1296 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||744/745 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1839/40 (southern Buddhism); 1838/39 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||658/659 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||695/696 (turn of the year 29/30 October)|
|Jewish calendar||5056/57 (August 29/30)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1606/07 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1607/08 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1352/53 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
England / Scotland
- March 30th: During a penal campaign against Scotland , ruled by John Balliol , the English King Edward I conquered the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed with his army . During and shortly after the siege of Berwick there is a two-day massacre of the population.
- In retaliation, the Scots invade Northumberland on April 8th - for their part now pillaging villages and monasteries - and make the area unsafe to the south of Hexham . The troops make their way home near the strong fortress of Dunbar . Its owner, Patrick, 8th Earl of March, is a supporter of Edward, but his wife Marjory Comyn sticks to the Scottish side and allows her compatriots access to the fortress in the absence of their husband.
- April 27th: In the battle of Dunbar in the first battle of the Scottish Wars of Independence, the troops largely wipe out the English troops under John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey , and the Scottish army of John Balliol . Dunbar is handed over to the English king, and numerous Scottish leaders, including Andrew de Moray , are captured and detained in the Tower of London .
- July 2nd: John Balliol, who has managed to escape for the time being, gives up and abdicates as King of Scotland on July 8th. He too is brought to London as a prisoner. The Stone of Scone is also transported to London in the train .
- September: John de Warenne is appointed guardian of the kingdom and country of Scotland by Edward .
Holy Roman Empire / Poland / Hungary
- February 8: Przemysł II , King of Poland , dies just one year after his coronation as a victim of an attempted kidnapping instigated by the Margraves of Brandenburg, Otto V the Long and John IV , in league with the local opposition.
- February 13th: The Hungarian King Andreas III. marries Agnes from the House of Habsburg in Vienna , the daughter of King Albrecht I of Germany and his wife Elisabeth of Gorizia .
- February 28: In the Battle of Coffrane , the culmination of a longstanding conflict, the County of Neuchâtel defeats the Counts of Aarberg and the Bishopric of Basel .
- King Mangrai founds the city of Chiang Mai in what is now Thailand and makes it the capital of the country of Lan Na . Construction of the city fortifications of Chiang Mai will begin on April 12th. The work is said to have occupied 90,000 men for four months.
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Berne, Farmsen , Großhennersdorf , Kreenried , Lauenen , Oldenfelde and Tecknau .
science and technology
- The oldest known European sea book , the Compasso de Navegare , is completed.
Culture and society
- In August, the Chinese envoy Zhou Daguan arrives in Angkor Thom . He stayed until July 1297 and then wrote his report on the customs and traditions of the Khmer , the most important written record of the Khmer culture in Angkor in what is now Cambodia .
- Arnolfo di Cambio becomes master builder of the Romanesque-Gothic building Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence , the eight-sided dome of which was completed in 1436.
- One of the oldest mentions of the Carnival can be found in the Speyer Chronicle of the town clerk Christoph Lehmann from 1612, who reports from old files: In 1296, the mischief of the Carnival started a little early / in it a number of burgers in a pub with the Clerisey Gesind carried away the worst / afterwards the matter arduously attached to the ruler / and begged the punishment of the wicked. (Clerisey Gesind means the servants of the bishop and the cathedral chapter , i.e. the clergy , in the cathedral immunity )
- February 25: Pope Boniface VIII issues the bull Clericis laicos with the introduction "that the laity are enemies of the clergy".
- Pentecost: At the General Chapter of the Dominicans in Strasbourg it is decided that the German province should be divided. Nicholas of Treviso is elected ninth master of the order .
- In the academic year 1296/97 Dietrich von Freiberg acquired the title “Magister der Theologie ” at the University of Paris .
- Petrus de Alvernia , former master of the arts faculty, is master of theology in Paris.
Date of birth saved
- June 6: Wladislaus , Duke of Liegnitz († 1352)
- August 10: John of Luxembourg , King of Bohemia and Hereditary King of Poland († 1346)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Algirdas , Grand Duke of Lithuania († 1377)
- Edward I , Count of Bar († 1336)
- Henri de la Tour-du-Pin , Bishop of Metz († 1328)
Born around 1296
- Archibald Douglas , Scottish nobleman and Guardian of Scotland († 1333)
- Walter Stewart , Scottish nobleman, Guardian of Scotland († 1327)
- Gregory Palamas , Byzantine Orthodox theologian and saint († 1359)
Date of death secured
- February 8: Przemysł II , Senior Duke and King of Poland (* 1257)
- February 22nd: Heinrich V , Duke of Jauer, Liegnitz and Breslau (* around 1248)
- March 1st: Tobias von Bechin , Bishop of Prague
- March 24th: Odon de Pins , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- May 1st: Friedrich I , Count von Fürstenberg
- May 13: Ludwig III. , Duke of Lower Bavaria (* 1269)
- May 16: William de Valence , Anglo-French nobleman
- May 17th: Agnes of Bohemia , Duchess of Austria and Styria and Duchess of Swabia, Alsace and Aargau (* 1269)
- May 19: Pietro da Morrone, Italian hermit, founder of the Cölestine order, under the name of Celestine V Pope, saint of the Catholic Church (* 1209)
- June 5: Edmund Crouchback , English nobleman, military man and diplomat (* 1245)
- June 7th: Philippe de Beaumanoir , French lawyer (* around 1248)
- June 27th: Florens V , Count of Holland (* 1254)
- July 4th: Konrad von Feuchtwangen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
- July 19: Arnold , Bishop of Bamberg
- July 20: Jalal ud din Firoz Khalji , Sultan of Delhi
- July 26th: Heinrich II. Von Rotteneck , Bishop of Regensburg
- August 8: Hugo von Brienne , Count of Brienne and Lecce (* around 1240)
- September 28 or 29: Adolf V , Regent of the County of Berg
- October 12: Bernhard von Kamenz , Bishop of Meißen (* around 1230)
- November 29: Burchard of Avesnes , Bishop of Metz (* 1251)
Exact date of death unknown
- Bernat Guillem II. D'Entença , Catalan nobleman
- Campanus von Novara , Italian astronomer, mathematician, astrologer and doctor (* around 1220)
- Isabella von Mar , Scottish noblewoman, first wife of Robert the Bruce (* around 1277)
- Jacques de Révigny , legal scholar and Bishop of Verdun (* around 1235)
- Johann von Akkon , grand cupbearer of France (* 1227)
- Rapoto IV. , Count of Ortenburg
- Peter Reich von Reichenstein , Bishop of Basel
- Thomas I , Margrave of Saluzzo (* 1239)
- March 14, 1296 or 1298: Petrus Johannis Olivi , French theologian (* 1247/48)