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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan
The Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan,
is built as the retirement home of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu .
1397 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 845/846 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1389/90
Aztec calendar 8. Feuerstein - Chicuei Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 7th pipes - Chicome Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 1940/41 (southern Buddhism); 1939/40 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 68th (69th) cycle

Year of the Fire Ox丁丑 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rat 丙子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 759/760 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 775/776
Islamic calendar 799/800 (turn of the year 23/24 September)
Jewish calendar 5157/58 (September 21/22)
Coptic calendar 1113/14
Malayalam calendar 572/573
Seleucid era Babylon: 1707/08 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1708/09 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1435
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1453/54


Politics and world events


Holy Roman Empire

Kalmar Union

The Baltic Sea during the Kalmar Union

On June 17th, 67 people from the clerical and secular nobility of Denmark , Norway and Sweden signed a draft treaty in Kalmar under the leadership of Margaret I , who was elected ruler of both Denmark-Norway and Sweden , which was never ratified, but Scandinavia for around de facto united in the Kalmar Union for a century and a half . Each empire retains its imperial council and structure of government. Margaret's great-nephew Erik VII is crowned the common king of the three northern kingdoms. Margaret I receives the general power of attorney for the imperial administration and holds the de facto power in her hands.


King Richard II , who with the help of his uncle John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster , has re-established his power in the Kingdom of England , begins, despite a recent reconciliation, with the persecution of the Lords Appellant , who disempowered and imprisoned him in 1387 . The first to face Richard's vengeance is Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel , who will be executed on September 21st .

First documentary mentions


  • The tax book of the city of Munich mentions a brewer for the property at Neuhausergasse 4 for the first time, Hans Welser, the later Spatenbräu .
  • The barber's profession is mentioned for the first time in an official letter from Cologne .

Culture and religion


  • The Kinkaku-ji Buddhist temple in Kyoto , Japan, is being built as the retirement home of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu . The entire architecture combines different Japanese styles and is at the same time influenced by Chinese building elements. The fragile pavilion essentially consists of three floors of different styles, surrounded by round balconies.



Pocket calendar 1397

nature and environment


Date of birth saved

Albrecht II of Habsburg

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1397


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Landini with laurel wreath and portative (illustration from the Squarcialupi Codex )

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1397

Web links

Commons : 1397  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files