Calendar overview 1347
Cola di Rienzo ,
with the help of the people, drives out the city nobility that is hated
the republic based on the
ancient Roman model.
War of the Breton Succession
, the English
under Thomas Dagworth defeat a French army under Karl von Blois in the
Battle of La Roche-Derrien .
|almost a year of siege , the English King Edward III conquered . the city of Calais in the Hundred Years War .|
|1347 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||795/796 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10. Rabbit - Matlactli Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 9th house - Chicuhnahui Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1890/91 (southern Buddhism); 1889/90 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||709/710 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||747/748 (turn of the year April 12/13)|
|Jewish calendar||5107/08 (September 5-6)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1657/58 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1658/59 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1403/04|
Politics and world events
- May 20 : Cola di Rienzo conquered the Capitol, with the help of the people drove out the city nobility that was hated in Rome and proclaimed a republic based on the ancient Roman model. Di Rienzo based his claim to power in particular on a bronze tablet with the Lex de imperio Vespasiani from 69 that was found in an altar in the Lateran Church at the beginning of the year . It issues ordinances and laws to protect citizenship, ensures a certain degree of legal security and the restructuring of administration and finances. In fact, these measures are followed by an economic upswing and food prices are falling. Di Rienzo also found prominent admirers such as the poet and notary colleague Francesco Petrarca , who even fell out over it with his patrons, the Roman noble Colonna family.
- Di Rienzo also calls for the sovereignty of the Roman people over the papacy and empire as well as the unification of Italy. So he makes himself with Pope Clement VI. as well as with the Roman-German king (and future emperor) Charles IV .
- August 1st : Cola di Rienzo is ordained a knight with a solemn ceremony in the church of San Giovanni in Laterano. From then on he bears the self-conferred title "Candidate of the Holy Spirit, Knight Nicolaus der Gestrenge and Gracious, Liberator of the City, Zealot for Italy, Friend of the World, Sublime Tribune" . Its ostentatiousness and theatrical self-productions, in connection with tax increases imposed at the same time, soon become too much even for the Romans.
- The originally hostile Roman noble families ally against the tribune, who only moves through the city in triumphal procession and dressed in an ancient Roman toga . On November 20, almost 5,000 aristocratic supporters attacked di Rienzo and his supporters at Porta San Lorenzo , but were repulsed. Almost 100 dead remain on the streets.
- December 15 : After being exiled by the Pope, di Rienzo hastily leaves Rome.
Hundred Years War
- 19 / June 20 : In the battle of La Roche-Derrien in La Roche-Derrien in the Bretagne during the Breton War of Succession , a part of the Hundred Years War between England and France , British troops under Sir Win Thomas Dagworth over French troops under Duke Charles of Blois , who is captured in battle and then taken to London.
- August 4th : After a year-long siege, six citizens of Calais humiliatingly surrender to the English King Edward III. His pregnant wife, Philippa von Hainaut , persuades him to pardon them and gives them freedom. Edward then enters Calais with the severity of a conqueror. He kept the commanding officer and the knights back in captivity, and all the residents of Calais had to leave the city, which was subsequently inhabited by English artisans and merchants.
Holy Roman Empire
- April 6th to 20th : In the Grenzau feud , a military conflict between the troops of the Electorate City of Koblenz and Messrs. Philipp von Isenburg and Reinhard von Westerburg near Grenzau , the Koblenz contingent is defeated.
- October 11 : After the death of Ludwig of Bavaria in October, Charles IV is definitely the German king, initially without an opposing king.
- Engelbert III. becomes Count of the Mark .
- The Herrschaft Hochhaus is sold to the Counts of Oettingen-Oettingen and incorporated into the County of Oettingen .
- February 3 : With the invasion of John VI. In Constantinople , the Byzantine Civil War ends after six years . The empire has been decisively weakened by this struggle.
- The Berber Merinids under Abu l-Hasan attempt to unite the Maghreb and conquer from the west the empire of the Hafsids in what is now Tunisia.
First documentary mentions
science and technology
- January 26th : Pope Clement VI. granted the privilege of founding a university in Prague by a papal bull .
- December 24th : King Edward III. granted the establishment of Pembroke College at the University of Cambridge .
- The Black Death breaks out, the first plague epidemic in Europe since the Justinian plague 800 years earlier. Originally from China ( 1331 ), it reached Messina in Sicily in October with trade and then moved via Marseille across France and Europe to Iceland and Greenland. She only managed to cross the Brenner Pass within two years. Prague is completely spared from this first wave of plague. The epidemic lasted until 1353 .
- In France, a poisonous cereal mushroom that causes the Antonius fire causes a famine.
Date of birth saved
- February 6 : Dorothea von Montau , German Catholic saint († 1394 )
- March 25 : Catherine of Siena , Italian mystic and doctor of the church († 1380 )
- March 27 : Ruprecht I , Duke of Liegnitz († 1409 )
- July 28 : Margaret of Durazzo , Queen of Hungary and Naples († 1412 )
- August 29 : John Hastings , English nobleman and commander († 1375 )
- December 22 : Ha Ryun , Korean neo-Confucian philosopher, politician and thinker († 1416 )
Exact date of birth unknown
Date of death secured
- January 18 : Ulrich Denklinger , abbot of the St. Mang monastery in Füssen (* around 1300 )
- February 15 : Thomas Bek , Bishop of Lincoln (* 1283 )
- April 9 : Wilhelm von Ockham , English philosopher and theologian (* around 1285 )
- 28 / June 30 : John de Warenne , English magnate (* 1286 )
- July 7th : Dietrich VII./IX. , Count of Kleve (* around 1291 )
- July 29th : Ludwig Schenk von Neindorf , Bishop of Brandenburg
- 29 / July 30 : Hugh Hastings , English knight (* around 1310 )
- August 10th / 15th : Johanna III. Countess Palatine of Burgundy and Countess of Artois (* 1308 )
- September 3 : Engelbert von Dolen , Bishop of Dorpat
- September 14th : Konrad II von Schlüsselberg , last representative of the Schluesselberg family (* around 1273 )
- October 11 : Ludwig the Bavarian , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Bavaria (* 1282 )
- October 14 : Peter I. von Rosenberg , governor of Bohemia (* 1291 )
- November 10th : Hugh de Audley , English nobleman, courtier and military man (* around 1291 )
- November 28th : Heinrich I. von Bülow , Bishop of Schwerin
- December 31st : Otto I. , Count von Rietberg
Exact date of death unknown
- before March 23: Hartmann II , abbot of the Schlüchtern monastery
- End of September: Taddeo Pepoli , banker and politician of Bologna (* around 1290 )
- Abner von Burgos , Spanish doctor and philosopher (* 1270 )
- Adolf II von der Mark , Count of Mark and Kleve
- Georg I , Count of Veldenz
- Johann von Viktring , historian and abbot of the Cistercian monastery Viktring Monastery (* around 1270 )
- Konrad I. , Count of Oldenburg
- Loe Thai , King of the Sukhothai Kingdom
- Al-Muzaffar Hajji I , Sultan of the Mamluks (* 1332 )
- Schweiker I. Tuschl von Söldenau , knight and ducal forest master in the Neuburg Forest
- Pir Umar Halveti , Islamic mystic and founder of the Halveti-Tariqa order