Calendar overview 1409
After Kuttenberger Decree
German students migrate from the University of Prague from
and establish the University of Leipzig .
|1409 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||857/858 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7. Feuerstein - Chicome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 6th pipes - Chicuace Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1952/53 (southern Buddhism); 1951/52 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||771/772 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||811/812 (turn of the year 15/16 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5169/70 (9/10 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1719/20 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1720/21 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1465/66 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- March 9 : The Chartres treaty drawn up by Jean de Montaigu between Charles de Valois, duc d'Orléans , and Johann Feart , Duke of Burgundy temporarily ends hostilities between the houses of Burgundy and Orléans . The most important of the 21 articles are the Duke of Burgundy's admission that he had the Duke of Orléans murdered and the apology to the children of his victim. In return, Ludwig's sons, 18-year-old Charles and 13-year-old Philippe, pledge to forgive John in the framework of the ceremony, which takes place in Chartres Cathedral , and swear on the Bible to respect the signed contract. King Charles VI. of France in turn pardoned the Burgundy.
Holy Roman Empire
- July 16 : After signing a marriage contract on April 27, Anton of Burgundy , Duke of Brabant , marries Elisabeth von Görlitz , heiress of the Duchy of Luxembourg.
Sicily / Iberian Peninsula
- July 25th : King Martin I of Sicily dies on a planned campaign to Sardinia without any legitimate descendants. His successor is therefore his father Martin I of Aragón as Martin II, who, however, leaves the reign of the kingdom to his daughter-in-law Blanka of Navarre . In the same year Martin the Old married Margarita von Prades .
- After the childless death of Niccolo I Gattilusio , his nephew Palamede Gattilusio , son of Francesco II Gattilusio , ruler of Lesbos , becomes the second Genoese lord of Ainos .
First documentary mentions
- The places Adelboden , Brenzingen and Husum are first mentioned in a document.
- Planegg Castle is first mentioned when Duke Wilhelm III. Acquires further possessions from Bavaria and merges them with Planegg .
- The first European stock exchange is being built in Bruges . The name is derived from the Bruges merchant family van der Burse (also: ndl. Beurs = purse).
science and technology
- January 18 : With the Kuttenberg decree , which was significantly shaped by the reformer Hieronymus von Prague , the Bohemian King Wenceslaus IV , who had been deposed as Roman king years earlier, changed the proportion of votes in the committees of Charles University in Prague . If the Nationes of Bohemia, Bavaria, Saxony, and Poland each had one vote since its founding, the Bohemians now get three votes, while the others together get only one. The decree has caused a wave of non-Bohemian students and professors to emigrate and leads to the loss of importance for Prague University. The previous rector Johannes Hoffmann von Schweidnitz is among those who have emigrated . Jan Hus is elected as his successor .
- September 9th : In a bull , antipope Alexander V approves the establishment of the University of Leipzig .
- December 2 : The Leipzig University, founded on the initiative of German students who emigrated from Prague , is ceremonially opened. Johannes Otto von Münsterberg is elected first rector.
- August 22nd : Gianfrancesco I. Gonzaga , Count of Mantua , marries Paola from the noble family Malatesta who ruled Pesaro
- March 25th : Four patriarchs, 22 cardinals and 80 bishops meet in Pisa Cathedral . The Council of Pisa begins. The assembly is headed by Cardinal de Malesset, Bishop of Palestrina. 100 absent bishops send representations, numerous abbots, generals and 300 theologians represent the rest of the clergy, several European princes send ambassadors to Pisa . However, neither of the two popes of the Western Schism is present.
- June 5th: The Council of Pisa declares Pope Gregory XII. and Benedict XIII. for discontinued. Simon de Cramaud , Patriarch of Alexandria, reads out the verdict that both convicted schismatics, notorious heretics, are guilty of perjury and broken promises. They are thus unworthy of continuing to exercise the office of Pope, and all of their orders and decrees are null and void. The Holy See is declared vacant and all believers are absolved of fidelity and obedience to the one and the other Pope. This guilty verdict is unanimously greeted with applause and the Te Deum is sung. On June 15, the cardinals meet again to elect a new Pope .
- June 26 : Select the Cardinals Alexander V. the Pope . So there are now three popes. This led to a split in Germany because the imperial princes could not agree on a unified position regarding the resolutions of the council.
- Johann III. and Friedrich VI. , Burgraves of Nuremberg, found the Langenzenn Monastery .
- The Wormser Hof in Heidelberg is mentioned for the first time as the town house of the Worms bishops.
Date of birth saved
- January 16 : René I , titular king of Naples († 1480 )
- February 28 : Elisabeth of Luxembourg , daughter of Emperor Sigismund and his wife Barbara von Cilli († 1442 )
- March 2 : Johann II , Duke of Alençon and Count of Le Perche († 1476 )
- March 19 : Heinrich IV. Von Absberg , Bishop of Regensburg († 1492 )
- October 29 : Alessandro Sforza , ruler of Pesaro († 1473 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Berardo Eroli , Italian cardinal († 1479 )
- Konrad Gesselen , German astronomer and mathematician, professor at the University of Rostock († 1469 )
- Bernardo Rossellino , Italian sculptor and builder († 1464 )
- Tilokarat , ninth king of the Mengrai dynasty of Lan Na in the northern region of today's Thailand († 1487 )
Born around 1409
- John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont , English nobleman († 1460 )
- 1409/ 1410 : Thomas Palaeologus , Byzantine prince Despot of Morea and Prince of Achaia († 1465 )
Date of death secured
- April 26 : Alberico da Barbiano , Italian condottiere (* 1348 )
- May 11th : Joan Devereux, 3rd Baroness Devereux , English nobleman (* 1379 )
- May 22nd : Blanca of England , Countess Palatine of the Palatinate (* 1392 )
- July 25th : Martin I , King of Sicily (* 1376 )
- September 13th : Isabelle de Valois , French nobleman, Queen of England (* 1389 )
- October 17th : Jean de Montaigu , French nobleman, adviser to the kings Charles V and Charles VI. (* 1363 )
- November 1st : Wulfhard Wulflam , Mayor of Stralsund
- November 9th : Katharina von Nürnberg , abbess of the Hof monastery (* before 1391)
- December 4 : William Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby , English peer and politician (* around 1370 )
Exact date of death unknown
- April: Francesc Eiximenis , Catalan Franciscan and writer (* around 1330 )
- around July 22nd : Agnes von Wallenroth , abbess of the Himmelkron monastery
- Johann , Margrave of Baden-Hachberg and Lord of Höhingen
- Niccolo I. Gattilusio , Lord of Ainos (* around 1330 )
- Rigdzin Gödem , Lama of the Nyingma tradition of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1337 )
- Ruprecht I , Duke of Liegnitz (* 1347 )