|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||55 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||122.05 km 2|
|Residents:||2332 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||19 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||16230|
|Area code :||033366|
|License plate :||BAR, BER, EW|
|Community key :||12 0 60 045|
|LOCODE :||DE COI|
|Community structure:||7 districts|
|Office administration address:||Eisenwerkstrasse 11
|Mayor :||Martin Horst ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Chorin in the district of Barnim|
Chorin (until March 26, 1934 Chorinchen ) is a municipality belonging to the Britz-Chorin-Oderberg district in the Brandenburg district of Barnim in Germany . It is located in the Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve and is known nationwide for the Cistercian monastery Chorin .
The municipality of Chorin is located in the northeast of the Barnim district, north and northeast of the district town of Eberswalde and north of the Oder-Havel Canal. It is located on the high plateau of the terminal moraine of the Eberswalder glacial valley .
Expansion of the municipal area
Chorin extends from Britz in the west to the south bank of the Parsteinsee in the east and from the Oder-Havel Canal in the south to Serwest in the north. The (large) community of Chorin was created in 1998 through the merger of the previously independent communities of Chorin, Golzow, Neuehütte, Sandkrug and Senftenhütte. 2001 Brodowin and Serwest were incorporated into Chorin.
Neighboring cities and towns
Nearby cities include Eberswalde in the south, Joachimsthal in the west and Angermünde in the north. There are no other large towns near Chorin, when the monastery was founded the Cistercian monks made sure to be as far away as possible from the nearest towns.
There are also the living spaces Amt Chorin, Buchholz, Kloster Chorin, Mönchsbrück, Parsteinwerder, Pehlitz, Polenzwerder, Ragöser Mühle, Schönhof, Senftenthal, Theerofen, Weißensee and Zaun.
The current districts of the municipality belonged to the Oberbarnim district in the province of Brandenburg since 1817 and to the Angermünde district in the GDR district of Frankfurt (Oder) from 1952 . The villages have been in the Brandenburg district of Barnim since 1993.
Today's municipality of Chorin was created on September 27, 1998 from the merger of the former municipality of Chorin with the municipalities of Golzow , Neuehütte , Sandkrug and Senftenhütte . The communities Brodowin and Serwest were incorporated on December 31, 2001.
About 400 people live in Brodowin; contrary to the trend, the place has grown by around ten percent since the fall of the Wall in 1990. The district of the village borders on the west bank of the Parsteiner See , on which most of the operating areas are located. The most important vantage point in the Brodowin landscape is the Kleine Rummelsberg , which is under nature protection with its rare dry grassland . In the village of Brodowin is the Demeter company, Ökodorf Brodowin, founded by Werner Upmeier , with over 1,200 hectares of agricultural land.
Chorin is on Landesstraße 200 between Eberswalde and Angermünde. While the Chorin Monastery named after the place is located directly on the state road, the village of Chorin is grouped further west on the Berlin-Stettin railway line. The old Chorin train station was opened in 1856 and is located well north of the village. No passenger trains have stopped there since 1995. The Chorin stop (formerly Chorin monastery), which was opened in 1902, is still used for passenger traffic.
The Ragöse (also Ragöser Fließ ) rises in the village of Golzow, flows through the districts of Sandkrug (Ragöser Mühle) and Neuehütte and flows into the Finow Canal in the Eberswalde urban area after a distance of around ten kilometers . Golzow was first mentioned in a document in 1258. The listed church in the town center was built in the 13th century , almost completely destroyed during the Thirty Years War and rebuilt in 1671. The 50 meter high tower was built in 1897 during a church renovation. Inside the church is richly decorated and ornately painted.
The street village is located on the old trade and military route from Berlin to Stettin. It was built in 1754 as the “Neuer Amtskrug” by bailiff Georg Ludwig Gans (1736–1763). In 1775 and 1777, under bailiff Philipp Heinrich Karbe (1772–1799), ten Büdner families, each with an acre of field, were assigned . From 1860 the place is called the colony of the monastery. From 1919 to 1998 Sandkrug was an independent municipality. The much older district of Ragöser Mühle was incorporated in 1928. A mill belonging to Alexander in Ragösen (molendinum Rogosene quod fuit Alexandri) appears as a margravial property in the deed of foundation of the Mariensee Monastery. It is not known whether this mill was topographically and content-wise identical to the Ragöser mill. In 1996 the municipality received a coat of arms and a flag. The “speaking coat of arms” shows a jug and a mill wheel in the colors black and gold in a shield that is divided lengthways. Today Sandkrug has about 350 inhabitants.
The first written mention of the place comes from 1784. However, the date of foundation is January 1, 1706, when the first lease agreement for the area was concluded. The name of the place is derived from Johann Georg Senf . In 1718 he took over a glassworks on the property, which was built in 1705 by the Berlin businessman Christian Puhlmann. The place has a church in which there is a baptismal font of the blacksmith Karl Kirchner .
Serwest is a village on Landesstraße 200 between Chorin and Angermünde. It was first mentioned in 1258 as Seruetiz as a village in the border area of the Mariensee (Chorin) monastery. In Serwest, VEB Elektro-Apparate-Werke Berlin-Treptow "Friedrich Ebert" built and operated a company holiday camp for the children of its employees.
