Calendar overview 1357
Charles IV lays the foundation stone
for the Charles Bridge in Prague .
|1357 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||805/806 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7. Feuerstein - Chicome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 6. Pipes - Chicuace Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1900/01 (southern Buddhism); 1899/1900 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||719/720 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||758/759 (turn of the year 13/14 December)|
|Jewish calendar||5117/18 (September 15/16)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1667/68 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1668/69 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1413/14|
Politics and world events
- May 28th : After the death of Alfonso IV , his son Peter I ascends the Portuguese throne. This ended a protracted dispute within the House of Burgundy between father and son, which at times took on civil war-like proportions.
- Spring: The discontent in France , which was sparked by a coin valuation ordered by him, forces the Dauphin Karl , who has been regent for a year , to return from Metz to Paris . On a stand day , he accepted the reform program of Étienne Marcels , head of the Paris Trade Guild , against his father's orders . It thus allows the formation of a council composed of the cantons, which is to be involved in the political decision-making of the crown. The French state adopts a constitutional constitution for the first time, for which Karl receives a special tax of five million livres from the estates. In the same year he succeeds in negotiating an armistice with England in the Hundred Years War , although northern France continues to be haunted by mercenary gangs.
- November 9th : Charles II of Navarre , who is in French captivity, manages to escape. According to other sources, he will be released. He quickly re-established contact with the allied English.
Monaco / Genoa
- The Republic of Genoa under Doge Simone Boccanegra again besieged the Grimaldis ' Monaco, which had become too powerful . In the defense of the city City Lord comes Charles I. died. His son Rainier II signed an agreement with Genoa on August 9th : he was allowed to keep his father's castles and property, but had to cede Monaco to Genoa in return for a payment of 20,000 florins . Rainier is expelled from Monaco and goes into French service.
- June 4th : The Brabant War of Succession ends with the Peace of Ath, mediated by Duke Wilhelm I of Bavaria . Ludwig von Male , Count of Flanders , and his wife Margarete von Brabant accept the original succession regulation after a year-long struggle. Margarete's older sister Johanna von Brabant and her husband Wenceslaus I of Luxembourg take over the rule in the duchies of Brabant and Limburg . In return, Ludwig and Margarete were given the rule of Antwerp and Mechelen .
Holy Roman Empire
- The Vogtland War , which began in 1354 , ends with the devastating defeat of the bailiffs of Weida , Gera and Plauen against Emperor Karl IV. In the course of the war, at least sixty castles in the Vogtland are said to have been destroyed. The bailiffs had little to counter the act of violence, also because of the increasing debts. As a result of the war, the Plauen bailiffs lost almost all of their property. The cities of Mylau and Reichenbach of the younger line fall to the Bohemian king, and they have to recognize the Wettins as rulers of the rest of the property. The Gera bailiffs must also recognize the Wettins as masters. The Weida bailiffs lose their city of Hof and the Regnitzland to the burgraves of Nuremberg . The governors are increasingly sinking into political insignificance, and the title is slowly dying out.
- After the death of Khan Dschani Beg , there were disputes over the throne and, as a result, the sovereignty of the Blue Horde princes over the Golden Horde ended .
First documentary mentions
- December 14th : Margrave Friedrich III. of Meissen given the bleach privilege to build the country's pale on the banks of Chemnitz river . Chemnitz then developed into a textile center.
- The Count of Holland , Wilhelm V. von Bayern-Straubing, allowed Edam to build a port.
- Shipping company of Lake Lucerne : The St. Niklausen shipping company for transports across Lake Lucerne is founded.
- July 9 : Emperor Charles IV lays the foundation stone for Charles Bridge in Prague (supposedly at 5:31 a.m.) . It is built by Peter Parler .
- May 15 : After a double election last year between Albert von Hohenberg and Ulrich von Friedingen , Pope Innocent VI appoints . Henry III. von Brandis as Bishop of Konstanz after Lupold von Bebenburg rejected his election earlier this year.
- The Archeparchy of Cyprus of the Maronite Church is established with its seat in Nicosia .
- The later Turin Shroud will be presented to the public for the first time in Lirey.
- Bishop Dietrich von Minden founds the Skalice monastery .
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Thomas Erpingham , English knight, commander at the Battle of Azincourt († 1428 )
- Hugo von Montfort , Austrian poet († 1423 )
- Qara Yusuf , ruler of the Qara Qoyunlu in eastern Anatolia († 1420 )
- Takatsukasa Fuyuie , Japanese nobleman († 1425 )
- Tsongkhapa , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1419 )
Born around 1357
Date of death secured
- January 18 : Mary of Portugal , Queen of Castile (* 1313 )
- March 3 : Bernardus , Abbot of the Marienfeld Monastery
- May 28 : Alfonso IV , King of Portugal (* 1291 )
- June 15 : Jacopo Passavanti , Italian Dominican friar and writer (* around 1302 )
- July 13 : Bartolus de Saxoferrato , Italian legal scholar (* 1313 )
- 18 August : Ludwig II. , Bishop of Munster (* 1282 / 1283 )
- September 18 : Lisa von Katzenelnbogen , abbess at Nottuln Abbey (* 1299 )
- October 1st : Jakob Knoblauch , patrician and mayor of Frankfurt am Main
- October 4th : Angelo Acciaiuoli , Bishop of Florence and Monte Cassino (* 1298 )
- October 25 : Mohammed ibn Juzayy , Arab-Andalusian scholar, poet and historian (* 1321 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Summer: Charles I , Lord of Monaco
- Juan de la Cerda , Lord of El Puerto de Santa María and Gibraleón and Vogt of Seville (* 1327 )
- Dschani Beg , Khan of the Golden Horde
- Heinrich V zu Stolberg , Bishop of Merseburg (* around 1270 )
- Johann II , burgrave of Nuremberg (* around 1309 )
- Kazagan , Emir of the Qara'unas in southern Transoxania and the Hindu Kush
- Hermann von Reith , abbot of the Schlüchtern monastery and abbot of the Benedictine abbey of St. Stephan in Würzburg