|Peter Stromer begins his experiments with the forest seeds in the Nuremberg Reichswald .||Hongwu becomes the first emperor of the Chinese Ming dynasty .|
|1368 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||816/817 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th tubes - Macuilli Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 4th Rabbit - Nahui Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1911/12 (southern Buddhism); 1910/11 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||730/731 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||769/770 (turn of the year August 15/16)|
|Jewish calendar||5128/29 (September 13-14)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1678/79 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1679/80 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1424/25|
Politics and world events
- May 2 : In the Second Waldemark War , a Hanseatic League of 2,000 warriors conquered the Danish capital of Copenhagen and destroyed the city. In the summer of the year, Swedish and Hanseatic troops recapture the province of Skåne in southern Sweden. South Jutland and Norway are also occupied, so that King Waldemar IV has to flee. Helsingborg is the only city to withstand the attacks of the Hanseatic League and forces the besiegers to hibernate under the command of Bruno von Warendorp .
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- Andrea Contarini becomes Doge of Venice as the successor to Marco Cornaro , who died on January 13th .
- April 2 : Charles IV sets out on his second Italian campaign . This Roman-German emperor sends a large army to support Pope Urban V, who returned to Rome in 1367 .
- November 1st : Elisabeth of Pomerania , the fourth wife of Emperor Charles IV , is crowned Roman-German Empress by the Pope in Rome. Then she rides with crown and miter to the cheering of the people through the old town to the Lateran , takes part in a banquet held in her honor and knights several people. The imperial couple, who stayed in the Vatican for a few weeks after the coronation ceremony, found a hospital in Rome to care for and receive Bohemian pilgrims.
- August 25 : The childless Count Gottfried IV. Sells the County of Arnsberg to the Archbishopric of Cologne . The Cologne Duchy of Westphalia can thus unite its previously scattered possessions. In return, Gottfried was the only secular ruler to be guaranteed a burial in Cologne Cathedral .
- In Augsburg , an uprising by the urban craftsmen against the ruling patrician families led to the introduction of a guild constitution .
- Sultan Murad I makes Adrianople in Thrace the capital of the Ottoman Empire . This explicitly sees itself as a European power and continues its expansion towards the Danube and Hungary .
Empire of China
Xu Da , general of the Red Turbans rebelling against the rule of the Mongols in China , attacks the Chinese capital Dadu and, after winning the battle, forces Emperor Toghan Timur from the Mongolian Yuan dynasty to flee north. In the course of this persecution he succeeds in winning over the Korean general Yi Seong-gye , who was actually allied with the Mongols and who later founded the Korean Joseon dynasty .
Supreme rebel leader Zhu Yuanzhang proclaimed himself the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty on September 14th under the name Hongwu . During his reign the economic reconstruction and the building of a new absolutist-centralist administrative structure are the focus of the efforts. In addition, the transfer of the capital to the south begins. First, Hongwu has Kaifeng , the old capital of the Song dynasty , and the capital of the Han and Tang dynasties explore Chang'an , then he settles on his own birthplace, Fengyang , a few hundred kilometers northwest of Nanjing . Here he wants to build his new residence, the Middle Capital ( Zhongdu ). It is the southernmost royal seat of the entire Chinese empire to date.
- During the Ming Dynasty , the largest banknote in world history was issued in the Chinese Empire . It is 23 cm wide and 32 cm long.
science and technology
- April 9th : Peter Stromer begins his experiments with the forest seeds in the Nuremberg Reichswald , from which the first artificial forest in the world develops.
- A gospel book written by Johannes von Troppau is probably the first book in a Habsburg book collection from which the Austrian National Library developed over the centuries .
- June 9 : Almost six months after the death of his predecessor Dietrich von Portitz , Albrecht von Sternberg is appointed Archbishop of Magdeburg with the support of the Kaiser . On December 3rd, the solemn entry into the city and his enthronement takes place.
Date of birth saved
- February 15 : Sigismund of Luxembourg , Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia and King of Bohemia († 1437 )
- July 1 : Braccio da Montone , Italian condottiere († 1424 )
- September 5 : Walter Fitzwalter , English nobleman († 1406 )
- December 3 : Charles VI. , King of France († 1422 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Albrecht II , Duke of Straubing-Holland († 1397 )
- Emir Sultan , patron saint of Bursa († 1429 )
- Frederick I of Vaudémont , Count of Vaudémont († 1415 )
- Martin V , Pope († 1431 )
- Takeda Nobushige , Japanese nobleman († 1450 )
Born around 1368
- Ludwig VII. , Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt († 1447 )
- Jean Gérard de Poitiers , Archbishop of Vienne († 1452 )
- Philip I , Count of Nassau-Weilburg and Nassau-Saarbrücken († 1429 )
- William de Ros , English nobleman and Lord Treasurer († 1414 )
Date of death secured
- January 13 : Marco Cornaro , Doge of Venice (* around 1288 )
- March 29 : Go-Murakami , Emperor of Japan (* 1328 )
- July 17th : Otto II von Wettin , Bishop of Minden
- July 25th : Agnes Mortimer , English nobleman (* between 1315 and 1321)
- July 26th : Nicola Capocci , Italian Cardinal
- July 26th : Ulrich I , Count of Cilli (* 1331 )
- July 28 : Bolko II , Duke of Schweidnitz-Jauer (* 1308 )
- August 24 : Barnim III. , Duke of Pomerania-Stettin
- August 25 : Engelbert III. von der Mark , Archbishop of Cologne (* 1304 )
- September 12 : Blanche of Lancaster , Duchess of Lancaster (* around 1341 or 1345 )
- October 2 : Anna von Kashin , Russian princess, saint (* around 1280 )
- October 17th : Lionel of Antwerp , Duke of Clarence and Ulster (* 1338 )
- November 19 : Johann , Count of Kleve (* around 1292 )
Exact date of death unknown
- before February 21: Friedrich von Zollern , Prince-Bishop of Regensburg
- May 18: Henry Percy , English magnate (* around 1321 )
- May 31 or October 13 : Konrad von Kreuznach , German musician
- Erich II. , Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (* 1318 / 1320 )
- Guy de Chauliac , French doctor (* around 1298 )
- Heinrich , Count of Nassau-Hadamar
- John Mowbray , English nobleman (* 1340 )
- Klara , Countess of Freiburg (* 1321 )
- Moritz von Oldenburg , Archbishop of Bremen
- Wang Zhen , Chinese inventor, agronomist, writer and politician (* 1271 )