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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Cola di Rienzo
Cola di Rienzo ,
with the help of the people, drives out the city ​​nobility that is hated
in Rome
and proclaims
the republic based on the
ancient Roman model.
Charles of Blois is captured in the battle of La Roche-Derrien (depiction around 1410)
In the War of the Breton Succession
, the English
under Thomas Dagworth defeat a French army under Karl von Blois in the
Battle of La Roche-Derrien .

Handover of the city to the English
After almost a year of siege , the English King Edward III conquered . the city of Calais in the Hundred Years War .
1347 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 795/796 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1339/40
Aztec calendar 10. Rabbit - Matlactli Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 9th house - Chicuhnahui Calli )
Buddhist calendar 1890/91 (southern Buddhism); 1889/90 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 67th (68th) cycle

Year of the fire pig丁亥 ( at the beginning of the year fire dog 丙戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 709/710 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 725/726
Islamic calendar 747/748 (turn of the year April 12/13)
Jewish calendar 5107/08 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1063/64
Malayalam calendar 522/523
Seleucid era Babylon: 1657/58 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1658/59 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1385
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1403/04


Politics and world events


  • May 20 : Cola di Rienzo conquered the Capitol, with the help of the people drove out the city ​​nobility that was hated in Rome and proclaimed a republic based on the ancient Roman model. Di Rienzo based his claim to power in particular on a bronze tablet with the Lex de imperio Vespasiani from 69 that was found in an altar in the Lateran Church at the beginning of the year . It issues ordinances and laws to protect citizenship, ensures a certain degree of legal security and the restructuring of administration and finances. In fact, these measures are followed by an economic upswing and food prices are falling. Di Rienzo also found prominent admirers such as the poet and notary colleague Francesco Petrarca , who even fell out over it with his patrons, the Roman noble Colonna family.
  • Di Rienzo also calls for the sovereignty of the Roman people over the papacy and empire as well as the unification of Italy. So he makes himself with Pope Clement VI. as well as with the Roman-German king (and future emperor) Charles IV .
  • August 1st : Cola di Rienzo is ordained a knight with a solemn ceremony in the church of San Giovanni in Laterano. From then on he bears the self-conferred title "Candidate of the Holy Spirit, Knight Nicolaus der Gestrenge and Gracious, Liberator of the City, Zealot for Italy, Friend of the World, Sublime Tribune" . Its ostentatiousness and theatrical self-productions, in connection with tax increases imposed at the same time, soon become too much even for the Romans.
  • The originally hostile Roman noble families ally against the tribune, who only moves through the city in triumphal procession and dressed in an ancient Roman toga . On November 20, almost 5,000 aristocratic supporters attacked di Rienzo and his supporters at Porta San Lorenzo , but were repulsed. Almost 100 dead remain on the streets.
  • December 15 : After being exiled by the Pope, di Rienzo hastily leaves Rome.

Hundred Years War

Charles of Blois is captured at the Battle of La Roche-Derrien (contemporary illustration)
Auguste Rodin : The Citizens of Calais , Place de l'Hôtel de Ville in Calais, 1895
  • August 4th : After a year-long siege, six citizens of Calais humiliatingly surrender to the English King Edward III. His pregnant wife, Philippa von Hainaut , persuades him to pardon them and gives them freedom. Edward then enters Calais with the severity of a conqueror. He kept the commanding officer and the knights back in captivity, and all the residents of Calais had to leave the city, which was subsequently inhabited by English artisans and merchants.

Holy Roman Empire

Byzantine Empire

North africa

  • The Berber Merinids under Abu l-Hasan attempt to unite the Maghreb and conquer from the west the empire of the Hafsids in what is now Tunisia.

First documentary mentions

science and technology



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

  • before March 23: Hartmann II , abbot of the Schlüchtern monastery
  • End of September: Taddeo Pepoli , banker and politician of Bologna (* around 1290 )

Web links

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