Calendar overview 1359
|Privilegium Maius , Duke Rudolf IV of Austria tries to obtain electoral rights.|
|1359 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||807/808 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9. Rabbit - Chicuhnahui Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 8th house - Chicuei Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1902/03 (southern Buddhism); 1901/02 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||721/722 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||760/761 (turn of the year 22/23 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5119/20 (September 22/23)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1669/70 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1670/71 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1415/16|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- Winter 1358/59: Rudolf IV of Habsburg tries to obtain electoral rights. The Privilegium Maius commissioned by him for this purpose , which is based on the Privilegium Minus of 1156 and is intended to elevate Austria to the Archduchy , is however exposed as a forgery by Francesco Petrarca and not recognized by Emperor Charles IV , who came from the House of Luxembourg .
- December 14th : Cangrande II. Della Scala is murdered by his youngest brother, Cansignorio della Scala . Middle brother Alboino II della Scala becomes the new lord of Verona .
Other events in Europe
- Spring or early summer: Albanian troops under the leadership of Peter Losha and Gjin Bua Shpata defeat the despot of Epirus , Nikephorus II. Dukas on the Acheloos River in Aetolia-Acarnania . In order to avert an occupation by Albanian troops, after the battle of Acheloos the Epirotian cities submit to the Byzantine emperor Simeon Uroš Palaiologos , who divides the remaining area of the despotate between himself and the voivod Hlapen ; in Ioannina he installs his son-in-law Thomas Preljubović as governor.
- June 21 : Magnus II of Sweden moves after the death of his son Erik XII. the parts of the empire ruled by this again.
- October 10 : With the death of his father Hugo IV , Peter I becomes King of Cyprus .
- November 13th : After the death of Ivan II , his underage son Dmitri Donskoy becomes ruler of Moscow and Vladimir . However, due to his minority, he has not yet received the grand prince.
- When a Christian fleet conquered the city of Malaga , Emir Muhammad V of Granada was overthrown from the Nasrid dynasty by Abu Said and flees to Morocco in the Merinid Empire . His half-brother Ismail II is made his successor .
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Hofs , Hofstetten near Brienz , Känerkinden and Trůba Castle
- Wallern is first mentioned in a document.
- Nicolaus Coci, follower of the Prince of Anhalt , who hopes to get to paradise in this way because of his sins committed in war or in peace, founded the later Küchmeister and Lietzo family scholarship in Zerbst . The family foundation is one of the oldest private foundations in Germany.
- The Cäcilienbrunnen in Heilbronn is first mentioned in a document.
- After the death of Rudolf von Nebra , Gerhard von Schwarzburg is elected by the cathedral chapter against the will of the Pope as his successor as Bishop of Naumburg .
- April 16 : Dietrich Bayer von Boppard is appointed coadjutor of Salmann Cleman , who is no longer able to exercise his office due to his age and health . Salman dies a little later and Dietrich becomes his successor as Bishop of Worms on May 15th
- May 15th : Paul von Jägerndorf is transferred as Bishop of Gurk to Würzburg and takes possession of his diocese on July 2nd . He succeeds Albert von Hohenberg , who died on April 25, in office. His successor as Bishop of Gurk will be Johann Ribi von Lenzburg on October 16 .
- After consecrating the Marienkapelle built by his predecessor Konrad von Liechtenstein in the Salzburger Chiemseehof , the residence of the bishops of Chiemsee , Bishop Gerhoh von Waldeck presumably dies on September 7th . His successor Hugo von Schärfenberg also dies after only a short time in office.
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Bernardon de Serres , French condottiere († 1413 )
- Taglung Trashi Peltseg , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1424 )
- Peder Lykke , Danish Archbishop in Lund
- Niccolò da Uzzano , politician in the Republic of Florence († 1431 )
Born around 1359
First half of the year
- January 13 : Rudolf von Nebra , Bishop of Naumburg
- January 17 : Euphemia , Duchess of Ratibor and prioress of the Dominican Sisters (* 1299 / 1301 )
- March 1st : Emich II , Count of Nassau-Hadamar
- April 25 : Albert II. Von Hohenberg , Bishop of Freising, Constance and Würzburg (* around 1303 )
- May 2 : Johann I , Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen (* 1289 )
- May 14th : Hinrich Pape , businessman, councilor and mayor of Lübeck
- before May 15: Salmann Cleman , Bishop of Worms (* shortly before 1299)
- June 21 : Erik XII. , King of Sweden (* 1339 )
Second half of the year
- August 7 : Takeda Nobutake , Japanese nobleman (* 1292 )
- presumably September 7th : Gerhoh von Waldeck , Bishop of Chiemsee
- August 22 : Elisabeth von Lobdeburg-Arnshaugk , Landgravine of Thuringia (* 1286 )
- September 27th : Johann III. , Count of Holstein-Kiel (* around 1297 )
- October 3 : Levold von Northof , Canon of Liège and historian (* 1279 )
- October 10 : Hugo IV , King of Cyprus (* 1294 )
- October 25 : Beatrix of Castile , Queen of Portugal (* 1293 )
- October 27 : Heinrich von Volkach , auxiliary bishop in Regensburg (* around 1310 )
- November 14th : Gregorios Palamas , Orthodox Byzantine theologian, writer and Archbishop of Thessalonica, saint of the Eastern Church
- December 14th : Cangrande II. Della Scala , Lord of Verona (* 1332 )
- December 15 : Johann I , Count of Ziegenhain
- December 25th : Beatrix of Bavaria , Queen of Sweden from the House of Wittelsbach (* around 1344 )
Exact date of death unknown
- between September 1st and 20th : John Gray , English nobleman, military man and courtier (* 1300 )
- Autumn: Hugo von Schärfenberg , Bishop of Chiemsee
- Jacopo de Dondi , Italian doctor, astronomer and watchmaker (* 1293 )
- Eleanor of Castile , Queen of Aragon (* 1307 )
- Everhard von der Mark , provost in the diocese of Münster
- Friedrich I , Count of Cilli (* around 1300)
- Dieter the Younger of Gemmingen , German nobleman
- Gerhoh von Waldeck , Bishop of Chiemsee
- Goswin von Herike , Landmeister of Livonia of the Teutonic Order
- Heinrich von Bovenden , Knight of the Teutonic Order (* around 1300 )
- Friedrich Herter von Dußlingen , Württemberg knight (* 1314 )
- Jeanne de Belleville , Breton pirate (* 1300 )
- Ludolf von Kurland , German Bishop of Courland and priest of the Teutonic Order
- Nikephorus II. Dukas , despot of Epirus (* around 1328)
- Siegfried II , Count of Wittgenstein