Calendar overview 1354
|Wenceslaus I becomes the first Duke of Luxembourg .||Orhan I , the Turks conquer Gallipoli .|
|1354 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||802/803 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||4th house - Nahui Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 3rd Feuerstein - Jei Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1897/98 (southern Buddhism); 1896/97 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||716/717 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||754/755 (turn of the year 25/26 January)|
|Jewish calendar||5114/15 (September 17/18)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1664/65 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1665/66 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1410/11|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- Boemund II of Saarbrücken is unanimously elected Archbishop and Elector of Trier to succeed Baldwin of Luxembourg , who died on January 21st . Only after several weeks of hesitation does he accept the election. On May 2nd he received the confirmation from Pope Innocent VI.
- March 13 : The county of Luxembourg is elevated to a duchy . Wenceslaus I becomes the first duke of Luxembourg .
- September 28 : Konrad von Megenberg publishes the Tractatus contra Wilhelmum Occam , in which he opposes the submission formula of Clemens VI. which demands the recognition of Charles IV as the rightful ruler and the renunciation of the opinion that the emperor could appoint and depose the pope.
- King Charles IV moves to Italy with three hundred knights in September .
- October 5th : Giovanni Visconti , city lord and archbishop of Milan and Doge of Genoa , dies. The rule in his sphere of influence is divided between his nephews Matteo II. , Galeazzo II. And Bernabò . A member of the Visconti family also succeeds in the office of Archbishop of Milan .
- After two wars of succession , the former principality finally falls to the Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast . The Duchy of Mecklenburg gives up its claims to Rügen in the Peace of Stralsund .
- Ten free imperial cities in Alsace commonly found the Richestette in Alsace with the aim of helping each other defend their rights and freedoms. Founding members are the cities of Colmar , Hagenau , Kaysersberg , Mulhouse , Münster , Oberehnheim , Rosheim , Schlettstadt , Türkheim and Weißenburg .
- The Vogtland war of Emperor Charles IV against the bailiffs of Weida , Gera and Plauen begins after Landgrave Friedrich der Strenge of Thuringia complained that the bailiffs would support robber barons. At the request of Charles IV, Erfurt and other Thuringian cities such as Mühlhausen and Nordhausen also take part in this campaign.
Republic of Venice / Balkans
- September 11th : Four days after the death of Andrea Dandolo , Marino Faliero is elected as the new Doge of Venice .
- November 4th : The Republic of Venice suffers a heavy defeat against the Republic of Genoa in the Battle of Portalonga in the third Venetian-Genoese War . A large part of their fleet is captured and burned, 5000 men are taken prisoner, including the fleet commander and former war hero Niccolò Pisani .
- around 1354: Settlers from Maramures founded the Principality of Moldova in what is now Transylvania, initially as a vassal state of the Kingdom of Hungary .
Ottoman Empire / Byzantine Empire
- March: Under Sultan Orhan I, the Ottoman Empire succeeds in conquering Gallipoli , which was struck by a severe earthquake just a few days earlier. After fifty years of defeat, the Byzantines lost almost all of their possessions in Asia Minor . The access to the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara put the Ottomans in a position to subsequently conquer the Peloponnese and Greece and to advance north to Serbia and Hungary .
- October: After a coup, 16-year-old al-Salih Salih is deposed and sent back to his mother. His predecessor an-Nasir al-Hasan is again elevated to the rank of Sultan of the Mamluks in Egypt . The real beneficiaries of this coup are Ermir Sarghitmisch and Emir Schaychun , who, as army chief with the title Atabak al-Asakir, de facto rules the empire.
Emirate of Granada
- October: Yusuf I. is murdered by one of his bodyguards. His son Muhammad V takes control of the emirate of Granada .
Empire of China
- 1354/ 55 : During the rebellion of the Red Turbans puts Chinese Emperor Toghon Temür from the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty from its Registrar Toghta.
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of the settlement "Op dem Solte" (Auf dem Salze), today's Sülze (Bergen) .
science and technology
- Chamchen Chöje Shakya Yeshe , Lama of the Gelug School of Tibetan Buddhism († 1435 )
- Erich IV. , Duke of Saxony-Lauenburg († 1411 )
- Constanze of Castile , daughter of Peter the Cruel († 1394 )
- Margaret of Joinville , mistress of Joinville and Countess of Vaudémont († 1418 )
- Odo von Thoire and Villars , French nobleman († 1414 )
- Walram IV. , Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein († 1393 )
- 1354/ 1355 : Vytautas , Grand Duke of Lithuania and co-founder of the Polish-Lithuanian Union († 1430 )
January to August
- January 8 : Charles de la Cerda , Count of Angoulême and Connétable of France (* 1326 )
- January 21 : Baldwin of Luxembourg , Archbishop and Elector of Trier, Administrator of the Archdiocese of Mainz and the Dioceses of Worms and Speyer (* 1285 )
- February 2 : Walther II , abbot in Münsterschwarzach
- April 21 : Heinrich von Friemar (the younger) , Augustinian hermit, philosopher and writer
- June 1 : Kitabatake Chikafusa , Japanese statesman, general and historiographer (* 1293 )
- June 28 : Bernhard IV. , Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
- August 9 : Stephan , Prince of Hungary-Croatia, governor of Transylvania, Slavonia, Dalmatia and Croatia (* 1332 )
- August 29th : Fra Moriale , military leader in Italy
September to December
- September 7th : Andrea Dandolo , Doge of Venice (* 1306 )
- September 19 : Agnes von Weimar-Orlamünde , abbess of the Himmelkron monastery in Upper Franconia
- September 28 : François Prévôt , Bishop of Lausanne
- October 19 : Yusuf I , Emir of Granada (* 1318 )
- October 23 : Ulrich V. von Pfannberg , Vogt of Obernburg, Marshal of Austria and captain in Carinthia (* 1287 )
Exact date of death unknown
- between March 14th and November 13th : Nikolaus IV. , Herr zu Werle-Goldberg (* before 1331)
- before October 22 : Johannes Kaiode , auxiliary bishop in Cologne and titular bishop of Skopje
- Konrad von Liechtenstein , Bishop of Chiemsee (* around 1290 )
- Walram II of Luxembourg , Lord of Ligny, Roussy and Beauvoir