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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Pope Gregory XI.  is accompanied back to Rome by Saint Catherine of Siena in 1377 (fresco by Giorgio Vasari, c. 1571–1574)
Pope Gregory XI. returns from Avignon to Rome back
and pulls into the city to the cheers of the people.
Since then, the Vatican has been the seat of the Pope.
1377 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 825/826 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1369/70
Aztec calendar 1. Feuerstein - Ce Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 13th pipes - Matlactli omey Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 1920/21 (southern Buddhism); 1919/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 67th (68th) cycle

Year of the Fire Snake丁巳 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Dragon 丙辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 739/740 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 755/756
Islamic calendar 778/779 (New Year 9/10 May)
Jewish calendar 5137/38 (September 4th / 5th)
Coptic calendar 1093/94
Malayalam calendar 552/553
Seleucid era Babylon: 1687/88 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1688/89 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1415
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1433/34


Politics and world events



Portrait of Richard II (first original portrait of an English king)
  • June 26th : After the death of his grandfather Edward III. Richard II becomes King of England . The reign of the son of the "Black Prince" Edward of Woodstock is controversial from the start, as the other sons of Edward III. Claim to the throne. Nevertheless, with the support of Parliament, the ten-year-old will be crowned on July 16 . Despite his minority, no regent is appointed as Parliament distrusts Richard's uncle John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster . In the appointed royal council, he nevertheless pulls the strings together with Richard's mother Joan of Kent in the background.


Remains of the church in Mile, the coronation site of Tvrtko I.

Eastern Europe


City rights and first documentary mentions

science and technology

  • The Trezzo Bridge is being completed on behalf of Bernabò Visconti , Duke of Milan . It serves as access to a Visconti castle across the Adda river and is reinforced with towers. The single arch bridge held the record for the largest span until the 19th century, and in stone bridge construction it remained unsurpassed until the beginning of the 20th century.


  • Carnival in the Ruhr area : The archives of the city of Duisburg contain the first city bill ever written in German from the year 1377, from which it emerges that the councilors and the citizens extensively celebrated fast evening ("Vastavent").
  • June 27 : The Ragusa City Council decides to quarantine all ships coming from plague areas on an island for a month .


After armed conflicts repeatedly cut the city of Ulm off from the parish church one kilometer away, the citizens decided to build a new building within the city walls, also to make themselves independent of the Reichenau monastery . On June 30 , the foundation stone for the effected Ulm Cathedral by Mayor Ludwig Krafft . Master builder Heinrich II. Parler had already gained experience at the Heilig-Kreuz-Münster in Schwäbisch Gmünd .


The Second Dionysius Flood , which is said to have occurred in autumn 1377 and which is said to have led to severe destruction between Flanders and the Weser, is possibly a late medieval flood myth for which there is no reliable evidence.


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1377


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1377

Web links

Commons : 1377  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files