- Buchholz is a residential area of Serwest, which was mentioned for the first time in 1258 as an independent place Buccolt in the deed of foundation of the monastery Chorin. The name comes from Middle Low German and means settlement on the beech forest . At the beginning of the Thirty Years War there was a sheep farm with 1,200 animals in the village . After the end of the war, the place was deserted for a long time. In 1860 the operation of a potato distillery began which was operated with a steam engine . It was incorporated into Serwest in 1929.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
The Chorin community council consists of twelve community representatives and the honorary mayor with the following distribution of seats:
|Party / group of voters||Seats|
|Independent voter community Brodowin||2|
|List for constructive local politics||1|
|Serwest voter group||1|
|Individual applicant Jan Engel||1|
(As of: local election on May 26, 2019 )
- since 1998: Martin Horst (CDU)
On May 26, 2019, Horst was elected for a further five-year term of office with 78.2 percent of the valid votes.
Sights and culture
Of particular interest in the immediate vicinity is the ruins of the former Cistercian - Chorin Monastery with the tombs of Brandenburg Margrave . Hugo Kaun wrote a set of suites for the evening mood - Chorin Monastery .
The Cultural and Educational Association Old School Senft hut with a small cinema as part of the mobile cinemas of the film club Güstrow pillar of community life and regional representation of the umbrella organization of cultural cinemas and film clubs, film communication Mecklenburg-Vorpommern . The film series DORF MACHT KINO is organized in various working groups. The facility has existed since 2015. Events for children, art and literature, expert lectures and excursions are also offered. The focus of the activities is the sustainable safeguarding and development of an active and cross-generational village community.
In 1857 Chorin got a train station on the Berlin – Stettin railway line . This station has only been used for operational purposes since 1995. In 1902 the nearer station Chorinchen, later Chorin monastery, was opened. Today it is in operation under the name Chorin and is served by the regional express line RE 3 Stralsund / Schwedt (Oder) - Berlin - Falkenberg (Elster) / Lutherstadt Wittenberg . The district of Golzow also has a stop on the Britz – Templin railway line ( regional train line RB 63 Eberswalde - Templin Stadt).
- Karl Blum (1878–1945), politician (SPD), born in Pehlitz
- Max Taut (1884–1967), architect, lived in Chorin, buried in the Chorin monastery cemetery
- Georg Neumann (1898–1976), entrepreneur and developer of electroacoustic devices, born in Chorin
- Wilhelm von Salisch (1913–1945), Colonel of the Wehrmacht, bearer of the oak leaves for the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
- Around Eberswalde, Chorin and Werbellinsee (= values of the German homeland . Volume 64). 1st edition. Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2002, ISBN 978-3-412-02401-7 .
- To Eberswalde, Chorin and the Werbellin-See (= values of our homeland . Volume 34). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1981.
- Lieselott Enders : Historical local dictionary for Brandenburg . Part 8: Uckermark . Böhlau, Weimar 1986, ISBN 3-7400-0042-2 ( publications of the State Archives Potsdam 21).
- Wolfgang Erdmann , with the collaboration of Gisela Gooß, Manfred Krause and Gunther Nisch: Cistercian Abbey Chorin. History, architecture, cult and piety, prince claims and self-portrayal, monastic economics and interactions with the medieval environment . Langewiesche, Königstein im Taunus 1994, ISBN 3-7845-0352-7 , extensive bibliography.
- Udo Roeschert (Ed.): Sandkrug. 1754-2004. Published in cooperation with the Chorin-Verein e. V. and Friends of the Chorin Monastery e. V. Roeschert, Berlin 2004.
- Gerd Lutze, Alfred Schultz, Joachim Kiesel: Model-based landscape analysis in the agricultural landscape of Chorin. In: Geoswissenschaften , 1994, 12, 9, pp. 274–281, doi: 10.2312 / geoswissenschaften.1994.12.274 .
- Chorin on britz-chorin-oderberg.de
- Serwest in the RBB program Landschleicher on May 11, 2014
- Golzow in the RBB program Landschleicher on January 31, 2016
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005, district Barnim. State Office for Data Processing and Statistics State of Brandenburg, December 2006, p. 28 , accessed on July 23, 2018 .
- Historical municipality register of the State of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Barnim (PDF) p. 26
- Service the state administration Brandenburg. Chorin parish
- History of the village and the Brodowin region ( Memento of the original from May 13, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Website of the Brodowin Ecovillage
- Website of the Britz-Chorin-Oderberg Office ( Memento of the original from June 9, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- History of Senftenhütte ( Memento of the original from October 9, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Märkische Oderzeitung / Frankfurter Stadtbote, 29 Aug. 2006, p. 9
- Märkische Oderzeitung , September 7, 2005, p. 11.
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Barnim . Pp. 14-17
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Results of the municipal elections in 1998 (mayoral elections) for the district of Barnim ( Memento of the original from March 30, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 73 (1)
- Result of the mayoral election on May 25, 2014