Johanna (Brabant)

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Depiction of Johannas from the 14th or 15th century

Johanna von Brabant (born June 24, 1322 , † December 1, 1406 in Brussels ) was Duchess of Brabant and Limburg from 1355 to 1406.


Johanna von Brabant was the daughter of Duke Johann III. and Marie von Évreux.

Her first marriage was Wilhelm von Avesnes (* 1317; X 1345), as Wilhelm IV. Count of Holland and (as Wilhelm II.) Count of Hainaut . From this marriage she had only one child, Wilhelm, who died young. As a widow she married in March 1352 the much younger Wenceslaus I (* 1337; † 1383), Count of Luxembourg, from 1353 Duke of Luxembourg .

Her father died in December 1355. In January 1356 the Blijde Inkomst was proclaimed, which laid down the unity of the duchy in order to avoid its division between Johanna and her sisters. Johanna as the eldest became duchess, while Ludwig von Male , Count of Flanders and husband of the younger sister Margarete, did not accept the decision and attacked Brabant. With the support of Emperor Charles IV , Wenceslas older brother, Johanna was able to preserve her property. In the first War of the Geldrian Succession , she supported her niece Mechtild von Geldern , who expected a very similar fate.

Since she had no surviving descendants from both marriages, she regulated her succession through contracts from May and September 1404. In it she appointed her niece Margaret III. , Countess of Flanders , the daughter of her sister Margarete and Ludwig of Male and wife of Philip the Bold , Duke of Burgundy, as well as their younger son Anton of Burgundy as their successors. Since Margaret III. on March 21, 1405, i.e. before Johanna died, the regulation was adapted to the circumstances in April 1405.

Web links

Commons : Johanna  - collection of images, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Johann III. Duchess of Brabant
Duchess of Limburg
Margravine of Antwerp 1355–1406
Armoiries Brabant Limbourg.svg
Anton of Burgundy