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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Moctezuma I.
Moctezuma I ,
Aztec ruler
of Tenochtitlán , dies.
Lorenzo il Magnifico
Lorenzo de 'Medici
becomes city lord of Florence .
Ferdinand and Isabella
Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile get married.
1469 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 917/918 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1461/62
Aztec calendar 2. Feuerstein - Ome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 1st tubes - Ce Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 2012/13 (southern Buddhism); 2011/12 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Ox 己丑 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rat 戊子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 831/832 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 847/848
Islamic calendar 873/874 (turn of the year 10/11 July)
Jewish calendar 5229/30 (September 6-7)
Coptic calendar 1185/86
Malayalam calendar 644/645
Seleucid era Babylon: 1779/80 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1780/81 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1507
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1525/26 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

The Wars of the Roses in England

Lancaster victory over York.svg

After helping Edward IV of York to the throne of England during the Wars of the Roses , Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick , changes sides with George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence , the king's brother. The two defeat Edward in the Battle of Edgecote Moor on July 26th and take the king prisoner.

The Hanso-English War

  • Spring: After the Danzig capers chartered by the Danish crown had seized English ships in the Oresund in the previous year, King Edward IV storms the Stalhof in London, arrests the Hanse merchants there temporarily and holds them with their assets for the damage.
  • April: At a meeting in Lübeck , the Hanseatic League decides to wage war against England , forbids the import of English cloth and orders the use of privateers against English sea connections. Lübeck, Danzig, Hamburg and Bremen take the leading role on the part of the Hanseatic League , while Cologne , Wesel and Arnhem are neutral.
  • In autumn the first Hanseatic privateers leave for England. Duke Charles the Bold initially allowed the Burgundian ports to be opened to these ships.

Northern and Western Europe

James III and Margarethe

Holy Roman Empire

Iberian Peninsula

Escudo Reyes Catolicos.png

Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile , who later received the title of Catholic Kings , are married on October 19th . This laid the foundation for a later unification of the two kingdoms of Aragon and Castile to form Spain .


  • Privilege for the introduction of printing as a forerunner of the patent


  • The papal bull in supremae dignitatis specula established, among other things, the diocese of Vienna .


Date of birth saved

Manuel I.

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1469

Vasco da Gama


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Tomb of the brothers Piero and Giovanni de 'Medici

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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