Gregory XI. returns from Avignon to Rome back
and pulls into the city to the cheers of the people.
Since then, the Vatican has been the seat of the Pope.
|1377 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||825/826 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||1. Feuerstein - Ce Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 13th pipes - Matlactli omey Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1920/21 (southern Buddhism); 1919/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||739/740 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||778/779 (New Year 9/10 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5137/38 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1687/88 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1688/89 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1433/34|
Politics and world events
- January 17th : Pope Gregory XI. returns from Avignon to Rome and, to the cheering of the people, moves into the city where parts of the administration have previously been transferred. The Avignon papacy ends. Since then, the Vatican has been the seat of the Pope.
- February 3 : In Cesena , on the instructions of the papal legate Robert Graf von Geneva, who later became the antipope Clement VII , papal mercenaries organize a bloodbath among the inhabitants who have again revolted against the authorities.
- July 27th : After the death of Frederick III. his daughter Maria becomes Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens and Neopatria . Since she is still very young at this point, she is under the rule of four noble families who call themselves vicars.
- June 26th : After the death of his grandfather Edward III. Richard II becomes King of England . The reign of the son of the "Black Prince" Edward of Woodstock is controversial from the start, as the other sons of Edward III. Claim to the throne. Nevertheless, with the support of Parliament, the ten-year-old will be crowned on July 16 . Despite his minority, no regent is appointed as Parliament distrusts Richard's uncle John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster . In the appointed royal council, he nevertheless pulls the strings together with Richard's mother Joan of Kent in the background.
- October 26th : Coronation of Tvrtko I .: The Bosnian Ban Tvrtko I. crowns himself king of the Serbs , Bosnia , the coastal region and the western countries in the monastery of Mileševa near Prijepolje .
- May 24th : Grand Duke Algirdas of Lithuania , who shared the rule with his brother Kęstutis , dies. His successor will be his son Jogaila , who will continue to work with his uncle for the time being.
- August 2 : In the Battle of the Pjana in the greater Nizhny Novgorod area, a Blue Horde force defeated a Russian army that was indulging in a drinking binge.
City rights and first documentary mentions
science and technology
- The Trezzo Bridge is being completed on behalf of Bernabò Visconti , Duke of Milan . It serves as access to a Visconti castle across the Adda river and is reinforced with towers. The single arch bridge held the record for the largest span until the 19th century, and in stone bridge construction it remained unsurpassed until the beginning of the 20th century.
- Carnival in the Ruhr area : The archives of the city of Duisburg contain the first city bill ever written in German from the year 1377, from which it emerges that the councilors and the citizens extensively celebrated fast evening ("Vastavent").
- June 27 : The Ragusa City Council decides to quarantine all ships coming from plague areas on an island for a month .
After armed conflicts repeatedly cut the city of Ulm off from the parish church one kilometer away, the citizens decided to build a new building within the city walls, also to make themselves independent of the Reichenau monastery . On June 30 , the foundation stone for the effected Ulm Cathedral by Mayor Ludwig Krafft . Master builder Heinrich II. Parler had already gained experience at the Heilig-Kreuz-Münster in Schwäbisch Gmünd .
The Second Dionysius Flood , which is said to have occurred in autumn 1377 and which is said to have led to severe destruction between Flanders and the Weser, is possibly a late medieval flood myth for which there is no reliable evidence.
Date of birth saved
- August 1 : Go-Komatsu , Emperor of Japan († 1433 )
- August 20 : Shāh Ruch , Timurid prince († 1447 )
- September 19 : Albrecht IV , Duke of Austria († 1404 )
- October 5 : Ludwig II , Duke of Anjou, Count of Maine, Guise, Blois and Provence, as well as titular king of Naples and Jerusalem († 1417 )
- December 5 : Jianwen , Chinese Emperor († 1402 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Thomas Beaufort , English nobleman and Lord Chancellor († 1426 )
- Alfons of Braganza , Portuguese nobleman, progenitor of the later Portuguese royal and Brazilian imperial family († 1461 )
- Đurađ Branković , Serbian despot († 1456 )
- Filippo Brunelleschi , Italian architect and sculptor of the early Renaissance († 1446 )
- John Darcy , English nobleman († 1411 )
- Jean de La Trémoille , lord of Jonvelle († 1449 )
- Stefan Lazarević , Serbian despot and man of letters, founder and builder of the Serbian medieval residence in Belgrade († 1427 )
- Sheikh Noor-ud-din Wali , Kashmiri mystic, patron saint of Kashmir († 1438 )
Born around 1377
- Ernst the Iron , Duke of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola († 1424 )
- Oswald von Wolkenstein , Austrian poet, composer and diplomat († 1445 )
- 1373 or 1377: Johanna Sophie , youngest daughter of Duke Albrecht I of Straubing-Holland († 1410 )
Date of death secured
- January 2 : Casimir IV , Duke of Pomerania (* around 1345 )
- January 5th : Bertram Cremon , Canon in Hamburg and Bishop of Lübeck
- 16 / 17 March : Marie de Saint-Pol , Anglo-French aristocrats (* around 1304 )
- April 13 : Guillaume de Machaut , French composer and poet (* between 1300 and 1305 )
- May 5th : Matilda of Lancaster , English noblewoman (* around 1310 )
- May 24th : Algirdas , Grand Duke of Lithuania (* 1296 )
- June 7th : Konrad IV. Von Maienfels , Abbot of the Murrhardt Monastery and Abbot of Münsterschwarzach
- June 21 : Edward III. , King of England (* 1312 )
- July 23 : Paul von Jägerndorf , Bishop of Gurk and Freising
- July 27th : Friedrich III. , King of Sicily (* around 1341 )
- August 28 : Nikolaus von Bismarck , Stendal patrician, merchant and councilor (* 1307 )
- November 18 or 25 : Pierre d'Estaing , French Benedictine, bishop and cardinal (* 1320 )
- December 27th : Johann II. , Count of Hoya (* 1319 )
- December 31st : Guillaume de Marcossey , Bishop of Geneva
Exact date of death unknown
- Andrea dei Bruni , Italian painter (* 1355 )
- Margaret of Sicily-Aragon , Princess of Sicily-Aragon and Countess Palatine near the Rhine (* 1331 )
- Richardis von Schwerin , Queen of Sweden
- Robert de Valois , Count of Le Perche and Porhoët (* 1344 )