Calendar overview 1474
Charles the Bold opens
the war against the Swiss Confederation .
Isabella the Catholic
of Castile .
|patent law is enacted in Venice .|
|1474 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||922/923 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7th house - Chicome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 6th Feuerstein - Chicuace Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||2017/18 (southern Buddhism); 2016/17 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||836/837 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||878/879 (turn of the year 17th / 18th May)|
|Jewish calendar||5234/35 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1784/85 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1785/86 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1530/31 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Swiss Habsburg Wars
- March 30th : With the Eternal Direction , a mediation by the French King Louis XI. After the contract between the Eight Old Places and Sigismund of Tyrol came about , the military conflict between the Confederation and the House of Habsburg that has been going on since 1291 is temporarily ended.
- May 9 : The fall and execution of the Burgundian bailiff Peter von Hagenbach in the Pfandlanden in front of Austria on the Lower Rhine triggers the Burgundy Wars .
- November 13th : In the Battle of Héricourt the Confederates defeat the Burgundian Duke Charles the Bold and his army. Berne and Friborg are now turning against the ally of Burgundy Duchy of Savoy under Jolande of France , which for her minor son Philibert I. leads the regency.
Cologne collegiate feud
- July 29th : A Burgundian army under Charles the Bold , whom Archbishop Ruprecht von der Pfalz has called for help in the Cologne collegiate feud , begins the siege of Neuss .
- To end the 1469 begun Hanseatic-English war that close Hanse and England in Utrecht the Treaty of Utrecht after a Hanseatic fleet has devastated the east coast of England. The Hanseatic League regained its rights and privileges in England, got the Stalhof and its branches in Boston and Lynn back and was compensated with 10,000 pounds sterling. The result will promote the cloth trade in the Hanseatic cities for years. For by the Wars of the Roses crisis-ridden Kingdom England under King Edward IV. Maritime Safety is restored.
Further events in the empire
- The Duchy of Holstein arises from the northern German County Holstein-Rendsburg , when the Danish king I. Christian , who in personal union also Duke of Schleswig and Count of Holstein-Rendsburg, when Roman Emperor Frederick III. the elevation of Holstein-Rendsburg to the immediate imperial fief of Holstein is achieved and the newly created duchy is enfeoffed.
Other events in Europe
- December 1 : Nicolò Marcello , 69th Doge of the Republic of Venice , dies. His successor at the second attempt is Pietro Mocenigo , one of the most successful war heroes in the republic.
- December 13th : Isabella I sets out from her residence Alcázar of Segovia to be proclaimed Queen of Castile in the city of Segovia .
First documentary mentions
- First written mention of Rüttenen as Rüti
- The world's first patent law is enacted in Venice .
- In Pfeffenhausen in Lower Bavaria , the Tafnerhof, the birthplace of the Pöllinger brewery , is granted the right to drink and brew .
science and technology
- King Ferdinand I of Sicily, an illegitimate son of King Alfonso V of Aragon, asked Pope Sixtus IV on December 13th to recognize a monastic college that had existed in Saragossa since the 12th century by papal bull as a university , which he did in 1476 does. Nevertheless, the University of Zaragoza was not formally founded until September 10, 1542 .
- January 31 : The Council of the City of Bern and Schultheiss Adrian von Bubenberg grant of Diebold Schilling the Elder an order for a chronicle of Bern .
- Vincent from Kastav paints 46 Gothic frescoes in the pilgrimage church Maria im Fels near the Croatian village of Beram.
- In Venice, Bartolomeo Platina wrote the budget book De honesta valuptate et valitudine ( Of the honest, small, also permitted lust of the body ), which was translated into numerous languages in the following years and developed into the first “cookbook bestseller” of the Renaissance. It is based on the recipes of the personal chef of the Bishop of Aquileia .
- The Irish monastery Donegal is founded as a house of reformed Franciscans.
- March 21 : Angela Merici , founder of the Ursuline Order († 1540 )
- April 8 : Elisabeth von Brandenburg , Countess von Henneberg († 1507 )
- May 18 : Isabella d'Este , one of the most important figures in the culture and politics of the Italian Renaissance († 1539 )
- September 8 : Ludovico Ariosto , Italian Renaissance poet († 1533 )
- October 7th : Bernhard III. , Margrave of Baden-Baden († 1536 )
- October 13 : Mariotto Albertinelli , Italian painter († 1515 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Vincenzo Capirola , Italian lutenist and composer († after 1548)
- Giulia Farnese , Italian nobleman and mistress of Pope Alexander VI. († 1524 )
Date of death secured
- January 3 : Pietro Riario , Cardinal of the Roman Church (* 1445 )
- January 24th : Anna von Lichtenberg , heiress of the Lichtenberg rule, Countess of Hanau-Babenhausen (* 1442 )
- May 9 : Peter von Hagenbach , Burgundian Vogt in Alsace / Breisgau (executed) (* around 1420 )
- May 24th : Adolf X. , Count of Holstein-Pinneberg (* 1419 )
- July 5 : Erich II , Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, Upper Pomerania and Stettin (* 1425 )
- July 9 : Isotta degli Atti , Italian Princess (* 1432 / 1433 )
- July 18 : Mahmud Pasha , Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (executed)
- September 18 : Hermann III. von Breitenlandenberg , Bishop of Konstanz (* 1410 )
- September 21 : Georg I , Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (* around 1390 )
- December 1 : Nicolò Marcello , Doge of Venice (* around 1399 )
- December 11 : Henry IV , King of Castile and León (* 1425 )
- December 16 : ʿAlāʾ ad-Dīn ʿAlī ibn Muhammad al-Qushdschī , Turkish or Persian astronomer, mathematician and theologian (* 1403 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Apel Vitzthum the Elder of Roßla , Saxon knight (* around 1400 )
- John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners , English nobleman and peer (* around 1400 )
- Hektor von Watt , Swiss Mayor (* around 1420 )
- Jacob III , King of Cyprus (* 1473 )
- Johann VI. , Duke of Mecklenburg (* 1439 )