Calendar overview 1283
|Old Prussia falls completely into the hands of the Teutonic Order through the submission of the Prussians .||Rheinfeld house rules , Albrecht I received Austria and Styria .|
|1283 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||731/732 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1826/27 (southern Buddhism); 1825/26 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||645/646 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||681/682 (turn of the year March 31 / April 1)|
|Jewish calendar||5043/44 (22/23 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1593/94 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1594/95 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1339/40 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- June 1 : The Treaty of Rheinfelden , the first House bill of the House of Habsburg , with the King Rudolf I. his succession governs, has the underage Rudolf II. In favor of his elder brother Albrecht I in Austria and Styria without. The agreed compensation is missing. The treaty forms an essential basis for the power of the Habsburg dynasty and the later Habsburg hereditary lands . The principle of inheritance and primogeniture applied in the Rheinfeld house rules , which is already widespread in the French aristocracy ( House of Savoy ), was gradually adopted in German-speaking countries from the 13th century.
- June 13 : The Peace of Rostock, concluded between the Hanseatic cities and the nobles, causes an economic upswing in Wismar and other Baltic cities in the region. The parties involved are the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck , Rostock , Wismar, Stralsund , Greifswald , Stettin , Demmin and Anklam, as well as the dukes of Saxony and Pomerania , the princes of Rügen , the lords of Schwerin and Dannenberg and the knighthood of Rostock.
- Old Prussia falls completely into the hands of the Teutonic Order through the submission of the Prussians .
- Adolf V von Berg , nephew of Walram V von Limburg , who died in 1280 , lays claim to the Duchy of Limburg and, despite confirmation from King Rudolf I, denies the inheritance rights of Walram's son-in-law Rainald I von Geldern after the death of his wife Irmgard. The Limburg succession dispute lasted until 1289 .
- Kiel joins the Hanseatic League .
- A revolt breaks out in the Venetian colony of Candia on Crete under the leadership of Alexios Kalergis .
Crown of Aragon
- February 2 : Giovanni da Procida , who played a decisive role in the Sicilian uprising against Charles of Anjou last year , becomes governor for Peter III. from Aragón in Sicily .
- July 8th : Aragon defeats the French off Malta with the help of a Sicilian fleet under the command of Roger von Lauria, driving them off the island.
- The Aragón Estates come together to defend their ancient freedoms since Peter III. calls for a higher tax for his war against France . They force the king from the general privilege of Saragossa .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Aarau and Sommerfeld receive city rights .
- Damvant , Roche-d'Or , Todtnauberg and Weißbach are first mentioned in a document.
- The Fürstlich Fürstenbergische Brewery is founded.
science and technology
- The paper production is first mentioned; first documents from paper mills in Treviso ; in Fabriano ( Mark Ancona ) paper makers are mentioned (see 1293 )
- In Italy, glasses with cut lenses are written about.
- King Alfonso X of Castile commissions a book about the game of chess and other games from his time ( Libro de los juegos ).
- The script , which is still valid today, is introduced in Thailand .
- 1283/ 1284 : Adam de la Halle written and composed the oldest French musical comedies with popular ways like Le jeu de Robin et de Marion .
- Burchard von Schwanden becomes Grand Master of the Teutonic Order .
- Petrus Johannis Olivi revokes the articles incriminated in the previous year 'in obedience'.
- Raimundus Lullus begins teaching in Paris and Montpellier with interruptions .
nature and environment
- Germany: warm winter
Date of birth saved
- February 22nd : Thomas Bek , Bishop of the English Diocese of Lincoln († 1347 )
- April 9 : Margaret , Queen of Scotland († 1290 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Edward Balliol , King of Scotland († 1367 )
- Isabella of Castile , Infanta of Castile, Queen of Aragon and Duchess of Brittany († 1328 )
- Jakob ben Ascher , Jewish author († 1340 )
- Johann I , Grand Master of France, and Lord of Châtillon and Crécy († 1363 )
Born around 1283
Date of death secured
- January 19 or 20 : Wernhard von Marsbach , Bishop of Seckau
- March 5 : Ata al-Mulk Dschuwaini , Persian historian (* 1226 )
- March 23rd : Joseph I Galesiotes , Patriarch of Constantinople
- April 6 : Peter I , French prince, Count of Alençon and Le Perche, a Count of Blois and Chartres and Lord of Guise (* 1251 )
- April 9 : Margrete Aleksandersdotter , Queen of Norway (* 1261 )
- June 7 : Robert of Holy Island , Bishop of Durham
- August 5th : Ulrich I , Count Palatine of Tübingen
- August 11th : Friedrich I. von Torgau , Bishop of Merseburg
- September 27 : Renaud de Nanteuil , Bishop of Beauvais and Peer of France
- October 15 : Johann I , Lord of Werle (* around 1245 )
- November 27th : Johann von Montfort , Lord of Toron and Tire
- December 8th : Richard of Ware , English religious and civil servant
- December 17th : Yolanda von Vianden , prioress of the Marienthal monastery (* around 1231 )
Exact date of death unknown
- before July 7th : Patrick de Chaworth , English nobleman and military man
- 15 or 25 December : Philip of Courtenay , Titularkaiser the Latin Empire (* 1240 / 41 )
- Abu Ishaq Ibrahim I , Hafsid Caliph in Ifriqiya
- Abutsu-ni , Japanese poet (* around 1222 )
- Antonio Corradi da Gonzaga , Italian nobleman
- Dafydd ap Gruffydd , Welsh Prince of Gwynedd (* 1235 )
- Eberhard IV von Schlüsselberg , Franconian nobleman, founder of the Schlüsselau Abbey (* around 1220 )
- Hermann III. , Count of Weimar-Orlamünde (* around 1230 )
- Karma Pakshi , 2nd Karmapa of the Karma Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1204 )
- Conrad III. von Mödling , Augustinian canon and provost of the Berchtesgaden monastery
- Ludwig I , Duke of Teck
- al-Qazwīnī , Persian doctor, astronomer and geographer (* around 1203 )