Calendar overview 1293
|Raden Wijaya founds the Majapahit Empire in what is now Indonesia .|
|1293 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||741/742 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1836/37 (southern Buddhism); 1835/36 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||655/656 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||692/693 (turn of the year December 1st / 2nd)|
|Jewish calendar||5053/54 (September 2/3)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1603/04 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1604/05 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1349/50 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- February 13 : After the death of Obizzo II. D'Este , Signor of Ferrara , Modena and Reggio nell'Emilia , a fratricidal war breaks out over his successor.
- The Thuringian Landgrave Albrecht the Degenerate sells the Landgraviate of Thuringia to the Roman-German King Adolf von Nassau for 12,000 silver marks due to financial difficulties .
- After the Krämerbrücke, which was made of wood, fell victim to the flames again, the Erfurt council acquired all bridge rights from the monasteries in order to build a new stone building, which, however, would not be completed until 1325 .
Northern and Eastern Europe
- The Swedish regent Torgils Knutsson undertakes the third Swedish crusade against the Novgorod Republic and invades Karelia . He built in the city during the campaign Vyborg on an island in the Karelian Isthmus , the castle Vyborg .
- Vytenis becomes Grand Duke of Lithuania . During this time, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was involved in intense disputes with the Teutonic Order , Poland , and the Ruthenian principalities of the former Kievan Rus .
- Andrei II becomes Grand Duke of Vladimir .
North Africa and Levant
- December: After Khalil's assassination by his Turkish ruler, his brother Al-Malik an-Nasir Muhammad becomes Sultan of the Mamluks from the Bahri dynasty in Egypt .
- Hethum II thanks in favor of his brother Thoros III. as King of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia and enters the Franciscan monastery of Mamistra as brother John .
Other events worldwide
- November 10 : Raden Wijaya becomes Kĕrtarājasa Jayawardhana and becomes the first ruler of the Southeast Asian sea empire Majapahit in what is now Indonesia .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- June 27 : Presentation of the city right at Wittenberg by the Askanier Duke Albrecht II of Saxe-Wittenberg.
- Abstatt , Bärsbach , Bretzenacker , Breuningsweiler , Drösing , Flemsdorf , Frickenhofen , Heiligkreuzsteinach , Leibenstadt , Mutlangen , Öschelbronn , Oppelsbohm , Rettersburg , Steinach , Täferrot , Waldhausen and Wickenrode are mentioned for the first time.
- September 26th : The Thuringian castle Waldenfels is sold by Heinrich von Mellingen "to the monastery Georgenthal with all accessories, namely the two villages Tambach and Dietharz (...) for 300 marks of common silver coin for perpetual possession (...)".
- Erwin von Steinbach , head of the Bauhütte at the Strasbourg cathedral , is mentioned in a document (first in 1284 and again in 1316 ).
- There is a paper mill in Bologna . The paperworkers in the Ancona region already form a guild .
- There is no Pope this year . Nicholas IV died in April of the previous year and throughout the year the twelve cardinals who moved to Perugia because of an epidemic and are divided into Guelphs and Ghibellines cannot agree on a successor.
- February 13 : Robert Winchelsey becomes Archbishop of Canterbury . He succeeds Johannes Peckham, who died at the end of the previous year, as the undisputed candidate.
- Bernhard von Kamenz succeeds Withego von Furra , who died on March 6th, as Bishop of Meißen .
- March 12 : Bernard of Prambach founded as bishop of Passau , the Engelszell .
- Konrad II von Wardenberg becomes Prince-Bishop of Minden as the successor to Volkwin V. von Schwalenberg , who died on May 4th .
- Meister Eckhart holds the Collatio in libros Sententiarum between September 14th and October 9th as a Baccalaureus of theology in Paris at the beginning of the academic year 1293/94 .
- October 8 : After the death of Friedrich von Fronau , Adalbert von Fohnsdorf is appointed as his successor as Bishop of Chiemsee .
- November 7th : The Dominican Dietrich von Freiberg becomes provincial of the German order province of Teutonia.
- The Bishop of Worms Eberhard von Strahlberg incorporates the Church of St. Cyriakus in Eppstein into the Neuhausen Cyriakus Foundation .
- The inquisitor and religious writer of the preaching brothers Bernhard Gui teaches theology in Albi .
- Earthquake in Sagami Bay (Japan) kills about 22,000
nature and environment
- Germany: warm and dry summer
Date of birth saved
- March 8 : Kitabatake Chikafusa , Japanese statesman, general and historiographer († 1354 )
- November 17 : Philip V the Tall , son of Philip IV and brother of Louis X, King of France († 1322 )
- November 29 : Mathilde von Hainaut , Duchess of Athens and Princess of Achaia († 1331 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Beatrix of Castile , Queen of Portugal and Princess of Castile († 1359 )
- Jacopo de Dondi , Italian doctor, astronomer and clockmaker († 1359 )
- Jan van Ruysbroek , Flemish theologian and writer († 1381 )
- Philip VI , King of France († 1350 )
- Ulrich I , Landgrave of Leuchtenberg († 1334 )
- Wacław von Płock , Duke of Mazovia in Płock († 1336 )
Date of death secured
- February 13 : Obizzo II. D'Este , Signore of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio nell'Emilia (* around 1247 )
- March 6th : Withego von Furra , Bishop of Meissen
- April 3 : Rudolf II of Habsburg-Laufenburg , Bishop of Constance
- May 2 : Meir von Rothenburg , German rabbi and Talmud scholar (* around 1215 )
- May 4 : Volkwin V of Schwalenberg , Bishop of Minden (* around 1240 / 45 )
- May 12 : Heinrich IV. Von Kuenring-Weitra , ministerial nobleman in Ostarrîchi (* around 1220 )
- May 12th : Thomas Bek , Bishop of St Davids
- May 14th : Agnes of Gorizia and Tyrol , Margravine of Maißen and Landgravine of Thuringia
- June 29th : Heinrich von Gent , Doctor Solemnis , Flemish philosopher and theologian
- July 20th : Heinrich II. Von Burgau , Margrave of Burgau
- October 8th : Friedrich von Fronau , Bishop of Chiemsee
- October 15 : Edelin , abbot of Weissenburg Monastery
- November 10 : Isabel de Redvers , English nobleman (* 1237 )
- November 16 : Eberhard von Strahlberg , Bishop of Worms
Exact date of death unknown
- December: al-Malik al-Ashraf Salah ad-Din Chalil , Sultan of the Mamluks
- David VI. , King of Georgia (* 1228 )
- Philip II , nobleman of the Falkenstein family
- Stig Andersen Hvide d. Ä. , Danish Marshal
- Hugh de Turberville , English knight and military man