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| 1310s | 1320s | 1330s | 1340s | 1350s | 1360s | 1370s |
◄◄ | | 1340 | 1341 | 1342 | 1343 | 1344 | 1345 | 1346 | 1347 | 1348 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Alfonso XI, contemporary miniature
Alfonso XI of Castile conquered Algeciras from the Moors .
1344 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 792/793 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1336/37
Aztec calendar 7th tubes - Chicome Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 6th Rabbit - Chicuace Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 1887/88 (southern Buddhism); 1886/87 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 67th (68th) cycle

Year of the wood monkey甲申 ( at the beginning of the year water sheep 癸未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 706/707 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 722/723
Islamic calendar 744/745 (turn of the year 14/15 May)
Jewish calendar 5104/05 (September 8/9)
Coptic calendar 1060/61
Malayalam calendar 519/520
Seleucid era Babylon: 1654/55 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1655/56 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1382
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1400/01


Politics and world events


Holy Roman Empire


  • Beginning of the year: Troops of the Brothers of the Sword land on the Estonian island of Saaremaa , where a popular uprising broke out last year . On February 15 or 17, they defeat the insurgents and kill their leaders. Nevertheless, the uprising continued until the winter of 1345/46.

Crusade from Smyrna

Byzantine Empire / Balkans

Crusader States

  • April 17th : After Constantine IV was killed during an uprising of the Armenian barons, Constantine V succeeds him as the second Latin king of the Lusignan dynasty of Little Armenia . Since he is only a distant cousin of the deceased, he immediately tries to get rid of all other heir to the throne. Constantine IV's nephews, Bohemond and Leon , escape to Cyprus before the murder commissioned by Constantine V can be carried out.



First documentary mentions


Coat of arms of the Archdiocese of Prague
Agnes of Hungary



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1344  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files