|Canton||Thouars (main town)|
|surface||81.48 km 2|
|Residents||13,990 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||172 inhabitants / km 2|
Thouars is a French municipality with 13,990 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the department of Deux-Sèvres in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine . It belongs to the Arrondissement Bressuire and is the capital of the Canton of Thouars
The city is located in the north of the Deux-Sèvres department on a plateau that dominates the Thouet River , a tributary of the Loire . Neighboring cities are: Bressuire , Parthenay , Saumur , Loudun .
- The name comes from Tudae arx (citadel over the Thouet).
- Pippin the Younger and his son, who later became Charlemagne , sacked and destroyed the Gallo-Roman city in 762.
- During the Hundred Years War Thouars was occupied alternately by the English and the French.
- After a long siege, Bertrand du Guesclin finally conquered Thouars for France on November 30, 1372 .
- The vice-county of Thouars was raised to duchy ( duché ) and peerage in favor of the house of La Trémoille (see Duchy of Thouars ).
- Thouars was a stronghold of Protestantism during the Huguenot Wars , but lost a large part of its population after the repeal of the Edict of Nantes (1685) under Louis XIV .
Population distribution and development
|Altitude (m)||Population (Census)|
|1962||1968||1975||1982||1990||1999||2006 1||2008 2||2011 1||2013 2||2016 3|
- The Thouars Castle (1635-1638) was the seat of the Dukes of La Trémoille and in 1870 to the prison and, later, to this day, for college.
- The city walls, Remparts and towers originally date from the 12th and 13th centuries, but have been renewed and rebuilt again and again:
- The Tour du Prince de Galles was temporarily used to store grain supplies.
- The mighty Porte au Prévôt is bordered on the sides by two semicircular protruding towers.
- The church of St-Médard has a facade in the Poitevin style with a mighty side tower and a beautiful north portal
- In the former abbey church of St-Laon is the grave of Margaret of Scotland , the first wife of Louis XI.
- The Hôtel particulier Tyndo is a city palace from the end of the 15th century; it was declared a monument historique in 1882 .
- In the old town streets of Thouars there are still some half-timbered houses with brick infills.
- The Musée Henri Barré shows many exhibits on art and handicrafts from the 19th century (pictures, ceramics, furniture).
- The Monpalais necropolis is to the southeast of the town .
The place is located in the Anjou wine region .
After the city and the nearby fossil record, the geological age of is Toarcian (183.0 to 175.6 million years v. Chr.), One of the four sections of the Lower Jurassic named.
- Thouars - Photos + Info (French)
- Thouars, Hôtel Tyndo - Photos + Info (French)
- Thouars, Porte au Prévôt - photo