Calendar overview 1372
|England is defeated by a Castilian-French fleet in the naval battle of La Rochelle in the Hundred Years War .|
|1372 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||820/821 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9th tubes - Chicuhnahui Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 8th Rabbit - Chicuei Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1915/16 (southern Buddhism); 1914/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||734/735 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||773/774 (turn of the year 2/3 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5132/33 (August 29/30)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1682/83 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1683/84 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1428/29|
Politics and world events
Hundred Years War / Ferdinandine Wars
- June 22nd / 23rd : England is defeated in the sea battle of La Rochelle by a Castilian - French fleet. The English Admiral John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke , is captured. The defeat leads to Castile and France gaining control over the Atlantic and the English Channel and the French counter-offensive to recapture their lost territories by England being carried out successfully. In addition, trade between England and Flanders is destroyed, while trade between Flanders and Castile takes its place.
- July 10th : Shortly after the end of the First Ferdinandan War , Ferdinand I of Portugal signed a treaty with John of Gaunt promising mutual support against the Kingdom of Castile .
- November 30th : Bertrand du Guesclin conquers Thouars for France after a long siege in the Hundred Years War .
- December: The second Ferdinandine War between Ferdinand I of Portugal and the kings of the House of Trastámara for the throne of Castile begins. King Henry II attacks Portugal and surprisingly penetrates as far as Lisbon.
Holy Roman Empire
- June 2 : Frankfurt am Main , under the leadership of alder Johann von Holzhausen , buys itself free from the supervision of an imperial mayor under Emperor Karl IV . At the same time, the city acquires the Reichsforst that borders the city .
- June 27th : Albrecht II von Hohenlohe dies. The election of his successor as Bishop of Würzburg results in a double election. Withego II. Hildbrandi has the majority of the cathedral chapter behind him, but can stand up to his rival Albrecht III. von Hessberg did not enforce it. Withego then goes personally to Avignon to see Pope Gregory XI. In the presence of the Naumburg bishop Gerhard von Schwarzburg , who is also under pressure in his diocese, the exchange of the two dioceses is agreed. Gerhard is now in turn faced with the task of opposing Bishop Albrecht III. enforce, which has strong support in the bourgeoisie and the clergy as well as with neighboring imperial princes, and marches with an army towards Würzburg.
- August 24th : Duke Casimir III. he is killed in the fight against Margrave Otto V of Brandenburg in the storming of Königsberg in Neumark . After his death, his younger brothers Swantibor III. and Bogislaw VII continued to rule together in Pomerania-Stettin . In November they make a peace with Margrave Otto, which confirms the result of the peace treaty concluded the previous year.
Scotland / England
- Scottish farmers and shepherds drive out the English army under Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland , during the Anglo-Scottish Border Wars at the bloodless Battle of Duns .
- On his deathbed, the Albanian Prince Andrea II. Muzaka divides the Principality of Muzakaj , which he founded, between his three sons Gjin I. Muzaka , Theodor II. Muzaka and Stoya.
- A Chinese invasion of Mongolia under the Ming Emperor Hongwu fails. As a result of the military defeat, Hongwu has several lines of defense built to the north. Among other things, the western part of the Great Wall is being built with the Jiayu Pass near Jiayuguan in the Gansu Province .
- After the death of Newaya Krestos from the Solomonic dynasty , his eldest son Newaya Mariam succeeds him as Negus negest on the throne of the Empire of Ethiopia .
- The Archbishop of Cologne and Elector Friedrich III. von Saar Werden moves the Rhine toll from Neuss to Zons , and as a result, Zons is expanded into a customs fortress that is still preserved today.
- The Electors Kuno von Trier and Friedrich von Köln founded the first mint association to standardize the minting in their fields.
- The Leaning Tower of Pisa is completed after almost 200 years of construction. At this point in time, the campanile for the Pisa Cathedral is already tilting noticeably to the southeast.
- Sigismund , son of the German Emperor Charles IV , becomes engaged to the heiress Maria of the Hungarian King Ludwig I.
- In Lingen , in times of armed conflict, the Lingen citizens' son lift, the Kivelinge, is founded. This makes them one of the oldest, continuously existing shooting clubs in Germany.
- February 16 : Heinrich VII von Kranlucken , Prince Abbot of Fulda , dies. He is succeeded by his bitter opponent Konrad IV von Hanau .
- The Emmaus Monastery in Prague is inaugurated.
- After 25 years of construction, St. Mary's Church in Prague's New Town is completed.
Date of birth saved
- March 13 : Louis de Valois, duc d'Orléans , son of the French King Charles V († 1407 )
- April 25 : William Ferrers , English nobleman († 1445 )
- November 11 : John Hastings , English nobleman († 1389 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Elisabeth von Pilitza , Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania († 1420 )
- Ibn Hajar al-ʿAsqalānī , Islamic scientist († 1449 )
- Conrad III. , Count of Freiburg and Neuchâtel († 1424 )
- Pietro Loredan , Venetian admiral († 1438 )
Born around 1372
Date of death secured
- February 9 : Uilleam, 5th Earl of Ross , Scottish nobleman (* before 1329)
- February 16 : Heinrich VII von Kranlucken , Prince Abbot of Fulda (* 1303 )
- March 21 : Rudolf VI. , Margrave of Baden
- March 25 : Ulrich von Weißeneck , Bishop of Seckau and opposing Bishop of Gurk
- April 17th : Ton'a , Japanese poet (* 1289 )
- October 10 : Johannes von Dambach , Alsatian Dominican and theologian (* 1288 )
- November 20 : Elizabeth Comyn , English noblewoman
Exact date of death unknown
- Andrea II. Muzaka , founder of the Albanian principality of Muzakaj (* 1319 )
- Konrad von Bärenfels , Mayor of Basel (* 1305 )
- Dietrich V. von Broich , knight and Bergisch bailiff at Angermund
- Martinus de Golnow , Canon in Schwerin and Council Secretary of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- Hermann VI. , Count of Weimar-Orlamünde
- Newaya Krestos , Emperor of Ethiopia